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Reducing prejudice through mental imagery: Notes on replication, interpretation, and generalization

Reducing prejudice through mental imagery: Notes on replication, interpretation, and generalization

Crisp, Richard J. and Birtel, Michèle D. ORCID: 0000-0002-2383-9197 (2014) Reducing prejudice through mental imagery: Notes on replication, interpretation, and generalization. Psychological Science, 25 (3). pp. 840-841. ISSN 0956-7976 (Print), 1467-9280 (Online) (doi:https://doi.org/10.1177/0956797613520169)

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Abstract

Imagined intergroup contact (Crisp & Turner, 2009) is a new indirect contact strategy for promoting tolerance and more positive intergroup relations. McDonald, Donnellan, Lang, and Nikolajuk (2014) were unable to replicate the findings we obtained using a new variant of imagined contact (Birtel & Crisp, 2012). We commend the authors’ careful and systematic study, but we argue that their conclusion goes substantially beyond what their design, data, or context can justify. It overgeneralizes their finding to a field of more than 70 studies with multiple design variants and conceptual replications. Furthermore, the original study was designed not to test the efficacy of the basic imagined-contact effect, but rather to test the relative efficacy of different task variants. Therefore, we believe that it is more accurate to say that their study represents an important data point in efforts to identify moderators of imagined contact than to say that it provides data on the efficacy of the effect per se. We elaborate on these points and use this example to illustrate how direct replications and meta-analysis can be fruitfully combined to refine understanding of how imagined contact may most effectively reduce prejudice.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Prejudice; Behaviour change; Meta-analysis
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Education & Health
Faculty of Education & Health > Department of Psychology, Social Work & Counselling
Last Modified: 29 Nov 2017 11:21
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
Selected for GREAT 2019: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/17927

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