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Effects of job demands and social interactions on fatigue in short sea cargo shipping

Effects of job demands and social interactions on fatigue in short sea cargo shipping

Pauksztat, Birgit (2017) Effects of job demands and social interactions on fatigue in short sea cargo shipping. Maritime Policy & Management, 44 (5). pp. 623-640. ISSN 0308-8839 (Print), 1464-5254 (Online) (doi:

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Although fatigue is considered an important problem in shipping, little is known about potential mitigating factors or resources for coping. Adopting a Job Demands–Resources framework, this article examines the effects of both job demands (stressors) and resources on fatigue, focusing on social interactions on board as a potential source of social support. Using an incomplete repeated-measures design, the study combined information from documents with surveys on seven cargo ships. Findings indicated that fatigue levels were highest for those working on deck and for individuals at higher hierarchical levels. Higher numbers of port calls (and to some extent lower numbers of days at sea) also increased fatigue levels. By contrast, night watches and the number of days in port had no effect on fatigue. Supportive social interactions reduced fatigue (main effect), but their effect was weaker when the number of port calls increased (interaction effect). All main effects were mediated by individuals’ perceptions of work pressure. Taken together, findings highlight the importance of considering social interactions on board to advance our understanding of stressors and strain in seafaring.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Job Demands–Resources (JD-R) model; Longer term fatigue, Ship's schedule; Short sea shipping; Social support; Watch keeping
Subjects: V Naval Science > V Naval Science (General)
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Business
Faculty of Business > Department of Human Resources & Organisational Behaviour
Last Modified: 10 Jun 2019 14:04
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: GREAT c
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
Selected for GREAT 2019: GREAT 2
Selected for REF2021: None

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