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Personal and vicarious embarrassability: Common and unique personality correlates

Personal and vicarious embarrassability: Common and unique personality correlates

Thompson, Trevor ORCID: 0000-0001-9880-782X (2014) Personal and vicarious embarrassability: Common and unique personality correlates. Journal of Individual Differences, 35 (1). pp. 22-29. ISSN 1614-0001 (Print), 2151-2299 (Online) (doi:

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Although distinct vicarious embarrassability (VE) and personal embarrassability (PE) dimensions have emerged in factor analytic research, few studies have compared theoretically relevant correlates to explore potential differences in underlying mechanisms. The current study sought to determine whether PE was best accounted for by a social evaluation model, and VE by emotional empathy. Four fifty three undergraduates completed embarrassability, emotional empathy, and social evaluation trait measures. Factor analysis with oblique rotation produced two correlated (r = .37) PE and VE factors. Multiple regression did not provide absolute support for two distinct underlying models, with fear of negative evaluation and emotional empathy significant predictors of both embarrassability factors. However, public self-consciousness and perceived social competence were predictive only of PE. These results suggest common mechanisms could underlie PE and VE, but that a negative perception and heightened awareness of one’s social image could confer a unique vulnerability to PE.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: [1] This is the author's post-print (accepted manuscript) version. [2] Publisher's statement: This article may not exactly replicate the final version published in Journal of Individual Differences. It is not the version of record and is therefore not suitable for citation. [3] The definitive version is available at: [4] Authors of articles in journals published by the Hogrefe Group may archive in their institutional repository a post-print of their accepted manuscript (i.e., manuscript version after peer review) for noncommercial purposes 12 months after publication of the respective journal issue. [5] Publisher's copyright notice: Journal of Individual Differences, Volume 35, Issue No. 1, © 2014 by Hogrefe Publishing.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Embarrassment; embarrassability; empathy; social evaluation
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Faculty / School / Research Centre / Research Group: Faculty of Education, Health & Human Sciences
Faculty of Education, Health & Human Sciences > School of Human Sciences (HUM)
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Last Modified: 03 Oct 2016 14:29

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