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The need for behavioral theory in evacuation modeling

The need for behavioral theory in evacuation modeling

Kuligowski, Erica.D. and Gwynne, Steve M.V. (2010) The need for behavioral theory in evacuation modeling. In: Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics 2008. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, Berlin, Heidelberg Germany, pp. 721-732. ISBN 9783642045035 (doi:https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-04504-2_70)

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Abstract

This paper posits the need for a complete, comprehensive conceptual model about human behavior in fire evacuations. This would be of intrinsic value to improve training, education, and future data collection efforts, but would also allow for a complete behavioral representation to be embedded within simulation tools. This paper begins by discussing the current, separate theories or “behavioral facts” extracted from research on evacuations from building fires. Then, the paper discusses the methods used by current computer evacuation models to simulate these “behavioral facts” and the limitations of these methods. Last, the paper argues for the inclusion of a comprehensive behavioral conceptual model in computer evacuation models, specifically by highlighting the benefits of behavioral theory for evacuation models and providing examples of social theories used to predict whether people will evacuate from disasters in communities.

Item Type: Conference Proceedings
Title of Proceedings: Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics 2008
Additional Information: [1] This chapter was first presented as a paper at the 4th International Conference on Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics (PED2008), held from 27-29 February 2008 at the University of Wuppertal, Germany. [2] The chapter is published within "Part III Psychology" of the book. [2] ISBN: 9783642045035 (hbk); 9783642045042 (e-book)
Uncontrolled Keywords: evacuation modeling, behavioral theory, human behavior, fire evacuation
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA76 Computer software
T Technology > T Technology (General)
Pre-2014 Departments: School of Computing & Mathematical Sciences
School of Computing & Mathematical Sciences > Centre for Numerical Modelling & Process Analysis > Fire Safety Engineering Group
Related URLs:
Last Modified: 14 Oct 2016 09:25
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
Selected for GREAT 2019: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/10714

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