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Mitochondrial genetic haplogroups and incident obesity: a longitudinal cohort study

Mitochondrial genetic haplogroups and incident obesity: a longitudinal cohort study

Veronese, Nicola, Stubbs, Brendon, Koyanagi, Ai, Vaona, Alberto, Demurtas, Jacopo, Schofield, Patricia, Thompson, Trevor ORCID: 0000-0001-9880-782X and Maggi, Stefania (2018) Mitochondrial genetic haplogroups and incident obesity: a longitudinal cohort study. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition. ISSN 0954-3007 (Print), 1476-5640 (Online) (doi:https://doi.org/10.1038/s41430-018-0097-y)

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Abstract

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES:
A small number of case-control studies have suggested that mitochondrial haplogroups could be associated with obesity. We examined whether obesity risk was influenced by mitochondrial haplogroup in a large North American cohort across an 8-year period. We conducted a longitudinal cohort study including individuals from the Osteoarthritis Initiative.

SUBJECTS/METHODS:
Mitochondrial haplogroups were determined by sequencing and PCR-RFLP techniques using this nomenclature: HV, JT, KU, IWX, and super HV/others. The strength of the association between mitochondrial haplogroups and incident obesity was quantified with hazard ratios (HRs), adjusted for potential confounders using a Cox's regression analysis.

RESULTS:
Overall, 2342 non-obese Caucasian participants (56.7% women) with a mean ± SD age of 62.0 ± 9.5 years at baseline were included. During a median follow-up of 8 years, 334 individuals ( = 14.3% of baseline population) became obese. After adjusting for nine potential confounders, the haplogroups IWX carried a significant 48% higher risk of obesity (HR = 1.48; 95% CI: 1.02-2.39) compared to the HV haplotype (the most frequent type).

CONCLUSION:
Only the presence of the IWX haplogroups appears to be linked to increased obesity risk, independent of potential baseline confounders. Future cohort studies are needed to confirm these findings and to determine potential underlying mechanisms.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: mitochondrial haplogroups; obesity; BMI; Osteoarthritis Initiative
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Education & Health
Faculty of Education & Health > Department of Psychology, Social Work & Counselling
Last Modified: 31 Jul 2018 00:38
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
Selected for GREAT 2019: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/19243

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