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What are the factors associated with physical activity (PA) participation in community dwelling adults with dementia? A systematic review of PA correlates

What are the factors associated with physical activity (PA) participation in community dwelling adults with dementia? A systematic review of PA correlates

Stubbs, Brendon, Eggermont, Laura, Soundy, Andrew, Probst, Michel, Vandenbulcke, Mathieu and Vancampfort, Davy (2014) What are the factors associated with physical activity (PA) participation in community dwelling adults with dementia? A systematic review of PA correlates. Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics, 59 (2). pp. 195-203. ISSN 0167-4943 (doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2014.06.006)

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Abstract

PA shows promise as a modifiable lifestyle intervention to benefit pathological symptoms of dementia. However, little is known about the factors associated with participation in PA in community dwelling adults with dementia. A systematic review was undertaken to identify PA correlates. Two independent reviewers searched major electronic databases and extracted data on studies reporting quantitative correlates of PA participation in community dwelling adults with dementia. PA correlates were analyzed using the summary code approach within the socio-ecological model. Out of a potential of 118 articles, 12 met the eligibility criteria encompassing 752 participants. We conducted secondary analysis on nine data sets. Increased energy intake, resting metabolic rate, fat free mass, gait speed, global motor function, overall health related quality of life (HRQOL), physical HRQOL, higher levels of social functioning and reduced apathy were positively associated with PA. Taking ≥four medications, dizziness, lower activities of daily living (ADL) function, a history of falls, less waking hours in the day, more autonomic problems and delirium were negatively associated with PA. Increasing age and lower global cognition were not consistently associated with PA participation. It is surprising that increasing age and lower global cognition do not appear to influence PA participation. All significant correlates should be confirmed in prospective studies with particular focus on the relationship of PA and gait speed, ADL function, falls history and dietary intake and the progression of frailty and nursing home admission as a priority.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: PA, dementia, exercise, Alzheimer's disease (AD)
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Education & Health
Related URLs:
Last Modified: 21 Apr 2017 12:12
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
Selected for GREAT 2019: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/11875

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