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Evaluation of the role of enteral nutrition in managing patients with diabetes: a systematic review

Evaluation of the role of enteral nutrition in managing patients with diabetes: a systematic review

Ojo, Omorogieva ORCID: 0000-0003-0071-3652 and Brooke, Joanne (2014) Evaluation of the role of enteral nutrition in managing patients with diabetes: a systematic review. Nutrients, 6 (11). pp. 5142-5152. ISSN 2072-6643 (doi:https://doi.org/10.3390/nu6115142)

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Abstract

The aim of this systematic review is to evaluate the role of enteral nutrition in managing patients with diabetes on enteral feed. The prevalence of diabetes is on the increase in the UK and globally partly due to lack of physical activities, poor dietary regimes and genetic susceptibility. The development of diabetes often leads to complications such as stroke, which may require enteral nutritional support. The provision of enteral feeds comes with its complications including hyperglycaemia which if not managed can have profound consequences for the patients in terms of clinical outcomes. Therefore, it is essential to develop strategies for managing patients with diabetes on enteral feed with respect to the type and composition of the feed. This is a systematic review of published peer reviewed articles. EBSCOhost Research, PubMed and SwetsWise databases were searched. Reference lists of identified articles were reviewed. Randomised controlled trials comparing enteral nutrition diabetes specific formulas with standard formulas were included. The studies which compared diabetes specific formulas (DSF) with standard formulas showed that DSF was more effective in controlling glucose profiles including postprandial glucose, HbA1c and insulinemic response. The use of DSF appears to be effective in managing patients with diabetes on enteral feed compared with standard feed.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: [1] This article belongs to the Special Issue Recent Advances in Enteral Nutrition. [2] Copyright: (C) 2014 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/). [3] Citation: Ojo O, Brooke J. Evaluation of the Role of Enteral Nutrition in Managing Patients with Diabetes: A Systematic Review. Nutrients. 2014; 6(11):5142-5152.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Enteral nutrition; Diabetes; Diabetes specific formula; Standard formula; Hyperglycaemia; Glycaemic index,
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RT Nursing
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Education & Health
Faculty of Education & Health > Department of Adult Nursing & Paramedic Science
Related URLs:
Last Modified: 26 Apr 2018 14:37
Selected for GREAT 2016: GREAT a
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/13201

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