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Items where Faculty / Department / Research Groups is "School of Computing & Mathematical Sciences > Centre for Numerical Modelling & Process Analysis > Fire Safety Engineering Group"

Items where Faculty / Department / Research Groups is "School of Computing & Mathematical Sciences > Centre for Numerical Modelling & Process Analysis > Fire Safety Engineering Group"

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(CFD (CFD) (FIREDASS) (PGM) (RTD) 3-dimensional shapes 3D flow simulation 3D microfluidic device 9/11 AASK AASK (aircraft accident statistics and knowledge) AASK database access routes accident prevention accident scenarios accidental dwelling fire acoustic correction methods acoustic pertubation acousticcorrection actual events adaptive behavior adaptive behaviour adaptive decision-making Advanced Ship Evacuation Simulation Software Product aeroacoustics AHP air industry air travel aircraft aircraft accident Aircraft Accident Statistics and Knowledge Aircraft Accident Statistics and Knowledge (AASK) database aircraft accidents aircraft design aircraft design and construction aircraft emergency evacuation aircraft emergency exits aircraft escape devices aircraft evacuation aircraft evacuation models aircraft fire aircraft safety aircraft seats airEXODUS airEXODUS evacuation simulation airEXODUS evacuation software airline passengers algorithm algorithms analysis analytic method application applied mathematics artificial intelligence artificial intelligence (incl. robotics) assembly analysis assembly process assembly time assembly trials assist devices asthma aviation aviation accident reports aviation accidents aviation disasters aviation industry aviation safety backdraft behavioral research behavioral theory bend orientation bend wear binary alloy biofluid behaviour bionics blended wing body (BWB) blended wing body (BWB) aircraft blending blood plasma separation blood preparation body mass index book review Brazil breakage matrices breakage matrix bronchiolitis BS 7900 building construction building evacuation building evacuation scenarios buildingEXODUS buildingEXODUS escalator model buildingEXODUS evacuation model buildingEXODUS software buildingEXODUS v6.0 buildings built environment bulk solids business information systems cabins (aircraft) CAD caking cancer incidence carbon monoxide cardia case based engineering case based reasoning case-based reasoning casting casting design catalytic converters CBR CBR competence CBR performance centrifugal erosion tester certification requirements CFD CFD pipe bends CFD analysis CFD fire simulation CFD fire simulations CFD modelling CFD software CFDS-FLOW3D CFE characterisation charring materials chemical analysis Child witnesses children Cholesky factorization circulation circulation model Civil Aviation Authority cloud coarse network coarse node coded evacuation experiences cognitive mapping collaboration collection comparison compartment fires comprehensibility compuiter software computater modelling computational aeroacoustics computational analysis software computational fire engineering computational fluid dynamics Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) computational modelling computational speed computational study computer based analysis computer capabilities computer egress simulation computer model computer modelling computer models computer reasoning computer simulation computer simulations computer software computing models constraints contaminants continuous approach continuous model continuum mechanics continuum model continuum modelling controlled study core flow cost effectiveness coupled heat and moisture transfer crashworthiness crawling behavior crowd crowd formations cruise ships data data analysis data collection database database systems databases decision making deck landing aircraft defaults defect correction defect correction method defect correction methods deference behavior degradation degradation tester dendritic growth dendritic-growth deposition design design methodology design of experiments Design of Experiments (DoE) device design digital simulation dilute phase dilute phase pneumatic conveying dilute-phase pneumatic conveying disabled disaster discrete element disgust sensitivity door doorway drift flux model dynaimc sign dynamic load balancing e-science eddy dissipation model (EDM) effect of road traffic pollution effective width effluent toxicity egress egress analysis egress behaviour egress modelling egress models egress simulation egress strategy egress times elevator model elevators emergency evacuation emergency evacuations Emergency psychology emergency response emergency signage emotion modelling emotional arousal empirical model empirical study enclosure fire enclosure fires energy engineering analysis engineering safety measures enthalpy environmental conditions equiaxed crystal morphology equivalence ratio equivalence ratios erosion escalator escape and evacuation standards Euler-Lagrange approach evacuation evacuation analysis evacuation behaviour evacuation certification evacuation data evacuation dynamics evacuation experience evacuation experiences evacuation model evacuation modeling evacuation modelling evacuation modelling analyses evacuation models evacuation procedure evacuation procedures evacuation process evacuation simulation evacuation simulation software evacuation simulations evacuation slides evacuation time evacuation times evacuation trial evacuation trials evaluation evaluation methodologies exit exit availability exit awareness exit configuration exit configurations EXODUS Exodus evacuation model EXODUS software experiment experimental study experiments expert system expert-system explosions external fuel fire face-to-face interviews familiarity fan fatigue fever FFM field fire modelling field model field modelling field models fine network fine node finite-volume code fire fire and evacuation analysis fire compartments fire departments fire design FIRE Detection and Suppression Simulation fire effluent Fire Enclosures fire engineering fire escapes fire evacuation fire field fire field model fire field modelling fire field modelling techniques fire hazards fire investigation fire model fire modelling fire modelling expertise fire modelling software fire origin room (FOR) fire prevention fire protection fire safety fire safety codes fire safety engineering fire science fire simulation fire simulation environment fire simulation software fire spread fire test fire warden fire-field modelling fires first-hand accounts flame spread models flashover flashover time flight simulation flow induced cavity noise flow rate flow solution Fluid Dynamics (CFD) forced ventilation technique forensic fire analysis forensic interviewing formal languages formal specification foundry fractional effective dose Fractional Effective Dose (FDE) full scale enclosure fires full-scale evacuation trial full-scale trial functionality G.S. Goodman gaseous combustion gaseous combustion model gases Geographical Information Systems Gothenburg disco fire granular flow granular flows granular material granular materials granular mixtures grid computing group bonding group dynamics guidance Hajj hazard hazard evaluation hdrogen cyanide health anxiety health information systems health services heaping heat heat exchangers heat sinks heat transfer HEED database heuristic search high rise building high rise buildings high-rise building high-rise building evacuation high-rise buildings high-rise evacuation High-rise Evacuation Evaluation Database (HEED) High-rise Evaculation Evaluation Database (HEED) highrise building evacuation Hopper configuration hospital premises hospitals human behavior human behaviour human egress data human experience in evacuation human experience of evacuation human factors human factors data human performance human performance metric human relationships hybrid model hybrid spatial discretisation hydrogen chloride hydrogen cyanide IEC 60695-7-50 IMO IMO guidelines IMO regulations impact impact degradation impact of event scale-revised implementation industrial plants inexact Newton method information systems information systems development infra-red tracking ingress integration interfaces (computer) interpolation interviews irritants ISO 19700 J.A. Quas knowledge database knowledge management knowledge-based systems lab-on-a-chip laboratories large scale testing large-scale aircraft evacuation large-scale enclosure fire large-scale engineering processes large-scale evacuation laws and legislation lead library facilities lifetime prediction lift model lifts line-of-sight live incidents Local Area Networks local equivalence ratio local equivalence ratio (LER) log-normal distribution logistic squashing function lower oesophagus sphincter M.L. Eisen magnetohydrodynamics major clinical study maritime maritime safety maritimeEXODUS materials processing materials science mathematical logic and formal languages mathematical modelling mathematical models mathematics means of egress measured temperatures measurement memory merchant vessels mesh sensitivity methodologies metric diagrams MHD micro-mechanical parametrisations micro-mechanical parametrizations micro-physical parametrizations microchannel biochip separator microchannel device microchannel systems microchannels microfluidics micromechanical parametrisations mobility impaired model modelling modelling and simulation modelling biofluids modelling simulation models modified EDM momentum morbidity movement of large numbers of people MPI multi-physics multi-physics modelling multi-scale multi-scale problems multicriteria decision-making model narrow body aircraft naval architecture naval personnel naval vessels neural networks normalized yields North Tower notification notification technology numerical analysis numerical modelling numerical models numerical optimisation numerical optimisation techniques numerical schemes numerical simulation numerical simulations Nusselt number observation obsession obsessive-compulsive disorder occupant behavior OCD office-based PCs online onset age open architecture open area optimal location oscillatory flow behaviour paediatrics parallel parallel processing parallel processing techniques PARAMARINE parameterisation participation particle concentration particle degradation passenger exit selection passenger liners passenger loads passenger response time passenger response time distributions passenger response times passenger safety passenger ships PC pedestrian behaviour pedestrian dynamics pedestrian escalator behaviour pedestrians people people movement performance performance measures performance-based codes performance-based design peritraumatic emotion personnel movement personnel training PHYSICA pipe flow planes plasma blood separation platinum group metals platinum-group metals pneumatic conveyor pneumatic conveyors pollution pollution exposure portal positive pressure ventilation (PPV) post-crash cabin fire post-crash fire post-flashover posttraumatic stress pre-evacuation pre-evacuation delay pre-evacuation time pre-evacuation time data pre-warning preconditioned conjugate gradient method predictions process engineering industry prototype systems psychology puncture point pyrolysis pyrolysis model pyrolysis modelling pyrometallurgical process queuing radiative fluxes rail car evacuation railExodus railway carriages reading Z recognition phase recovery mechanism recreation centers rectangular microchannel rectangular pipe registration of engineers regulation regulatory compliance reliability remote location required safe egress time rescue residual response phase response phase behaviour response surface models Response Surface Models (RSM) response time distributions response times Reynolds number Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) equations Richard's equation risk perception roads run time SAFEGUARD SAFEGUARD project safety case safety engineering safety standards scaling effect scaling laws Schraudolph Scotland segregation September 11 terrorist attacks September 11th sex difference sex ratio shielding effect ship ship design ship evacuation ship evacuation model ship safety ships signage signage systems SIMD extensions 2 simulation simulation software simulations SMARTFIRE SMARTFIRE V4.2 SMARTFIRE V4.3 smoke smoke particle smoke transport smoke ventilation social adaptation software engineering software package airEXODUS software package Z software quality software tools solid fuel combustion sound source extraction spatial discretisation spatial reasoning spatial representation species calculation species concentrations specification languages specification readability sprinkler systems square room staff response staggered mesh staggered mess staggered methods stair stair merging behavior standards stoichiometric oxygen to fuel mass ratio stomach carcinoma storage stress structural design SURFCON survey survivability survivable aviation accidents survivor accounts survivor experiences survivors Swissair Swissair flight 111 systematic partitioning T-microchannel device template terrorism thermal radiation modelling thermal resistance thermoelectric MHD thermoelectricity time to flashover toxic combustion products toxicity trains transport aircraft travel time trial evacuation tructural design Tsukuba Pavilion tube furnace unannounced evacuation exercise unary optimization undercooling underground station uniform random distribution United Kingdom university premises Unix unsaturated porous media unstructured unstructured mesh validation validation data validation methodology various exiting combinations VCA verification VERRES vertical transport devices Very Large Transport Aircraft (VLTA) Emergency Requirements Research Evacuation Study (VERRES) vessels virtual reality interface viscoplastic model visibility visibility catchment area vitiated fires vulnerable groups walk speed warships washing compulsions water water curtain barrier water mist water misting systems water movement wayfinding wayfinding experiment wayfinding models wayfinding systems web search query wings World Trade Center World Trade Center (WTC) World Trade Center (WTC) Twin Towers World Trade Centre WTC Z specifications zinc
Number of items at this level: 1412.

(CFD

Ewer, J., Galea, E.R., Patel, M.K., Taylor, S., Knight, B. and Petridis, M. (1999) SMARTFIRE: an intelligent CFD based fire model. Journal of Fire Protection Engineering, 10 (1). pp. 13-27. ISSN 1042-3915 (Print), 1532-172X (Online) (doi:10.1177/104239159901000102)

(CFD)

Benson, M., Bennett, C.R., Patel, M.K., Harry, J.E. and Cross, M. (2000) Collector-metal behaviour in the recovery of platinum-group metals from catalytic converters. Transactions of the Institute of Mining and Metallurgy, Section C: Mineral Processing and Extractive Metallurgy, 109 (1). pp. 6-10. ISSN 0371-9553 (Print), 1743-2855 (Online) (doi:10.1179/mpm.2000.109.1.6)

Christakis, Nicholas, Chapelle, Pierre, Patel, Mayur, Cross, Mark, Bridle, Ian, Abou-Chakra, Hadi and Baxter, John (2002) Utilising computational fluid dynamics (CFD) for the modelling of granular material in large-scale engineering processes. In: Computational Science - ICCS 2002: International Conference Amsterdam, The Netherlands, April 21–24, 2002 Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Part 1 (2329). Springer Berlin Heidelberg, Berlin, Heidelberg, Germany, pp. 743-752. ISBN 9783540435914 ISSN 0302-9743 (Print), 1611-3349 (Online) (doi:10.1007/3-540-46043-8_75)

Christakis, Nicholas, Chapelle, Pierre, Patel, Mayur K. and Cross, Mark (2006) On the continuum modelling of segregation of granular mixtures during hopper emptying in core flow mode. In: European Conference on Computational Fluid Dynamics ECCOMAS CFD 2006 Proceedings. TU Delft, The Netherlands, The Netherlands. ISBN 9090209700

Ewer, J., Jia, F., Grandison, A., Frost, I., Galea, E. and Patel, M. (2013) SMARTFIRE v4.3: SMARTFIRE technical reference manual, user guide and release notes. Manual. University of Greenwich, Greenwich, London, UK.

Ewer, J., Jia, F., Grandison, A., Galea, E. and Patel, M. (2013) SMARTFIRE v4.2: SMARTFIRE technical reference manual, user guide and release notes. Manual. University of Greenwich, Greenwich, London, UK.

Galea, E.R., Lawrence, P., Gwynne, S., Sharp, G., Hurst, N., Wang, Z. and Ewer, J. (2004) Integrated fire and evacuation in maritime environments. In: 2nd International Maritime Conference on Design for Safety [Proceedings]. Ship and Ocean Foundation, pp. 161-170.

Hoffmann, N., Galea, E. and Berhane, D. (1996) CFD analysis of fire plumes emerging from windows with external protrusions in high-rise buildings. In: Conference Proceedings: Interflam '96: Seventh International Fire Science and Engineering Conference. Interscience Communications Ltd., Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 835-839. ISBN 0951632094

Jia, F., Galea, E.R. and Patel, M.K. (1999) The numerical simulation of the noncharring pyrolysis process and fire development within a compartment. Applied Mathematical Modelling, 23 (8). pp. 587-607. ISSN 0307-904X (doi:10.1016/S0307-904X(99)00003-7)

Jia, F., Patel, M.K. and Galea, E.R. (2004) Simulating the Swissair flight 111 in-flight fire using the CFD fire simulation software SMARTFIRE. In: Fourth Triennial International Fire and Cabin Safety Research Conference, 15–19 Nov 2004, Lisbon, Portugal.

Mawhinney, R.N., Grandison, A.J., Galea, E.R., Patel, M.K. and Ewer, J. (2000) The development of a CFD based simulator for water mist suppression systems: the development of the fire submodel. Journal of Applied Fire Science, 9 (4). pp. 311-345. ISSN 1044-4300 (Print), 1541-4183 (Online) (doi:10.2190/L07V-KGDD-KUPJ-D397)

Taylor, S., Galea, E.R., Ewer, J., Patel, M.K., Petridis, M. and Knight, B. (1998) SMARTFIRE: an intelligent CFD-based fire model. CMS Press, Greenwich, London, UK. ISBN 1899991301

Taylor, S., Petridis, M., Knight, B., Ewer, J., Galea, E.R. and Patel, M. (1997) SMARTFIRE: an integrated computational fluid dynamics code and expert system for fire field modelling. In: Fire Safety Science: Proceedings of the Fifth International Symposium. International Association for Fire Safety Science, Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 1285-1296. ISBN 4990062555 (doi:10.3801/IAFSS.FSS.5-1285)

(FIREDASS)

Mawhinney, R.N., Grandison, A.J., Galea, E.R., Patel, M.K. and Ewer, J. (2000) The development of a CFD based simulator for water mist suppression systems: the development of the fire submodel. Journal of Applied Fire Science, 9 (4). pp. 311-345. ISSN 1044-4300 (Print), 1541-4183 (Online) (doi:10.2190/L07V-KGDD-KUPJ-D397)

(PGM)

Benson, M., Bennett, C.R., Patel, M.K., Harry, J.E. and Cross, M. (2000) Collector-metal behaviour in the recovery of platinum-group metals from catalytic converters. Transactions of the Institute of Mining and Metallurgy, Section C: Mineral Processing and Extractive Metallurgy, 109 (1). pp. 6-10. ISSN 0371-9553 (Print), 1743-2855 (Online) (doi:10.1179/mpm.2000.109.1.6)

(RTD)

Brown, R., Galea, E.R., Deere, S. and Filippidis, L. (2013) Passenger response time data-sets for large passenger ferries and cruise ships derived from sea trials. Transactions of the Royal Institution of Naval Architects, International Journal of Maritime Engineering, 155 (A1). pp. 33-48. ISSN 1479-8751

3-dimensional shapes

Mileman, Tony, Knight, Brian, Petridis, Miltos, Cowell, Don and Ewer, J. (2002) Case-based retrieval of 3-dimensional shapes for the design of metal castings. Journal of Intelligent Manufacturing, 13 (1). pp. 39-45. ISSN 0956-5515 (Print), 1572-8145 (Online) (doi:10.1023/A:1013676928961)

3D flow simulation

Xia, Y., Häuser, J., Patel, M.K. and Cross, M. (2001) Feature-oriented grid topology design for aerospace configurations. In: Deutscher Luft- und Raumfahrtkongress 2001, 17-20 Sep 2001, Hamburg, Germany.

3D microfluidic device

Xue, Xiangdong, Marson, Silvia, Patel, Mayur K., Bailey, Chris, O'Neill, William, Topham, David, Kay, Robert W. and Desmulliez, Marc P.Y. (2011) Progress towards the design and numerical analysis of a 3D microchannel biochip separator. International Journal for Numerical Methods in Biomedical Engineering, 27 (11). pp. 1771-1792. ISSN 2040-7939 (Print), 2040-7947 (Online) (doi:10.1002/cnm.1439)

9/11

Blake, S., Galea, E., Westang, H. and Dixon, A. (2004) An analysis of human behaviour during the WTC disaster of 9/11 based on published survivor accounts. In: 3rd International Symposium on Human Behaviour in Fire: Conference Proceedings. Interscience Communications Ltd., Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 181-192. ISBN 095412166X

Galea, E.R. and Galea, C. (2005) An Analysis of Human Behavior during Evacuation. Fire Protection Engineering, 28. pp. 22-29. ISSN 1524-900X (Print), 1524-900X (Online)

Galea, E.R., Lawrence, P.J., Blake, S.J., Gwynne, S. and Westeng, H. (2004) A preliminary investigation of the evacuation of the WTC North Tower using computer simulation. In: 3rd International Symposium on Human Behaviour in Fire: Conference Proceedings. Interscience Communications Ltd., Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 167-180. ISBN 095412166X

Galea, E.R., Sharp, G., Lawrence, P.J. and Holden, R. (2008) Approximating the evacuation of the World Trade Center North Tower using computer simulation. Journal of Fire Protection Engineering, 18 (2). pp. 85-115. ISSN 1042-3915 (Print), 1532-172X (Online) (doi:10.1177/1042391507079343)

McConnell, N.C., Boyce, K.E., Shields, J., Galea, E.R., Day, R.C. and Hulse, L.M. (2009) The UK 9/11 evacuation study: Analysis of survivors’ recognition and response phase in WTC1. Fire Safety Journal, 45 (1). pp. 21-34. ISSN 0379-7112 (doi:10.1016/j.firesaf.2009.09.001)

AASK

Galea, E.R., Finney, K.M., Dixon, A.J.P., Cooney, D.P. and Siddiqui, A. (2003) The AASK Database V3.0: a database of human experience during aircraft evacuation incidents. In: Fire Safety Science - Proceedings of the Seventh International Symposium. IAFSS Symposiums (7). International Association for Fire Safety Science, Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 865-876. ISBN 0954534808 ISSN 1817-4299 (doi:10.3801/IAFSS.FSS.7-865)

Galea, Edwin R., Finney, Kate M., Dixon, Andrew J., Siddiqui, Asim and Cooney, David P. (2006) Aircraft accident statistics and knowledge database: analyzing passenger behavior in aviation accidents. Journal of Aircraft, 43 (5). pp. 1272-1281. ISSN 0021-8669 (Print), 1533-3868 (Online) (doi:10.2514/1.19388)

Siddiqui, Asim A. (2000) An interactive web based query engine for AASK database. MRes thesis, University of Greenwich.

AASK (aircraft accident statistics and knowledge)

Owen, M., Galea, E.R., Lawrence, P.J. and Filippidis, L. (1998) AASK - Aircraft accident statistics and knowledge: A database of human experience in evacuation, derived from aviation accident reports. The Aeronautical Journal, 102 (1017). pp. 353-363. ISSN 0001-9240

Owen, M., Galea, E.R., Lawrence, P.J. and Filippidis, L. (1999) An aircraft accident database of human experience in evacuation derived from aviation accident reports. Fire and Materials, 23 (6). pp. 363-368. ISSN 0308-0501 (doi:10.1002/(SICI)1099-1018(199911/12)23:6<363::AID-FAM712>3.0.CO;2-D)

AASK database

Galea, Edwin R., Togher, Madeleine and Lawrence, Peter (2007) Investigating the impact of exit availability on egress time using computer based evacuation simulation. Proceedings of the 5th Triennial International Fire and Cabin Safety Research Conference, Atlantic City, 29 Oct.-1 Nov. 2007. Federal Aviation Administration, Washington DC.

access routes

Boxall, P., Gwynne, S., Filippidis, L., Galea, E.R. and Cooney, D. (2005) Advanced evacuation simulation software and its use in warships. In: Royal Institution of Naval Architects International Conference - Human Factors in Ship Design, Safety and Operation. Royal Institution of Naval Architects, London, UK, pp. 49-56. ISBN 9781905040094

accident prevention

Blake, S., Galea, E.R., Gwynne, S., Lawrence, P. and Filippidis, L. (2001) Examining the effect of exit separation on aircraft evacuation performance using evacuation modelling techniques: "Is the 60 foot rule relevant?". CMS Press, Greenwich, London, UK. ISBN 1899991727

Blake, S.J., Galea, E.R., Gwynne, S., Lawrence, P.J. and Filippidis, L. (2002) Examining the effect of exit separation on aircraft evacuation performance during 90-second certification trials using evacuation modelling techniques. The Aeronautical Journal, 106 (1055). pp. 1-16. ISSN 0001-9240

Galea, E.R, Finney, K.M., Dixon, A.J.P., Siddiqui, A. and Cooney, D.P. (2003) An analysis of human behaviour during aircraft evacuation situations using the AASK v3.0 database. The Aeronautical Journal, 107 (1070). pp. 219-231. ISSN 0001-9240

Galea, E.R., Blake, S.J., Gwynne, S, and Lawrence, P.J. (2003) The use of evacuation modelling techniques in the design of very large transport aircraft and blended wing body aircraft. The Aeronautical Journal, 107 (1070). pp. 207-218. ISSN 0001-9240

Owen, M., Galea, E.R., Lawrence, P.J. and Filippidis, L. (1998) The numerical simulation of aircraft evacuation and its application to aircraft design and certification. The Aeronautical Journal, 102 (1016). pp. 301-312. ISSN 0001-9240

accident scenarios

Galea, Edwin R. (2006) Proposed methodology for the use of computer simulation to enhance aircraft evacuation certification. Journal of Aircraft, 43 (5). pp. 1405-1413. ISSN 0021-8669 (doi:10.2514/1.20937)

accidental dwelling fire

Thompson, Owain, Hulse, Lynn, Wales, David and Galea, Edwin (2013) "Get out, stay out" versus occupier independence: the results of an 18 month study of human behaviour in accidental dwelling fires in Kent. In: Conference Proceedings: Interflam 2013: 13th International Fire Science and Engineering Conference. Interscience Communications, Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 943-954. ISBN 9780955654893

acoustic correction methods

Wang, Z.-K., Djambazov, G.S., Lai, C.-H. and Pericleous, K.A.. (2007) Numerical investigation of a source extraction technique based on an acoustic correction method. Computers & Mathematics with Applications, 55 (3). pp. 441-458. ISSN 0898-1221 (doi:10.1016/j.camwa.2004.08.017)

acoustic pertubation

Wang, Zong-Kang, Djambazov, Georgi, Lai, Choi-Hong and Pericleous, Koulis A. (2007) Numerical simulation of flow-induced cavity noise in self-sustained oscillations. Computing and Visualization in Science, 10 (3). pp. 123-134. ISSN 1432-9360 (doi:10.1007/s00791-006-0039-4)

acousticcorrection

Wang, Z.K., Djambazov, G.S., Lai, C.-H. and Pericleous, K.A. (2004) An acoustic correction method for extracting sound signals. Computers & Mathematics with Applications, 47 (1). pp. 57-69. ISSN 0898-1221 (doi:10.1016/S0898-1221(04)90005-3)

actual events

Jiang, H., Gwynne, S., Galea, E.R., Lawrence, P., Jia, F. and Ingason, H. (2003) Predicting the past. Fire Prevention & Fire Engineers Journal, 2003 (August). pp. 18-20. ISSN 1478-3576

adaptive behavior

Gwynne, S., Galea, E.R., Lawrence, P.J., Owen, M. and Filippidis, L. (1999) Adaptive decision-making in buildingEXODUS in response to exit congestion. In: Fire Safety Science: Proceedings of the Sixth International Symposium. IAFSS Symposiums (6). International Association for Fire Safety Science, Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 1041-1052. ISBN 0925223255 (doi:10.3801/IAFSS.FSS.6-1041)

adaptive behaviour

Gwynne, S., Galea, E.R., Lawrence, P.J. and Filippidis, L. (2001) Modelling occupant interaction with fire conditions using the buildingEXODUS evacuation model. Fire Safety Journal, 36 (4). pp. 327-357. ISSN 0379-7112 (doi:10.1016/S0379-7112(00)00060-6)

adaptive decision-making

Gwynne, S., Galea, E.R., Lawrence, P.J., Owen, M. and Filippidis, L. (1999) Adaptive decision-making in response to crowd formations in building EXODUS. Journal of Applied Fire Science, 8 (4). pp. 301-325. ISSN 1044-4300 (Print), 1541-4183 (Online) (doi:10.2190/CMPP-39TC-TNL3-R63Q)

Advanced Ship Evacuation Simulation Software Product

Galea, E., Filippidis, L., Gwynne, S., Lawrence, P., Sharp, G, Blackshields, D. and Glen, Ian (2002) The development of an advanced ship evacuation simulation software product and associated large scale testing facility for the collection of human shipboard behaviour data. In: RINA. International Conference. Human Factors in Ship Design and Operation, 2-3 October 2002. Papers. The Royal Institution of Naval Architects, London, UK, pp. 37-50. ISBN 9780903055819

aeroacoustics

Wang, Z.K., Djambazov, G.S., Lai, C.-H. and Pericleous, K.A. (2004) An acoustic correction method for extracting sound signals. Computers & Mathematics with Applications, 47 (1). pp. 57-69. ISSN 0898-1221 (doi:10.1016/S0898-1221(04)90005-3)

AHP

Machado Tavares, Rodrigo, Lopes Tavares, J.M. and Parry-Jones, S.L. (2008) The use of a mathematical multicriteria decision-making model for selecting the fire origin room. Building and Environment, 43 (12). pp. 2090-2100. ISSN 0360-1323 (doi:10.1016/j.buildenv.2007.12.010)

air industry

Galea, E.R., Blake, S.J. and Lawrence, P.J. (2005) Report on the Testing and Systematic Evaluation of the airEXODUS Aircraft Evacuation Model. Technical Report. Civil Aviation Authority (CAA). (doi:CAA Paper 2004/05)

air travel

Galea, Ed (2003) Passenger behaviour in emergency situations. In: Bor, Robert, (ed.) Passenger Behaviour. Edited by Robert Bor, published by Ashgate. Ashgate, Farnham, Surrey, UK, pp. 128-182. ISBN 9780754609360

aircraft

Blake, Simon (2003) The development and use of aircraft evacuation modelling as a viable tool for the certification and safety analysis of passenger aircraft. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

Galea, E.R. (2004) The use of computer simulation for aircraft evacuation certification: a report from the VERRES project. In: Fourth Triennial International Fire and Cabin Safety Research Conference, 15–19 Nov 2004, Lisbon, Portugal.

Galea, E.R., Owen, M. and Lawrence, P. (1997) The role of evacuation modelling in the development of safer air travel. In: Aircraft Fire Safety. AGARD Conference Proceedings, CP-587 . North Atlantic Treaty Organization. Advisory Group for Aerospace Research and Development, London, UK, pp. 36-1. ISBN 9283600460 ISSN 0549-7191

Galea, E.R., Owen, M., Lawrence, P.J. and Filippidis, L. (1997) The airEXODUS evacuation model and its application to evacuation certification, crew training and accident investigation. In: Cabin Safety. Proceedings. The Royal Aeronautical Society, London, UK, 15.1-15.14. ISBN 1857680383

Galea, Edwin and Hoffmann, Nicole (1997) Using mathematical models to predict the development of aircraft cabin fires. In: Aircraft Fire Safety. AGARD Conference Proceedings, CP-587 . North Atlantic Treaty Organization. Advisory Group for Aerospace Research and Development, London, UK, 7.1-7.12. ISBN 9283600460 ISSN 0549-7191

Galea, Edwin R. (1996) The role of evacuation and fire modelling in the development of safer air travel. In: Conference Proceedings. Final Report [International Conference on Cabin Safety Research]. National Technical Information Service, Springfield, Virginia, USA, pp. 145-160.

Galea, Edwin R., Togher, Madelein and Lawrence, Peter (2010) Investigating the impact of aircraft exit availability on egress time using computer simulation. In: Klingsch, W.W.F., Rogsch, C., Schadschneider, A. and Schreckenberg, M., (eds.) Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics 2008. Springer-Verlag, Berlin / Heidelberg, Germany, pp. 411-423. ISBN 978-3-642-04503-5 (Print), 978-3-642-04504-2 (Online) (doi:10.1007/978-3-642-04504-2_35)

aircraft accident

Galea, E.R., Finney, K.M., Dixon, A.J.P., Cooney, D.P. and Siddiqui, A. (2003) The AASK Database V3.0: a database of human experience during aircraft evacuation incidents. In: Fire Safety Science - Proceedings of the Seventh International Symposium. IAFSS Symposiums (7). International Association for Fire Safety Science, Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 865-876. ISBN 0954534808 ISSN 1817-4299 (doi:10.3801/IAFSS.FSS.7-865)

Owen, M., Galea, E.R., Lawrence, P.J. and Filippidis, L. (1999) An aircraft accident database of human experience in evacuation derived from aviation accident reports. Fire and Materials, 23 (6). pp. 363-368. ISSN 0308-0501 (doi:10.1002/(SICI)1099-1018(199911/12)23:6<363::AID-FAM712>3.0.CO;2-D)

Aircraft Accident Statistics and Knowledge

Siddiqui, Asim A. (2000) An interactive web based query engine for AASK database. MRes thesis, University of Greenwich.

Aircraft Accident Statistics and Knowledge (AASK) database

Galea, E.R., Finney, K.M., Dixon, A.J.P, Siddiqui, A. and Cooney, D.P. (2004) The AASK database V4.0: aircraft accident statistics and knowledge. A database to record human experience of evacuation in aviation accidents. In: Fourth Triennial International Fire and Cabin Safety Research Conference, 15–19 Nov 2004, Lisbon, Portugal.

aircraft accidents

Galea, E.R, Finney, K.M., Dixon, A.J.P., Siddiqui, A. and Cooney, D.P. (2003) An analysis of human behaviour during aircraft evacuation situations using the AASK v3.0 database. The Aeronautical Journal, 107 (1070). pp. 219-231. ISSN 0001-9240

Galea, E.R., Finney, K.M., Dixon, A.J.P, Siddiqui, A. and Cooney, D.P. (2004) The AASK database V4.0: aircraft accident statistics and knowledge. A database to record human experience of evacuation in aviation accidents. In: Fourth Triennial International Fire and Cabin Safety Research Conference, 15–19 Nov 2004, Lisbon, Portugal.

aircraft design

Blake, S., Galea, E.R., Gwynne, S., Lawrence, P. and Filippidis, L. (2001) Examining the effect of exit separation on aircraft evacuation performance using evacuation modelling techniques: "Is the 60 foot rule relevant?". CMS Press, Greenwich, London, UK. ISBN 1899991727

Blake, S.J., Galea, E.R., Gwynne, S., Lawrence, P.J. and Filippidis, L. (2002) Examining the effect of exit separation on aircraft evacuation performance during 90-second certification trials using evacuation modelling techniques. The Aeronautical Journal, 106 (1055). pp. 1-16. ISSN 0001-9240

aircraft design and construction

Galea, E.R., Owen, M., Lawrence, P. and Filippidis, L. (1997) The numerical simulation of aircraft evacuation and its application to aircraft design and certification. CMS Press, Greenwich, London, UK. ISBN 189999128X

aircraft emergency evacuation

Galea, Edwin R. and Lawrence, Peter (2009) An investigation of passenger exit selection decisions in aircraft evacuation situations. Human Behaviour in Fire 2009 - Conference Proceedings. Interscience Communications Ltd., Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 421-432. ISBN 978-0-9556548-3-1

aircraft emergency exits

Blake, S., Galea, E.R., Gwynne, S., Lawrence, P. and Filippidis, L. (2001) Examining the effect of exit separation on aircraft evacuation performance using evacuation modelling techniques: "Is the 60 foot rule relevant?". CMS Press, Greenwich, London, UK. ISBN 1899991727

Blake, S.J., Galea, E.R., Gwynne, S., Lawrence, P.J. and Filippidis, L. (2002) Examining the effect of exit separation on aircraft evacuation performance during 90-second certification trials using evacuation modelling techniques. The Aeronautical Journal, 106 (1055). pp. 1-16. ISSN 0001-9240

Galea, E.R, Finney, K.M., Dixon, A.J.P., Siddiqui, A. and Cooney, D.P. (2003) An analysis of human behaviour during aircraft evacuation situations using the AASK v3.0 database. The Aeronautical Journal, 107 (1070). pp. 219-231. ISSN 0001-9240

Galea, E.R., Blake, S.J., Gwynne, S, and Lawrence, P.J. (2003) The use of evacuation modelling techniques in the design of very large transport aircraft and blended wing body aircraft. The Aeronautical Journal, 107 (1070). pp. 207-218. ISSN 0001-9240

aircraft escape devices

Blake, S., Galea, E.R., Gwynne, S., Lawrence, P. and Filippidis, L. (2001) Examining the effect of exit separation on aircraft evacuation performance using evacuation modelling techniques: "Is the 60 foot rule relevant?". CMS Press, Greenwich, London, UK. ISBN 1899991727

Blake, S.J., Galea, E.R., Gwynne, S., Lawrence, P.J. and Filippidis, L. (2002) Examining the effect of exit separation on aircraft evacuation performance during 90-second certification trials using evacuation modelling techniques. The Aeronautical Journal, 106 (1055). pp. 1-16. ISSN 0001-9240

aircraft evacuation

Blake, S., Galea, E.R., Gwynne, S., Lawrence, P. and Filippidis, L. (2001) Examining the effect of exit separation on aircraft evacuation performance using evacuation modelling techniques: "Is the 60 foot rule relevant?". CMS Press, Greenwich, London, UK. ISBN 1899991727

Blake, S.J., Galea, E.R., Gwynne, S., Lawrence, P.J. and Filippidis, L. (2002) Examining the effect of exit separation on aircraft evacuation performance during 90-second certification trials using evacuation modelling techniques. The Aeronautical Journal, 106 (1055). pp. 1-16. ISSN 0001-9240

Galea, E.R., Blake, S. and Lawrence, P. (2004) Computer simulation of VLTA evacuation performance: a report from the VERRES project. In: Fourth Triennial International Fire and Cabin Safety Research Conference, 15–19 Nov 2004, Lisbon, Portugal.

Galea, E.R., Filippidis, L., Wang, Z., Lawrence, P.J. and Ewer, J. (2011) Evacuation analysis of 1000+ seat blended wing body aircraft configuration: computer simulations and full-scale evacuation experiment. In: Peacock, Richard D., Kuligowski, Erica D. and Averill, Jason D., (eds.) Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics. Springer USA, pp. 149-151. ISBN 9781441997241 (Print), 9781441997258 (Online) (doi:10.1007/978-1-4419-9725-8_14)

Galea, Edwin R. (2006) Proposed methodology for the use of computer simulation to enhance aircraft evacuation certification. Journal of Aircraft, 43 (5). pp. 1405-1413. ISSN 0021-8669 (doi:10.2514/1.20937)

Jia, F., Patel, M. and Galea, E. (2004) CFD fire simulation of the Swissair flight 111 in-flight fire. In: Conference Proceedings: Interflam 2004: 10th International Fire Science and Engineering Conference. Interscience Communications Ltd., Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 1195-1206. ISBN 0954121643

Owen, M., Galea, E.R., Lawrence, P.J. and Filippidis, L. (1998) AASK - Aircraft accident statistics and knowledge: A database of human experience in evacuation, derived from aviation accident reports. The Aeronautical Journal, 102 (1017). pp. 353-363. ISSN 0001-9240

Wang, Zhaozhi, Jia, Fuchen and Galea, Edwin (2013) Exploring the appropriateness of the aviation industry evacuation certification requirements using fire and evacuation simulation. In: Conference Proceedings: Interflam 2013: 13th International Fire Science and Engineering Conference. Interscience Communications, Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 1035-1048. ISBN 9780955654893

aircraft evacuation models

Galea, E.R, Finney, K.M., Dixon, A.J.P., Siddiqui, A. and Cooney, D.P. (2003) An analysis of human behaviour during aircraft evacuation situations using the AASK v3.0 database. The Aeronautical Journal, 107 (1070). pp. 219-231. ISSN 0001-9240

aircraft fire

Galea, E.R., Filippidis, L., Wang, Z., Lawrence, P.J. and Ewer, J. (2011) Evacuation analysis of 1000+ seat blended wing body aircraft configuration: computer simulations and full-scale evacuation experiment. In: Peacock, Richard D., Kuligowski, Erica D. and Averill, Jason D., (eds.) Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics. Springer USA, pp. 149-151. ISBN 9781441997241 (Print), 9781441997258 (Online) (doi:10.1007/978-1-4419-9725-8_14)

aircraft safety

Galea, E.R., Blake, S.J., Lawrence, P.J. and Gwynne, S. (2003) The airEXODUS evacuation model and its application to aircraft safety. In: RTO AVT (Research and Technology Organisation. Applied Vehicle Technology) Specialists' Meeting on "Fire Safety and Survivability",, 23-26 Sep 2002, Aalborg, Denmark.

Galea, Edwin, Owen, Matthew, Lawrence, Peter and Filippidis, Lazaros (1998) The numerical simulation of aircraft evacuation and its application to aircraft safety. In: Proceedings of The First International Human Behavior in Fire Symposium. University of Ulster (Fire Safety Engineering Research and Technology Center, FireSERT), Belfast, Northern Ireland, pp. 529-540. ISBN 85923 103 9

Mawhinney, R.N., Grandison, A.J., Galea, E.R., Patel, M.K. and Ewer, J. (2000) The development of a CFD based simulator for water mist suppression systems: the development of the fire submodel. Journal of Applied Fire Science, 9 (4). pp. 311-345. ISSN 1044-4300 (Print), 1541-4183 (Online) (doi:10.2190/L07V-KGDD-KUPJ-D397)

aircraft seats

Galea, E.R, Finney, K.M., Dixon, A.J.P., Siddiqui, A. and Cooney, D.P. (2003) An analysis of human behaviour during aircraft evacuation situations using the AASK v3.0 database. The Aeronautical Journal, 107 (1070). pp. 219-231. ISSN 0001-9240

airEXODUS

Galea, E.R., Blake, S.J., Gwynne, S. and Lawrence, P.J. (2004) Simulating the interaction of cabin crew with passengers during aircraft emergency evacuation conditions. In: Fourth Triennial International Fire and Cabin Safety Research Conference, 15–19 Nov 2004, Lisbon, Portugal.

Galea, E.R., Blake, S.J., Lawrence, P.J. and Gwynne, S. (2003) The airEXODUS evacuation model and its application to aircraft safety. In: RTO AVT (Research and Technology Organisation. Applied Vehicle Technology) Specialists' Meeting on "Fire Safety and Survivability",, 23-26 Sep 2002, Aalborg, Denmark.

Galea, E.R., Owen, M., Lawrence, P.J. and Filippidis, L. (1997) The airEXODUS evacuation model and its application to evacuation certification, crew training and accident investigation. In: Cabin Safety. Proceedings. The Royal Aeronautical Society, London, UK, 15.1-15.14. ISBN 1857680383

Galea, Edwin R., Togher, Madeleine and Lawrence, Peter (2007) Investigating the impact of exit availability on egress time using computer based evacuation simulation. Proceedings of the 5th Triennial International Fire and Cabin Safety Research Conference, Atlantic City, 29 Oct.-1 Nov. 2007. Federal Aviation Administration, Washington DC.

airEXODUS evacuation simulation

Galea, Edwin R., Wang, Zhaozhi, Togher, Madeleine, Jia, Fuchen and Lawrence, Peter (2007) Predicting the likely impact of aircraft post crash fire on aircraft evacuation using fire and evacuation simulation. Proceedings of the 5th Triennial International Fire and Cabin Safety Research Conference, Atlantic City, 29 Oct.-1 Nov. 2007. Federal Aviation Administration, Washington DC.

airEXODUS evacuation software

Galea, Edwin R., Togher, Madelein and Lawrence, Peter (2010) Investigating the impact of aircraft exit availability on egress time using computer simulation. In: Klingsch, W.W.F., Rogsch, C., Schadschneider, A. and Schreckenberg, M., (eds.) Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics 2008. Springer-Verlag, Berlin / Heidelberg, Germany, pp. 411-423. ISBN 978-3-642-04503-5 (Print), 978-3-642-04504-2 (Online) (doi:10.1007/978-3-642-04504-2_35)

airline passengers

Galea, Edwin R., Finney, Kate M., Dixon, Andrew J., Siddiqui, Asim and Cooney, David P. (2005) An analysis of the passenger to cabin crew ratio and exit reliability based on past survivable aviation accidents. Human Factors and Aerospace Safety, 5 (3). pp. 239-256. ISSN 1468-9456

algorithm

Milner, J.J. and Grandison, A.J. (2008) A fast, streaming SIMD extensions 2, logistic squashing function. Neural Computation, 20 (12). pp. 2967-2972. ISSN 0899-7667 (Print), 1530-888X (Online) (doi:10.1162/neco.2008.10-06-366)

algorithms

Blake, Simon (2003) The development and use of aircraft evacuation modelling as a viable tool for the certification and safety analysis of passenger aircraft. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

Janes, Dominik Sebastian (2003) Intelligent control system for CFD modelling software. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

Veeraswamy, Anand (2011) Computational modelling of agent based path planning and the representation of human wayfinding behaviour within egress models. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

analysis

Gwynne, S.M.V. and Siddiqui, A.A. (2013) Understanding and simulating large crowds. In: Traffic and Granular Flow '11 [Conference Proceedings]. Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, Berlin Heidelberg, Germany, pp. 217-239. ISBN 9783642396687 (doi:10.1007/978-3-642-39669-4_22)

Siddiqui, A.A. and Gwynne, S.M.V. (2011) Employing pedestrian observations in engineering analysis. Safety Science, 50 (3). pp. 478-493. ISSN 0925-7535 (doi:10.1016/j.ssci.2011.10.011)

analytic method

Kocher, H.M., Linklater, K., Patel, S. and Ellul, J.P.M. (2001) Epidemiological study of oesophageal and gastric cancer in south-east England. British Journal of Surgery, 88 (9). pp. 1249-1257. ISSN 0007-1323 (Print), 1365-2168 (Online) (doi:10.1046/j.0007-1323.2001.01847.x)

application

Gwynne, S.M.V. and Kuligowski, E.D. (2009) Simulating a building as a people movement system. Journal of Fire Sciences, 27 (4). pp. 343-368. ISSN 0734-9041 (Print), 1530-8049 (Online) (doi:10.1177/0734904109102387)

applied mathematics

Ewer, John Andrew Clark (2000) An investigation into the feasibility, problems and benefits of re-engineering a legacy procedural CFD code into an event driven, object oriented system that allows dynamic user interaction. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

Gwynne, Steve (2000) The introduction of adaptive social decision-making in the mathematical modelling of egress behaviour. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

Hoffmann, Nicole Andrea (1990) Computer simulation of fire-sprinkler interaction. PhD thesis, Thames Polytechnic.

artificial intelligence

Ewer, J., Galea, E.R., Knight, B., Patel, M., Janes, D. and Petridis, M. (1998) Fire field modelling using the SMARTFIRE automated dynamic solution control environment. CMS Press, Greenwich, London, UK. ISBN 1899991387

Janes, Dominik Sebastian (2003) Intelligent control system for CFD modelling software. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

Taylor, S., Petridis, M., Knight, B., Ewer, J., Galea, E.R. and Patel, M. (1997) SMARTFIRE: an integrated computational fluid dynamics code and expert system for fire field modelling. In: Fire Safety Science: Proceedings of the Fifth International Symposium. International Association for Fire Safety Science, Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 1285-1296. ISBN 4990062555 (doi:10.3801/IAFSS.FSS.5-1285)

artificial intelligence (incl. robotics)

Woon, Fei Ling, Knight, Brian, Petridis, Miltos and Patel, Mayur (2005) CBE-conveyor: a case-based reasoning system to assist engineers in designing conveyor systems. In: Case-Based Reasoning Research and Development: 6th International Conference on Case-Based Reasoning, ICCBR 2005, Chicago, IL, USA, August 23-26, 2005. Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science (3620). Springer Berlin Heidelberg, Berlin, Heidelberg, Germany, pp. 640-651. ISBN 9783540281740 (doi:10.1007/11536406_48)

assembly analysis

Galea, Edwin R., Deere, Steven, Sharp, Gary, Filippidis, Lazaros, Lawrence, Peter and Gwynne, Steve (2007) Recommendations on the nature of the passenger response time distribution to be used in the MSC 1033 assembly time analysis based on data derived from sea trials. International Journal of Maritime Engineering, 149 (A1). pp. 15-29. ISSN 1479-8751

assembly process

Galea, Edwin Richard, Deere, Steven, Brown, Robert and Filippidis, Lazaros (2013) An experimental validation of an evacuation model using data sets generated from two large passenger ships. Journal of Ship Research, 13 (3). pp. 155-170. ISSN 0022-4502 (Print), 1542-0604 (Online) (doi:10.5957/JOSR.57.3.120037)

assembly time

Galea, Edwin Richard, Deere, Steven, Brown, Robert and Filippidis, Lazaros (2013) An experimental validation of an evacuation model using data sets generated from two large passenger ships. Journal of Ship Research, 13 (3). pp. 155-170. ISSN 0022-4502 (Print), 1542-0604 (Online) (doi:10.5957/JOSR.57.3.120037)

assembly trials

Galea, Edwin R., Deere, Steven, Sharp, Gary, Filippidis, Lazaros, Lawrence, Peter and Gwynne, Steve (2007) Recommendations on the nature of the passenger response time distribution to be used in the MSC 1033 assembly time analysis based on data derived from sea trials. International Journal of Maritime Engineering, 149 (A1). pp. 15-29. ISSN 1479-8751

assist devices

Adams, A.P.M. and Galea, Edwin (2011) An experimental evaluation of movement devices used to assist people with reduced mobility in high-rise building evacuations. In: Peacock, Richard D., Kuligowski, Erica D. and Averill, Jason D., (eds.) Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics. Springer, New York / Dordrecht / Heidelberg / London, pp. 129-138. ISBN 978-1-4419-9724-1, (e-ISBN) 978-1-4419-9725-8 (doi:10.1007/978-1-4419-9725-8_12)

asthma

McCready, M., Patel, S. and Rennolls, K. (1997) An investigation of the effect of road traffic pollution on asthma, using Geographical Information Systems. In: Barnett, Vic and Feridun Turkman, K., (eds.) Statistics for the Environment 3. Pollution Assessment and Control. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., Chichester, UK, pp. 287-300. ISBN 978-0-471-96435-3

Patel, S. P., Järvelin, M.-R. and Little, M. P. (2002) Review of worldwide variations of asthma prevalence in children. In: 2nd Conference on Epidemiological Longitudinal Studies in Europe, 12–14 Jun 2002, Oulu, Finland.

Rennolls, Keith, Zhang, Yong, Ramesh, Nadarajah, Chen, Anyue and Patel, Swatee (1998) Spatial models of pollution exposure from a road network: the effect on asthma. In: Barnett, Vic, Stein, Albert and Turkman, K. Feridun, (eds.) Statistical Aspects of Health and the Environment. Statistics for the Environment (4). Wiley-Blackwell, Chichester, UK, pp. 137-150. ISBN 9780471976455

aviation

Galea, Ed (2003) Passenger behaviour in emergency situations. In: Bor, Robert, (ed.) Passenger Behaviour. Edited by Robert Bor, published by Ashgate. Ashgate, Farnham, Surrey, UK, pp. 128-182. ISBN 9780754609360

aviation accident reports

Owen, M., Galea, E.R., Lawrence, P.J. and Filippidis, L. (1999) An aircraft accident database of human experience in evacuation derived from aviation accident reports. Fire and Materials, 23 (6). pp. 363-368. ISSN 0308-0501 (doi:10.1002/(SICI)1099-1018(199911/12)23:6<363::AID-FAM712>3.0.CO;2-D)

aviation accidents

Galea, E. R., Finney, K. M., Dixon, A. J. P., Siddiqui, A. and Cooney, D. P. (2008) CAA paper 2006/01: a database to record human experience of evacuation in aviation accidents: the aircraft accident statistics and knowledge database (AASK). Project Report. Civil Aviation Authority, London, UK.

aviation disasters

Blake, Simon (2003) The development and use of aircraft evacuation modelling as a viable tool for the certification and safety analysis of passenger aircraft. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

aviation industry

Blake, Simon (2003) The development and use of aircraft evacuation modelling as a viable tool for the certification and safety analysis of passenger aircraft. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

aviation safety

Galea, Edwin R., Finney, Kate M., Dixon, Andrew J., Siddiqui, Asim and Cooney, David P. (2006) Aircraft accident statistics and knowledge database: analyzing passenger behavior in aviation accidents. Journal of Aircraft, 43 (5). pp. 1272-1281. ISSN 0021-8669 (Print), 1533-3868 (Online) (doi:10.2514/1.19388)

backdraft

Jia, F., Galea, E.R. and Patel, M.K. (1997) The prediction of fire propagation in enclosure fires. In: Fire Safety Science: Proceedings of the fifth international symposium. International Association for Fire Safety Science, Greenwich, London, pp. 439-450. ISBN 4990062555 ISSN 1817-4299 (doi:10.3801/IAFSS.FSS.5-439)

behavioral research

Boxall, P., Gwynne, S., Filippidis, L., Galea, E.R. and Cooney, D. (2005) Advanced evacuation simulation software and its use in warships. In: Royal Institution of Naval Architects International Conference - Human Factors in Ship Design, Safety and Operation. Royal Institution of Naval Architects, London, UK, pp. 49-56. ISBN 9781905040094

Galea, E.R, Finney, K.M., Dixon, A.J.P., Siddiqui, A. and Cooney, D.P. (2003) An analysis of human behaviour during aircraft evacuation situations using the AASK v3.0 database. The Aeronautical Journal, 107 (1070). pp. 219-231. ISSN 0001-9240

behavioral theory

Kuligowski, Erica.D. and Gwynne, Steve M.V. (2010) The need for behavioral theory in evacuation modeling. In: Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics 2008. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, Berlin, Heidelberg Germany, pp. 721-732. ISBN 9783642045035 (doi:10.1007/978-3-642-04504-2_70)

bend orientation

Deng, T., Patel, M., Hutchings, I. and Bradley, M.S.A. (2004) Effect of bend orientation on life and puncture point location due to solid particle erosion of a high concentration flow in pneumatic conveyors. Wear, 258 (1-4). pp. 426-433. ISSN 0043-1648 (doi:10.1016/j.wear.2004.02.010)

bend wear

Deng, T., Chaudhry, A.R., Patel, M., Hutchings, I. and Bradley, M.S.A. (2004) Effect of particle concentration on erosion rate of mild steel bends in a pneumatic conveyor. Wear, 258 (1-4). pp. 480-487. ISSN 0043-1648 (doi:10.1016/j.wear.2004.08.001)

Deng, T., Li, J., Chaudhry, A.R., Patel, M., Hutchings, I. and Bradley, M.S.A. (2004) Comparison between weight loss of bends in a pneumatic conveyor and erosion rate obtained in a centrifugal erosion tester for the same materials. Wear, 258 (1-4). pp. 402-411. ISSN 0043-1648 (doi:10.1016/j.wear.2004.02.012)

Deng, T., Patel, M., Hutchings, I. and Bradley, M.S.A. (2004) Effect of bend orientation on life and puncture point location due to solid particle erosion of a high concentration flow in pneumatic conveyors. Wear, 258 (1-4). pp. 426-433. ISSN 0043-1648 (doi:10.1016/j.wear.2004.02.010)

binary alloy

Kao, A., Pericleous, K., Patel, M.K. and Voller, V. (2009) Effects of magnetic fields on crystal growth. International Journal of Cast Metals Research, 22 (1-4). pp. 147-150. ISSN 1364-0461 (Print), 1743-1336 (Online) (doi:10.1179/136404609X367551)

biofluid behaviour

Xue, Xiangdong, Patel, Mayur, Kersaudy-Kerhoas, Maïwenn, Bailey, Christopher, Desmulliez, Marc P.Y. and Topham, David (2009) Effect of fluid dynamics and device mechanism on biofluid behaviour in microchannel systems: modelling biofluids in a microchannel biochip separator. International Conference on Electronic Packaging Technology & High Density Packaging, 2009. ICEPT-HDP '09. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc., Piscataway, NJ, USA, pp. 179-186. ISBN 978-1-4244-4659-9 (doi:10.1109/ICEPT.2009.5270767)

bionics

Taylor, Stephen John (1997) An investigation into automation of fire field modelling techniques. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

blended wing body (BWB)

Galea, E.R., Blake, S.J., Gwynne, S, and Lawrence, P.J. (2003) The use of evacuation modelling techniques in the design of very large transport aircraft and blended wing body aircraft. The Aeronautical Journal, 107 (1070). pp. 207-218. ISSN 0001-9240

blended wing body (BWB) aircraft

Galea, E.R, Filippidis, L., Wang, Z. and Ewer, J. (2010) Fire and evacuation analysis in BWB aircraft configurations: Computer simulations and large-scale evacuation experiment. The Aeronautical Journal, 114 (1154). pp. 271-277. ISSN 0001-9240

blending

Galea, E.R., Blake, S.J., Gwynne, S, and Lawrence, P.J. (2003) The use of evacuation modelling techniques in the design of very large transport aircraft and blended wing body aircraft. The Aeronautical Journal, 107 (1070). pp. 207-218. ISSN 0001-9240

blood plasma separation

Xue, Xiangdong, Patel, Mayur, Kersaudy-Kerhoas, Maïwenn, Bailey, Christopher, Desmulliez, Marc P.Y. and Topham, David (2009) Effect of fluid dynamics and device mechanism on biofluid behaviour in microchannel systems: modelling biofluids in a microchannel biochip separator. International Conference on Electronic Packaging Technology & High Density Packaging, 2009. ICEPT-HDP '09. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc., Piscataway, NJ, USA, pp. 179-186. ISBN 978-1-4244-4659-9 (doi:10.1109/ICEPT.2009.5270767)

blood preparation

Kersaudy-Kerhoas, Maïwenn, Kavanagh, Deirdre, Xue, Xiangdong, Patel, Mayur, Bailey, Christopher, Dhariwal, Resham and Desmulliez, Marc P.Y. (2008) Integrated biomedical device for blood preparation. 2nd Electronics System-Integration Technology Conference, 2008. ESTC 2008. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc., Piscataway, NJ, USA, pp. 447-452. ISBN 978-1-4244-2814-4 (Print) 978-1-4244-2813-7 (Online) (doi:10.1109/ESTC.2008.4684389)

body mass index

Choi, Jun-Ho, Galea, Edwin and Hong, Won-Hwa (2013) Individual stair ascent and descent walk speeds measured in a Korean high-rise building. Journal of Fire Protection Engineering (00). pp. 1-29. ISSN 1042-3915 (Print), 1532-172X (Online) (doi:10.1177/1042391513492738)

book review

Hulse, Lynn and Memon, Amina (2003) [Book review] "Memory and Suggestibility in the Forensic Interview". The Clinical Psychologist, 56 (3). pp. 25-26. ISSN 0009-9244

Brazil

Machado Tavares, Rodrigo, Gwynne, Steve and Galea, Edwin (2007) Collection and analysis of pre-evacuation time data collected from evacuation trials conducted in library facilities in Brazil. Journal of Applied Fire Science, 15 (1). pp. 23-40. ISSN 1044-4300 (Print), 1541-4183 (Online) (doi:10.2190/AF.15.1.b)

breakage matrices

Chapelle, Pierre, Christakis, Nicholas, Abou-Chakra, Hadi, Bridle, Ian, Bradley, M.S.A., Patel, Mayur and Cross, Mark (2004) Computational model for prediction of particle degradation during dilute-phase pneumatic conveying: modeling of dilute-phase pneumatic conveying. Advanced Powder Technology, 15 (1). pp. 31-49. ISSN 0921-8831 (Print), 1568-5527 (Online) (doi:10.1163/15685520460740052)

breakage matrix

Chapelle, Pierre, Abou-Chakra, Hadi, Christakis, Nicholas, Patel, Mayur, Abu-Nahar, Azlina, Tüzün, Ugur and Cross, Mark (2004) Computational model for prediction of particle degradation during dilute phase pneumatic conveying: the use of a laboratory scale degradation tester for the determination of degradation propensity. Advanced Powder Technology, 15 (1). pp. 13-29. ISSN 0921-8831 (doi:10.1163/15685520460740043)

bronchiolitis

El-Radhi, A. Sahib, Barry, William and Patel, Swatee (1999) Association of fever and severe clinical course in bronchiolitis. Archives of Diseases in Childhood, 81 (3). pp. 231-234. ISSN 0003-9888 (Print), 1468-2044 (Online) (doi:10.1136/adc.81.3.231)

BS 7900

Mahalingam, A., Jia, F., Wang, Z., Patel, M.K. and Galea, E.R. (2011) Numerical investigation of tube furnace toxicity measurement method (ISO 19700). Fire and Materials, 36 (1). pp. 17-30. ISSN 0308-0501 (Print), 1099-1018 (Online) (doi:10.1002/fam.1079)

building construction

Kauriala, M. J. (1999) Calculation of smoke ventilation in building fires including atriums. MRes thesis, University of Greenwich.

building evacuation

Filippidis, Lazaros, Lawrence, Peter, Galea, Edwin and Blackshields, Darren (2008) Simulating the interaction of occupants with signage systems. In: Fire Safety Science - Proceedings of the Ninth International Symposium. IAFSS Symposiums (9). International Association for Fire Safety Science, London, UK, pp. 389-400. ISSN 1817-4299 (doi:10.3801/IAFSS.FSS.9-389)

building evacuation scenarios

Owen, Matthew, Galea, Edwin R. and Lawrence, Peter J. (1996) The Exodus evacuation model applied to building evacuation scenarios. Journal of Fire Protection Engineering, 8 (2). pp. 65-86. ISSN 1042-3915 (Print), 1532-172X (Online) (doi:10.1177/104239159600800202)

buildingEXODUS

Aarons, Tracy (2000) Using the "Guide to safety at sports grounds" and the buildingEXODUS software. MRes thesis, University of Greenwich.

Chooramun, Nitish (2011) Implementing a hybrid spatial discretisation within an agent based evacuation model. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

Cooney, David Paul (2000) The application of virtual reality environments to evacuation modelling. MRes thesis, University of Greenwich.

Filippidis, Lazaros, Galea, Edwin R., Blackshields, Darren and Lawrence, Peter (2009) Experimental study of the effectiveness of emergency signage. Human Behaviour in Fire 2009 - Conference Proceedings. Interscience Communications Ltd., Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 289-300. ISBN 978-0-9556548-3-1

Galea, E.R., Lawrence, P.J. and Filippidis, L. (1999) Extending the capabilities of the buildingEXODUS evacuation model to cater for hospital evacuations. In: Proceedings: Third International Conference on Fire Research and Engineering. CRC Press/Guilford Press, London, UK, pp. 39-50. ISBN 9781566768887

Galea, E.R., Lawrence, P.J., Owen, M. and Filippidis, L. (1999) Adapting the buildingEXODUS evacuation model for hospital specific evacuation scenarios. In: Conference Proceedings: Interflam 1999: 8th International Fire Science and Engineering Conference. Interscience Communications Ltd., Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 1247-1252. ISBN 0953231232

Galea, Edwin, Gwynne, Steve, Owen, Matthew, Lawrence, Peter and Filippidis, Lazaros (1998) A comparison of predictions from the buildingEXODUS evacuation model with experimental data. In: Proceedings of First International Human Behavior in Fire Symposium. University of Ulster (Fire Safety Engineering Research and Technology Center, FireSERT), Belfast, Northern Ireland, pp. 711-720. ISBN 1 85923 103 9

Gwynne, S., Galea, E., Lawrence, P. and Filippidis, L. (2001) Simulating occupant interaction with smoke using buildingEXODUS. In: 2nd International Symposium on Human Behaviour in Fires [Conference Proceedings]. Interscience Communications Ltd., Greenwich, London, UK. ISBN 0953231267

Gwynne, S., Galea, E.R., Lawrence, P., Owen, M. and Filippidis, L. (1998) Adaptive decision-making in buildingEXODUS. CMS Press, Greenwich, London, UK. ISBN 1899991395

Gwynne, S., Galea, E.R., Lawrence, P.J., Owen, M. and Filippidis, L. (1999) Adaptive decision-making in buildingEXODUS in response to exit congestion. In: Fire Safety Science: Proceedings of the Sixth International Symposium. IAFSS Symposiums (6). International Association for Fire Safety Science, Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 1041-1052. ISBN 0925223255 (doi:10.3801/IAFSS.FSS.6-1041)

Gwynne, S., Galea, E.R., Lawrence, P.J., Owen, M. and Filippidis, L. (1999) Adaptive decision-making in response to crowd formations in building EXODUS. Journal of Applied Fire Science, 8 (4). pp. 301-325. ISSN 1044-4300 (Print), 1541-4183 (Online) (doi:10.2190/CMPP-39TC-TNL3-R63Q)

Gwynne, S., Galea, E.R., Lawrence, P.J., Owen, M. and Filippidis, L. (1998) Further validation of the buildingEXODUS evacuation model using the Tsukuba dataset. CMS Press, Greenwich, London, UK. ISBN 189999131X

Gwynne, S., Galea, E.R., Lawrence, P.J., Owen, M. and Filippidis, L. (1998) A systematic comparison of model predictions produced by the buildingExodus evacuation model and the Tsukuba Pavilion evacuation data. Journal of Applied Fire Science, 7 (3). pp. 235-266. ISSN 1044-4300 (Print), 1541-4183 (Online) (doi:10.2190/6W20-VM9D-Y3F2-QGHE)

Gwynne, S., Galea, E.R., Owen, M., Lawrence, P. and Filippidis, L. (1998) Validation of the buildingEXODUS Evacuation Model. CMS Press, Greenwich, London, UK. ISBN 1899991298

Gwynne, S., Galea, E.R., Owen, M., Lawrence, P.J. and Filippidis, L. (2005) A systematic comparison of buildingEXODUS predictions with experimental data from the Stapelfeldt trials and the Milburn House evacuation. Applied Mathematical Modelling, 29 (9). pp. 818-851. ISSN 0307-904X (doi:10.1016/j.apm.2004.11.005)

Kinsey, Michael J., Galea, Edwin R. and Lawrence, Peter (2009) Investigating the use of elevators for high-rise building evacuation through computer simulation. 4th International Symposium on Human Behaviour in Fire 2009: Conference Proceedings. Interscience Communications Ltd., London, UK, pp. 85-96. ISBN 978-0-9556548-3-1

Mohedeen, Bibi Yasmina Yashanaz (2011) Domain partitioning and software modifications towards the parallelisation of the buildingEXODUS evacuation software. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

Muhdi, Rani, Gwynne, Steve and Davis, Jerry (2009) The incorporation and validation of empirical crawling data into the buildingEXODUS model. Safety Science, 47 (1). pp. 97-104. ISSN 0925-7535 (doi:10.1016/j.ssci.2007.12.003)

Owen, M., Galea, E.R. and Lawrence, P. (1997) Advanced occupant behavioural features of the building-EXODUS evacuation model. In: Fire Safety Science: Proceedings of the Fifth International Symposium. IAFSS Symposiums (5). International Association for Fire Safety Science, Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 795-806. ISBN 4990062555 (doi:10.3801/IAFSS.FSS.5-795)

Parke, J., Gwynne, S., Galea, E.R. and Lawrence, P. (2003) Validating the buildingEXODUS evacuation model using data from an unannounced trial evacuation. In: Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics 2003: Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference. CMS Press, Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 295-306. ISBN 1904521088

Veeraswamy, Anand (2011) Computational modelling of agent based path planning and the representation of human wayfinding behaviour within egress models. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

Xie, Hui (2011) Investigation into the interaction of people with signage systems and its implementation within evacuation models. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

buildingEXODUS escalator model

Kinsey, Michael J., Galea, Edwin R. and Lawrence, Peter (2009) Extended model of pedestrian escalator behaviour based on data collected within a Chinese underground station. 4th International Symposium on Human Behaviour in Fire 2009: Conference Proceedings. Interscience Communications Ltd, London, UK, pp. 173-182. ISBN 978-0-9556548-3-1

buildingEXODUS evacuation model

Machado Tavares, Rodrigo and Galea, Edwin R. (2010) Numerical optimisation techniques applied to evacuation analysis. In: Klingsch, W.W.F., Rogsch, C., Schadschneider, A. and Schreckenberg, M., (eds.) Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics 2008. Springer-Verlag, Berlin / Heidelberg, Germany, pp. 555-561. ISBN 978-3-642-04503-5 (Print), 978-3-642-04504-2 (Online) (doi:10.1007/978-3-642-04504-2_49)

buildingEXODUS software

Grandison, Angus, Muthu, Yasmina, Lawrence, Peter and Galea, Edwin R. (2007) Simulating the evacuation of very large populations in large domains using a parallel implementation of the buildingEXODUS evacuation model. Interflam 2007 11th International Fire Science and Engineering Conference. Interscience Communications, Greenwich, pp. 259-270. ISBN 9780954121686

buildingEXODUS v6.0

Galea, E.R., Lawrence, P.J., Gwynne, S., Filippidis, L., Blackshields, D. and Cooney, D. (2013) buildingEXODUS v6.0. Manual. Fire Safety Engineering Group, School of Computing, Mathematics and Statistics, Greenwich, London.

buildings

Galea, Edwin, Owen, Matthew and Lawrence, Peter (1996) Emergency egress from large buildings under fire conditions simulated using the EXODUS evacuation model. In: Conference Proceedings: Interflam '96: Seventh International Fire Science and Engineering Conference. Interscience Communications Ltd., Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 711-720. ISBN 0951632094

Galea, Edwin R. (2002) Simulating evacuation and circulation in planes, trains, buildings and ships using the EXODUS software. In: Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics. Springer, pp. 203-225. ISBN 9783540426905

Gwynne, S., Galea, E.R., Lawrence, P., Owen, M. and Filippidis, L. (1998) Adaptive decision-making in buildingEXODUS. CMS Press, Greenwich, London, UK. ISBN 1899991395

Gwynne, S., Galea, E.R., Lawrence, P.J., Owen, M. and Filippidis, L. (1998) Further validation of the buildingEXODUS evacuation model using the Tsukuba dataset. CMS Press, Greenwich, London, UK. ISBN 189999131X

Gwynne, S., Galea, E.R., Owen, M., Lawrence, P. and Filippidis, L. (1998) Validation of the buildingEXODUS Evacuation Model. CMS Press, Greenwich, London, UK. ISBN 1899991298

Hoffmann, N., Galea, E. and Berhane, D. (1996) CFD analysis of fire plumes emerging from windows with external protrusions in high-rise buildings. In: Conference Proceedings: Interflam '96: Seventh International Fire Science and Engineering Conference. Interscience Communications Ltd., Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 835-839. ISBN 0951632094

built environment

Gwynne, S., Galea, E.R., Owen, M., Lawrence, P.J. and Filippidis, L. (1999) A review of the methodologies used in the computer simulation of evacuation from the built environment. Building and Environment, 34 (6). pp. 741-749. ISSN 0360-1323 (doi:10.1016/S0360-1323(98)00057-2)

bulk solids

Baxter, John, Gröger, Torsten, Abou-Chakra, Hadi, Tüzün, Ugur, Christakis, Nicholas, Patel, Mayur K. and Cross, Mark (2002) Micro-mechanical parameterisations for continuum modelling of granular material using the discrete element method. In: Fifth World Congress on Computational Mechanics (WCCM V), 7-12 Jul 2002, Vienna, Austria.

business information systems

Woon, Fei Ling, Knight, Brian, Petridis, Miltos and Patel, Mayur (2005) CBE-conveyor: a case-based reasoning system to assist engineers in designing conveyor systems. In: Case-Based Reasoning Research and Development: 6th International Conference on Case-Based Reasoning, ICCBR 2005, Chicago, IL, USA, August 23-26, 2005. Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science (3620). Springer Berlin Heidelberg, Berlin, Heidelberg, Germany, pp. 640-651. ISBN 9783540281740 (doi:10.1007/11536406_48)

cabins (aircraft)

Galea, E.R, Finney, K.M., Dixon, A.J.P., Siddiqui, A. and Cooney, D.P. (2003) An analysis of human behaviour during aircraft evacuation situations using the AASK v3.0 database. The Aeronautical Journal, 107 (1070). pp. 219-231. ISSN 0001-9240

CAD

Frost, Ian, Patel, Mayur, Galea, Edwin R., Rymacrzyk, P. and Mawhinney, Robert (2001) A semi-automated approach to CAD input into field based fire modelling tools. In: Conference Proceedings: Interflam 2001: 9th International Fire Science and Engineering Conference. Interscience Communications Ltd., Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 1421-1426. ISBN 1899991832

Xia, Y., Häuser, J., Patel, M.K. and Cross, M. (2001) Feature-oriented grid topology design for aerospace configurations. In: Deutscher Luft- und Raumfahrtkongress 2001, 17-20 Sep 2001, Hamburg, Germany.

caking

Chapelle, P., Christakis, N., Wang, J., Strusevich, N., Patel, M.K., Cross, M., Abou-Chakra, H., Baxter, J. and Tuzun, U. (2005) Application of simulation technologies in the analysis of granular material behaviour during transport and storage. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part E: Journal of Process Mechanical Engineering, 219 (1). pp. 43-52. ISSN 0954-4089 (Print), 2041-3009 (Online) (doi:10.1243/095440805X7044)

cancer incidence

Kocher, H.M., Linklater, K., Patel, S. and Ellul, J.P.M. (2001) Epidemiological study of oesophageal and gastric cancer in south-east England. British Journal of Surgery, 88 (9). pp. 1249-1257. ISSN 0007-1323 (Print), 1365-2168 (Online) (doi:10.1046/j.0007-1323.2001.01847.x)

carbon monoxide

Wang, Z. (2006) The use of local equivalence ratio in field fire modelling for the prediction of carbon monoxide within Fire Enclosures. In: Workshop on Fires in Enclosures, 30-31 May 2006, University of Ulster, Northern Ireland.

Wang, Z., Jia, F., Galea, E.R. and Patel, M.K. (2010) Predicting toxic gas concentrations at locations remote from the fire source. Fire and Materials, 35 (7). pp. 505-526. ISSN 0308-0501 (Print), 1099-1018 (Online) (doi:10.1002/fam.1069)

Wang, Zhaozhi, Jia, Fuchen and Galea, E.R. (2010) A generalized relationship between the normalized yields of carbon monoxide and hydrogen cyanide. Fire and Materials, 35 (8). pp. 577-591. ISSN 0308-0501 (Print), 1099-1018 (Online) (doi:10.1002/fam.1076)

Wang, Zhaozhi, Jia, Fuchen and Galea, Edwin R. (2007) Predicting toxic gas concentrations resulting from enclosure fires using local equivalence ratio concept linked to fire field models. Fire and Materials, 31 (1). pp. 27-51. ISSN 0308-0501 (doi:10.1002/fam.924)

cardia

Kocher, H.M., Linklater, K., Patel, S. and Ellul, J.P.M. (2001) Epidemiological study of oesophageal and gastric cancer in south-east England. British Journal of Surgery, 88 (9). pp. 1249-1257. ISSN 0007-1323 (Print), 1365-2168 (Online) (doi:10.1046/j.0007-1323.2001.01847.x)

case based engineering

Woon, Fei Ling, Knight, Brian, Petridis, Miltos and Patel, Mayur (2005) CBE-conveyor: a case-based reasoning system to assist engineers in designing conveyor systems. In: Case-Based Reasoning Research and Development: 6th International Conference on Case-Based Reasoning, ICCBR 2005, Chicago, IL, USA, August 23-26, 2005. Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science (3620). Springer Berlin Heidelberg, Berlin, Heidelberg, Germany, pp. 640-651. ISBN 9783540281740 (doi:10.1007/11536406_48)

case based reasoning

Taylor, Stephen, Knight, Brian, Petridis, Miltos, Ewer, John and Galea, Edwin (2001) A case based reasoning system capturing fire modelling expertise. Computing and Informatics, 20 (3). pp. 269-288. ISSN 1335-9150

Taylor, Stephen John (1997) An investigation into automation of fire field modelling techniques. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

case-based reasoning

Knight, Brian, Taylor, Steve, Petridis, Miltos, Ewer, John and Galea, Edwin (1999) A knowledge-based system to represent spatial reasoning for fire modelling. Engineering Applications of Artificial Intelligence, 12 (2). pp. 213-219. ISSN 0952-1976 (doi:10.1016/S0952-1976(98)00057-8)

Mileman, Tony, Knight, Brian, Petridis, Miltos, Cowell, Don and Ewer, J. (2002) Case-based retrieval of 3-dimensional shapes for the design of metal castings. Journal of Intelligent Manufacturing, 13 (1). pp. 39-45. ISSN 0956-5515 (Print), 1572-8145 (Online) (doi:10.1023/A:1013676928961)

Woon, Fei Ling, Knight, Brian, Petridis, Miltos, Chapelle, Pierre and Patel, Mayur (2004) Enhancing the usability of numerical models with case-based reasoning. Journal of Expert Update, 7 (2). pp. 17-20. ISSN 1465-4091

casting

Cross, Mark, Croft, Nick, Slone, Avril, Williams, Alison, Christakis, Nicholas, Patel, Mayur, Bailey, Christopher and Pericleous, Koulis A. (2007) Computational modelling of multi-physics and multi-scale processes in parallel. International Journal for Computational Methods and Engineering Science and Mechanics, 8 (2). pp. 63-74. ISSN 1550-2287 (doi:10.1080/15502280601149510)

Mileman, Tony, Knight, Brian, Petridis, Miltos, Cowell, Don and Ewer, J. (2002) Case-based retrieval of 3-dimensional shapes for the design of metal castings. Journal of Intelligent Manufacturing, 13 (1). pp. 39-45. ISSN 0956-5515 (Print), 1572-8145 (Online) (doi:10.1023/A:1013676928961)

casting design

Mileman, Tony, Knight, Brian, Petridis, Miltos, Cowell, Don and Ewer, J. (2002) Case-based retrieval of 3-dimensional shapes for the design of metal castings. Journal of Intelligent Manufacturing, 13 (1). pp. 39-45. ISSN 0956-5515 (Print), 1572-8145 (Online) (doi:10.1023/A:1013676928961)

catalytic converters

Benson, M., Bennett, C.R., Harry, J.E., Patel, M.K. and Cross, M. (2000) The recovery mechanism of platinum group metals from catalytic converters in spent automotive exhaust systems. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 31 (1). pp. 1-7. ISSN 0921-3449 (doi:10.1016/S0921-3449(00)00062-8)

CBR

Taylor, Stephen John (1997) An investigation into automation of fire field modelling techniques. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

Woon, Fei Ling, Knight, Brian, Petridis, Miltos, Chapelle, Pierre and Patel, Mayur (2004) Enhancing the usability of numerical models with case-based reasoning. Journal of Expert Update, 7 (2). pp. 17-20. ISSN 1465-4091

CBR competence

Mileman, Tony, Knight, Brian, Petridis, Miltos, Cowell, Don and Ewer, J. (2002) Case-based retrieval of 3-dimensional shapes for the design of metal castings. Journal of Intelligent Manufacturing, 13 (1). pp. 39-45. ISSN 0956-5515 (Print), 1572-8145 (Online) (doi:10.1023/A:1013676928961)

CBR performance

Mileman, Tony, Knight, Brian, Petridis, Miltos, Cowell, Don and Ewer, J. (2002) Case-based retrieval of 3-dimensional shapes for the design of metal castings. Journal of Intelligent Manufacturing, 13 (1). pp. 39-45. ISSN 0956-5515 (Print), 1572-8145 (Online) (doi:10.1023/A:1013676928961)

centrifugal erosion tester

Deng, T., Li, J., Chaudhry, A.R., Patel, M., Hutchings, I. and Bradley, M.S.A. (2004) Comparison between weight loss of bends in a pneumatic conveyor and erosion rate obtained in a centrifugal erosion tester for the same materials. Wear, 258 (1-4). pp. 402-411. ISSN 0043-1648 (doi:10.1016/j.wear.2004.02.012)

certification requirements

Galea, Edwin R., Togher, Madeleine and Lawrence, Peter (2007) Investigating the impact of exit availability on egress time using computer based evacuation simulation. Proceedings of the 5th Triennial International Fire and Cabin Safety Research Conference, Atlantic City, 29 Oct.-1 Nov. 2007. Federal Aviation Administration, Washington DC.

CFD

Ewer, J., Galea, E.R., Knight, B., Patel, M., Janes, D. and Petridis, M. (1998) Fire field modelling using the SMARTFIRE automated dynamic solution control environment. CMS Press, Greenwich, London, UK. ISBN 1899991387

Ewer, John, Galea, Edwin R., Patel, Mayur, Jia, Fuchen, Grandison, Angus and Wang, Zhaozhi (2010) SMARTFIRE - the fire field modelling environment. In: Pereira, J.C.F., Sequeira, A. and Pereira, J.M.C., (eds.) Proceedings of the V European Conference on Computational Fluid Dynamics ECCOMAS CFD 2010. European Community of Computational Methods in Applied Sciences (ECCOMAS), Barcelona, Spain. ISBN 978-989-96778-1-4

Ewer, John Andrew Clark (2000) An investigation into the feasibility, problems and benefits of re-engineering a legacy procedural CFD code into an event driven, object oriented system that allows dynamic user interaction. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

Galea, Edwin R., Wang, Zhaozhi, Veeraswamy, Anand, Jia, Fuchen, Lawrence, Peter J. and Ewer, John (2008) Coupled fire/evacuation analysis of the Station Nightclub fire. In: Fire Safety Science - Proceedings of the Ninth International Symposium. IAFSS Symposiums (9). International Association for Fire Safety Science, Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 465-476. ISSN 1817-4299 (doi:10.3801/IAFSS.FSS.9-465)

Grandison, A.J., Galea, E.R., Patel, M.K. and Ewer, J. (2004) The development of parallel implementation for a CFD based fire field model utilising conventional office based PCs. Journal of Applied Fire Science, 12 (2). pp. 137-157. ISSN 1044-4300 (Print), 1541-4183 (Online) (doi:10.2190/AGH5-EXUR-J110-HPHE)

Grandison, Angus, Galea, Edwin R., Patel, Mayur and Ewer, John (2007) Parallel CFD fire modelling on office PCs with dynamic load balancing. International Journal for Numerical Methods in Fluids, 55 (1). pp. 29-39. ISSN 0271-2091 (doi:10.1002/fld.1278)

Grandison, Angus Joseph (2003) Improving the regulatory acceptance and numerical performance of CFD based fire-modelling software. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

Hu, Xiaoqin, Wang, Zhaozhi, Jia, Fuchen, Galea, Edwin R. and Patel, Mayur K. (2011) Simulating smoke transport in large scale enclosure fires using a multi-particle-size model. In: Fire Safety Science - Proceedings of the Tenth International Symposium. IAFSS Symposiums (10). International Association for Fire Safety Science, Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 445-458. ISSN 1817-4299 (doi:10.3801/IAFSS.FSS.10-445)

Hurst-Clark, N., Ewer, J., Grandison, A. and Galea, E. (2004) Group solvers: a means of reducing run-times and memory overheads for CFD based fire simulation software. In: Conference Proceedings: Interflam 2004: 10th International Fire Science and Engineering Conference. Interscience Communications Ltd., Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 659-664. ISBN 0954121643

Janes, D., Ewer, J., Galea, E., Patel, M. and Knight, B. (2001) Automatic dynamic control of CFD base fire modelling simulations. In: Conference Proceedings: Interflam 2001: 9th International Fire Science and Engineering Conference. Interscience Communications Ltd., Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 811-822. ISBN 0953231283

Jia, F., Galea, E.R. and Patel, M.K. (1997) The prediction of fire propagation in enclosure fires. In: Fire Safety Science: Proceedings of the fifth international symposium. International Association for Fire Safety Science, Greenwich, London, pp. 439-450. ISBN 4990062555 ISSN 1817-4299 (doi:10.3801/IAFSS.FSS.5-439)

Jia, F., Patel, M. and Galea, E. (2004) CFD fire simulation of the Swissair flight 111 in-flight fire. In: Conference Proceedings: Interflam 2004: 10th International Fire Science and Engineering Conference. Interscience Communications Ltd., Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 1195-1206. ISBN 0954121643

Jia, Fuchen (1999) The simulation of fire growth and spread within enclosures using an integrated CFD fire spread model. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

Jia, Fuchen, Patel, Mayur and Galea, Edwin (2003) Flight simulation. Fire Prevention & Fire Engineers Journal, 2003 (Sept.). pp. 27-29. ISSN 1478-3576

Patel, M.K., Bailey, C., Djambazov, G., Shrimpton, J. and Jalili, V. (2003) Application of CFD in vacuum dezincing process. In: The 3rd International Conference on CFD in the Minerals and Process Industries [Proceedings]. CSIRO Publishing, Collingwood, Victoria, Australia, pp. 313-318. ISBN 978064309038X

Taylor, Stephen John (1997) An investigation into automation of fire field modelling techniques. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

Wang, Z., Jia, F., Galea, E.R., Patel, M.K. and Ewer, J. (2001) Simulating one of the CIB W14 round robin test cases using the SMARTFIRE fire field model. Fire Safety Journal, 36 (7). pp. 661-677. ISSN 0379-7112 (doi:10.1016/S0379-7112(01)00018-2)

Wang, Z.-K., Djambazov, G.S., Lai, C.-H. and Pericleous, K.A.. (2007) Numerical investigation of a source extraction technique based on an acoustic correction method. Computers & Mathematics with Applications, 55 (3). pp. 441-458. ISSN 0898-1221 (doi:10.1016/j.camwa.2004.08.017)

Wang, Zhaozhi, Galea, Edwin R., Jia, Fuchen, Ewer, John and Patel, Mayur (2007) Predicting HCI concentrations in fire enclosures using a HCI decay model coupled to a CFD based fire field model. Fire and Materials, 31 (7). pp. 443-461. ISSN 0308-0501 (doi:10.1002/fam.942)

Wang, Zhaozhi, Jia, Fuchen and Galea, Edwin R. (2007) Predicting toxic gas concentrations resulting from enclosure fires using local equivalence ratio concept linked to fire field models. Fire and Materials, 31 (1). pp. 27-51. ISSN 0308-0501 (doi:10.1002/fam.924)

Wang, Zhaozhi, Jia, Fuchen, Galea, Edwin R., Patel, Mayur and Ewer, John (2007) Predicting HCl concentrations in fire enclosures using an HCl decay model coupled to a CFD-based fire field model. Fire and Materials, 31 (7). pp. 443-461. ISSN 0308-0501 (doi:10.1002/fam.942)

CFD pipe bends

Hanson, R., Allsopp, D., Deng, T., Smith, D., Bradley, M.S.A., Hutchings, I.M. and Patel, M.K. (2002) A model to predict the life of pneumatic conveyor bends. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part E: Journal of Process Mechanical Engineering, 216 (3). pp. 143-149. ISSN 0954-4089 (Print), 2041-3009 (Online) (doi:10.1243/095440802320225284)

CFD analysis

Kiani, Nageena, Patel, Mayur and Lai, Choi-Hong (2007) CFD analysis of one-dimensional infiltration in vadose zone. Journal of Algorithms & Computational Technology, 1 (4). pp. 477-493. ISSN 1748-3018 (doi:10.1260/174830107783133897)

CFD fire simulation

Jia, F., Patel, M.K., Galea, E.R., Grandison, A. and Ewer, J. (2006) CFD fire simulation of the Swissair flight 111 in-flight fire - part II: fire spread analysis. The Aeronautical Journal of the Royal Aeronautical Society, 110 (1107):3069. pp. 303-314. ISSN 0001-9240

CFD fire simulations

Jia, Fuchen, Wang, Zhaozhi and Galea, Edwin R. (2010) Modelling factors that influence CFD fire simulations of large tunnel fires. In: Interflam 2010: 12th International Fire Science & Engineering Conference. Interscience Communications, Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 1091-1102. ISBN 9780954121662

CFD modelling

Mahalingam, A., Jia, F., Wang, Z., Patel, M.K. and Galea, E.R. (2011) Numerical investigation of tube furnace toxicity measurement method (ISO 19700). Fire and Materials, 36 (1). pp. 17-30. ISSN 0308-0501 (Print), 1099-1018 (Online) (doi:10.1002/fam.1079)

CFD software

Cross, M., Lyster, C, Bailey, C., Croft, N., Ewer, J., Leggett, P., McManus, K., Pericleous, K.A. and Patel, M.K. (1996) PHYSICA - A software environment for the modelling of multi-physics phenomena. ZAMM - Journal of Applied Mathematics and Mechanics / Zeitschrift für Angewandte Mathematik und Mechanik, 76 (S4). pp. 105-108. ISSN 0044-2267 (Print), 1521-4001 (Online) (doi:10.1002/zamm.19960761408)

CFDS-FLOW3D

Jia, Fuchen, Galea, Edwin and Patel, Mayur (1998) The numerical simulation of enclosure fires using a Cfd fire field model coupled with a pyrolysis based solid fuel combustion submodel—a first approximation. Journal of Fire Protection Engineering, 9 (4). pp. 1-17. ISSN 1042-3915 (Print), 1532-172X (Online) (doi:10.1177/104239159800900402)

CFE

Galea, Edwin (2004) Computational fire engineering - do we have what we need? In: 3rd International Symposium on Human Behaviour in Fire: Conference Proceedings. Interscience Communications Ltd., Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 21-22. ISBN 095412166X

characterisation

Baxter, John, Gröger, Torsten, Abou-Chakra, Hadi, Tüzün, Ugur, Christakis, Nicholas, Patel, Mayur K. and Cross, Mark (2002) Micro-mechanical parameterisations for continuum modelling of granular material using the discrete element method. In: Fifth World Congress on Computational Mechanics (WCCM V), 7-12 Jul 2002, Vienna, Austria.

charring materials

Jia, F., Galea, E.R. and Patel, M.K. (1999) Numerical simulation of the mass loss process in pyrolizing char materials. Fire and Materials, 23 (2). pp. 71-78. ISSN 0308-0501 (Print), 1099-1018 (Online) (doi:10.1002/(SICI)1099-1018(199903/04)23:2<71::AID-FAM672>3.0.CO;2-5)

chemical analysis

Galea, Ed, Gwynne, S., Lawrence, P. and Wang, Z. (2004) The representation of occupant sensitivity to irritant fire gases within evacuation analysis. In: Conference Proceedings: Interflam 2004: 10th International Fire Science and Engineering Conference. Interscience Communications Ltd., Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 353-364. ISBN 0954121643

Child witnesses

Hulse, Lynn and Memon, Amina (2003) Guidance on interviewing child witnesses in Scotland. Scottish Executive, Edinburgh, UK. ISBN 9780755909308

children

Patel, S. P., Järvelin, M.-R. and Little, M. P. (2002) Review of worldwide variations of asthma prevalence in children. In: 2nd Conference on Epidemiological Longitudinal Studies in Europe, 12–14 Jun 2002, Oulu, Finland.

Cholesky factorization

Deng, Naiyang, Wang, Zhaozhi and Zhang, Jianzhong (2001) An improved inexact Newton's method for unary optimization. Optimization Methods and Software, 15 (3-4). pp. 257-282. ISSN 1055-6788 (Print), 1029-4937 (Online) (doi:10.1080/10556780108805821)

circulation

Gwynne, S.M.V. and Kuligowski, E.D. (2009) Simulating a building as a people movement system. Journal of Fire Sciences, 27 (4). pp. 343-368. ISSN 0734-9041 (Print), 1530-8049 (Online) (doi:10.1177/0734904109102387)

Gwynne, Steve (2008) Developing inclusive emergency procedures. In: Fire Safety Science - Proceedings of the Ninth International Symposium. IAFSS Symposiums (9). International Association for Fire Safety Science, Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 377-388. ISSN 1817-4299 (doi:10.3801/IAFSS.FSS.9-377)

Gwynne, Steve (2008) Helping people on their own terms: developing inclusive emergency procedures. Fire Technology, 44 (4). pp. 439-461. ISSN 0015-2684 (doi:10.1007/s10694-007-0039-z)

circulation model

Kinsey, Michael J., Galea, Edwin R., Lawrence, Peter J., Blackshields, Darren, Hulse, Lynn, Day, Rachel and Sharp, Gary (2010) Modelling pedestrian escalator behaviour. In: Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics 2008. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, Berlin / Heidelberg, Germany, pp. 689-695. ISBN 978-3-642-04503-5 (print), 978-3-642-04503-5 (eISBN) (doi:10.1007/978-3-642-04504-2_66)

Civil Aviation Authority

Galea, E. R., Finney, K. M., Dixon, A. J. P., Siddiqui, A. and Cooney, D. P. (2008) CAA paper 2006/01: a database to record human experience of evacuation in aviation accidents: the aircraft accident statistics and knowledge database (AASK). Project Report. Civil Aviation Authority, London, UK.

cloud

Venters, Will and Kyriakidou-Zacharoudiou, Avgousta (2012) Interventionist grid development projects: a research framework based on three frames. Information Technology & People, 25 (3). pp. 300-326. ISSN 0959-3845 (doi:10.1108/09593841211254349)

coarse network

Chooramun, Nitish, Lawrence, Peter J. and Galea, Edwin R. (2012) An agent based evacuation model utilising hybrid space discretisation. Safety Science, 50 (8). pp. 1685-1694. ISSN 0925-7535 (doi:10.1016/j.ssci.2011.12.022)

coarse node

Chooramun, Nitish, Lawrence, Peter and Galea, Edwin (2011) Implementing a hybrid space discretisation within an agent based evacuation model. In: Peacock, Richard D., Kuligowski, Erica D. and Averill, Jason D., (eds.) Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics. Springer, New York / Dordrecht / Heidelberg / London, pp. 449-458. ISBN 978-1-4419-9724-1, (e-ISBN) 978-1-4419-9725-8 (doi:10.1007/978-1-4419-9725-8_40)

coded evacuation experiences

Galea, E.R., Shields, J., Canter, D., Boyce, K., Day, R., Hulse, L., Siddiqui, A., Summerfield, L., Marselle, M. and Greenall, P. V. (2007) The UK WTC 9/11 evacuation study: methodologies used in the elicitation and storage of human factors data. In: Interflam 2007 11th International Fire Science and Engineering Conference. Interscience Communications, Greenwich, UK, pp. 169-181. ISBN 9780954121686

cognitive mapping

Veeraswamy, Anand, Lawrence, Peter and Galea, Edwin (2009) Implementation of cognitive mapping, spatial representation and wayfinding behaviours of people within evacuation modelling tools. Human Behaviour in Fire 2009 - Conference Proceedings. Interscience Communications Ltd., Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 501-512. ISBN 978-0-9556548-3-1

collaboration

Venters, Will and Kyriakidou-Zacharoudiou, Avgousta (2012) Interventionist grid development projects: a research framework based on three frames. Information Technology & People, 25 (3). pp. 300-326. ISSN 0959-3845 (doi:10.1108/09593841211254349)

collection

Galea, Edwin R., Hulse, Lynn, Day, Rachel, Siddiqui, Asim, Sharp, Gary, Boyce, Karen, Summerfield, Louise, Canter, David, Marselle, Melisa and Greenall, Paul V. (2010) The UK WTC9/11 evacuation study: an overview of the methodologies employed and some preliminary analysis. In: Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics 2008. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, Berlin / Heidelberg, Germany, pp. 3-24. ISBN 978-3-642-04503-5 (print), 978-3-642-04504-2 (eISBN) (doi:10.1007/978-3-642-04504-2_1)

comparison

Jiang, H., Gwynne, S., Galea, E.R., Lawrence, P., Jia, F. and Ingason, H. (2003) Predicting the past. Fire Prevention & Fire Engineers Journal, 2003 (August). pp. 18-20. ISSN 1478-3576

compartment fires

Galea, Edwin R., Wang, Zhaozhi, Veeraswamy, Anand, Jia, Fuchen, Lawrence, Peter J. and Ewer, John (2008) Coupled fire/evacuation analysis of the Station Nightclub fire. In: Fire Safety Science - Proceedings of the Ninth International Symposium. IAFSS Symposiums (9). International Association for Fire Safety Science, Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 465-476. ISSN 1817-4299 (doi:10.3801/IAFSS.FSS.9-465)

Wang, Zhaozhi, Galea, Edwin R., Jia, Fuchen, Ewer, John and Patel, Mayur (2007) Predicting HCI concentrations in fire enclosures using a HCI decay model coupled to a CFD based fire field model. Fire and Materials, 31 (7). pp. 443-461. ISSN 0308-0501 (doi:10.1002/fam.942)

Wang, Zhaozhi, Jia, Fuchen, Galea, Edwin R., Patel, Mayur and Ewer, John (2007) Predicting HCl concentrations in fire enclosures using an HCl decay model coupled to a CFD-based fire field model. Fire and Materials, 31 (7). pp. 443-461. ISSN 0308-0501 (doi:10.1002/fam.942)

comprehensibility

Finney, Kate, Rennolls, Keith and Fedorec, Alex (1998) Measuring the comprehensibility of Z specifications. Journal of Systems and Software, 42 (1). pp. 3-15. ISSN 0164-1212 (doi:10.1016/S0164-1212(98)00003-X)

compuiter software

Cooney, David Paul (2000) The application of virtual reality environments to evacuation modelling. MRes thesis, University of Greenwich.

computater modelling

Wang, Junye, Christakis, Nicholas, Patel, Mayur K., Cross, Mark and Leaper, Mark C. (2004) A computational model of coupled heat and moisture transfer with phase change in granular sugar during varying environmental conditions. Numerical Heat Transfer, Part A: Applications, 45 (8). pp. 751-776. ISSN 1040-7782 (Print), 1521-0634 (Online) (doi:10.1080/10407780490424280)

computational aeroacoustics

Djambazov, G.S., Lai, C.-H., Pericleous, K.A. and Wang, Z.-K. (2002) A coarse grid extraction of sound signals for computational aeroacoustics. International Journal for Numerical Methods in Fluids, 40 (12). pp. 1515-1525. ISSN 0271-2091 (Print), 1097-0363 (Online) (doi:10.1002/fld.408)

Djambazov, Georgi S., Lai, Choi-Hong, Pericleous, Koulis A. and Wang, Zong-Kang (2002) A defect correction method for multi-scale problems in computational aeroacoustics. In: Recent Developments in Domain Decomposition Methods. Lecture Notes in Computational Science and Engineering (23). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, Germany, pp. 147-156. ISBN 9783540434139 ISSN 1439-7358

computational analysis software

Bailey, C., Patel, M. and Kumar, S. (2001) Computational modelling-a key component in materials processing. Transactions of the Institution of Mining and Metallurgy, Section C: Mineral Processing and Extractive Metallurgy, 110 (1). pp. 25-32. ISSN 0371-9553 (Print), 1743-2855 (Online) (doi:10.1179/mpm.2001.110.1.25)

computational fire engineering

Galea, Edwin (2004) Computational fire engineering - do we have what we need? In: 3rd International Symposium on Human Behaviour in Fire: Conference Proceedings. Interscience Communications Ltd., Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 21-22. ISBN 095412166X

computational fluid dynamics

Benson, M., Bennett, C.R., Patel, M.K., Harry, J.E. and Cross, M. (2000) Collector-metal behaviour in the recovery of platinum-group metals from catalytic converters. Transactions of the Institute of Mining and Metallurgy, Section C: Mineral Processing and Extractive Metallurgy, 109 (1). pp. 6-10. ISSN 0371-9553 (Print), 1743-2855 (Online) (doi:10.1179/mpm.2000.109.1.6)

Burton, D.J., Grandison, Angus, Patel, Mayur, Galea, Edwin R. and Ewer, John (2007) Introducing a hybrid field/zone modelling approach for fire simulation. Interflam 2007 11th International Fire Science and Engineering Conference. Interscience Communications, Greenwich, pp. 1491-1497. ISBN 9780954121693

Christakis, Nicholas, Chapelle, Pierre, Patel, Mayur, Cross, Mark, Bridle, Ian, Abou-Chakra, Hadi and Baxter, John (2002) Utilising computational fluid dynamics (CFD) for the modelling of granular material in large-scale engineering processes. In: Computational Science - ICCS 2002: International Conference Amsterdam, The Netherlands, April 21–24, 2002 Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Part 1 (2329). Springer Berlin Heidelberg, Berlin, Heidelberg, Germany, pp. 743-752. ISBN 9783540435914 ISSN 0302-9743 (Print), 1611-3349 (Online) (doi:10.1007/3-540-46043-8_75)

Christakis, Nicholas, Chapelle, Pierre, Patel, Mayur K. and Cross, Mark (2006) On the continuum modelling of segregation of granular mixtures during hopper emptying in core flow mode. In: European Conference on Computational Fluid Dynamics ECCOMAS CFD 2006 Proceedings. TU Delft, The Netherlands, The Netherlands. ISBN 9090209700

Ewer, J., Galea, E.R., Knight, B., Patel, M., Janes, D. and Petridis, M. (1998) Fire field modelling using the SMARTFIRE automated dynamic solution control environment. CMS Press, Greenwich, London, UK. ISBN 1899991387

Ewer, J., Galea, E.R., Patel, M.K., Taylor, S., Knight, B. and Petridis, M. (1999) SMARTFIRE: an intelligent CFD based fire model. Journal of Fire Protection Engineering, 10 (1). pp. 13-27. ISSN 1042-3915 (Print), 1532-172X (Online) (doi:10.1177/104239159901000102)

Ewer, J., Jia, F., Grandison, A., Frost, I., Galea, E. and Patel, M. (2013) SMARTFIRE v4.3: SMARTFIRE technical reference manual, user guide and release notes. Manual. University of Greenwich, Greenwich, London, UK.

Ewer, J., Jia, F., Grandison, A., Galea, E. and Patel, M. (2013) SMARTFIRE v4.2: SMARTFIRE technical reference manual, user guide and release notes. Manual. University of Greenwich, Greenwich, London, UK.

Ewer, John, Galea, Edwin R., Patel, Mayur, Jia, Fuchen, Grandison, Angus and Wang, Zhaozhi (2010) SMARTFIRE - the fire field modelling environment. In: Pereira, J.C.F., Sequeira, A. and Pereira, J.M.C., (eds.) Proceedings of the V European Conference on Computational Fluid Dynamics ECCOMAS CFD 2010. European Community of Computational Methods in Applied Sciences (ECCOMAS), Barcelona, Spain. ISBN 978-989-96778-1-4

Ewer, John Andrew Clark (2000) An investigation into the feasibility, problems and benefits of re-engineering a legacy procedural CFD code into an event driven, object oriented system that allows dynamic user interaction. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

Galea, E.R., Lawrence, P., Gwynne, S., Sharp, G., Hurst, N., Wang, Z. and Ewer, J. (2004) Integrated fire and evacuation in maritime environments. In: 2nd International Maritime Conference on Design for Safety [Proceedings]. Ship and Ocean Foundation, pp. 161-170.

Grandison, Angus Joseph (2003) Improving the regulatory acceptance and numerical performance of CFD based fire-modelling software. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

Hanson, R., Allsopp, D., Deng, T., Smith, D., Bradley, M.S.A., Hutchings, I.M. and Patel, M.K. (2002) A model to predict the life of pneumatic conveyor bends. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part E: Journal of Process Mechanical Engineering, 216 (3). pp. 143-149. ISSN 0954-4089 (Print), 2041-3009 (Online) (doi:10.1243/095440802320225284)

Hoffmann, N., Galea, E. and Berhane, D. (1996) CFD analysis of fire plumes emerging from windows with external protrusions in high-rise buildings. In: Conference Proceedings: Interflam '96: Seventh International Fire Science and Engineering Conference. Interscience Communications Ltd., Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 835-839. ISBN 0951632094

Hurst-Clark, N., Ewer, J., Grandison, A. and Galea, E. (2004) Group solvers: a means of reducing run-times and memory overheads for CFD based fire simulation software. In: Conference Proceedings: Interflam 2004: 10th International Fire Science and Engineering Conference. Interscience Communications Ltd., Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 659-664. ISBN 0954121643

Janes, D., Ewer, J., Galea, E., Patel, M. and Knight, B. (2001) Automatic dynamic control of CFD base fire modelling simulations. In: Conference Proceedings: Interflam 2001: 9th International Fire Science and Engineering Conference. Interscience Communications Ltd., Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 811-822. ISBN 0953231283

Jia, F., Galea, E.R. and Patel, M.K. (1999) The numerical simulation of the noncharring pyrolysis process and fire development within a compartment. Applied Mathematical Modelling, 23 (8). pp. 587-607. ISSN 0307-904X (doi:10.1016/S0307-904X(99)00003-7)

Jia, F., Patel, M. and Galea, E. (2004) CFD fire simulation of the Swissair flight 111 in-flight fire. In: Conference Proceedings: Interflam 2004: 10th International Fire Science and Engineering Conference. Interscience Communications Ltd., Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 1195-1206. ISBN 0954121643

Jia, F., Patel, M.K. and Galea, E.R. (2004) Simulating the Swissair flight 111 in-flight fire using the CFD fire simulation software SMARTFIRE. In: Fourth Triennial International Fire and Cabin Safety Research Conference, 15–19 Nov 2004, Lisbon, Portugal.

Jia, Fuchen (1999) The simulation of fire growth and spread within enclosures using an integrated CFD fire spread model. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

Jia, Fuchen, Patel, Mayur and Galea, Edwin (2003) Flight simulation. Fire Prevention & Fire Engineers Journal, 2003 (Sept.). pp. 27-29. ISSN 1478-3576

Mawhinney, R.N., Grandison, A.J., Galea, E.R., Patel, M.K. and Ewer, J. (2000) The development of a CFD based simulator for water mist suppression systems: the development of the fire submodel. Journal of Applied Fire Science, 9 (4). pp. 311-345. ISSN 1044-4300 (Print), 1541-4183 (Online) (doi:10.2190/L07V-KGDD-KUPJ-D397)

Patel, M.K., Bailey, C., Djambazov, G., Shrimpton, J. and Jalili, V. (2003) Application of CFD in vacuum dezincing process. In: The 3rd International Conference on CFD in the Minerals and Process Industries [Proceedings]. CSIRO Publishing, Collingwood, Victoria, Australia, pp. 313-318. ISBN 978064309038X

Taylor, S., Galea, E.R., Ewer, J., Patel, M.K., Petridis, M. and Knight, B. (1998) SMARTFIRE: an intelligent CFD-based fire model. CMS Press, Greenwich, London, UK. ISBN 1899991301

Taylor, S., Petridis, M., Knight, B., Ewer, J., Galea, E.R. and Patel, M. (1997) SMARTFIRE: an integrated computational fluid dynamics code and expert system for fire field modelling. In: Fire Safety Science: Proceedings of the Fifth International Symposium. International Association for Fire Safety Science, Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 1285-1296. ISBN 4990062555 (doi:10.3801/IAFSS.FSS.5-1285)

Wang, Zhaozhi, Galea, Edwin R. and Jia, Fuchen (2007) A computational study of the characteristics of aircraft post-crash fires. Proceedings of the 5th Triennial International Fire and Cabin Safety Research Conference, Atlantic City, 29 Oct.-1 Nov. 2007. Federal Aviation Administration, Washington DC.

Xue, Xiangdong, Patel, Mayur K., Bailey, Chris, Kersaudy-Kerhoas, Maïwenn and Desmulliez, Marc P.Y. (2008) Challenges in modelling biofluids in microchannels. In: 2nd Electronics System-Integration Technology Conference, 2008. ESTC 2008. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc., Piscataway, NJ, USA, pp. 287-292. ISBN 978-1-4244-2814-4 (Print) 978-1-4244-2813-7 (Online) (doi:10.1109/ESTC.2008.4684363)

Yao, Jun, Yao, Yufeng, Mason, Peter J. and Patel, Mayur (2009) Numerical simulation of heat transfer in rectangular microchannel. Advances in Applied Mathematics and Mechanics, 1 (2). pp. 231-241. ISSN 2070-0733 (Print), 2075-1354 (Online)

Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD)

Galea, Edwin R., Wang, Zhaozhi, Togher, Madeleine, Jia, Fuchen and Lawrence, Peter (2007) Predicting the likely impact of aircraft post crash fire on aircraft evacuation using fire and evacuation simulation. Proceedings of the 5th Triennial International Fire and Cabin Safety Research Conference, Atlantic City, 29 Oct.-1 Nov. 2007. Federal Aviation Administration, Washington DC.

Jia, F., Galea, E.R. and Patel, M.K. (1999) The numerical simulation of noncharring thermal degradation and its application to the prediction of compartment fire development. In: Fire Safety Science: Proceedings of the Sixth International Symposium. IAFSS Symposiums (6). International Association for Fire Safety Science, Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 953-964. ISBN 0925223255 (doi:10.3801/IAFSS.FSS.6-953)

Jia, Fuchen, Galea, Edwin and Patel, Mayur (1998) The numerical simulation of enclosure fires using a Cfd fire field model coupled with a pyrolysis based solid fuel combustion submodel—a first approximation. Journal of Fire Protection Engineering, 9 (4). pp. 1-17. ISSN 1042-3915 (Print), 1532-172X (Online) (doi:10.1177/104239159800900402)

computational modelling

Chapelle, P., Christakis, N., Abou-Chakra, H., Tuzun, U., Bridle, I., Bradley, M.S.A., Patel, M.K. and Cross, M. (2003) Computational modelling of particle degradation in dilute phase pneumatic conveyors. In: Kumar, Vipin, Gavrilova, Marina L., Tan, Chih Jeng Kenneth and L’Ecuyer, Pierre, (eds.) Computational Science and Its Applications - ICCSA 2003. International Conference Montreal, Canada, May 18–21, 2003 Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Part I (2667). Springer, Berlin Heidelberg, pp. 493-502. ISBN 9783540401551 (doi:10.1007/3-540-44839-X_53)

Patel, M.K., Bailey, C., Djambazov, G., Shrimpton, J. and Jalili, V. (2003) Application of CFD in vacuum dezincing process. In: The 3rd International Conference on CFD in the Minerals and Process Industries [Proceedings]. CSIRO Publishing, Collingwood, Victoria, Australia, pp. 313-318. ISBN 978064309038X

computational speed

Grandison, Angus, Muthu, Yasmina, Lawrence, Peter and Galea, Edwin R. (2007) Simulating the evacuation of very large populations in large domains using a parallel implementation of the buildingEXODUS evacuation model. Interflam 2007 11th International Fire Science and Engineering Conference. Interscience Communications, Greenwich, pp. 259-270. ISBN 9780954121686

computational study

Christakis, N., Chapelle, P. and Patel, M.K. (2006) A computational study of segregation in granular material during heaping. In: 2006 Spring Meeting & 2nd Global Congress on Process Safety. American Institute of Chemical Engineers, New York, USA. ISBN 9780816910755

computer based analysis

Gwynne, S., Galea, E.R., Owen, M., Lawrence, P.J. and Filippidis, L. (1999) A review of the methodologies used in evacuation modelling. Fire and Materials, 23 (6). pp. 383-388. ISSN 0308-0501 (Print), 1099-1018 (Online) (doi:10.1002/(SICI)1099-1018(199911/12)23:6<383::AID-FAM715>3.0.CO;2-2)

computer capabilities

Gwynne, S.M.V. and Kuligowski, E.D. (2010) The faults with default. In: Interflam 2010: 12th International Fire Science & Engineering Conference. Interscience Communications, Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 1473-1478. ISBN 9780954121655

computer egress simulation

Grandison, Angus, Muthu, Yasmina, Lawrence, Peter and Galea, Edwin R. (2007) Simulating the evacuation of very large populations in large domains using a parallel implementation of the buildingEXODUS evacuation model. Interflam 2007 11th International Fire Science and Engineering Conference. Interscience Communications, Greenwich, pp. 259-270. ISBN 9780954121686

computer model

Galea, Edwin R. (1998) A general approach to validating evacuation models with an application to EXODUS. Journal of Fire Sciences, 16 (6). pp. 414-436. ISSN 0734-9041 (Print), 1530-8049 (Online) (doi:10.1177/073490419801600603)

computer modelling

Galea, E., Filippidis, L., Gwynne, S., Lawrence, P., Sharp, G, Blackshields, D. and Glen, Ian (2002) The development of an advanced ship evacuation simulation software product and associated large scale testing facility for the collection of human shipboard behaviour data. In: RINA. International Conference. Human Factors in Ship Design and Operation, 2-3 October 2002. Papers. The Royal Institution of Naval Architects, London, UK, pp. 37-50. ISBN 9780903055819

Galea, E.R, Grandison, A., Filippidis, L., Gwynne, S., Ewer, J. and Lawrence, P.J. (2004) Safer by design: simulating fire and escape at sea. In: The 1st International Conference Escape, Evacuation and Recovery, Survival from Ships and Offshore Structures, Lloyds List Events, 10-11 Mar 2004, London, UK.

Galea, E.R., Blake, S. and Lawrence, P. (2004) Computer simulation of VLTA evacuation performance: a report from the VERRES project. In: Fourth Triennial International Fire and Cabin Safety Research Conference, 15–19 Nov 2004, Lisbon, Portugal.

Galea, E.R. and Gwynne, S. (2000) Estimating the flow rate capacity of an overturned rail carriage end exit in the presence of smoke. Fire and Materials, 24 (6). pp. 291-302. ISSN 0308-0501 (Print), 1099-1018 (Online) (doi:10.1002/1099-1018(200011/12)24:6<291::AID-FAM750>3.0.CO;2-6)

Galea, E.R., Lawrence, P., Gwynne, S., Filippidis, L., Blackshields, D., Sharp, G., Hurst, N., Wang, Z. and Ewer, J. (2004) The simulation of ship evacuation under fire conditions. In: Fire and Safety at Sea International Conference 2004. Fire and Safety at Sea International Conference, 1/14-14/14.

Galea, E.R., Owen, M., Lawrence, P. and Filippidis, L. (1997) The numerical simulation of aircraft evacuation and its application to aircraft design and certification. CMS Press, Greenwich, London, UK. ISBN 189999128X

Galea, Ed, Grandison, A., Filippidis, L., Gwynne, S., Ewer, J. and Lawrence, P. (2004) The simulation of fire and evacuation at sea. In: Conference Proceedings: Interflam 2004: 10th International Fire Science and Engineering Conference. Interscience Communications Ltd., Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 755-760. ISBN 0954121643

Gwynne, S., Galea, E.R., Owen, M., Lawrence, P.J. and Filippidis, L. (1999) A review of the methodologies used in evacuation modelling. Fire and Materials, 23 (6). pp. 383-388. ISSN 0308-0501 (Print), 1099-1018 (Online) (doi:10.1002/(SICI)1099-1018(199911/12)23:6<383::AID-FAM715>3.0.CO;2-2)

Hurst-Clark, N., Ewer, J., Grandison, A. and Galea, E. (2004) Group solvers: a means of reducing run-times and memory overheads for CFD based fire simulation software. In: Conference Proceedings: Interflam 2004: 10th International Fire Science and Engineering Conference. Interscience Communications Ltd., Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 659-664. ISBN 0954121643

Janes, D., Ewer, J., Galea, E., Patel, M. and Knight, B. (2001) Automatic dynamic control of CFD base fire modelling simulations. In: Conference Proceedings: Interflam 2001: 9th International Fire Science and Engineering Conference. Interscience Communications Ltd., Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 811-822. ISBN 0953231283

Jia, F., Patel, M. and Galea, E. (2004) CFD fire simulation of the Swissair flight 111 in-flight fire. In: Conference Proceedings: Interflam 2004: 10th International Fire Science and Engineering Conference. Interscience Communications Ltd., Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 1195-1206. ISBN 0954121643

Jia, Fuchen (1999) The simulation of fire growth and spread within enclosures using an integrated CFD fire spread model. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

Taylor, Stephen John (1997) An investigation into automation of fire field modelling techniques. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

Westeng, Helen (2004) Evacuation dynamics of the World Trade Center disaster. MRes thesis, University of Greenwich.

Zhang, Jianwen, Jia, F., Galea, E. and Ewer, J. (2004) A new approach to the simulation of gaseous combustion and its application to several test fire scenarios. In: Conference Proceedings: Interflam 2004: 10th International Fire Science and Engineering Conference. Interscience Communications Ltd., Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 1293-1304. ISBN 0954121643

computer models

Galea, E.R., Owen, M. and Lawrence, P. (1997) The role of evacuation modelling in the development of safer air travel. In: Aircraft Fire Safety. AGARD Conference Proceedings, CP-587 . North Atlantic Treaty Organization. Advisory Group for Aerospace Research and Development, London, UK, pp. 36-1. ISBN 9283600460 ISSN 0549-7191

Galea, Edwin and Hoffmann, Nicole (1997) Using mathematical models to predict the development of aircraft cabin fires. In: Aircraft Fire Safety. AGARD Conference Proceedings, CP-587 . North Atlantic Treaty Organization. Advisory Group for Aerospace Research and Development, London, UK, 7.1-7.12. ISBN 9283600460 ISSN 0549-7191

Galea, Edwin R. (1996) The role of evacuation and fire modelling in the development of safer air travel. In: Conference Proceedings. Final Report [International Conference on Cabin Safety Research]. National Technical Information Service, Springfield, Virginia, USA, pp. 145-160.

Galea, Edwin R., Gwynne, Steve, Lawrence, Peter J., Blackshields, Darren, Ewer, John, Wang, Zhaozhi, Hurst, Nathan and Mawhinney, Robert (2003) The application of fire and evacuation simulation in ship design. In: 2nd International EuroConference on Computer and IT Applications in the Maritime Industries. COMPIT '03. COMPIT, Hamburg, Germany, pp. 55-69.

Owen, M., Galea, E.R. and Lawrence, P. (1997) Advanced occupant behavioural features of the building-EXODUS evacuation model. In: Fire Safety Science: Proceedings of the Fifth International Symposium. IAFSS Symposiums (5). International Association for Fire Safety Science, Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 795-806. ISBN 4990062555 (doi:10.3801/IAFSS.FSS.5-795)

computer reasoning

Taylor, Stephen John (1997) An investigation into automation of fire field modelling techniques. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

computer simulation

Bailey, C., Patel, M. and Kumar, S. (2001) Computational modelling-a key component in materials processing. Transactions of the Institution of Mining and Metallurgy, Section C: Mineral Processing and Extractive Metallurgy, 110 (1). pp. 25-32. ISSN 0371-9553 (Print), 1743-2855 (Online) (doi:10.1179/mpm.2001.110.1.25)

Boxall, P., Gwynne, S., Filippidis, L., Galea, E.R. and Cooney, D. (2005) Advanced evacuation simulation software and its use in warships. In: Royal Institution of Naval Architects International Conference - Human Factors in Ship Design, Safety and Operation. Royal Institution of Naval Architects, London, UK, pp. 49-56. ISBN 9781905040094

Deere, S., Galea, E.R., Lawrence, P., Filippidis, L. and Gwynne, S. (2006) The impact of the passenger response time distribution on ship evacuation performance. Transactions of the Royal Institution of Naval Architects Part A: International Journal of Maritime Engineering, 148 (1). pp. 35-44. ISSN 1479-8751

Filippidis, L., Gwynne, S., Galea, E.R. and Lawrence, P. (2003) Simulating the interaction of pedestrians with wayfinding systems. In: Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics 2003: Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference. CMS Press, Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 39-50. ISBN 1904521088

Galea, E., Gwynne, S., Blackshields, D., Filippidis, L. and Lawrence, P. (2001) Predicting the evacuation performance of passenger ships using computer simulation. In: Conference Proceedings: Interflam 2001: 9th International Fire Science and Engineering Conference. Interscience Communications Ltd., Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 853-864. ISBN 0953231291

Galea, E.R. (2000) Safer by design: using computer simulation to predict the evacuation performance of passenger ships. In: Safety of Large Passenger Ships - Looking to the Future. Conference Proceedings. IMarE Conference, 112 (2). The Institute of Marine Engineers, London, UK, pp. 7-16. ISBN 1902536304

Galea, E.R. (2004) The use of computer simulation for aircraft evacuation certification: a report from the VERRES project. In: Fourth Triennial International Fire and Cabin Safety Research Conference, 15–19 Nov 2004, Lisbon, Portugal.

Galea, E.R., Lawrence, P., Gwynne, S., Filippidis, L., Blackshields, D., Sharp, G., Hurst, N., Wang, Z. and Ewer, J. (2003) Simulating ship evacuation under fire conditions. In: Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics 2003: Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference. CMS Press, Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 159-171. ISBN 1904521088

Galea, E.R., Lawrence, P.J., Blake, S.J., Gwynne, S. and Westeng, H. (2004) A preliminary investigation of the evacuation of the WTC North Tower using computer simulation. In: 3rd International Symposium on Human Behaviour in Fire: Conference Proceedings. Interscience Communications Ltd., Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 167-180. ISBN 095412166X

Galea, Edwin R. (2006) Proposed methodology for the use of computer simulation to enhance aircraft evacuation certification. Journal of Aircraft, 43 (5). pp. 1405-1413. ISSN 0021-8669 (doi:10.2514/1.20937)

Galea, Edwin R., Togher, Madelein and Lawrence, Peter (2010) Investigating the impact of aircraft exit availability on egress time using computer simulation. In: Klingsch, W.W.F., Rogsch, C., Schadschneider, A. and Schreckenberg, M., (eds.) Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics 2008. Springer-Verlag, Berlin / Heidelberg, Germany, pp. 411-423. ISBN 978-3-642-04503-5 (Print), 978-3-642-04504-2 (Online) (doi:10.1007/978-3-642-04504-2_35)

Galea, Edwin R., Togher, Madeleine and Lawrence, Peter (2007) Investigating the impact of exit availability on egress time using computer based evacuation simulation. Proceedings of the 5th Triennial International Fire and Cabin Safety Research Conference, Atlantic City, 29 Oct.-1 Nov. 2007. Federal Aviation Administration, Washington DC.

Gwynne, S., Galea, E.R., Owen, M., Lawrence, P.J. and Filippidis, L. (1999) A review of the methodologies used in the computer simulation of evacuation from the built environment. Building and Environment, 34 (6). pp. 741-749. ISSN 0360-1323 (doi:10.1016/S0360-1323(98)00057-2)

Jiang, H., Gwynne, S., Galea, E.R., Lawrence, P., Jia, F. and Ingason, H. (2003) Predicting the past. Fire Prevention & Fire Engineers Journal, 2003 (August). pp. 18-20. ISSN 1478-3576

Kinsey, Michael J., Galea, Edwin R. and Lawrence, Peter (2009) Investigating the use of elevators for high-rise building evacuation through computer simulation. 4th International Symposium on Human Behaviour in Fire 2009: Conference Proceedings. Interscience Communications Ltd., London, UK, pp. 85-96. ISBN 978-0-9556548-3-1

Owen, M., Galea, E.R., Lawrence, P.J. and Filippidis, L. (1998) The numerical simulation of aircraft evacuation and its application to aircraft design and certification. The Aeronautical Journal, 102 (1016). pp. 301-312. ISSN 0001-9240

computer simulations

Galea, E.R, Filippidis, L., Wang, Z. and Ewer, J. (2010) Fire and evacuation analysis in BWB aircraft configurations: Computer simulations and large-scale evacuation experiment. The Aeronautical Journal, 114 (1154). pp. 271-277. ISSN 0001-9240

computer software

Aarons, Tracy (2000) Using the "Guide to safety at sports grounds" and the buildingEXODUS software. MRes thesis, University of Greenwich.

Boxall, P., Gwynne, S., Filippidis, L., Galea, E.R. and Cooney, D. (2005) Advanced evacuation simulation software and its use in warships. In: Royal Institution of Naval Architects International Conference - Human Factors in Ship Design, Safety and Operation. Royal Institution of Naval Architects, London, UK, pp. 49-56. ISBN 9781905040094

Ewer, John Andrew Clark (2000) An investigation into the feasibility, problems and benefits of re-engineering a legacy procedural CFD code into an event driven, object oriented system that allows dynamic user interaction. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

Finney, Kate and Fenton, Norman (1996) Evaluating the effectiveness of Z: The claims made about CICS and where we go from here. Journal of Systems Software, 35 (3). pp. 209-216. ISSN 0164-1212 (doi:10.1016/S0164-1212(96)00122-7)

Galea, E.R., Blake, S.J., Lawrence, P.J. and Gwynne, S. (2003) The airEXODUS evacuation model and its application to aircraft safety. In: RTO AVT (Research and Technology Organisation. Applied Vehicle Technology) Specialists' Meeting on "Fire Safety and Survivability",, 23-26 Sep 2002, Aalborg, Denmark.

Galea, Edwin (2004) Computational fire engineering - do we have what we need? In: 3rd International Symposium on Human Behaviour in Fire: Conference Proceedings. Interscience Communications Ltd., Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 21-22. ISBN 095412166X

Grandison, Angus Joseph (2003) Improving the regulatory acceptance and numerical performance of CFD based fire-modelling software. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

Gwynne, S., Galea, E.R., Lawrence, P.J., Owen, M. and Filippidis, L. (1998) Further validation of the buildingEXODUS evacuation model using the Tsukuba dataset. CMS Press, Greenwich, London, UK. ISBN 189999131X

Gwynne, S., Galea, E.R., Owen, M., Lawrence, P. and Filippidis, L. (1998) Validation of the buildingEXODUS Evacuation Model. CMS Press, Greenwich, London, UK. ISBN 1899991298

Mohedeen, Bibi Yasmina Yashanaz (2011) Domain partitioning and software modifications towards the parallelisation of the buildingEXODUS evacuation software. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

Siddiqui, Asim A. (2000) An interactive web based query engine for AASK database. MRes thesis, University of Greenwich.

Taylor, Stephen John (1997) An investigation into automation of fire field modelling techniques. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

Wang, Z., Jia, F., Galea, E. and Ewer, J. (2004) Predicting hydrogen chloride concentrations in fire enclosures using a deposition model linked to field fire models. In: Conference Proceedings: Interflam 2004: 10th International Fire Science and Engineering Conference. Interscience Communications Ltd., Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 665-670. ISBN 0954121643

Xie, Hui (2011) Investigation into the interaction of people with signage systems and its implementation within evacuation models. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

computing models

Galea, Edwin R., Brown, Rob, Filippidis, Lazaros and Deere, Steven (2010) The SAFEGUARD project: collection and preliminary analysis of assembly data for large passenger vessels at sea. Compit'10, 9th International Conference on Computer and IT Applications in the Maritime Industries. Compit'10, 9th International Conference on Computer and IT Applications in the Maritime Industries, pp. 424-433. ISBN 9783892206491

constraints

Woon, Fei Ling, Knight, Brian, Petridis, Miltos, Chapelle, Pierre and Patel, Mayur (2004) Enhancing the usability of numerical models with case-based reasoning. Journal of Expert Update, 7 (2). pp. 17-20. ISSN 1465-4091

contaminants

Mahalingam, Arun, Patel, Mayur K. and Galea, Edwin R. (2010) Simulation of the flow induced by positive pressure ventilation fan under wind driven conditions. In: Proceedings of the 12th International Fire Science & Engineering Conference, Interflam 2010. Interscience Communications Ltd, Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 913-924. ISBN 978-0-9556548-7-9 (set)

continuous approach

Chooramun, Nitish, Lawrence, Peter J. and Galea, Edwin R. (2012) An agent based evacuation model utilising hybrid space discretisation. Safety Science, 50 (8). pp. 1685-1694. ISSN 0925-7535 (doi:10.1016/j.ssci.2011.12.022)

continuous model

Chooramun, Nitish, Lawrence, Peter and Galea, Edwin (2011) Implementing a hybrid space discretisation within an agent based evacuation model. In: Peacock, Richard D., Kuligowski, Erica D. and Averill, Jason D., (eds.) Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics. Springer, New York / Dordrecht / Heidelberg / London, pp. 449-458. ISBN 978-1-4419-9724-1, (e-ISBN) 978-1-4419-9725-8 (doi:10.1007/978-1-4419-9725-8_40)

continuum mechanics

Christakis, Nicholas, Chapelle, Pierre, Patel, Mayur K., Wang, Junye, Cross, Mark, Baxter, John, Gröger, Torsten, Abou-Chakra, Hadi, Tüzün, Ugur, Bridle, Ian and Leaper, Mark C. (2002) Mathematical modelling of the behaviour of granular material in a computational fluid dynamics framework using micro-mechanical models. In: 5th World Congress on Computational Mechanics (WCCM V), 7-12 Jul 2002, Vienna, Austria.

continuum model

Baxter, John, Gröger, Torsten, Abou-Chakra, Hadi, Tüzün, Ugur, Christakis, Nicholas, Patel, Mayur K. and Cross, Mark (2002) Micro-mechanical parameterisations for continuum modelling of granular material using the discrete element method. In: Fifth World Congress on Computational Mechanics (WCCM V), 7-12 Jul 2002, Vienna, Austria.

Christakis, N., Chapelle, Pierre and Patel, M. K. (2006) Analysis and modeling of heaping behavior of granular mixtures within a computational mechanics framework. Advanced Powder Technology, 17 (4). pp. 383-398. ISSN 0921-8831 (doi:10.1163/156855206777866173)

continuum modelling

Chapelle, P., Christakis, N., Wang, J., Strusevich, N., Patel, M.K., Cross, M., Abou-Chakra, H., Baxter, J. and Tuzun, U. (2005) Application of simulation technologies in the analysis of granular material behaviour during transport and storage. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part E: Journal of Process Mechanical Engineering, 219 (1). pp. 43-52. ISSN 0954-4089 (Print), 2041-3009 (Online) (doi:10.1243/095440805X7044)

Christakis, N., Patel, M.K., Cross, M., Baxter, J., Abou-Chakra, H. and Tüzün, U. (2001) Continuum modelling of granular flows using PHYSICA, a 3-D unstructured, finite-volume code. In: Computational Modeling of Materials, Minerals and Metals Processing [Conference Proceedings]. The Mineral, Metals and Materials Society (TMS), Warrendale, PA, USA, pp. 129-138. ISBN 0873395131

Christakis, Nicholas, Chapelle, Pierre, Patel, Mayur K. and Cross, Mark (2006) On the continuum modelling of segregation of granular mixtures during hopper emptying in core flow mode. In: European Conference on Computational Fluid Dynamics ECCOMAS CFD 2006 Proceedings. TU Delft, The Netherlands, The Netherlands. ISBN 9090209700

Christakis, Nicholas, Patel, Mayur and Cross, Mark (2001) Predictions of Segregation of Granular Material with the Aid of PHYSICA, a 3-D Unstructured Finite-Volume Modelling Framework. In: ICFD Conference on Numerical Methods for Fluid Dynamics, 26-29 March 2001, Oxford, UK.

Christakis, Nicholas, Patel, Mayur K., Cross, Mark, Baxter, John, Abou-Chakra, Hadi and Tuzun, Ugur (2002) Predictions of segregation of granular material with the aid of PHYSICA, a 3-D unstructured finite-volume modelling framework. In: International Journal for Numerical Methods in Fluids. Special Issue: ICFD Conference on Numerical Methods for Fluid Dynamics. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., pp. 281-291. ISSN 0271-2091 (Print), 1097-0363 (Online) (doi:10.1002/fld.319)

controlled study

Kocher, H.M., Linklater, K., Patel, S. and Ellul, J.P.M. (2001) Epidemiological study of oesophageal and gastric cancer in south-east England. British Journal of Surgery, 88 (9). pp. 1249-1257. ISSN 0007-1323 (Print), 1365-2168 (Online) (doi:10.1046/j.0007-1323.2001.01847.x)

core flow

Christakis, Nicholas, Chapelle, Pierre, Patel, Mayur K. and Cross, Mark (2006) On the continuum modelling of segregation of granular mixtures during hopper emptying in core flow mode. In: European Conference on Computational Fluid Dynamics ECCOMAS CFD 2006 Proceedings. TU Delft, The Netherlands, The Netherlands. ISBN 9090209700

cost effectiveness

Finney, Kate and Fenton, Norman (1996) Evaluating the effectiveness of Z: The claims made about CICS and where we go from here. Journal of Systems Software, 35 (3). pp. 209-216. ISSN 0164-1212 (doi:10.1016/S0164-1212(96)00122-7)

coupled heat and moisture transfer

Wang, Junye, Christakis, Nicholas, Patel, Mayur K., Cross, Mark and Leaper, Mark C. (2004) A computational model of coupled heat and moisture transfer with phase change in granular sugar during varying environmental conditions. Numerical Heat Transfer, Part A: Applications, 45 (8). pp. 751-776. ISSN 1040-7782 (Print), 1521-0634 (Online) (doi:10.1080/10407780490424280)

crashworthiness

Galea, E.R, Finney, K.M., Dixon, A.J.P., Siddiqui, A. and Cooney, D.P. (2003) An analysis of human behaviour during aircraft evacuation situations using the AASK v3.0 database. The Aeronautical Journal, 107 (1070). pp. 219-231. ISSN 0001-9240

crawling behavior

Muhdi, Rani, Gwynne, Steve and Davis, Jerry (2009) The incorporation and validation of empirical crawling data into the buildingEXODUS model. Safety Science, 47 (1). pp. 97-104. ISSN 0925-7535 (doi:10.1016/j.ssci.2007.12.003)

crowd

Siddiqui, A.A. and Gwynne, S.M.V. (2011) Employing pedestrian observations in engineering analysis. Safety Science, 50 (3). pp. 478-493. ISSN 0925-7535 (doi:10.1016/j.ssci.2011.10.011)

crowd formations

Gwynne, S., Galea, E.R., Lawrence, P.J., Owen, M. and Filippidis, L. (1999) Adaptive decision-making in response to crowd formations in building EXODUS. Journal of Applied Fire Science, 8 (4). pp. 301-325. ISSN 1044-4300 (Print), 1541-4183 (Online) (doi:10.2190/CMPP-39TC-TNL3-R63Q)

cruise ships

Brown, R., Galea, E.R., Deere, S. and Filippidis, L. (2013) Passenger response time data-sets for large passenger ferries and cruise ships derived from sea trials. Transactions of the Royal Institution of Naval Architects, International Journal of Maritime Engineering, 155 (A1). pp. 33-48. ISSN 1479-8751

Gyngell, Jenny and Galea, Ed (2004) The European Union Fire-Exit Project - improving maritime safety. Cruise Ship Interiors International, 2004 (Summer). pp. 60-65.

data

Gwynne, S., Galea, E.R., Parke, J. and Hickson, J. (2003) The collection and analysis of pre-evacuation times derived from evacuation trials and their application to evacuation modelling. Fire Technology, 39 (2). pp. 173-195. ISSN 0015-2684 (Print), 1572-8099 (Online) (doi:10.1023/A:1024212214120)

Gwynne, S.M.V. (2013) Improving the collection and use of human egress data. Fire Technology, 49 (1). pp. 83-99. ISSN 0015-2684 (doi:10.1007/s10694-010-0210-9)

Gwynne, Steve (2011) Representing egress data. Fire and Materials, 36 (5-6). pp. 441-457. ISSN 0308-0501 (Print), 1099-1018 (Online) (doi:10.1002/fam.1106)

data analysis

Galea, Edwin R., Finney, Kate M., Dixon, Andrew J., Siddiqui, Asim and Cooney, David P. (2005) An analysis of the passenger to cabin crew ratio and exit reliability based on past survivable aviation accidents. Human Factors and Aerospace Safety, 5 (3). pp. 239-256. ISSN 1468-9456

data collection

Galea, Edwin R., Brown, Rob, Filippidis, Lazaros and Deere, Steven (2010) The SAFEGUARD project: collection and preliminary analysis of assembly data for large passenger vessels at sea. Compit'10, 9th International Conference on Computer and IT Applications in the Maritime Industries. Compit'10, 9th International Conference on Computer and IT Applications in the Maritime Industries, pp. 424-433. ISBN 9783892206491

Gwynne, S., Galea, E.R., Parke, J. and Hickson, J. (2003) The collection of pre-evacuation times from evacuation trials involving a Hospital Outpatient area and a University Library facility. In: Fire Safety Science: Proceedings of the Seventh International Symposium. IAFSS Symposiums (7). International Association for Fire Safety Science, Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 877-888. ISBN 0954534808 (doi:10.3801/IAFSS.FSS.7-877)

database

Galea, E.R., Finney, K.M., Dixon, A.J.P., Cooney, D.P. and Siddiqui, A. (2003) The AASK Database V3.0: a database of human experience during aircraft evacuation incidents. In: Fire Safety Science - Proceedings of the Seventh International Symposium. IAFSS Symposiums (7). International Association for Fire Safety Science, Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 865-876. ISBN 0954534808 ISSN 1817-4299 (doi:10.3801/IAFSS.FSS.7-865)

Gwynne, S.M.V. (2013) Improving the collection and use of human egress data. Fire Technology, 49 (1). pp. 83-99. ISSN 0015-2684 (doi:10.1007/s10694-010-0210-9)

Kocher, H.M., Linklater, K., Patel, S. and Ellul, J.P.M. (2001) Epidemiological study of oesophageal and gastric cancer in south-east England. British Journal of Surgery, 88 (9). pp. 1249-1257. ISSN 0007-1323 (Print), 1365-2168 (Online) (doi:10.1046/j.0007-1323.2001.01847.x)

Owen, M., Galea, E.R., Lawrence, P.J. and Filippidis, L. (1999) An aircraft accident database of human experience in evacuation derived from aviation accident reports. Fire and Materials, 23 (6). pp. 363-368. ISSN 0308-0501 (doi:10.1002/(SICI)1099-1018(199911/12)23:6<363::AID-FAM712>3.0.CO;2-D)

database systems

Galea, E.R, Finney, K.M., Dixon, A.J.P., Siddiqui, A. and Cooney, D.P. (2003) An analysis of human behaviour during aircraft evacuation situations using the AASK v3.0 database. The Aeronautical Journal, 107 (1070). pp. 219-231. ISSN 0001-9240

databases

Siddiqui, Asim A. (2000) An interactive web based query engine for AASK database. MRes thesis, University of Greenwich.

decision making

Galea, Edwin R. and Lawrence, Peter (2009) An investigation of passenger exit selection decisions in aircraft evacuation situations. Human Behaviour in Fire 2009 - Conference Proceedings. Interscience Communications Ltd., Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 421-432. ISBN 978-0-9556548-3-1

deck landing aircraft

Blake, S., Galea, E.R., Gwynne, S., Lawrence, P. and Filippidis, L. (2001) Examining the effect of exit separation on aircraft evacuation performance using evacuation modelling techniques: "Is the 60 foot rule relevant?". CMS Press, Greenwich, London, UK. ISBN 1899991727

Blake, S.J., Galea, E.R., Gwynne, S., Lawrence, P.J. and Filippidis, L. (2002) Examining the effect of exit separation on aircraft evacuation performance during 90-second certification trials using evacuation modelling techniques. The Aeronautical Journal, 106 (1055). pp. 1-16. ISSN 0001-9240

defaults

Gwynne, S.M.V. and Kuligowski, E.D. (2010) The faults with default. In: Interflam 2010: 12th International Fire Science & Engineering Conference. Interscience Communications, Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 1473-1478. ISBN 9780954121655

defect correction

Wang, Z.K., Djambazov, G.S., Lai, C.-H. and Pericleous, K.A. (2004) An acoustic correction method for extracting sound signals. Computers & Mathematics with Applications, 47 (1). pp. 57-69. ISSN 0898-1221 (doi:10.1016/S0898-1221(04)90005-3)

defect correction method

Djambazov, Georgi S., Lai, Choi-Hong, Pericleous, Koulis A. and Wang, Zong-Kang (2002) A defect correction method for multi-scale problems in computational aeroacoustics. In: Recent Developments in Domain Decomposition Methods. Lecture Notes in Computational Science and Engineering (23). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, Germany, pp. 147-156. ISBN 9783540434139 ISSN 1439-7358

defect correction methods

Djambazov, G.S., Lai, C.-H., Pericleous, K.A. and Wang, Z.-K. (2002) A coarse grid extraction of sound signals for computational aeroacoustics. International Journal for Numerical Methods in Fluids, 40 (12). pp. 1515-1525. ISSN 0271-2091 (Print), 1097-0363 (Online) (doi:10.1002/fld.408)

deference behavior

Galea, E.R., Sharp, G. and Lawrence, P.J. (2008) Investigating the representation of merging behavior at the floor–stair interface in computer simulations of multi-floor building evacuations. Journal of Fire Protection Engineering, 18 (4). pp. 291-316. ISSN 1042-3915 (Print), 1532-172X (Online) (doi:10.1177/1042391508095092)

degradation

Chapelle, P., Christakis, N., Wang, J., Strusevich, N., Patel, M.K., Cross, M., Abou-Chakra, H., Baxter, J. and Tuzun, U. (2005) Application of simulation technologies in the analysis of granular material behaviour during transport and storage. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part E: Journal of Process Mechanical Engineering, 219 (1). pp. 43-52. ISSN 0954-4089 (Print), 2041-3009 (Online) (doi:10.1243/095440805X7044)

degradation tester

Chapelle, Pierre, Abou-Chakra, Hadi, Christakis, Nicholas, Patel, Mayur, Abu-Nahar, Azlina, Tüzün, Ugur and Cross, Mark (2004) Computational model for prediction of particle degradation during dilute phase pneumatic conveying: the use of a laboratory scale degradation tester for the determination of degradation propensity. Advanced Powder Technology, 15 (1). pp. 13-29. ISSN 0921-8831 (doi:10.1163/15685520460740043)

dendritic growth

Kao, A., Pericleous, K., Patel, M.K. and Voller, V. (2009) Effects of magnetic fields on crystal growth. International Journal of Cast Metals Research, 22 (1-4). pp. 147-150. ISSN 1364-0461 (Print), 1743-1336 (Online) (doi:10.1179/136404609X367551)

dendritic-growth

Kao, Andrew, Pericleous, Koulis A., Patel, Mayur K. and Voller, Vaughan R. (2010) Thermoelectric effects on alloy solidification microstructure. In: Cockcroft, Steve L. and Maijer, Daan M., (eds.) Modeling of Casting, Welding, and Advanced Solidification Processes. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. / The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society, Warrendale, PA, USA, pp. 521-528. ISBN 978-0-87339-742-1 (hbk)

deposition

Wang, Zhaozhi, Galea, Edwin R., Jia, Fuchen, Ewer, John and Patel, Mayur (2007) Predicting HCI concentrations in fire enclosures using a HCI decay model coupled to a CFD based fire field model. Fire and Materials, 31 (7). pp. 443-461. ISSN 0308-0501 (doi:10.1002/fam.942)

Wang, Zhaozhi, Jia, Fuchen, Galea, Edwin R., Patel, Mayur and Ewer, John (2007) Predicting HCl concentrations in fire enclosures using an HCl decay model coupled to a CFD-based fire field model. Fire and Materials, 31 (7). pp. 443-461. ISSN 0308-0501 (doi:10.1002/fam.942)

design

Bailey, C., Patel, M. and Kumar, S. (2001) Computational modelling-a key component in materials processing. Transactions of the Institution of Mining and Metallurgy, Section C: Mineral Processing and Extractive Metallurgy, 110 (1). pp. 25-32. ISSN 0371-9553 (Print), 1743-2855 (Online) (doi:10.1179/mpm.2001.110.1.25)

design methodology

Gwynne, Steve (2008) Developing inclusive emergency procedures. In: Fire Safety Science - Proceedings of the Ninth International Symposium. IAFSS Symposiums (9). International Association for Fire Safety Science, Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 377-388. ISSN 1817-4299 (doi:10.3801/IAFSS.FSS.9-377)

Gwynne, Steve (2008) Helping people on their own terms: developing inclusive emergency procedures. Fire Technology, 44 (4). pp. 439-461. ISSN 0015-2684 (doi:10.1007/s10694-007-0039-z)

design of experiments

Machado Tavares, R. and Galea, E.R. (2009) Evacuation modelling analysis within the operational research context: a combined approach for improving enclosure designs. Building and Environment, 44 (5). pp. 1005-1016. ISSN 0360-1323 (doi:10.1016/j.buildenv.2008.07.019)

Design of Experiments (DoE)

Machado Tavares, Rodrigo and Galea, Edwin R. (2010) Numerical optimisation techniques applied to evacuation analysis. In: Klingsch, W.W.F., Rogsch, C., Schadschneider, A. and Schreckenberg, M., (eds.) Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics 2008. Springer-Verlag, Berlin / Heidelberg, Germany, pp. 555-561. ISBN 978-3-642-04503-5 (Print), 978-3-642-04504-2 (Online) (doi:10.1007/978-3-642-04504-2_49)

device design

Xue, Xiangdong, Marson, Silvia, Patel, Mayur K., Bailey, Chris, O'Neill, William, Topham, David, Kay, Robert W. and Desmulliez, Marc P.Y. (2011) Progress towards the design and numerical analysis of a 3D microchannel biochip separator. International Journal for Numerical Methods in Biomedical Engineering, 27 (11). pp. 1771-1792. ISSN 2040-7939 (Print), 2040-7947 (Online) (doi:10.1002/cnm.1439)

digital simulation

Yao, Jun, Yao, Yufeng, Patel, Mayur and Mason, Peter J. (2007) On Reynolds number and scaling effects in microchannel flows. The European Physical Journal Applied Physics, 37 (2). pp. 229-235. ISSN 1286-0042 (doi:10.1051/epjap:2007010)

dilute phase

Chapelle, P., Christakis, N., Abou-Chakra, H., Tuzun, U., Bridle, I., Bradley, M.S.A., Patel, M.K. and Cross, M. (2003) Computational modelling of particle degradation in dilute phase pneumatic conveyors. In: Kumar, Vipin, Gavrilova, Marina L., Tan, Chih Jeng Kenneth and L’Ecuyer, Pierre, (eds.) Computational Science and Its Applications - ICCSA 2003. International Conference Montreal, Canada, May 18–21, 2003 Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Part I (2667). Springer, Berlin Heidelberg, pp. 493-502. ISBN 9783540401551 (doi:10.1007/3-540-44839-X_53)

dilute phase pneumatic conveying

Chapelle, Pierre, Abou-Chakra, Hadi, Christakis, Nicholas, Patel, Mayur, Abu-Nahar, Azlina, Tüzün, Ugur and Cross, Mark (2004) Computational model for prediction of particle degradation during dilute phase pneumatic conveying: the use of a laboratory scale degradation tester for the determination of degradation propensity. Advanced Powder Technology, 15 (1). pp. 13-29. ISSN 0921-8831 (doi:10.1163/15685520460740043)

dilute-phase pneumatic conveying

Chapelle, Pierre, Christakis, Nicholas, Abou-Chakra, Hadi, Bridle, Ian, Bradley, M.S.A., Patel, Mayur and Cross, Mark (2004) Computational model for prediction of particle degradation during dilute-phase pneumatic conveying: modeling of dilute-phase pneumatic conveying. Advanced Powder Technology, 15 (1). pp. 31-49. ISSN 0921-8831 (Print), 1568-5527 (Online) (doi:10.1163/15685520460740052)

disabled

Adams, A.P.M. and Galea, Edwin (2011) An experimental evaluation of movement devices used to assist people with reduced mobility in high-rise building evacuations. In: Peacock, Richard D., Kuligowski, Erica D. and Averill, Jason D., (eds.) Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics. Springer, New York / Dordrecht / Heidelberg / London, pp. 129-138. ISBN 978-1-4419-9724-1, (e-ISBN) 978-1-4419-9725-8 (doi:10.1007/978-1-4419-9725-8_12)

disaster

Grimm, Anna, Hulse, Lynn, Preiss, Marek and Schmidt, Silke (2012) Post- and peritraumatic stress in disaster survivors: An explorative study about the influence of individual and event characteristics across different types of disasters. European Journal of Psychotraumatology, 3. pp. 7382-7390. ISSN 2000-8066 (doi:10.3402/ejpt.v3i0.7382)

discrete element

Baxter, John, Gröger, Torsten, Abou-Chakra, Hadi, Tüzün, Ugur, Christakis, Nicholas, Patel, Mayur K. and Cross, Mark (2002) Micro-mechanical parameterisations for continuum modelling of granular material using the discrete element method. In: Fifth World Congress on Computational Mechanics (WCCM V), 7-12 Jul 2002, Vienna, Austria.

disgust sensitivity

Thorpe, S.J., Patel, S.P. and Simonds, L.M. (2003) The relationship between disgust sensitivity, anxiety and obsessions. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 41 (12). pp. 1397-1409. ISSN 0005-7967 (doi:10.1016/S0005-7967(03)00058-5)

door

Gwynne, S.M.V., Kuligowski, E.D., Kratchman, J. and Milke, J.A. (2008) Questioning the linear relationship between doorway width and achievable flow rate. Fire Safety Journal, 44 (1). pp. 80-87. ISSN 0379-7112 (doi:10.1016/j.firesaf.2008.03.010)

doorway

Gwynne, S.M.V., Kuligowski, E.D., Kratchman, J. and Milke, J.A. (2008) Questioning the linear relationship between doorway width and achievable flow rate. Fire Safety Journal, 44 (1). pp. 80-87. ISSN 0379-7112 (doi:10.1016/j.firesaf.2008.03.010)

drift flux model

Hu, Xiaoqin, Wang, Zhaozhi, Jia, Fuchen, Galea, Edwin R. and Patel, Mayur K. (2011) Simulating smoke transport in large scale enclosure fires using a multi-particle-size model. In: Fire Safety Science - Proceedings of the Tenth International Symposium. IAFSS Symposiums (10). International Association for Fire Safety Science, Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 445-458. ISSN 1817-4299 (doi:10.3801/IAFSS.FSS.10-445)

dynaimc sign

Xie, Hui, Galea, Edwin and Lawrence, Peter (2013) Experimental study of the effectiveness of dynamic signage system. In: Conference Proceedings: Interflam 2013: 13th International Fire Science and Engineering Conference. Interscience Communications, Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 967-978. ISBN 9780955654893

dynamic load balancing

Grandison, Angus, Galea, Edwin R., Patel, Mayur and Ewer, John (2007) Parallel CFD fire modelling on office PCs with dynamic load balancing. International Journal for Numerical Methods in Fluids, 55 (1). pp. 29-39. ISSN 0271-2091 (doi:10.1002/fld.1278)

e-science

Venters, Will and Kyriakidou-Zacharoudiou, Avgousta (2012) Interventionist grid development projects: a research framework based on three frames. Information Technology & People, 25 (3). pp. 300-326. ISSN 0959-3845 (doi:10.1108/09593841211254349)

eddy dissipation model (EDM)

Wang, Zhaozhi, Jia, Fuchen, Galea, Edwin R. and Patel, Mayur (2007) Predicting toxic species concentrations in a full-scale vitiated fire. Interflam 2007 11th International Fire Science and Engineering Conference. Interflam, 2 . Interscience Communications Ltd, London, pp. 1047-1058. ISBN 9780954121693

effect of road traffic pollution

McCready, M., Patel, S. and Rennolls, K. (1997) An investigation of the effect of road traffic pollution on asthma, using Geographical Information Systems. In: Barnett, Vic and Feridun Turkman, K., (eds.) Statistics for the Environment 3. Pollution Assessment and Control. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., Chichester, UK, pp. 287-300. ISBN 978-0-471-96435-3

effective width

Gwynne, S.M.V., Kuligowski, E.D., Kratchman, J. and Milke, J.A. (2008) Questioning the linear relationship between doorway width and achievable flow rate. Fire Safety Journal, 44 (1). pp. 80-87. ISSN 0379-7112 (doi:10.1016/j.firesaf.2008.03.010)

effluent toxicity

Robinson, J.E., Hull, T.R., Lebek, K., Stec, A.A., Galea, Edwin R., Mahalingam, Arun, Jia, Fuchen, Patel, Mayur and Persson, H. (2007) Assessment of the impact of computed and measured fire environments on building evacuation using bench and real scale test data. Interflam 2007 11th International Fire Science and Engineering Conference. Interscience Communications, Greenwich, pp. 873-884. ISBN 9780954121693

egress

Galea, E.R. and Gwynne, S. (2000) Estimating the flow rate capacity of an overturned rail carriage end exit in the presence of smoke. Fire and Materials, 24 (6). pp. 291-302. ISSN 0308-0501 (Print), 1099-1018 (Online) (doi:10.1002/1099-1018(200011/12)24:6<291::AID-FAM750>3.0.CO;2-6)

Galea, Edwin R., Wang, Zhaozhi, Veeraswamy, Anand, Jia, Fuchen, Lawrence, Peter J. and Ewer, John (2008) Coupled fire/evacuation analysis of the Station Nightclub fire. In: Fire Safety Science - Proceedings of the Ninth International Symposium. IAFSS Symposiums (9). International Association for Fire Safety Science, Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 465-476. ISSN 1817-4299 (doi:10.3801/IAFSS.FSS.9-465)

Gwynne, S.M.V. (2013) Improving the collection and use of human egress data. Fire Technology, 49 (1). pp. 83-99. ISSN 0015-2684 (doi:10.1007/s10694-010-0210-9)

Gwynne, S.M.V., Au, S.Y.Z., Purser, D.A. and Boswell, D (2011) Accounting for staff response in engineering design. In: Advanced Research Workshop, Evacuation and Human Behavior in Emergency Situations, (Evac 2011), 21st October 2011, Santander, Spain.

Gwynne, S.M.V. and Kuligowski, E.D. (2009) Simulating a building as a people movement system. Journal of Fire Sciences, 27 (4). pp. 343-368. ISSN 0734-9041 (Print), 1530-8049 (Online) (doi:10.1177/0734904109102387)

Gwynne, Steve (2008) Developing inclusive emergency procedures. In: Fire Safety Science - Proceedings of the Ninth International Symposium. IAFSS Symposiums (9). International Association for Fire Safety Science, Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 377-388. ISSN 1817-4299 (doi:10.3801/IAFSS.FSS.9-377)

Gwynne, Steve (2011) Representing egress data. Fire and Materials, 36 (5-6). pp. 441-457. ISSN 0308-0501 (Print), 1099-1018 (Online) (doi:10.1002/fam.1106)

Gwynne, Steve and Kuligowski, E.D. (2008) Application modes of egress simulation. In: Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics. Springer-Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg, pp. 397-409. ISBN 9783642045035 (doi:10.1007/978-3-642-04504-2)

Gwynne, Steven M.V., Kuligowski, Erica and Spearpoint, Michael (2012) More thoughts on defaults. In: 5th International Symposium. Human Behaviour in Fire 2012. Symposium Proceedings. Interscience Communications Ltd, Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 9-23. ISBN 9780955654886

egress analysis

Gwynne, S.M.V., Kuligowski, E.D., Kratchman, J. and Milke, J.A. (2008) Questioning the linear relationship between doorway width and achievable flow rate. Fire Safety Journal, 44 (1). pp. 80-87. ISSN 0379-7112 (doi:10.1016/j.firesaf.2008.03.010)

egress behaviour

Gwynne, S., Kuligowski, E. and Nilsson, D. (2010) Representing egress behavior in engineering terms. In: 8th International Conference on Performance-Based Codes and Fire Safety Design Methods, 16–18 Jun 2010, Lund, Sweden.

egress modelling

Filippidis, Lazaros, Lawrence, Peter, Galea, Edwin and Blackshields, Darren (2008) Simulating the interaction of occupants with signage systems. In: Fire Safety Science - Proceedings of the Ninth International Symposium. IAFSS Symposiums (9). International Association for Fire Safety Science, London, UK, pp. 389-400. ISSN 1817-4299 (doi:10.3801/IAFSS.FSS.9-389)

egress models

Gwynne, S.M.V., Kuligowski, E.D., Kratchman, J. and Milke, J.A. (2008) Questioning the linear relationship between doorway width and achievable flow rate. Fire Safety Journal, 44 (1). pp. 80-87. ISSN 0379-7112 (doi:10.1016/j.firesaf.2008.03.010)

Gwynne, Steven M.V., Kuligowski, Erica and Spearpoint, Michael (2012) More thoughts on defaults. In: 5th International Symposium. Human Behaviour in Fire 2012. Symposium Proceedings. Interscience Communications Ltd, Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 9-23. ISBN 9780955654886

egress simulation

Gwynne, S.M.V., Kuligowski, E.D., Kratchman, J. and Milke, J.A. (2008) Questioning the linear relationship between doorway width and achievable flow rate. Fire Safety Journal, 44 (1). pp. 80-87. ISSN 0379-7112 (doi:10.1016/j.firesaf.2008.03.010)

egress strategy

Kinsey, Michael J., Galea, Edwin R. and Lawrence, Peter (2009) Investigating the use of elevators for high-rise building evacuation through computer simulation. 4th International Symposium on Human Behaviour in Fire 2009: Conference Proceedings. Interscience Communications Ltd., London, UK, pp. 85-96. ISBN 978-0-9556548-3-1

egress times

Galea, Edwin R., Togher, Madeleine and Lawrence, Peter (2007) Investigating the impact of exit availability on egress time using computer based evacuation simulation. Proceedings of the 5th Triennial International Fire and Cabin Safety Research Conference, Atlantic City, 29 Oct.-1 Nov. 2007. Federal Aviation Administration, Washington DC.

elevator model

Galea, Edwin, Kinsey, Michael and Lawrence, Peter (2011) Stairs or lifts? - a study of human factors associated with lift/elevator usage during evacuations using an online survey. In: Peacock, Richard D., Kuligowski, Erica D. and Averill, Jason D., (eds.) Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics. Springer, New York / Dordrecht / Heidelberg / London, pp. 627-636. ISBN 978-1-4419-9724-1, (e-ISBN) 978-1-4419-9725-8 (doi:10.1007/978-1-4419-9725-8_56)

elevators

Kinsey, M.J., Galea, E.R. and Lawrence, P.J. (2010) Human factors associated with the selection of lifts/elevators or stairs in emergency and normal usage conditions. Fire Technology, 48 (1). pp. 3-26. ISSN 0015-2684 (Print), 1572-8099 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10694-010-0176-7)

Kinsey, Michael J., Galea, Edwin R. and Lawrence, Peter J. (2011) Investigating evacuation lift dispatch strategies using computer modelling. Fire and Materials, 36 (5-6). pp. 399-415. ISSN 0308-0501 (Print), 1099-1018 (Online) (doi:10.1002/fam.1086)

emergency evacuation

Kinsey, Michael J., Galea, Edwin R. and Lawrence, Peter (2009) Extended model of pedestrian escalator behaviour based on data collected within a Chinese underground station. 4th International Symposium on Human Behaviour in Fire 2009: Conference Proceedings. Interscience Communications Ltd, London, UK, pp. 173-182. ISBN 978-0-9556548-3-1

emergency evacuations

Galea, Edwin R., Finney, Kate M., Dixon, Andrew J., Siddiqui, Asim and Cooney, David P. (2005) An analysis of the passenger to cabin crew ratio and exit reliability based on past survivable aviation accidents. Human Factors and Aerospace Safety, 5 (3). pp. 239-256. ISSN 1468-9456

Emergency psychology

Grimm, Anna, Hulse, Lynn, Preiss, Marek and Schmidt, Silke (2012) Post- and peritraumatic stress in disaster survivors: An explorative study about the influence of individual and event characteristics across different types of disasters. European Journal of Psychotraumatology, 3. pp. 7382-7390. ISSN 2000-8066 (doi:10.3402/ejpt.v3i0.7382)

emergency response

Ronchi, E. and Kinsey, Michael (2011) Evacuation models of the future: insights from an online survey of user's experiences and needs. In: Advanced Research Workshop: Evacuation and Human Behavior in Emergency Situations, 21 Oct 2011, Santander, Spain. (Unpublished)

Zachary Au, S.Y., Gwynne, Steven M.V. and Purser, David (2011) Pre-warning delay - staff response in emergencies. In: International Scientific and Technical Conference “Emergency Evacuation of People from Buildings” (EMEVAC), 31 Mar - 1 Apr 2011, Warsaw, Poland.

emergency signage

Filippidis, Lazaros, Galea, Edwin R., Blackshields, Darren and Lawrence, Peter (2009) Experimental study of the effectiveness of emergency signage. Human Behaviour in Fire 2009 - Conference Proceedings. Interscience Communications Ltd., Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 289-300. ISBN 978-0-9556548-3-1

emotion modelling

Hollmann, Claudia, Lawrence, Peter and Galea, Edwin (2011) Introducing emotion modelling to agent-based pedestrian circulation simulation. In: Peacock, Richard D., Kuligowski, Erica D. and Averill, Jason D., (eds.) Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics. Springer, New York / Dordrecht / Heidelberg / London, pp. 799-803. ISBN 978-1-4419-9724-1, (e-ISBN) 978-1-4419-9725-8 (doi:10.1007/978-1-4419-9725-8_77)

emotional arousal

Hulse, Lynn and Memon, Amina (2006) Fatal impact? The effects of emotional arousal and weapon presence on police officers' memories for a simulated crime. Legal and Criminological Psychology, 11 (2). pp. 313-325. ISSN 1355-3259 (doi:10.1348/135532505X58062)

empirical model

Deng, T., Chaudhry, A.R., Patel, M., Hutchings, I. and Bradley, M.S.A. (2004) Effect of particle concentration on erosion rate of mild steel bends in a pneumatic conveyor. Wear, 258 (1-4). pp. 480-487. ISSN 0043-1648 (doi:10.1016/j.wear.2004.08.001)

empirical study

Finney, Kate M. and Fedorec, Alex M. (1996) An empirical study of specification readability. In: Dean, C. Neville and Hinchey, Michael G., (eds.) Teaching and Learning Formal Methods. Academic Press International Series in Formal Methods . Academic Press, pp. 117-130. ISBN 9780123490407

enclosure fire

Wang, Z., Jia, F., Galea, E.R. and Patel, M.K. (2010) Predicting toxic gas concentrations at locations remote from the fire source. Fire and Materials, 35 (7). pp. 505-526. ISSN 0308-0501 (Print), 1099-1018 (Online) (doi:10.1002/fam.1069)

Wang, Zhaozhi, Jia, Fuchen and Galea, Edwin R. (2007) Predicting toxic gas concentrations resulting from enclosure fires using local equivalence ratio concept linked to fire field models. Fire and Materials, 31 (1). pp. 27-51. ISSN 0308-0501 (doi:10.1002/fam.924)

enclosure fires

Mahalingam, Arun, Jia, Fuchen, Patel, Mayur and Galea, Edwin R. (2007) Modelling generation and transport of toxic combustion products in enclosure fires using bench-scale test data. Interflam 2007 11th International Fire Science and Engineering Conference. Interscience Communications, Greenwich, pp. 1631-1636. ISBN 9780954121693

energy

Shala, Mehmet, Patel, Mayur and Pericleous, Koulis A. (2006) Unstructured staggered mesh methods for fluid flow, heat transfer and phase change. WSEAS Transactions on Fluid Mechanics, 1 (5). pp. 431-438. ISSN 1790-5087

Shala, Mehmet, Pericleous, Koulis A. and Patel, Mayur (2007) Numerical simulation of incompressible flow problems using an unstructured staggered mesh method. Journal of Algorithms and Computational Technology, 1 (3). pp. 273-302. ISSN 1748-3018 (doi:10.1260/174830107782424066)

Shala, Mehmet, Pericleous, Koulis A. and Patel, Mayur (2006) A two dimensional unstructured staggered mesh method with special treatment of tangential velocity. In: 4th WSEAS International Conference on Fluid Mechanics and Aerodynamics, August 21-23, 2006, Elounda, Greece.

engineering analysis

Gwynne, S.M.V., Kuligowski, E.D., Kratchman, J. and Milke, J.A. (2008) Questioning the linear relationship between doorway width and achievable flow rate. Fire Safety Journal, 44 (1). pp. 80-87. ISSN 0379-7112 (doi:10.1016/j.firesaf.2008.03.010)

engineering safety measures

Gwynne, Steve (2000) The introduction of adaptive social decision-making in the mathematical modelling of egress behaviour. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

Hoffmann, Nicole Andrea (1990) Computer simulation of fire-sprinkler interaction. PhD thesis, Thames Polytechnic.

enthalpy

Kao, A., Pericleous, K., Patel, M.K. and Voller, V. (2009) Effects of magnetic fields on crystal growth. International Journal of Cast Metals Research, 22 (1-4). pp. 147-150. ISSN 1364-0461 (Print), 1743-1336 (Online) (doi:10.1179/136404609X367551)

Kao, Andrew, Pericleous, Koulis A., Patel, Mayur K. and Voller, Vaughan R. (2010) Thermoelectric effects on alloy solidification microstructure. In: Cockcroft, Steve L. and Maijer, Daan M., (eds.) Modeling of Casting, Welding, and Advanced Solidification Processes. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. / The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society, Warrendale, PA, USA, pp. 521-528. ISBN 978-0-87339-742-1 (hbk)

environmental conditions

Wang, Junye, Christakis, Nicholas, Patel, Mayur K., Cross, Mark and Leaper, Mark C. (2004) A computational model of coupled heat and moisture transfer with phase change in granular sugar during varying environmental conditions. Numerical Heat Transfer, Part A: Applications, 45 (8). pp. 751-776. ISSN 1040-7782 (Print), 1521-0634 (Online) (doi:10.1080/10407780490424280)

equiaxed crystal morphology

Kao, Andrew, Pericleous, Koulis A., Patel, Mayur and Voller, V. (2009) Thermoelectric MHD effects on equiaxed crystal morphology. 6th International Conference on Electromagnetic Processing of Materials, EPM 2009. Forschungszentrum Dresden-Rossendorf, Dresden, Germany. ISBN Forschungszentrum Dresden-Rossendorf

equivalence ratio

Wang, Zhaozhi, Jia, Fuchen and Galea, E.R. (2010) A generalized relationship between the normalized yields of carbon monoxide and hydrogen cyanide. Fire and Materials, 35 (8). pp. 577-591. ISSN 0308-0501 (Print), 1099-1018 (Online) (doi:10.1002/fam.1076)

equivalence ratios

Wang, Z., Galea, E. and Jia, F. (2001) Applying the local equivalence ratio concept to fire field models. In: Conference Proceedings: Interflam 2001: 9th International Fire Science and Engineering Conference. Interscience Communications Ltd., Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 1409-1414. ISBN 0953231291

erosion

Deng, T., Li, J., Chaudhry, A.R., Patel, M., Hutchings, I. and Bradley, M.S.A. (2004) Comparison between weight loss of bends in a pneumatic conveyor and erosion rate obtained in a centrifugal erosion tester for the same materials. Wear, 258 (1-4). pp. 402-411. ISSN 0043-1648 (doi:10.1016/j.wear.2004.02.012)

Hanson, R., Allsopp, D., Deng, T., Smith, D., Bradley, M.S.A., Hutchings, I.M. and Patel, M.K. (2002) A model to predict the life of pneumatic conveyor bends. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part E: Journal of Process Mechanical Engineering, 216 (3). pp. 143-149. ISSN 0954-4089 (Print), 2041-3009 (Online) (doi:10.1243/095440802320225284)

escalator

Kinsey, Michael J., Galea, Edwin R., Lawrence, Peter J., Blackshields, Darren, Hulse, Lynn, Day, Rachel and Sharp, Gary (2010) Modelling pedestrian escalator behaviour. In: Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics 2008. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, Berlin / Heidelberg, Germany, pp. 689-695. ISBN 978-3-642-04503-5 (print), 978-3-642-04503-5 (eISBN) (doi:10.1007/978-3-642-04504-2_66)

escape and evacuation standards

Boxall, P., Gwynne, S., Filippidis, L., Galea, E.R. and Cooney, D. (2005) Advanced evacuation simulation software and its use in warships. In: Royal Institution of Naval Architects International Conference - Human Factors in Ship Design, Safety and Operation. Royal Institution of Naval Architects, London, UK, pp. 49-56. ISBN 9781905040094

Euler-Lagrange approach

Mawhinney, R.N., Galea, E.R. and Patel, M.K. (1996) Fire-sprinkler spray interaction modelling using an Euler-Lagrange approach. In: Conference Proceedings: Interflam '96: Seventh International Fire Science and Engineering Conference. Interscience Communications Ltd., Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 841-845. ISBN 0951632094

evacuation

Adams, A.P.M. and Galea, Edwin (2011) An experimental evaluation of movement devices used to assist people with reduced mobility in high-rise building evacuations. In: Peacock, Richard D., Kuligowski, Erica D. and Averill, Jason D., (eds.) Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics. Springer, New York / Dordrecht / Heidelberg / London, pp. 129-138. ISBN 978-1-4419-9724-1, (e-ISBN) 978-1-4419-9725-8 (doi:10.1007/978-1-4419-9725-8_12)

Blake, Simon (2003) The development and use of aircraft evacuation modelling as a viable tool for the certification and safety analysis of passenger aircraft. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

Brown, R., Galea, E.R., Deere, S. and Filippidis, L. (2013) Passenger response time data-sets for large passenger ferries and cruise ships derived from sea trials. Transactions of the Royal Institution of Naval Architects, International Journal of Maritime Engineering, 155 (A1). pp. 33-48. ISSN 1479-8751

Caldeira-Saraiva, Fernando, Gyngell, Jenny, Wheeler, Rob, Galea, Edwin, Carran, Andrew, Skjong, Rolf, Vanem, Erik, Johansson, Kaj, Rutherford, Bob and Simoes Ré, António J. (2004) Simulation of ship evacuation and passenger circulation. In: 2nd International Maritime Conference on Design for Safety [Proceedings]. Ship and Ocean Foundation, pp. 197-205.

Choi, Jun-Ho, Galea, Edwin and Hong, Won-Hwa (2013) Individual stair ascent and descent walk speeds measured in a Korean high-rise building. Journal of Fire Protection Engineering (00). pp. 1-29. ISSN 1042-3915 (Print), 1532-172X (Online) (doi:10.1177/1042391513492738)

Deere, Steven, Galea, Edwin R. and Lawrence, Peter (2008) Assessing the suitability of ship design for human factors issues associated with evacuation and normal operations. In: Bertram, Volker and Rigo, Philippe, (eds.) 7th International Conference on Computer and IT Applications in the Maritime Industries - COMPIT’08. Architecture Navale, Génie Maritime, Navigation Intérieure et Maritime, Analyse des Systèmes de Transport, Liège, Belgium, pp. 33-47. ISBN 2-9600785-0-0; 978-2-9600785-0-3 ISSN ISBN-10 2-9600785-0-0; ISBN-13 978-2-9600785-0-3

Deere, Steven J., Galea, Edwin R. and Lawrence, Peter J. (2010) Optimising vessel layout using human factors simulation. In: Klingsch, W.W.F., Rogsch, C., Schadschneider, A. and Schreckenberg, M., (eds.) Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics 2008. Springer-Verlag, Berlin / Heidelberg, Germany, pp. 597-603. ISBN 978-3-642-04503-5 (Print), 978-3-642-04504-2 (Online) (doi:10.1007/978-3-642-04504-2_54)

Filippidis, Lazaros, Galea, Edwin R., Gwynne, Steve and Lawrence, Peter (2006) Representing the influence of signage on evacuation behavior within an evacuation model. Journal of Fire Protection Engineering, 16 (1). pp. 37-73. ISSN 1042-3915 (doi:10.1177/1042391506054298)

Galea, E., Lawrence, P., Blake, S., Dixon, A. and Westeng, H. (2007) The 2001 World Trade Centre evacuation. In: Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics 2005. Springer, Berlin / Heidelberg, pp. 225-238. ISBN 9783540470625 (doi:10.1007/978-3-540-47064-9_20)

Galea, E.R., Finney, K.M., Dixon, A.J.P., Cooney, D.P. and Siddiqui, A. (2003) The AASK Database V3.0: a database of human experience during aircraft evacuation incidents. In: Fire Safety Science - Proceedings of the Seventh International Symposium. IAFSS Symposiums (7). International Association for Fire Safety Science, Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 865-876. ISBN 0954534808 ISSN 1817-4299 (doi:10.3801/IAFSS.FSS.7-865)

Galea, E.R., Sharp, G. and Lawrence, P.J. (2008) Investigating the representation of merging behavior at the floor–stair interface in computer simulations of multi-floor building evacuations. Journal of Fire Protection Engineering, 18 (4). pp. 291-316. ISSN 1042-3915 (Print), 1532-172X (Online) (doi:10.1177/1042391508095092)

Galea, E.R., Shields, J., Canter, D., Boyce, K., Day, R., Hulse, L., Siddiqui, A., Summerfield, L., Marselle, M. and Greenall, P. (2006) Methodologies employed in the collection, retrieval and storage of human factors information derived from first hand accounts of survivors of the WTC disaster of 11 September 2001. Journal of Applied Fire Science, 15 (4). pp. 253-276. ISSN 1044-4300 (Print), 1541-4183 (Online) (doi:10.2190/AF.15.4.b)

Galea, Edwin R. (ed.) (2003) Pedestrian and evacuation dynamics 2003: proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics, Greenwich, UK, 20-22 August 2003. In: Galea, Edwin R., (ed.) CMS Press/University of Greenwich, London, UK. ISBN 9781904521082

Galea, Edwin R. (1998) A general approach to validating evacuation models with an application to EXODUS. Journal of Fire Sciences, 16 (6). pp. 414-436. ISSN 0734-9041 (Print), 1530-8049 (Online) (doi:10.1177/073490419801600603)

Galea, Edwin R., Hulse, Lynn, Day, Rachel, Siddiqui, Asim and Sharp, Gary (2011) The UK WTC 9/11 evacuation study: an overview of findings derived from first-hand interview data and computer modelling. Fire and Materials, 36 (5-6). pp. 501-521. ISSN 0308-0501 (Print), 1099-1018 (Online) (doi:10.1002/fam.1070)

Galea, Edwin R., Owen, Mathew and Lawrence, Peter J. (1996) Computer modelling of human behaviour in aircraft fire accidents. Toxicology, 115 (1-3). pp. 63-78. ISSN 0300-483X (doi:10.1016/S0300-483X(96)03495-6)

Gwynne, S., Filippidis, L., Galea, E.R., Cooney, D. and Boxall, P. (2007) Data collection in support of the modelling of naval vessels. In: Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics 2005. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, Berlin Heidelberg, pp. 443-454. ISBN 9783540470625 (doi:10.1007/978-3-540-47064-9_42)

Gwynne, S., Galea, E.R., Lawrence, P.J. and Filippidis, L. (2001) Modelling occupant interaction with fire conditions using the buildingEXODUS evacuation model. Fire Safety Journal, 36 (4). pp. 327-357. ISSN 0379-7112 (doi:10.1016/S0379-7112(00)00060-6)

Gwynne, S., Galea, E.R., Lawrence, P.J., Owen, M. and Filippidis, L. (1999) Adaptive decision-making in buildingEXODUS in response to exit congestion. In: Fire Safety Science: Proceedings of the Sixth International Symposium. IAFSS Symposiums (6). International Association for Fire Safety Science, Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 1041-1052. ISBN 0925223255 (doi:10.3801/IAFSS.FSS.6-1041)

Gwynne, S., Galea, E.R., Owen, M., Lawrence, P.J. and Filippidis, L. (1999) A review of the methodologies used in evacuation modelling. Fire and Materials, 23 (6). pp. 383-388. ISSN 0308-0501 (Print), 1099-1018 (Online) (doi:10.1002/(SICI)1099-1018(199911/12)23:6<383::AID-FAM715>3.0.CO;2-2)

Gwynne, S., Galea, E.R., Parke, J. and Hickson, J. (2003) The collection and analysis of pre-evacuation times derived from evacuation trials and their application to evacuation modelling. Fire Technology, 39 (2). pp. 173-195. ISSN 0015-2684 (Print), 1572-8099 (Online) (doi:10.1023/A:1024212214120)

Gwynne, Steve (2011) Representing egress data. Fire and Materials, 36 (5-6). pp. 441-457. ISSN 0308-0501 (Print), 1099-1018 (Online) (doi:10.1002/fam.1106)

Gwynne, Steve and Boswell, D.L. (2009) Using human and technological resources to manage people movement. In: Fire suppression and detection research and applications: a technical working conference (SUPDET 2009). National Fire Protection Research Foundation, Orlando, Florida.

Gwynne, Steve and Galea, Edwin (2001) Evacuating an overturned smoke filled rail carriage. In: 2nd International Symposium on Human Behaviour in Fires [Conference Proceedings]. Interscience Communications Ltd., Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 135-146. ISBN 0953231267

Gwynne, Steven, Kuligowski, Erica and Nilsson, Daniel (2012) Representing evacuation behavior in engineering terms. Journal of Fire Protection Engineering, 22 (2). pp. 133-150. ISSN 1042-3915 (Print), 1532-172X (Online) (doi:10.1177/1042391512436788)

Gwynne, Steven M.V., Kuligowski, Erica and Spearpoint, Michael (2012) More thoughts on defaults. In: 5th International Symposium. Human Behaviour in Fire 2012. Symposium Proceedings. Interscience Communications Ltd, Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 9-23. ISBN 9780955654886

Kinsey, Michael J., Galea, Edwin R. and Lawrence, Peter J. (2011) Investigating evacuation lift dispatch strategies using computer modelling. Fire and Materials, 36 (5-6). pp. 399-415. ISSN 0308-0501 (Print), 1099-1018 (Online) (doi:10.1002/fam.1086)

McConnell, N.C., Boyce, K.E., Shields, J., Galea, E.R., Day, R.C. and Hulse, L.M. (2009) The UK 9/11 evacuation study: Analysis of survivors’ recognition and response phase in WTC1. Fire Safety Journal, 45 (1). pp. 21-34. ISSN 0379-7112 (doi:10.1016/j.firesaf.2009.09.001)

Owen, M., Galea, E.R. and Lawrence, P. (1997) Advanced occupant behavioural features of the building-EXODUS evacuation model. In: Fire Safety Science: Proceedings of the Fifth International Symposium. IAFSS Symposiums (5). International Association for Fire Safety Science, Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 795-806. ISBN 4990062555 (doi:10.3801/IAFSS.FSS.5-795)

Xie, Hui, Filippidis, Lazaros, Galea, Edwin R., Blackshields, Darren and Lawrence, Peter J. (2011) Experimental analysis of the effectiveness of emergency signage and its implementation in evacuation simulation. Fire and Materials, 36 (5-6). pp. 367-382. ISSN 0308-0501 (Print), 1099-1018 (Online) (doi:10.1002/fam.1095)

Xie, Hui, Galea, Edwin and Lawrence, Peter (2013) Experimental study of the effectiveness of dynamic signage system. In: Conference Proceedings: Interflam 2013: 13th International Fire Science and Engineering Conference. Interscience Communications, Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 967-978. ISBN 9780955654893

evacuation analysis

Deere, S.J., Galea, E.R. and Lawrence, P.J. (2007) A systematic methodology to assess the impact of human factors in ship design. Applied Mathematical Modelling, 33 (2). pp. 867-883. ISSN 0307-904X (doi:10.1016/j.apm.2007.12.014)

Machado Tavares, Rodrigo and Galea, Edwin R. (2010) Numerical optimisation techniques applied to evacuation analysis. In: Klingsch, W.W.F., Rogsch, C., Schadschneider, A. and Schreckenberg, M., (eds.) Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics 2008. Springer-Verlag, Berlin / Heidelberg, Germany, pp. 555-561. ISBN 978-3-642-04503-5 (Print), 978-3-642-04504-2 (Online) (doi:10.1007/978-3-642-04504-2_49)

evacuation behaviour

Galea, Ed (2003) Passenger behaviour in emergency situations. In: Bor, Robert, (ed.) Passenger Behaviour. Edited by Robert Bor, published by Ashgate. Ashgate, Farnham, Surrey, UK, pp. 128-182. ISBN 9780754609360

Galea, Edwin (2004) Computational fire engineering - do we have what we need? In: 3rd International Symposium on Human Behaviour in Fire: Conference Proceedings. Interscience Communications Ltd., Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 21-22. ISBN 095412166X

Galea, Edwin, Deere, S., Sharp, G., Filippidis, L. and Hulse, L. (2010) Investigating the impact of culture on evacuation behaviour. In: Interflam 2010: 12th International Fire Science & Engineering Conference. Interscience Communications, Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 879-892. ISBN 9780954121655

evacuation certification

Galea, E.R. (2004) The use of computer simulation for aircraft evacuation certification: a report from the VERRES project. In: Fourth Triennial International Fire and Cabin Safety Research Conference, 15–19 Nov 2004, Lisbon, Portugal.

evacuation data

Galea, E.R., Finney, K.M., Dixon, A.J.P., Cooney, D.P. and Siddiqui, A. (2003) The AASK Database V3.0: a database of human experience during aircraft evacuation incidents. In: Fire Safety Science - Proceedings of the Seventh International Symposium. IAFSS Symposiums (7). International Association for Fire Safety Science, Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 865-876. ISBN 0954534808 ISSN 1817-4299 (doi:10.3801/IAFSS.FSS.7-865)

Galea, Edwin Richard, Deere, Steven, Brown, Robert and Filippidis, Lazaros (2013) An experimental validation of an evacuation model using data sets generated from two large passenger ships. Journal of Ship Research, 13 (3). pp. 155-170. ISSN 0022-4502 (Print), 1542-0604 (Online) (doi:10.5957/JOSR.57.3.120037)

Gwynne, S., Galea, E.R., Lawrence, P.J., Owen, M. and Filippidis, L. (1998) A systematic comparison of model predictions produced by the buildingExodus evacuation model and the Tsukuba Pavilion evacuation data. Journal of Applied Fire Science, 7 (3). pp. 235-266. ISSN 1044-4300 (Print), 1541-4183 (Online) (doi:10.2190/6W20-VM9D-Y3F2-QGHE)

Gwynne, S.M.V. and Boswell, D.L. (2009) Pre-evacuation data collected from a mid-rise evacuation exercise. Journal of Fire Protection Engineering, 19 (1). pp. 5-29. ISSN 1042-3915 (Print), 1532-172X (Online) (doi:10.1177/1042391508095093)

evacuation dynamics

Galea, E., Lawrence, P., Blake, S., Dixon, A. and Westeng, H. (2007) The 2001 World Trade Centre evacuation. In: Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics 2005. Springer, Berlin / Heidelberg, pp. 225-238. ISBN 9783540470625 (doi:10.1007/978-3-540-47064-9_20)

Westeng, Helen (2004) Evacuation dynamics of the World Trade Center disaster. MRes thesis, University of Greenwich.

evacuation experience

Galea, Edwin, Hulse, Lynn, Day, Rachel, Siddiqui, Asim and Sharp, Gary (2009) The UK WTC 9/11 evacuation study: an overview of the methodologies employed and some analysis relating to fatigue, stair travel speeds and occupant response times. In: 4th International Symposium on Human Behaviour in Fire: Conference Proceedings. Interscience Communications Ltd., Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 27-40. ISBN 9780955654831

evacuation experiences

Galea, E.R., Shields, J., Canter, D., Boyce, K., Day, R., Hulse, L., Siddiqui, A., Summerfield, L., Marselle, M. and Greenall, P. V. (2007) The UK WTC 9/11 evacuation study: methodologies used in the elicitation and storage of human factors data. In: Interflam 2007 11th International Fire Science and Engineering Conference. Interscience Communications, Greenwich, UK, pp. 169-181. ISBN 9780954121686

Galea, Edwin R., Hulse, Lynn, Day, Rachel, Siddiqui, Asim, Sharp, Gary, Boyce, Karen, Summerfield, Louise, Canter, David, Marselle, Melisa and Greenall, Paul V. (2010) The UK WTC9/11 evacuation study: an overview of the methodologies employed and some preliminary analysis. In: Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics 2008. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, Berlin / Heidelberg, Germany, pp. 3-24. ISBN 978-3-642-04503-5 (print), 978-3-642-04504-2 (eISBN) (doi:10.1007/978-3-642-04504-2_1)

evacuation model

Chooramun, Nitish, Lawrence, Peter J. and Galea, Edwin R. (2012) An agent based evacuation model utilising hybrid space discretisation. Safety Science, 50 (8). pp. 1685-1694. ISSN 0925-7535 (doi:10.1016/j.ssci.2011.12.022)

Filippidis, Lazaros, Galea, Edwin R., Gwynne, Steve and Lawrence, Peter (2006) Representing the influence of signage on evacuation behavior within an evacuation model. Journal of Fire Protection Engineering, 16 (1). pp. 37-73. ISSN 1042-3915 (doi:10.1177/1042391506054298)

Galea, E.R., Blake, S.J., Gwynne, S. and Lawrence, P.J. (2004) Simulating the interaction of cabin crew with passengers during aircraft emergency evacuation conditions. In: Fourth Triennial International Fire and Cabin Safety Research Conference, 15–19 Nov 2004, Lisbon, Portugal.

Galea, E.R., Sharp, G., Lawrence, P.J. and Holden, R. (2008) Approximating the evacuation of the World Trade Center North Tower using computer simulation. Journal of Fire Protection Engineering, 18 (2). pp. 85-115. ISSN 1042-3915 (Print), 1532-172X (Online) (doi:10.1177/1042391507079343)

Galea, Edwin R. (1998) A general approach to validating evacuation models with an application to EXODUS. Journal of Fire Sciences, 16 (6). pp. 414-436. ISSN 0734-9041 (Print), 1530-8049 (Online) (doi:10.1177/073490419801600603)

Galea, Edwin Richard, Blackshields, Darren, Lawrence, Peter J., Finney, Kate and Cooney, David (2013) The development and validation of a rail car evacuation. In: Conference Proceedings: Interflam 2013: 13th International Fire Science and Engineering Conference. Interscience Communications, Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 1023-1034. ISBN 9780955654893

Galea, Edwin Richard, Deere, Steven, Brown, Robert and Filippidis, Lazaros (2013) An experimental validation of an evacuation model using data sets generated from two large passenger ships. Journal of Ship Research, 13 (3). pp. 155-170. ISSN 0022-4502 (Print), 1542-0604 (Online) (doi:10.5957/JOSR.57.3.120037)

Gwynne, S., Galea, E.R., Lyster, C. and Glen, I. (2003) Analysing the evacuation procedures employed on a Thames passenger boat using the maritimeEXODUS evacuation model. Fire Technology, 39 (3). pp. 225-246. ISSN 0015-268 (Print), 1572-8099 (Online) (doi:10.1023/A:1024189414319)

Kinsey, Michael J., Galea, Edwin R., Lawrence, Peter J., Blackshields, Darren, Hulse, Lynn, Day, Rachel and Sharp, Gary (2010) Modelling pedestrian escalator behaviour. In: Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics 2008. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, Berlin / Heidelberg, Germany, pp. 689-695. ISBN 978-3-642-04503-5 (print), 978-3-642-04503-5 (eISBN) (doi:10.1007/978-3-642-04504-2_66)

Muhdi, Rani, Gwynne, Steve and Davis, Jerry (2009) The incorporation and validation of empirical crawling data into the buildingEXODUS model. Safety Science, 47 (1). pp. 97-104. ISSN 0925-7535 (doi:10.1016/j.ssci.2007.12.003)

evacuation modeling

Gwynne, S., Galea, E.R., Owen, M. and Lawrence, P.J. (1998) An investigation of the aspects of occupant behavior required for evacuation modeling. Journal of Applied Fire Science, 8 (1). pp. 19-59. ISSN 1044-4300 (Print), 1541-4183 (Online) (doi:10.2190/5P9K-K46K-CCN6-00B0)

Kuligowski, Erica.D. and Gwynne, Steve M.V. (2010) The need for behavioral theory in evacuation modeling. In: Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics 2008. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, Berlin, Heidelberg Germany, pp. 721-732. ISBN 9783642045035 (doi:10.1007/978-3-642-04504-2_70)

evacuation modelling

Aarons, Tracy (2000) Using the "Guide to safety at sports grounds" and the buildingEXODUS software. MRes thesis, University of Greenwich.

Chooramun, Nitish (2011) Implementing a hybrid spatial discretisation within an agent based evacuation model. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

Chooramun, Nitish, Lawrence, Peter and Galea, Edwin (2011) Implementing a hybrid space discretisation within an agent based evacuation model. In: Peacock, Richard D., Kuligowski, Erica D. and Averill, Jason D., (eds.) Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics. Springer, New York / Dordrecht / Heidelberg / London, pp. 449-458. ISBN 978-1-4419-9724-1, (e-ISBN) 978-1-4419-9725-8 (doi:10.1007/978-1-4419-9725-8_40)

Cooney, David Paul (2000) The application of virtual reality environments to evacuation modelling. MRes thesis, University of Greenwich.

Deere, S., Galea, E.R., Lawrence, P., Filippidis, L. and Gwynne, S. (2006) The impact of the passenger response time distribution on ship evacuation performance. Transactions of the Royal Institution of Naval Architects Part A: International Journal of Maritime Engineering, 148 (1). pp. 35-44. ISSN 1479-8751

Filippidis, L., Gwynne, S., Galea, E.R. and Lawrence, P. (2003) Simulating the interaction of pedestrians with wayfinding systems. In: Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics 2003: Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference. CMS Press, Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 39-50. ISBN 1904521088

Filippidis, Lazaros, Galea, Edwin R., Blackshields, Darren and Lawrence, Peter (2009) Experimental study of the effectiveness of emergency signage. Human Behaviour in Fire 2009 - Conference Proceedings. Interscience Communications Ltd., Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 289-300. ISBN 978-0-9556548-3-1

Filippidis, Lazaros, Lawrence, Peter, Galea, Edwin and Blackshields, Darren (2008) Simulating the interaction of occupants with signage systems. In: Fire Safety Science - Proceedings of the Ninth International Symposium. IAFSS Symposiums (9). International Association for Fire Safety Science, London, UK, pp. 389-400. ISSN 1817-4299 (doi:10.3801/IAFSS.FSS.9-389)

Galea, E., Gwynne, S., Blackshields, D., Filippidis, L. and Lawrence, P. (2001) Predicting the evacuation performance of passenger ships using computer simulation. In: Conference Proceedings: Interflam 2001: 9th International Fire Science and Engineering Conference. Interscience Communications Ltd., Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 853-864. ISBN 0953231291

Galea, E.R, Grandison, A., Filippidis, L., Gwynne, S., Ewer, J. and Lawrence, P.J. (2004) Safer by design: simulating fire and escape at sea. In: The 1st International Conference Escape, Evacuation and Recovery, Survival from Ships and Offshore Structures, Lloyds List Events, 10-11 Mar 2004, London, UK.

Galea, E.R. (2000) Safer by design: using computer simulation to predict the evacuation performance of passenger ships. In: Safety of Large Passenger Ships - Looking to the Future. Conference Proceedings. IMarE Conference, 112 (2). The Institute of Marine Engineers, London, UK, pp. 7-16. ISBN 1902536304

Galea, E.R. (2004) The use of computer simulation for aircraft evacuation certification: a report from the VERRES project. In: Fourth Triennial International Fire and Cabin Safety Research Conference, 15–19 Nov 2004, Lisbon, Portugal.

Galea, E.R., Blake, S. and Dixon, A. (2004) An analysis of passenger performance on stairs and upper deck slides during evacuation trials: a report from the VERRES project. In: Fourth Triennial International Fire and Cabin Safety Research Conference, 15–19 Nov 2004, Lisbon, Portugal.

Galea, E.R., Blake, S. and Lawrence, P. (2004) Computer simulation of VLTA evacuation performance: a report from the VERRES project. In: Fourth Triennial International Fire and Cabin Safety Research Conference, 15–19 Nov 2004, Lisbon, Portugal.

Galea, E.R., Blake, S.J., Gwynne, S. and Lawrence, P.J. (2004) Simulating the interaction of cabin crew with passengers during aircraft emergency evacuation conditions. In: Fourth Triennial International Fire and Cabin Safety Research Conference, 15–19 Nov 2004, Lisbon, Portugal.

Galea, E.R., Blake, S.J., Lawrence, P.J. and Gwynne, S. (2003) The airEXODUS evacuation model and its application to aircraft safety. In: RTO AVT (Research and Technology Organisation. Applied Vehicle Technology) Specialists' Meeting on "Fire Safety and Survivability",, 23-26 Sep 2002, Aalborg, Denmark.

Galea, E.R. and Galea, C. (2005) An Analysis of Human Behavior during Evacuation. Fire Protection Engineering, 28. pp. 22-29. ISSN 1524-900X (Print), 1524-900X (Online)

Galea, E.R., Gwynne, S., Lawrence, P., Blackshields, D., Ewer, J., Wang, Z., Hurst, N. and Mawhinney, R. (2003) Fire safety engineering and ship design using advanced fire and evacuation simulation. In: 1st International Conference – Fire on Ships: Prevention, Detection and Control on Ships and Offshore Structures, 11-12 Mar 2003, London, UK.

Galea, E.R., Lawrence, P., Gwynne, S., Filippidis, L., Blackshields, D., Sharp, G., Hurst, N., Wang, Z. and Ewer, J. (2004) The simulation of ship evacuation under fire conditions. In: Fire and Safety at Sea International Conference 2004. Fire and Safety at Sea International Conference, 1/14-14/14.

Galea, E.R., Lawrence, P.J. and Filippidis, L. (1999) Extending the capabilities of the buildingEXODUS evacuation model to cater for hospital evacuations. In: Proceedings: Third International Conference on Fire Research and Engineering. CRC Press/Guilford Press, London, UK, pp. 39-50. ISBN 9781566768887

Galea, E.R., Lawrence, P.J., Owen, M. and Filippidis, L. (1999) Adapting the buildingEXODUS evacuation model for hospital specific evacuation scenarios. In: Conference Proceedings: Interflam 1999: 8th International Fire Science and Engineering Conference. Interscience Communications Ltd., Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 1247-1252. ISBN 0953231232

Galea, E.R., Owen, M. and Lawrence, P. (1997) The role of evacuation modelling in the development of safer air travel. In: Aircraft Fire Safety. AGARD Conference Proceedings, CP-587 . North Atlantic Treaty Organization. Advisory Group for Aerospace Research and Development, London, UK, pp. 36-1. ISBN 9283600460 ISSN 0549-7191

Galea, E.R., Owen, M., Lawrence, P.J. and Filippidis, L. (1997) The airEXODUS evacuation model and its application to evacuation certification, crew training and accident investigation. In: Cabin Safety. Proceedings. The Royal Aeronautical Society, London, UK, 15.1-15.14. ISBN 1857680383

Galea, Ed (2003) Passenger behaviour in emergency situations. In: Bor, Robert, (ed.) Passenger Behaviour. Edited by Robert Bor, published by Ashgate. Ashgate, Farnham, Surrey, UK, pp. 128-182. ISBN 9780754609360

Galea, Ed, Grandison, A., Filippidis, L., Gwynne, S., Ewer, J. and Lawrence, P. (2004) The simulation of fire and evacuation at sea. In: Conference Proceedings: Interflam 2004: 10th International Fire Science and Engineering Conference. Interscience Communications Ltd., Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 755-760. ISBN 0954121643

Galea, Ed, Gwynne, S., Lawrence, P. and Wang, Z. (2004) The representation of occupant sensitivity to irritant fire gases within evacuation analysis. In: Conference Proceedings: Interflam 2004: 10th International Fire Science and Engineering Conference. Interscience Communications Ltd., Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 353-364. ISBN 0954121643

Galea, Edwin (2003) SFPE Engineering Guide to Human Behavior in Fire. Society of Fire Protection Engineers, Bethesda, Maryland, USA.

Galea, Edwin, Gwynne, Steve, Owen, Matthew, Lawrence, Peter and Filippidis, Lazaros (1998) A comparison of predictions from the buildingEXODUS evacuation model with experimental data. In: Proceedings of First International Human Behavior in Fire Symposium. University of Ulster (Fire Safety Engineering Research and Technology Center, FireSERT), Belfast, Northern Ireland, pp. 711-720. ISBN 1 85923 103 9

Galea, Edwin and Hoffmann, Nicole (1997) Using mathematical models to predict the development of aircraft cabin fires. In: Aircraft Fire Safety. AGARD Conference Proceedings, CP-587 . North Atlantic Treaty Organization. Advisory Group for Aerospace Research and Development, London, UK, 7.1-7.12. ISBN 9283600460 ISSN 0549-7191

Galea, Edwin, Kinsey, Michael and Lawrence, Peter (2011) Stairs or lifts? - a study of human factors associated with lift/elevator usage during evacuations using an online survey. In: Peacock, Richard D., Kuligowski, Erica D. and Averill, Jason D., (eds.) Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics. Springer, New York / Dordrecht / Heidelberg / London, pp. 627-636. ISBN 978-1-4419-9724-1, (e-ISBN) 978-1-4419-9725-8 (doi:10.1007/978-1-4419-9725-8_56)

Galea, Edwin, Owen, Matthew and Lawrence, Peter (1996) Emergency egress from large buildings under fire conditions simulated using the EXODUS evacuation model. In: Conference Proceedings: Interflam '96: Seventh International Fire Science and Engineering Conference. Interscience Communications Ltd., Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 711-720. ISBN 0951632094

Galea, Edwin, Owen, Matthew, Lawrence, Peter and Filippidis, Lazaros (1998) The numerical simulation of aircraft evacuation and its application to aircraft safety. In: Proceedings of The First International Human Behavior in Fire Symposium. University of Ulster (Fire Safety Engineering Research and Technology Center, FireSERT), Belfast, Northern Ireland, pp. 529-540. ISBN 85923 103 9

Galea, Edwin R. (2002) Simulating evacuation and circulation in planes, trains, buildings and ships using the EXODUS software. In: Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics. Springer, pp. 203-225. ISBN 9783540426905

Galea, Edwin R. (1996) The role of evacuation and fire modelling in the development of safer air travel. In: Conference Proceedings. Final Report [International Conference on Cabin Safety Research]. National Technical Information Service, Springfield, Virginia, USA, pp. 145-160.

Galea, Edwin R., Hulse, Lynn, Day, Rachel, Siddiqui, Asim and Sharp, Gary (2011) The UK WTC 9/11 evacuation study: an overview of findings derived from first-hand interview data and computer modelling. Fire and Materials, 36 (5-6). pp. 501-521. ISSN 0308-0501 (Print), 1099-1018 (Online) (doi:10.1002/fam.1070)

Gwynne, S., Galea, E., Lawrence, P. and Filippidis, L. (2001) Simulating occupant interaction with smoke using buildingEXODUS. In: 2nd International Symposium on Human Behaviour in Fires [Conference Proceedings]. Interscience Communications Ltd., Greenwich, London, UK. ISBN 0953231267

Gwynne, S., Galea, E.R. and Lawrence, P.J. (2005) The introduction of social adaptation within evacuation modelling. Fire and Materials, 30 (4). pp. 285-309. ISSN 0308-0501 (Print), 1099-1018 (Online) (doi:10.1002/fam.913)

Gwynne, S., Galea, E.R., Lawrence, P.J. and Filippidis, L. (2001) Modelling occupant interaction with fire conditions using the buildingEXODUS evacuation model. Fire Safety Journal, 36 (4). pp. 327-357. ISSN 0379-7112 (doi:10.1016/S0379-7112(00)00060-6)

Gwynne, S., Galea, E.R., Lawrence, P.J., Owen, M. and Filippidis, L. (1998) A systematic comparison of model predictions produced by the buildingExodus evacuation model and the Tsukuba Pavilion evacuation data. Journal of Applied Fire Science, 7 (3). pp. 235-266. ISSN 1044-4300 (Print), 1541-4183 (Online) (doi:10.2190/6W20-VM9D-Y3F2-QGHE)

Gwynne, S., Galea, E.R., Owen, M., Lawrence, P.J. and Filippidis, L. (1999) A review of the methodologies used in the computer simulation of evacuation from the built environment. Building and Environment, 34 (6). pp. 741-749. ISSN 0360-1323 (doi:10.1016/S0360-1323(98)00057-2)

Gwynne, S., Galea, E.R., Owen, M., Lawrence, P.J. and Filippidis, L. (2005) A systematic comparison of buildingEXODUS predictions with experimental data from the Stapelfeldt trials and the Milburn House evacuation. Applied Mathematical Modelling, 29 (9). pp. 818-851. ISSN 0307-904X (doi:10.1016/j.apm.2004.11.005)

Gwynne, Steve and Galea, Edwin (2001) Evacuating an overturned smoke filled rail carriage. In: 2nd International Symposium on Human Behaviour in Fires [Conference Proceedings]. Interscience Communications Ltd., Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 135-146. ISBN 0953231267

Gyngell, Jenny and Galea, Ed (2004) The European Union Fire-Exit Project - improving maritime safety. Cruise Ship Interiors International, 2004 (Summer). pp. 60-65.

Hoffmann, N., Galea, E. and Berhane, D. (1996) CFD analysis of fire plumes emerging from windows with external protrusions in high-rise buildings. In: Conference Proceedings: Interflam '96: Seventh International Fire Science and Engineering Conference. Interscience Communications Ltd., Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 835-839. ISBN 0951632094

Hollmann, Claudia, Lawrence, Peter and Galea, Edwin (2011) Introducing emotion modelling to agent-based pedestrian circulation simulation. In: Peacock, Richard D., Kuligowski, Erica D. and Averill, Jason D., (eds.) Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics. Springer, New York / Dordrecht / Heidelberg / London, pp. 799-803. ISBN 978-1-4419-9724-1, (e-ISBN) 978-1-4419-9725-8 (doi:10.1007/978-1-4419-9725-8_77)

Jiang, H., Gwynne, S., Galea, E.R., Lawrence, P., Jia, F. and Ingason, H. (2003) The use of evacuation simulation, fire simulation and experimental fire data in forensic fire analysis. In: Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics 2003: Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference. CMS Press, Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 341-353. ISBN 1904521088

Kinsey, M.J., Galea, E.R. and Lawrence, P.J. (2010) Human factors associated with the selection of lifts/elevators or stairs in emergency and normal usage conditions. Fire Technology, 48 (1). pp. 3-26. ISSN 0015-2684 (Print), 1572-8099 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10694-010-0176-7)

Mahalingam, Arun (2007) Modelling the generation of toxic combustion products and its transport in enclosure fires. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

Mohedeen, Bibi Yasmina Yashanaz (2011) Domain partitioning and software modifications towards the parallelisation of the buildingEXODUS evacuation software. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

Parke, J., Gwynne, S., Galea, E.R. and Lawrence, P. (2003) Validating the buildingEXODUS evacuation model using data from an unannounced trial evacuation. In: Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics 2003: Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference. CMS Press, Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 295-306. ISBN 1904521088

Veeraswamy, Anand, Lawrence, Peter and Galea, Edwin (2009) Implementation of cognitive mapping, spatial representation and wayfinding behaviours of people within evacuation modelling tools. Human Behaviour in Fire 2009 - Conference Proceedings. Interscience Communications Ltd., Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 501-512. ISBN 978-0-9556548-3-1

Wang, Z., Galea, E. and Jia, F. (2001) Applying the local equivalence ratio concept to fire field models. In: Conference Proceedings: Interflam 2001: 9th International Fire Science and Engineering Conference. Interscience Communications Ltd., Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 1409-1414. ISBN 0953231291

Xie, Hui (2011) Investigation into the interaction of people with signage systems and its implementation within evacuation models. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

Xie, Hui, Filippidis, Lazaros, Galea, Edwin R., Blackshields, Darren and Lawrence, Peter J. (2011) Experimental analysis of the effectiveness of emergency signage and its implementation in evacuation simulation. Fire and Materials, 36 (5-6). pp. 367-382. ISSN 0308-0501 (Print), 1099-1018 (Online) (doi:10.1002/fam.1095)

Xie, Hui, Filippidis, Lazaros, Gwynne, Steve, Galea, Edwin R., Blackshields, Darren and Lawrence, Peter (2007) Signage legibility distances as a function of observation angle. Journal of Fire Protection Engineering, 17 (1). pp. 41-64. ISSN 1042-3915 (doi:10.1177/1042391507064025)

evacuation modelling analyses

Machado Tavares, Rodrigo (2011) The use of numerical optimisation techniques in computational fire engineering models: a study through evacuation modelling analyses. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

evacuation models

Galea, E.R., Owen, M., Lawrence, P. and Filippidis, L. (1997) The numerical simulation of aircraft evacuation and its application to aircraft design and certification. CMS Press, Greenwich, London, UK. ISBN 189999128X

Gwynne, S., Galea, E.R., Owen, M., Lawrence, P.J. and Filippidis, L. (1999) A review of the methodologies used in evacuation modelling. Fire and Materials, 23 (6). pp. 383-388. ISSN 0308-0501 (Print), 1099-1018 (Online) (doi:10.1002/(SICI)1099-1018(199911/12)23:6<383::AID-FAM715>3.0.CO;2-2)

Gwynne, S., Galea, E.R., Parke, J. and Hickson, J. (2003) The collection of pre-evacuation times from evacuation trials involving a Hospital Outpatient area and a University Library facility. In: Fire Safety Science: Proceedings of the Seventh International Symposium. IAFSS Symposiums (7). International Association for Fire Safety Science, Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 877-888. ISBN 0954534808 (doi:10.3801/IAFSS.FSS.7-877)

Gwynne, Steven, Kuligowski, Erica and Nilsson, Daniel (2012) Representing evacuation behavior in engineering terms. Journal of Fire Protection Engineering, 22 (2). pp. 133-150. ISSN 1042-3915 (Print), 1532-172X (Online) (doi:10.1177/1042391512436788)

Kinsey, Michael Jon. (2011) Vertical transport evacuation modelling. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

Machado Tavares, R. and Galea, E.R. (2009) Evacuation modelling analysis within the operational research context: a combined approach for improving enclosure designs. Building and Environment, 44 (5). pp. 1005-1016. ISSN 0360-1323 (doi:10.1016/j.buildenv.2008.07.019)

Robinson, J.E., Hull, T.R., Lebek, K., Stec, A.A., Galea, Edwin R., Mahalingam, Arun, Jia, Fuchen, Patel, Mayur and Persson, H. (2007) Assessment of the impact of computed and measured fire environments on building evacuation using bench and real scale test data. Interflam 2007 11th International Fire Science and Engineering Conference. Interscience Communications, Greenwich, pp. 873-884. ISBN 9780954121693

Ronchi, E. and Kinsey, Michael (2011) Evacuation models of the future: insights from an online survey of user's experiences and needs. In: Advanced Research Workshop: Evacuation and Human Behavior in Emergency Situations, 21 Oct 2011, Santander, Spain. (Unpublished)

Veeraswamy, Anand (2011) Computational modelling of agent based path planning and the representation of human wayfinding behaviour within egress models. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

evacuation procedure

Galea, Edwin R., Finney, Kate M., Dixon, Andrew J., Siddiqui, Asim and Cooney, David P. (2006) Aircraft accident statistics and knowledge database: analyzing passenger behavior in aviation accidents. Journal of Aircraft, 43 (5). pp. 1272-1281. ISSN 0021-8669 (Print), 1533-3868 (Online) (doi:10.2514/1.19388)

evacuation procedures

Galea, E., Filippidis, L., Lawrence, P. and Gwynne, S. (2001) Visibility catchment area of exits and signs. In: Conference Proceedings: Interflam 2001: 9th International Fire Science and Engineering Conference. Interscience Communications Ltd., Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 1529-1534. ISBN 0953231291

Galea, E.R. and Gwynne, S. (2000) Estimating the flow rate capacity of an overturned rail carriage end exit in the presence of smoke. Fire and Materials, 24 (6). pp. 291-302. ISSN 0308-0501 (Print), 1099-1018 (Online) (doi:10.1002/1099-1018(200011/12)24:6<291::AID-FAM750>3.0.CO;2-6)

Gwynne, Steve (2008) Developing inclusive emergency procedures. In: Fire Safety Science - Proceedings of the Ninth International Symposium. IAFSS Symposiums (9). International Association for Fire Safety Science, Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 377-388. ISSN 1817-4299 (doi:10.3801/IAFSS.FSS.9-377)

Gwynne, Steve (2008) Helping people on their own terms: developing inclusive emergency procedures. Fire Technology, 44 (4). pp. 439-461. ISSN 0015-2684 (doi:10.1007/s10694-007-0039-z)

evacuation process

Gwynne, S.M.V., Au, S.Y.Z., Purser, D.A. and Boswell, D (2011) Accounting for staff response in engineering design. In: Advanced Research Workshop, Evacuation and Human Behavior in Emergency Situations, (Evac 2011), 21st October 2011, Santander, Spain.

evacuation simulation

Deere, S.J., Galea, E.R. and Lawrence, P.J. (2007) A systematic methodology to assess the impact of human factors in ship design. Applied Mathematical Modelling, 33 (2). pp. 867-883. ISSN 0307-904X (doi:10.1016/j.apm.2007.12.014)

Filippidis, Lazaros, Galea, Edwin R., Gwynne, Steve and Lawrence, Peter (2006) Representing the influence of signage on evacuation behavior within an evacuation model. Journal of Fire Protection Engineering, 16 (1). pp. 37-73. ISSN 1042-3915 (doi:10.1177/1042391506054298)

Galea, E.R., Lawrence, P., Gwynne, S., Sharp, G., Hurst, N., Wang, Z. and Ewer, J. (2004) Integrated fire and evacuation in maritime environments. In: 2nd International Maritime Conference on Design for Safety [Proceedings]. Ship and Ocean Foundation, pp. 161-170.

Galea, E.R., Lawrence, P.J., Gwynne, S., Filippidis, L., Blackshields, D. and Cooney, D. (2013) buildingEXODUS v6.0. Manual. Fire Safety Engineering Group, School of Computing, Mathematics and Statistics, Greenwich, London.

Galea, E.R., Sharp, G. and Lawrence, P.J. (2008) Investigating the representation of merging behavior at the floor–stair interface in computer simulations of multi-floor building evacuations. Journal of Fire Protection Engineering, 18 (4). pp. 291-316. ISSN 1042-3915 (Print), 1532-172X (Online) (doi:10.1177/1042391508095092)

Galea, E.R., Sharp, G., Lawrence, P.J. and Holden, R. (2008) Approximating the evacuation of the World Trade Center North Tower using computer simulation. Journal of Fire Protection Engineering, 18 (2). pp. 85-115. ISSN 1042-3915 (Print), 1532-172X (Online) (doi:10.1177/1042391507079343)

Galea, Edwin R. (2006) Modelling human behaviour in underground emergency situations. Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium on Tunnel Safety and Security. Intevia, Madrid, Spain, pp. 149-151.

Galea, Edwin R. (2002) Simulating evacuation and circulation in planes, trains, buildings and ships using the EXODUS software. In: Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics. Springer, pp. 203-225. ISBN 9783540426905

Galea, Edwin R., Gwynne, Steve, Lawrence, Peter J., Blackshields, Darren, Ewer, John, Wang, Zhaozhi, Hurst, Nathan and Mawhinney, Robert (2003) The application of fire and evacuation simulation in ship design. In: 2nd International EuroConference on Computer and IT Applications in the Maritime Industries. COMPIT '03. COMPIT, Hamburg, Germany, pp. 55-69.

Galea, Edwin R., Togher, Madeleine and Lawrence, Peter (2007) Investigating the impact of exit availability on egress time using computer based evacuation simulation. Proceedings of the 5th Triennial International Fire and Cabin Safety Research Conference, Atlantic City, 29 Oct.-1 Nov. 2007. Federal Aviation Administration, Washington DC.

Gwynne, S., Galea, E.R., Lawrence, P., Owen, M. and Filippidis, L. (1998) Adaptive decision-making in buildingEXODUS. CMS Press, Greenwich, London, UK. ISBN 1899991395

Gwynne, S., Galea, E.R., Lawrence, P.J., Owen, M. and Filippidis, L. (1998) Further validation of the buildingEXODUS evacuation model using the Tsukuba dataset. CMS Press, Greenwich, London, UK. ISBN 189999131X

Gwynne, S., Galea, E.R., Owen, M., Lawrence, P. and Filippidis, L. (1998) Validation of the buildingEXODUS Evacuation Model. CMS Press, Greenwich, London, UK. ISBN 1899991298

Xie, Hui, Filippidis, Lazaros, Gwynne, Steve, Galea, Edwin R., Blackshields, Darren and Lawrence, Peter (2007) Signage legibility distances as a function of observation angle. Journal of Fire Protection Engineering, 17 (1). pp. 41-64. ISSN 1042-3915 (doi:10.1177/1042391507064025)

evacuation simulation software

Galea, E.R., Lawrence, P.J. and Filippidis, L. (1999) Extending the capabilities of the buildingEXODUS evacuation model to cater for hospital evacuations. In: Proceedings: Third International Conference on Fire Research and Engineering. CRC Press/Guilford Press, London, UK, pp. 39-50. ISBN 9781566768887

Galea, E.R., Lawrence, P.J., Owen, M. and Filippidis, L. (1999) Adapting the buildingEXODUS evacuation model for hospital specific evacuation scenarios. In: Conference Proceedings: Interflam 1999: 8th International Fire Science and Engineering Conference. Interscience Communications Ltd., Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 1247-1252. ISBN 0953231232

evacuation simulations

Galea, Edwin R., Sharp, Gary, Lawrence, Peter and Dixon, Andrew J. (2007) Investigating the impact of occupant response time on computer simulations of the WTC North Tower evacuation. Interflam 2007 11th International Fire Science and Engineering Conference. Interscience Communications Ltd, Greenwich, pp. 1435-1442. ISBN 9780954121693

evacuation slides

Galea, Edwin R., Finney, Kate M., Dixon, Andrew J., Siddiqui, Asim and Cooney, David P. (2005) An analysis of the passenger to cabin crew ratio and exit reliability based on past survivable aviation accidents. Human Factors and Aerospace Safety, 5 (3). pp. 239-256. ISSN 1468-9456

evacuation time

Galea, Edwin R., Togher, Madelein and Lawrence, Peter (2010) Investigating the impact of aircraft exit availability on egress time using computer simulation. In: Klingsch, W.W.F., Rogsch, C., Schadschneider, A. and Schreckenberg, M., (eds.) Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics 2008. Springer-Verlag, Berlin / Heidelberg, Germany, pp. 411-423. ISBN 978-3-642-04503-5 (Print), 978-3-642-04504-2 (Online) (doi:10.1007/978-3-642-04504-2_35)

Gwynne, S.M.V., Au, S.Y.Z., Purser, D.A. and Boswell, D (2011) Accounting for staff response in engineering design. In: Advanced Research Workshop, Evacuation and Human Behavior in Emergency Situations, (Evac 2011), 21st October 2011, Santander, Spain.

evacuation times

Galea, Edwin R., Togher, Madeleine and Lawrence, Peter (2007) Investigating the impact of exit availability on egress time using computer based evacuation simulation. Proceedings of the 5th Triennial International Fire and Cabin Safety Research Conference, Atlantic City, 29 Oct.-1 Nov. 2007. Federal Aviation Administration, Washington DC.

evacuation trial

Gwynne, S., Galea, E.R., Parke, J. and Hickson, J. (2003) The collection of pre-evacuation times from evacuation trials involving a Hospital Outpatient area and a University Library facility. In: Fire Safety Science: Proceedings of the Seventh International Symposium. IAFSS Symposiums (7). International Association for Fire Safety Science, Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 877-888. ISBN 0954534808 (doi:10.3801/IAFSS.FSS.7-877)

evacuation trials

Machado Tavares, Rodrigo, Gwynne, Steve and Galea, Edwin (2007) Collection and analysis of pre-evacuation time data collected from evacuation trials conducted in library facilities in Brazil. Journal of Applied Fire Science, 15 (1). pp. 23-40. ISSN 1044-4300 (Print), 1541-4183 (Online) (doi:10.2190/AF.15.1.b)

evaluation

Deere, Steven J., Galea, Edwin R. and Lawrence, Peter J. (2010) Optimising vessel layout using human factors simulation. In: Klingsch, W.W.F., Rogsch, C., Schadschneider, A. and Schreckenberg, M., (eds.) Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics 2008. Springer-Verlag, Berlin / Heidelberg, Germany, pp. 597-603. ISBN 978-3-642-04503-5 (Print), 978-3-642-04504-2 (Online) (doi:10.1007/978-3-642-04504-2_54)

evaluation methodologies

Galea, Edwin, Hulse, Lynn, Day, Rachel, Siddiqui, Asim and Sharp, Gary (2009) The UK WTC 9/11 evacuation study: an overview of the methodologies employed and some analysis relating to fatigue, stair travel speeds and occupant response times. In: 4th International Symposium on Human Behaviour in Fire: Conference Proceedings. Interscience Communications Ltd., Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 27-40. ISBN 9780955654831

exit

Gwynne, S.M.V., Kuligowski, E.D., Kratchman, J. and Milke, J.A. (2008) Questioning the linear relationship between doorway width and achievable flow rate. Fire Safety Journal, 44 (1). pp. 80-87. ISSN 0379-7112 (doi:10.1016/j.firesaf.2008.03.010)

exit availability

Galea, Edwin R., Togher, Madelein and Lawrence, Peter (2010) Investigating the impact of aircraft exit availability on egress time using computer simulation. In: Klingsch, W.W.F., Rogsch, C., Schadschneider, A. and Schreckenberg, M., (eds.) Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics 2008. Springer-Verlag, Berlin / Heidelberg, Germany, pp. 411-423. ISBN 978-3-642-04503-5 (Print), 978-3-642-04504-2 (Online) (doi:10.1007/978-3-642-04504-2_35)

Galea, Edwin R., Togher, Madeleine and Lawrence, Peter (2007) Investigating the impact of exit availability on egress time using computer based evacuation simulation. Proceedings of the 5th Triennial International Fire and Cabin Safety Research Conference, Atlantic City, 29 Oct.-1 Nov. 2007. Federal Aviation Administration, Washington DC.

exit awareness

Galea, Edwin R. and Lawrence, Peter (2009) An investigation of passenger exit selection decisions in aircraft evacuation situations. Human Behaviour in Fire 2009 - Conference Proceedings. Interscience Communications Ltd., Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 421-432. ISBN 978-0-9556548-3-1

exit configuration

Galea, Edwin R., Togher, Madelein and Lawrence, Peter (2010) Investigating the impact of aircraft exit availability on egress time using computer simulation. In: Klingsch, W.W.F., Rogsch, C., Schadschneider, A. and Schreckenberg, M., (eds.) Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics 2008. Springer-Verlag, Berlin / Heidelberg, Germany, pp. 411-423. ISBN 978-3-642-04503-5 (Print), 978-3-642-04504-2 (Online) (doi:10.1007/978-3-642-04504-2_35)

exit configurations

Galea, Edwin R., Togher, Madeleine and Lawrence, Peter (2007) Investigating the impact of exit availability on egress time using computer based evacuation simulation. Proceedings of the 5th Triennial International Fire and Cabin Safety Research Conference, Atlantic City, 29 Oct.-1 Nov. 2007. Federal Aviation Administration, Washington DC.

EXODUS

Galea, E.R., Owen, M. and Lawrence, P. (1997) The role of evacuation modelling in the development of safer air travel. In: Aircraft Fire Safety. AGARD Conference Proceedings, CP-587 . North Atlantic Treaty Organization. Advisory Group for Aerospace Research and Development, London, UK, pp. 36-1. ISBN 9283600460 ISSN 0549-7191

Galea, Edwin, Owen, Matthew and Lawrence, Peter (1996) Emergency egress from large buildings under fire conditions simulated using the EXODUS evacuation model. In: Conference Proceedings: Interflam '96: Seventh International Fire Science and Engineering Conference. Interscience Communications Ltd., Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 711-720. ISBN 0951632094

Exodus evacuation model

Owen, Matthew, Galea, Edwin R. and Lawrence, Peter J. (1996) The Exodus evacuation model applied to building evacuation scenarios. Journal of Fire Protection Engineering, 8 (2). pp. 65-86. ISSN 1042-3915 (Print), 1532-172X (Online) (doi:10.1177/104239159600800202)

EXODUS software

Galea, E.R., Lawrence, P.J., Gwynne, S., Filippidis, L., Blackshields, D. and Cooney, D. (2013) buildingEXODUS v6.0. Manual. Fire Safety Engineering Group, School of Computing, Mathematics and Statistics, Greenwich, London.

Galea, Edwin R. (2002) Simulating evacuation and circulation in planes, trains, buildings and ships using the EXODUS software. In: Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics. Springer, pp. 203-225. ISBN 9783540426905

Gwynne, S., Galea, E.R., Lawrence, P., Owen, M. and Filippidis, L. (1998) Adaptive decision-making in buildingEXODUS. CMS Press, Greenwich, London, UK. ISBN 1899991395

Gwynne, S., Galea, E.R., Lawrence, P.J., Owen, M. and Filippidis, L. (1998) Further validation of the buildingEXODUS evacuation model using the Tsukuba dataset. CMS Press, Greenwich, London, UK. ISBN 189999131X

Gwynne, S., Galea, E.R., Owen, M., Lawrence, P. and Filippidis, L. (1998) Validation of the buildingEXODUS Evacuation Model. CMS Press, Greenwich, London, UK. ISBN 1899991298

experiment

Galea, Edwin Richard, Deere, Steven, Brown, Robert and Filippidis, Lazaros (2013) An experimental validation of an evacuation model using data sets generated from two large passenger ships. Journal of Ship Research, 13 (3). pp. 155-170. ISSN 0022-4502 (Print), 1542-0604 (Online) (doi:10.5957/JOSR.57.3.120037)

experimental study

Filippidis, Lazaros, Galea, Edwin R., Blackshields, Darren and Lawrence, Peter (2009) Experimental study of the effectiveness of emergency signage. Human Behaviour in Fire 2009 - Conference Proceedings. Interscience Communications Ltd., Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 289-300. ISBN 978-0-9556548-3-1

experiments

Galea, E.R, Filippidis, L., Wang, Z. and Ewer, J. (2010) Fire and evacuation analysis in BWB aircraft configurations: Computer simulations and large-scale evacuation experiment. The Aeronautical Journal, 114 (1154). pp. 271-277. ISSN 0001-9240

expert system

Ewer, J., Galea, E.R., Knight, B., Patel, M., Janes, D. and Petridis, M. (1998) Fire field modelling using the SMARTFIRE automated dynamic solution control environment. CMS Press, Greenwich, London, UK. ISBN 1899991387

Taylor, S., Petridis, M., Knight, B., Ewer, J., Galea, E.R. and Patel, M. (1997) SMARTFIRE: an integrated computational fluid dynamics code and expert system for fire field modelling. In: Fire Safety Science: Proceedings of the Fifth International Symposium. International Association for Fire Safety Science, Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 1285-1296. ISBN 4990062555 (doi:10.3801/IAFSS.FSS.5-1285)

expert-system

Galea, Edwin R., Owen, Mathew and Lawrence, Peter J. (1996) Computer modelling of human behaviour in aircraft fire accidents. Toxicology, 115 (1-3). pp. 63-78. ISSN 0300-483X (doi:10.1016/S0300-483X(96)03495-6)

explosions

Vince, Ivan and Patel, Mayur (2006) Explosion in fume cupboard damages several laboratories. Loss Prevention Bulletin, 187. pp. 6-8. ISSN 0260-9576

external fuel fire

Wang, Zhaozhi, Galea, Edwin R. and Jia, Fuchen (2007) A computational study of the characteristics of aircraft post-crash fires. Proceedings of the 5th Triennial International Fire and Cabin Safety Research Conference, Atlantic City, 29 Oct.-1 Nov. 2007. Federal Aviation Administration, Washington DC.

face-to-face interviews

Galea, E.R., Shields, J., Canter, D., Boyce, K., Day, R., Hulse, L., Siddiqui, A., Summerfield, L., Marselle, M. and Greenall, P. V. (2007) The UK WTC 9/11 evacuation study: methodologies used in the elicitation and storage of human factors data. In: Interflam 2007 11th International Fire Science and Engineering Conference. Interscience Communications, Greenwich, UK, pp. 169-181. ISBN 9780954121686

familiarity

Gwynne, S., Galea, E.R., Lawrence, P.J., Owen, M. and Filippidis, L. (1999) Adaptive decision-making in buildingEXODUS in response to exit congestion. In: Fire Safety Science: Proceedings of the Sixth International Symposium. IAFSS Symposiums (6). International Association for Fire Safety Science, Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 1041-1052. ISBN 0925223255 (doi:10.3801/IAFSS.FSS.6-1041)

fan

Mahalingam, Arun, Patel, Mayur K. and Galea, Edwin R. (2010) Simulation of the flow induced by positive pressure ventilation fan under wind driven conditions. In: Proceedings of the 12th International Fire Science & Engineering Conference, Interflam 2010. Interscience Communications Ltd, Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 913-924. ISBN 978-0-9556548-7-9 (set)

fatigue

Choi, Jun-Ho, Galea, Edwin and Hong, Won-Hwa (2013) Individual stair ascent and descent walk speeds measured in a Korean high-rise building. Journal of Fire Protection Engineering (00). pp. 1-29. ISSN 1042-3915 (Print), 1532-172X (Online) (doi:10.1177/1042391513492738)

fever

El-Radhi, A. Sahib, Barry, William and Patel, Swatee (1999) Association of fever and severe clinical course in bronchiolitis. Archives of Diseases in Childhood, 81 (3). pp. 231-234. ISSN 0003-9888 (Print), 1468-2044 (Online) (doi:10.1136/adc.81.3.231)

FFM

Ewer, John, Galea, Edwin R., Patel, Mayur, Jia, Fuchen, Grandison, Angus and Wang, Zhaozhi (2010) SMARTFIRE - the fire field modelling environment. In: Pereira, J.C.F., Sequeira, A. and Pereira, J.M.C., (eds.) Proceedings of the V European Conference on Computational Fluid Dynamics ECCOMAS CFD 2010. European Community of Computational Methods in Applied Sciences (ECCOMAS), Barcelona, Spain. ISBN 978-989-96778-1-4

field fire modelling

Wang, Z. (2006) The use of local equivalence ratio in field fire modelling for the prediction of carbon monoxide within Fire Enclosures. In: Workshop on Fires in Enclosures, 30-31 May 2006, University of Ulster, Northern Ireland.

field model

Jia, F., Galea, E.R. and Patel, M.K. (1997) The prediction of fire propagation in enclosure fires. In: Fire Safety Science: Proceedings of the fifth international symposium. International Association for Fire Safety Science, Greenwich, London, pp. 439-450. ISBN 4990062555 ISSN 1817-4299 (doi:10.3801/IAFSS.FSS.5-439)

Wang, Z., Jia, F., Galea, E.R. and Patel, M.K. (2010) Predicting toxic gas concentrations at locations remote from the fire source. Fire and Materials, 35 (7). pp. 505-526. ISSN 0308-0501 (Print), 1099-1018 (Online) (doi:10.1002/fam.1069)

field modelling

Ewer, J., Galea, E.R., Knight, B., Patel, M., Janes, D. and Petridis, M. (1998) Fire field modelling using the SMARTFIRE automated dynamic solution control environment. CMS Press, Greenwich, London, UK. ISBN 1899991387

Taylor, S., Petridis, M., Knight, B., Ewer, J., Galea, E.R. and Patel, M. (1997) SMARTFIRE: an integrated computational fluid dynamics code and expert system for fire field modelling. In: Fire Safety Science: Proceedings of the Fifth International Symposium. International Association for Fire Safety Science, Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 1285-1296. ISBN 4990062555 (doi:10.3801/IAFSS.FSS.5-1285)

field models

Jia, F., Galea, E.R. and Patel, M.K. (1999) The numerical simulation of noncharring thermal degradation and its application to the prediction of compartment fire development. In: Fire Safety Science: Proceedings of the Sixth International Symposium. IAFSS Symposiums (6). International Association for Fire Safety Science, Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 953-964. ISBN 0925223255 (doi:10.3801/IAFSS.FSS.6-953)

fine network

Chooramun, Nitish, Lawrence, Peter J. and Galea, Edwin R. (2012) An agent based evacuation model utilising hybrid space discretisation. Safety Science, 50 (8). pp. 1685-1694. ISSN 0925-7535 (doi:10.1016/j.ssci.2011.12.022)

fine node

Chooramun, Nitish, Lawrence, Peter and Galea, Edwin (2011) Implementing a hybrid space discretisation within an agent based evacuation model. In: Peacock, Richard D., Kuligowski, Erica D. and Averill, Jason D., (eds.) Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics. Springer, New York / Dordrecht / Heidelberg / London, pp. 449-458. ISBN 978-1-4419-9724-1, (e-ISBN) 978-1-4419-9725-8 (doi:10.1007/978-1-4419-9725-8_40)

finite-volume code

Christakis, N., Patel, M.K., Cross, M., Baxter, J., Abou-Chakra, H. and Tüzün, U. (2001) Continuum modelling of granular flows using PHYSICA, a 3-D unstructured, finite-volume code. In: Computational Modeling of Materials, Minerals and Metals Processing [Conference Proceedings]. The Mineral, Metals and Materials Society (TMS), Warrendale, PA, USA, pp. 129-138. ISBN 0873395131

fire

McConnell, N.C., Boyce, K.E., Shields, J., Galea, E.R., Day, R.C. and Hulse, L.M. (2009) The UK 9/11 evacuation study: Analysis of survivors’ recognition and response phase in WTC1. Fire Safety Journal, 45 (1). pp. 21-34. ISSN 0379-7112 (doi:10.1016/j.firesaf.2009.09.001)

fire and evacuation analysis

Galea, E.R, Filippidis, L., Wang, Z. and Ewer, J. (2010) Fire and evacuation analysis in BWB aircraft configurations: Computer simulations and large-scale evacuation experiment. The Aeronautical Journal, 114 (1154). pp. 271-277. ISSN 0001-9240

fire compartments

Kerrison, L., Galea, E.R. and Patel, M.K. (1998) A two-dimensional numerical investigation of the oscillatory flow behaviour in rectangular fire compartments with a single horizontal ceiling vent. Fire Safety Journal, 30 (4). pp. 357-382. ISSN 0379-7112 (doi:10.1016/S0379-7112(97)00042-8)

fire departments

Mahalingam, Arun, Patel, Mayur K. and Galea, Edwin R. (2010) Simulation of the flow induced by positive pressure ventilation fan under wind driven conditions. In: Proceedings of the 12th International Fire Science & Engineering Conference, Interflam 2010. Interscience Communications Ltd, Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 913-924. ISBN 978-0-9556548-7-9 (set)

fire design

Machado Tavares, R. and Galea, E.R. (2009) Evacuation modelling analysis within the operational research context: a combined approach for improving enclosure designs. Building and Environment, 44 (5). pp. 1005-1016. ISSN 0360-1323 (doi:10.1016/j.buildenv.2008.07.019)

Machado Tavares, Rodrigo, Lopes Tavares, J.M. and Parry-Jones, S.L. (2008) The use of a mathematical multicriteria decision-making model for selecting the fire origin room. Building and Environment, 43 (12). pp. 2090-2100. ISSN 0360-1323 (doi:10.1016/j.buildenv.2007.12.010)

FIRE Detection and Suppression Simulation

Mawhinney, R.N., Grandison, A.J., Galea, E.R., Patel, M.K. and Ewer, J. (2000) The development of a CFD based simulator for water mist suppression systems: the development of the fire submodel. Journal of Applied Fire Science, 9 (4). pp. 311-345. ISSN 1044-4300 (Print), 1541-4183 (Online) (doi:10.2190/L07V-KGDD-KUPJ-D397)

fire effluent

Wang, Z., Jia, F., Galea, E.R. and Patel, M.K. (2010) Predicting toxic gas concentrations at locations remote from the fire source. Fire and Materials, 35 (7). pp. 505-526. ISSN 0308-0501 (Print), 1099-1018 (Online) (doi:10.1002/fam.1069)

Fire Enclosures

Wang, Z. (2006) The use of local equivalence ratio in field fire modelling for the prediction of carbon monoxide within Fire Enclosures. In: Workshop on Fires in Enclosures, 30-31 May 2006, University of Ulster, Northern Ireland.

fire engineering

Galea, Edwin (2003) SFPE Engineering Guide to Human Behavior in Fire. Society of Fire Protection Engineers, Bethesda, Maryland, USA.

fire escapes

Gwynne, Steve (2000) The introduction of adaptive social decision-making in the mathematical modelling of egress behaviour. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

fire evacuation

Blake, S., Galea, E., Westang, H. and Dixon, A. (2004) An analysis of human behaviour during the WTC disaster of 9/11 based on published survivor accounts. In: 3rd International Symposium on Human Behaviour in Fire: Conference Proceedings. Interscience Communications Ltd., Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 181-192. ISBN 095412166X

Galea, E.R., Lawrence, P.J., Blake, S.J., Gwynne, S. and Westeng, H. (2004) A preliminary investigation of the evacuation of the WTC North Tower using computer simulation. In: 3rd International Symposium on Human Behaviour in Fire: Conference Proceedings. Interscience Communications Ltd., Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 167-180. ISBN 095412166X

Kuligowski, Erica.D. and Gwynne, Steve M.V. (2010) The need for behavioral theory in evacuation modeling. In: Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics 2008. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, Berlin, Heidelberg Germany, pp. 721-732. ISBN 9783642045035 (doi:10.1007/978-3-642-04504-2_70)

Westeng, Helen (2004) Evacuation dynamics of the World Trade Center disaster. MRes thesis, University of Greenwich.

fire field

Galea, Edwin R., Wang, Zhaozhi, Togher, Madeleine, Jia, Fuchen and Lawrence, Peter (2007) Predicting the likely impact of aircraft post crash fire on aircraft evacuation using fire and evacuation simulation. Proceedings of the 5th Triennial International Fire and Cabin Safety Research Conference, Atlantic City, 29 Oct.-1 Nov. 2007. Federal Aviation Administration, Washington DC.

fire field model

Jia, F., Galea, E.R. and Patel, M.K. (1999) The numerical simulation of the noncharring pyrolysis process and fire development within a compartment. Applied Mathematical Modelling, 23 (8). pp. 587-607. ISSN 0307-904X (doi:10.1016/S0307-904X(99)00003-7)

Wang, Zhaozhi, Jia, Fuchen and Galea, Edwin R. (2007) Predicting toxic gas concentrations resulting from enclosure fires using local equivalence ratio concept linked to fire field models. Fire and Materials, 31 (1). pp. 27-51. ISSN 0308-0501 (doi:10.1002/fam.924)

fire field modelling

Burton, D.J., Grandison, Angus, Patel, Mayur, Galea, Edwin R. and Ewer, John (2007) Introducing a hybrid field/zone modelling approach for fire simulation. Interflam 2007 11th International Fire Science and Engineering Conference. Interscience Communications, Greenwich, pp. 1491-1497. ISBN 9780954121693

Ewer, John, Galea, Edwin R., Patel, Mayur, Jia, Fuchen, Grandison, Angus and Wang, Zhaozhi (2010) SMARTFIRE - the fire field modelling environment. In: Pereira, J.C.F., Sequeira, A. and Pereira, J.M.C., (eds.) Proceedings of the V European Conference on Computational Fluid Dynamics ECCOMAS CFD 2010. European Community of Computational Methods in Applied Sciences (ECCOMAS), Barcelona, Spain. ISBN 978-989-96778-1-4

fire field modelling techniques

Taylor, Stephen John (1997) An investigation into automation of fire field modelling techniques. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

fire hazards

Gwynne, S., Galea, E.R., Lawrence, P.J. and Filippidis, L. (2001) Modelling occupant interaction with fire conditions using the buildingEXODUS evacuation model. Fire Safety Journal, 36 (4). pp. 327-357. ISSN 0379-7112 (doi:10.1016/S0379-7112(00)00060-6)

fire investigation

Galea, Edwin R., Wang, Zhaozhi, Veeraswamy, Anand, Jia, Fuchen, Lawrence, Peter J. and Ewer, John (2008) Coupled fire/evacuation analysis of the Station Nightclub fire. In: Fire Safety Science - Proceedings of the Ninth International Symposium. IAFSS Symposiums (9). International Association for Fire Safety Science, Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 465-476. ISSN 1817-4299 (doi:10.3801/IAFSS.FSS.9-465)

fire model

Galea, Edwin R. (1998) A general approach to validating evacuation models with an application to EXODUS. Journal of Fire Sciences, 16 (6). pp. 414-436. ISSN 0734-9041 (Print), 1530-8049 (Online) (doi:10.1177/073490419801600603)

fire modelling

Ewer, J., Galea, E.R., Knight, B., Patel, M., Janes, D. and Petridis, M. (1998) Fire field modelling using the SMARTFIRE automated dynamic solution control environment. CMS Press, Greenwich, London, UK. ISBN 1899991387

Ewer, J., Galea, E.R., Patel, M.K., Taylor, S., Knight, B. and Petridis, M. (1999) SMARTFIRE: an intelligent CFD based fire model. Journal of Fire Protection Engineering, 10 (1). pp. 13-27. ISSN 1042-3915 (Print), 1532-172X (Online) (doi:10.1177/104239159901000102)

Ewer, J.A.C., Galea, E.R., Patel, M.K. and Knight, B. (1999) The development and application of group solvers in the SMARTFIRE fire field model. In: Conference Proceedings: Interflam 1999: 8th International Fire Science and Engineering Conference. Interscience Communications Ltd., Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 939-950. ISBN 0953231232

Ewer, J.A.C., Galea, E.R., Patel, M.K. and Knight, B. (2000) The development of group solvers in the SMARTFIRE fire field model. In: ACME '2000 The 8th Annual Conference of the Association for Computational Mechanics in Engineering. Extended Abstracts. University of Greenwich, Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 54-57. ISBN 1861661509

Galea, E.R, Grandison, A., Filippidis, L., Gwynne, S., Ewer, J. and Lawrence, P.J. (2004) Safer by design: simulating fire and escape at sea. In: The 1st International Conference Escape, Evacuation and Recovery, Survival from Ships and Offshore Structures, Lloyds List Events, 10-11 Mar 2004, London, UK.

Galea, E.R., Blake, S.J., Gwynne, S. and Lawrence, P.J. (2004) Simulating the interaction of cabin crew with passengers during aircraft emergency evacuation conditions. In: Fourth Triennial International Fire and Cabin Safety Research Conference, 15–19 Nov 2004, Lisbon, Portugal.

Galea, E.R., Lawrence, P., Gwynne, S., Filippidis, L., Blackshields, D., Sharp, G., Hurst, N., Wang, Z. and Ewer, J. (2003) Simulating ship evacuation under fire conditions. In: Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics 2003: Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference. CMS Press, Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 159-171. ISBN 1904521088

Galea, E.R., Lawrence, P., Gwynne, S., Filippidis, L., Blackshields, D., Sharp, G., Hurst, N., Wang, Z. and Ewer, J. (2004) The simulation of ship evacuation under fire conditions. In: Fire and Safety at Sea International Conference 2004. Fire and Safety at Sea International Conference, 1/14-14/14.

Galea, E.R., Owen, M. and Lawrence, P. (1997) The role of evacuation modelling in the development of safer air travel. In: Aircraft Fire Safety. AGARD Conference Proceedings, CP-587 . North Atlantic Treaty Organization. Advisory Group for Aerospace Research and Development, London, UK, pp. 36-1. ISBN 9283600460 ISSN 0549-7191

Galea, Edwin and Hoffmann, Nicole (1997) Using mathematical models to predict the development of aircraft cabin fires. In: Aircraft Fire Safety. AGARD Conference Proceedings, CP-587 . North Atlantic Treaty Organization. Advisory Group for Aerospace Research and Development, London, UK, 7.1-7.12. ISBN 9283600460 ISSN 0549-7191

Galea, Edwin, Owen, Matthew and Lawrence, Peter (1996) Emergency egress from large buildings under fire conditions simulated using the EXODUS evacuation model. In: Conference Proceedings: Interflam '96: Seventh International Fire Science and Engineering Conference. Interscience Communications Ltd., Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 711-720. ISBN 0951632094

Galea, Edwin R. (1996) The role of evacuation and fire modelling in the development of safer air travel. In: Conference Proceedings. Final Report [International Conference on Cabin Safety Research]. National Technical Information Service, Springfield, Virginia, USA, pp. 145-160.

Galea, Edwin R., Gwynne, Steve, Lawrence, Peter J., Blackshields, Darren, Ewer, John, Wang, Zhaozhi, Hurst, Nathan and Mawhinney, Robert (2003) The application of fire and evacuation simulation in ship design. In: 2nd International EuroConference on Computer and IT Applications in the Maritime Industries. COMPIT '03. COMPIT, Hamburg, Germany, pp. 55-69.

Grandison, Angus, Galea, Edwin R., Patel, Mayur and Ewer, John (2007) Parallel CFD fire modelling on office PCs with dynamic load balancing. International Journal for Numerical Methods in Fluids, 55 (1). pp. 29-39. ISSN 0271-2091 (doi:10.1002/fld.1278)

Grandison, Angus, Galea, Edwin R., Patel, Mayur and Ewer, John (2006) A suggested procedure for benchmarking fire field models. International Journal on Engineering Performance-Based Fire Codes, 8 (4). pp. 132-144. ISSN 1561-9559

Jia, F., Galea, E.R, and Patel, M.K. (2000) The numerical simulation of compartment fires using an integrated gas and solid phase combustion model. In: ACME '2000 The 8th Annual Conference of the Association for Computational Mechanics in Engineering. Extended Abstracts. University of Greenwich, Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 50-53. ISBN 1861661509

Jia, F., Galea, E.R. and Patel, M.K. (1999) The numerical simulation of fire spread within a compartment using an integrated gas and solid phase combustion model. Journal of Applied Fire Science, 8 (4). pp. 327-352. ISSN 1044-4300 (Print), 1541-4183 (Online) (doi:10.2190/UY41-W38Q-X6KK-TXYV)

Jia, F., Patel, M.K. and Galea, E.R. (2004) Simulating the Swissair flight 111 in-flight fire using the CFD fire simulation software SMARTFIRE. In: Fourth Triennial International Fire and Cabin Safety Research Conference, 15–19 Nov 2004, Lisbon, Portugal.

Jia, Fuchen, Galea, Edwin and Patel, Mayur (1998) The numerical simulation of enclosure fires using a Cfd fire field model coupled with a pyrolysis based solid fuel combustion submodel—a first approximation. Journal of Fire Protection Engineering, 9 (4). pp. 1-17. ISSN 1042-3915 (Print), 1532-172X (Online) (doi:10.1177/104239159800900402)

Jia, Fuchen, Patel, Mayur and Galea, Edwin (2003) Flight simulation. Fire Prevention & Fire Engineers Journal, 2003 (Sept.). pp. 27-29. ISSN 1478-3576

Jiang, H., Gwynne, S., Galea, E.R., Lawrence, P., Jia, F. and Ingason, H. (2003) Predicting the past. Fire Prevention & Fire Engineers Journal, 2003 (August). pp. 18-20. ISSN 1478-3576

Knight, Brian, Taylor, Steve, Petridis, Miltos, Ewer, John and Galea, Edwin (1999) A knowledge-based system to represent spatial reasoning for fire modelling. Engineering Applications of Artificial Intelligence, 12 (2). pp. 213-219. ISSN 0952-1976 (doi:10.1016/S0952-1976(98)00057-8)

Mawhinney, R.N., Galea, E.R. and Patel, M.K. (1996) Fire-sprinkler spray interaction modelling using an Euler-Lagrange approach. In: Conference Proceedings: Interflam '96: Seventh International Fire Science and Engineering Conference. Interscience Communications Ltd., Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 841-845. ISBN 0951632094

Mawhinney, R.N., Grandison, A.J., Galea, E.R., Patel, M.K. and Ewer, J. (2000) The development of a CFD based simulator for water mist suppression systems: the development of the fire submodel. Journal of Applied Fire Science, 9 (4). pp. 311-345. ISSN 1044-4300 (Print), 1541-4183 (Online) (doi:10.2190/L07V-KGDD-KUPJ-D397)

Taylor, S., Galea, E., Patel, M. and Petridis, M. (1996) SMARTFIRE: an intelligent fire field model. In: Conference Proceedings: Interflam '96: Seventh International Fire Science and Engineering Conference. Interscience Communications Ltd., Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 671-680. ISBN 0951632094

Taylor, S., Galea, E.R., Ewer, J., Patel, M.K., Petridis, M. and Knight, B. (1998) SMARTFIRE: an intelligent CFD-based fire model. CMS Press, Greenwich, London, UK. ISBN 1899991301

Taylor, S., Petridis, M., Knight, B., Ewer, J., Galea, E.R. and Patel, M. (1997) SMARTFIRE: an integrated computational fluid dynamics code and expert system for fire field modelling. In: Fire Safety Science: Proceedings of the Fifth International Symposium. International Association for Fire Safety Science, Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 1285-1296. ISBN 4990062555 (doi:10.3801/IAFSS.FSS.5-1285)

Wang, Z., Galea, E. and Jia, F. (2001) Applying the local equivalence ratio concept to fire field models. In: Conference Proceedings: Interflam 2001: 9th International Fire Science and Engineering Conference. Interscience Communications Ltd., Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 1409-1414. ISBN 0953231291

Wang, Z., Jia, F., Galea, E. and Ewer, J. (2004) Predicting hydrogen chloride concentrations in fire enclosures using a deposition model linked to field fire models. In: Conference Proceedings: Interflam 2004: 10th International Fire Science and Engineering Conference. Interscience Communications Ltd., Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 665-670. ISBN 0954121643

Wang, Z., Jia, F., Galea, E.R., Patel, M.K. and Ewer, J. (2001) Simulating one of the CIB W14 round robin test cases using the SMARTFIRE fire field model. Fire Safety Journal, 36 (7). pp. 661-677. ISSN 0379-7112 (doi:10.1016/S0379-7112(01)00018-2)

fire modelling expertise

Taylor, Stephen, Knight, Brian, Petridis, Miltos, Ewer, John and Galea, Edwin (2001) A case based reasoning system capturing fire modelling expertise. Computing and Informatics, 20 (3). pp. 269-288. ISSN 1335-9150

fire modelling software

Grandison, Angus Joseph (2003) Improving the regulatory acceptance and numerical performance of CFD based fire-modelling software. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

fire origin room (FOR)

Machado Tavares, Rodrigo, Lopes Tavares, J.M. and Parry-Jones, S.L. (2008) The use of a mathematical multicriteria decision-making model for selecting the fire origin room. Building and Environment, 43 (12). pp. 2090-2100. ISSN 0360-1323 (doi:10.1016/j.buildenv.2007.12.010)

fire prevention

Galea, Ed (2003) World in motion. Fire Prevention & Fire Engineers Journal, 2003 (August). pp. 16-17. ISSN 1478-3576

fire protection

Galea, Ed (2003) World in motion. Fire Prevention & Fire Engineers Journal, 2003 (August). pp. 16-17. ISSN 1478-3576

fire safety

Frost, Ian, Patel, Mayur, Galea, Edwin R., Rymacrzyk, P. and Mawhinney, Robert (2001) A semi-automated approach to CAD input into field based fire modelling tools. In: Conference Proceedings: Interflam 2001: 9th International Fire Science and Engineering Conference. Interscience Communications Ltd., Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 1421-1426. ISBN 1899991832

Galea, E. (2006) CFD fire simulation of the Swissair flight 111 in-flight fire – Part 1: Prediction of the pre-fire air flow within the cockpit and surrounding areas. The Aeronautical Journal, 110 (1103). ISSN 0001-9240

Galea, Ed, Grandison, A., Filippidis, L., Gwynne, S., Ewer, J. and Lawrence, P. (2004) The simulation of fire and evacuation at sea. In: Conference Proceedings: Interflam 2004: 10th International Fire Science and Engineering Conference. Interscience Communications Ltd., Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 755-760. ISBN 0954121643

Gwynne, S., Galea, E., Lawrence, P. and Filippidis, L. (2001) Simulating occupant interaction with smoke using buildingEXODUS. In: 2nd International Symposium on Human Behaviour in Fires [Conference Proceedings]. Interscience Communications Ltd., Greenwich, London, UK. ISBN 0953231267

Gwynne, S., Galea, E.R., Lawrence, P.J., Owen, M. and Filippidis, L. (1999) Adaptive decision-making in buildingEXODUS in response to exit congestion. In: Fire Safety Science: Proceedings of the Sixth International Symposium. IAFSS Symposiums (6). International Association for Fire Safety Science, Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 1041-1052. ISBN 0925223255 (doi:10.3801/IAFSS.FSS.6-1041)

Gyngell, Jenny and Galea, Ed (2004) The European Union Fire-Exit Project - improving maritime safety. Cruise Ship Interiors International, 2004 (Summer). pp. 60-65.

Machado Tavares, Rodrigo (2011) The use of numerical optimisation techniques in computational fire engineering models: a study through evacuation modelling analyses. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

Machado Tavares, Rodrigo and Galea, Edwin R. (2010) Numerical optimisation techniques applied to evacuation analysis. In: Klingsch, W.W.F., Rogsch, C., Schadschneider, A. and Schreckenberg, M., (eds.) Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics 2008. Springer-Verlag, Berlin / Heidelberg, Germany, pp. 555-561. ISBN 978-3-642-04503-5 (Print), 978-3-642-04504-2 (Online) (doi:10.1007/978-3-642-04504-2_49)

Mahalingam, Arun (2007) Modelling the generation of toxic combustion products and its transport in enclosure fires. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

Wang, Zhaozhi (2007) Predicting toxic gas concentrations resulting from enclosure fires using the local equivalence ratio concept linked to fire field models. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

fire safety codes

Machado Tavares, R. and Galea, E.R. (2009) Evacuation modelling analysis within the operational research context: a combined approach for improving enclosure designs. Building and Environment, 44 (5). pp. 1005-1016. ISSN 0360-1323 (doi:10.1016/j.buildenv.2008.07.019)

fire safety engineering

Galea, Edwin R. (1998) A general approach to validating evacuation models with an application to EXODUS. Journal of Fire Sciences, 16 (6). pp. 414-436. ISSN 0734-9041 (Print), 1530-8049 (Online) (doi:10.1177/073490419801600603)

fire science

Hoffmann, N., Galea, E. and Berhane, D. (1996) CFD analysis of fire plumes emerging from windows with external protrusions in high-rise buildings. In: Conference Proceedings: Interflam '96: Seventh International Fire Science and Engineering Conference. Interscience Communications Ltd., Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 835-839. ISBN 0951632094

fire simulation

Ewer, J., Galea, E.R., Patel, M.K., Taylor, S., Knight, B. and Petridis, M. (1999) SMARTFIRE: an intelligent CFD based fire model. Journal of Fire Protection Engineering, 10 (1). pp. 13-27. ISSN 1042-3915 (Print), 1532-172X (Online) (doi:10.1177/104239159901000102)

Galea, E.R., Lawrence, P., Gwynne, S., Sharp, G., Hurst, N., Wang, Z. and Ewer, J. (2004) Integrated fire and evacuation in maritime environments. In: 2nd International Maritime Conference on Design for Safety [Proceedings]. Ship and Ocean Foundation, pp. 161-170.

Jiang, H., Gwynne, S., Galea, E.R., Lawrence, P., Jia, F. and Ingason, H. (2003) The use of evacuation simulation, fire simulation and experimental fire data in forensic fire analysis. In: Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics 2003: Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference. CMS Press, Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 341-353. ISBN 1904521088

Taylor, S., Galea, E.R., Ewer, J., Patel, M.K., Petridis, M. and Knight, B. (1998) SMARTFIRE: an intelligent CFD-based fire model. CMS Press, Greenwich, London, UK. ISBN 1899991301

Wang, Zhaozhi (2007) Predicting toxic gas concentrations resulting from enclosure fires using the local equivalence ratio concept linked to fire field models. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

Wang, Zhaozhi, Galea, Edwin R., Jia, Fuchen, Ewer, John and Patel, Mayur (2007) Predicting HCI concentrations in fire enclosures using a HCI decay model coupled to a CFD based fire field model. Fire and Materials, 31 (7). pp. 443-461. ISSN 0308-0501 (doi:10.1002/fam.942)

Wang, Zhaozhi, Jia, Fuchen, Galea, Edwin R., Patel, Mayur and Ewer, John (2007) Predicting HCl concentrations in fire enclosures using an HCl decay model coupled to a CFD-based fire field model. Fire and Materials, 31 (7). pp. 443-461. ISSN 0308-0501 (doi:10.1002/fam.942)

fire simulation environment

Ewer, J., Jia, F., Grandison, A., Frost, I., Galea, E. and Patel, M. (2013) SMARTFIRE v4.3: SMARTFIRE technical reference manual, user guide and release notes. Manual. University of Greenwich, Greenwich, London, UK.

Ewer, J., Jia, F., Grandison, A., Galea, E. and Patel, M. (2013) SMARTFIRE v4.2: SMARTFIRE technical reference manual, user guide and release notes. Manual. University of Greenwich, Greenwich, London, UK.

fire simulation software

Ewer, J.A.C., Galea, E.R., Patel, M.K. and Knight, B. (1999) The development and application of group solvers in the SMARTFIRE fire field model. In: Conference Proceedings: Interflam 1999: 8th International Fire Science and Engineering Conference. Interscience Communications Ltd., Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 939-950. ISBN 0953231232

Ewer, J.A.C., Galea, E.R., Patel, M.K. and Knight, B. (2000) The development of group solvers in the SMARTFIRE fire field model. In: ACME '2000 The 8th Annual Conference of the Association for Computational Mechanics in Engineering. Extended Abstracts. University of Greenwich, Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 54-57. ISBN 1861661509

Hurst-Clark, N., Ewer, J., Grandison, A. and Galea, E. (2004) Group solvers: a means of reducing run-times and memory overheads for CFD based fire simulation software. In: Conference Proceedings: Interflam 2004: 10th International Fire Science and Engineering Conference. Interscience Communications Ltd., Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 659-664. ISBN 0954121643

Janes, D., Ewer, J., Galea, E., Patel, M. and Knight, B. (2001) Automatic dynamic control of CFD base fire modelling simulations. In: Conference Proceedings: Interflam 2001: 9th International Fire Science and Engineering Conference. Interscience Communications Ltd., Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 811-822. ISBN 0953231283

Jia, F., Patel, M. and Galea, E. (2004) CFD fire simulation of the Swissair flight 111 in-flight fire. In: Conference Proceedings: Interflam 2004: 10th International Fire Science and Engineering Conference. Interscience Communications Ltd., Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 1195-1206. ISBN 0954121643

Jia, Fuchen, Patel, Mayur and Galea, Edwin (2003) Flight simulation. Fire Prevention & Fire Engineers Journal, 2003 (Sept.). pp. 27-29. ISSN 1478-3576

Zhang, Jianwen, Jia, F., Galea, E. and Ewer, J. (2004) A new approach to the simulation of gaseous combustion and its application to several test fire scenarios. In: Conference Proceedings: Interflam 2004: 10th International Fire Science and Engineering Conference. Interscience Communications Ltd., Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 1293-1304. ISBN 0954121643

fire spread

Jia, Fuchen (1999) The simulation of fire growth and spread within enclosures using an integrated CFD fire spread model. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

fire test

Wang, Z., Jia, F., Galea, E.R., Patel, M.K. and Ewer, J. (2001) Simulating one of the CIB W14 round robin test cases using the SMARTFIRE fire field model. Fire Safety Journal, 36 (7). pp. 661-677. ISSN 0379-7112 (doi:10.1016/S0379-7112(01)00018-2)

fire warden

Owen, M., Galea, E.R. and Lawrence, P. (1997) Advanced occupant behavioural features of the building-EXODUS evacuation model. In: Fire Safety Science: Proceedings of the Fifth International Symposium. IAFSS Symposiums (5). International Association for Fire Safety Science, Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 795-806. ISBN 4990062555 (doi:10.3801/IAFSS.FSS.5-795)

fire-field modelling

Grandison, A.J., Galea, E.R., Patel, M.K. and Ewer, J. (2004) The development of parallel implementation for a CFD based fire field model utilising conventional office based PCs. Journal of Applied Fire Science, 12 (2). pp. 137-157. ISSN 1044-4300 (Print), 1541-4183 (Online) (doi:10.2190/AGH5-EXUR-J110-HPHE)

fires

Gwynne, Steve (2000) The introduction of adaptive social decision-making in the mathematical modelling of egress behaviour. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

Hoffmann, Nicole Andrea (1990) Computer simulation of fire-sprinkler interaction. PhD thesis, Thames Polytechnic.

Kauriala, M. J. (1999) Calculation of smoke ventilation in building fires including atriums. MRes thesis, University of Greenwich.

first-hand accounts

Galea, E.R., Shields, J., Canter, D., Boyce, K., Day, R., Hulse, L., Siddiqui, A., Summerfield, L., Marselle, M. and Greenall, P. V. (2007) The UK WTC 9/11 evacuation study: methodologies used in the elicitation and storage of human factors data. In: Interflam 2007 11th International Fire Science and Engineering Conference. Interscience Communications, Greenwich, UK, pp. 169-181. ISBN 9780954121686

Galea, Edwin R., Hulse, Lynn, Day, Rachel, Siddiqui, Asim, Sharp, Gary, Boyce, Karen, Summerfield, Louise, Canter, David, Marselle, Melisa and Greenall, Paul V. (2010) The UK WTC9/11 evacuation study: an overview of the methodologies employed and some preliminary analysis. In: Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics 2008. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, Berlin / Heidelberg, Germany, pp. 3-24. ISBN 978-3-642-04503-5 (print), 978-3-642-04504-2 (eISBN) (doi:10.1007/978-3-642-04504-2_1)

flame spread models

Hu, Xiaoqin, Wang, Zhaozhi, Jia, Fuchen and Galea, Edwin R. (2010) Simulating a rail car fire using flame spread model. In: Interflam 2010: 12th International Fire Science & Engineering Conference. Interscience Communications, Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 1725-1730. ISBN 9780954121662

flashover

Jia, F., Galea, E.R. and Patel, M.K. (1999) The numerical simulation of noncharring thermal degradation and its application to the prediction of compartment fire development. In: Fire Safety Science: Proceedings of the Sixth International Symposium. IAFSS Symposiums (6). International Association for Fire Safety Science, Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 953-964. ISBN 0925223255 (doi:10.3801/IAFSS.FSS.6-953)

Jia, F., Galea, E.R. and Patel, M.K. (1999) The numerical simulation of the noncharring pyrolysis process and fire development within a compartment. Applied Mathematical Modelling, 23 (8). pp. 587-607. ISSN 0307-904X (doi:10.1016/S0307-904X(99)00003-7)

Jia, F., Galea, E.R. and Patel, M.K. (1997) The prediction of fire propagation in enclosure fires. In: Fire Safety Science: Proceedings of the fifth international symposium. International Association for Fire Safety Science, Greenwich, London, pp. 439-450. ISBN 4990062555 ISSN 1817-4299 (doi:10.3801/IAFSS.FSS.5-439)

Robinson, J.E., Hull, T.R., Lebek, K., Stec, A.A., Galea, Edwin R., Mahalingam, Arun, Jia, Fuchen, Patel, Mayur and Persson, H. (2007) Assessment of the impact of computed and measured fire environments on building evacuation using bench and real scale test data. Interflam 2007 11th International Fire Science and Engineering Conference. Interscience Communications, Greenwich, pp. 873-884. ISBN 9780954121693

flashover time

Wang, Zhaozhi, Galea, Edwin R. and Jia, Fuchen (2007) A computational study of the characteristics of aircraft post-crash fires. Proceedings of the 5th Triennial International Fire and Cabin Safety Research Conference, Atlantic City, 29 Oct.-1 Nov. 2007. Federal Aviation Administration, Washington DC.

flight simulation

Jia, F., Patel, M.K. and Galea, E.R. (2004) Simulating the Swissair flight 111 in-flight fire using the CFD fire simulation software SMARTFIRE. In: Fourth Triennial International Fire and Cabin Safety Research Conference, 15–19 Nov 2004, Lisbon, Portugal.

flow induced cavity noise

Wang, Zong-Kang, Djambazov, Georgi, Lai, Choi-Hong and Pericleous, Koulis A. (2007) Numerical simulation of flow-induced cavity noise in self-sustained oscillations. Computing and Visualization in Science, 10 (3). pp. 123-134. ISSN 1432-9360 (doi:10.1007/s00791-006-0039-4)

flow rate

Gwynne, S.M.V., Kuligowski, E.D., Kratchman, J. and Milke, J.A. (2008) Questioning the linear relationship between doorway width and achievable flow rate. Fire Safety Journal, 44 (1). pp. 80-87. ISSN 0379-7112 (doi:10.1016/j.firesaf.2008.03.010)

flow solution

Shala, Mehmet, Patel, Mayur and Pericleous, Koulis A. (2006) Unstructured staggered mesh methods for fluid flow, heat transfer and phase change. WSEAS Transactions on Fluid Mechanics, 1 (5). pp. 431-438. ISSN 1790-5087

Shala, Mehmet, Pericleous, Koulis A. and Patel, Mayur (2006) A two dimensional unstructured staggered mesh method with special treatment of tangential velocity. In: 4th WSEAS International Conference on Fluid Mechanics and Aerodynamics, August 21-23, 2006, Elounda, Greece.

Fluid Dynamics (CFD)

Mahalingam, Arun, Patel, Mayur K. and Galea, Edwin R. (2010) Simulation of the flow induced by positive pressure ventilation fan under wind driven conditions. In: Proceedings of the 12th International Fire Science & Engineering Conference, Interflam 2010. Interscience Communications Ltd, Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 913-924. ISBN 978-0-9556548-7-9 (set)

forced ventilation technique

Mahalingam, Arun, Patel, Mayur K. and Galea, Edwin R. (2010) Simulation of the flow induced by positive pressure ventilation fan under wind driven conditions. In: Proceedings of the 12th International Fire Science & Engineering Conference, Interflam 2010. Interscience Communications Ltd, Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 913-924. ISBN 978-0-9556548-7-9 (set)

forensic fire analysis

Jiang, H., Gwynne, S., Galea, E.R., Lawrence, P., Jia, F. and Ingason, H. (2003) The use of evacuation simulation, fire simulation and experimental fire data in forensic fire analysis. In: Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics 2003: Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference. CMS Press, Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 341-353. ISBN 1904521088

forensic interviewing

Hulse, Lynn and Memon, Amina (2003) [Book review] "Memory and Suggestibility in the Forensic Interview". The Clinical Psychologist, 56 (3). pp. 25-26. ISSN 0009-9244

formal languages

Finney, Kate and Fenton, Norman (1996) Evaluating the effectiveness of Z: The claims made about CICS and where we go from here. Journal of Systems Software, 35 (3). pp. 209-216. ISSN 0164-1212 (doi:10.1016/S0164-1212(96)00122-7)

formal specification

Finney, K., Fenton, N. and Fedorec, A. (1999) Effects of structure on the comprehensibility of formal specifications. IEE Proceedings Software, 146 (4). pp. 193-202. ISSN 1462-5970 (doi:10.1049/ip-sen:19990600)

Finney, Kate (1996) Mathematical notation in formal specification: Too difficult for the masses? [Correspondence]. IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering, 22 (2). pp. 158-159. ISSN 0098-5589 (doi:10.1109/32.485225)

foundry

Mileman, Tony, Knight, Brian, Petridis, Miltos, Cowell, Don and Ewer, J. (2002) Case-based retrieval of 3-dimensional shapes for the design of metal castings. Journal of Intelligent Manufacturing, 13 (1). pp. 39-45. ISSN 0956-5515 (Print), 1572-8145 (Online) (doi:10.1023/A:1013676928961)

fractional effective dose

Galea, Edwin R., Owen, Mathew and Lawrence, Peter J. (1996) Computer modelling of human behaviour in aircraft fire accidents. Toxicology, 115 (1-3). pp. 63-78. ISSN 0300-483X (doi:10.1016/S0300-483X(96)03495-6)

Fractional Effective Dose (FDE)

Robinson, J.E., Hull, T.R., Lebek, K., Stec, A.A., Galea, Edwin R., Mahalingam, Arun, Jia, Fuchen, Patel, Mayur and Persson, H. (2007) Assessment of the impact of computed and measured fire environments on building evacuation using bench and real scale test data. Interflam 2007 11th International Fire Science and Engineering Conference. Interscience Communications, Greenwich, pp. 873-884. ISBN 9780954121693

full scale enclosure fires

Wang, Zhaozhi, Jia, Fuchen and Galea, Edwin R. (2010) Predicting concentrations of hydrogen cyanide in full scale enclosure fires. Interflam 2010: 12th International Fire Science & Engineering Conference. Interscience Communications, Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 1769-1774. ISBN 978-0-9541216-6-2 (volume 2) 978-0-9556548-7-9 (set)

full-scale evacuation trial

Galea, E.R., Filippidis, L., Wang, Z., Lawrence, P.J. and Ewer, J. (2011) Evacuation analysis of 1000+ seat blended wing body aircraft configuration: computer simulations and full-scale evacuation experiment. In: Peacock, Richard D., Kuligowski, Erica D. and Averill, Jason D., (eds.) Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics. Springer USA, pp. 149-151. ISBN 9781441997241 (Print), 9781441997258 (Online) (doi:10.1007/978-1-4419-9725-8_14)

full-scale trial

Galea, Edwin, Brown, Robert, Filippidis, Lazaros and Deere, Steven (2011) Collection of evacuation data for large passenger vessels at sea. In: Peacock, Richard D., Kuligowski, Erica D. and Averill, Jason D., (eds.) Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics. Springer, New York / Dordrecht / Heidelberg / London, pp. 163-172. ISBN 978-1-4419-9724-1, (e-ISBN) 978-1-4419-9725-8 (doi:10.1007/978-1-4419-9725-8_15)

functionality

Gwynne, S., Galea, E., Lawrence, P. and Filippidis, L. (2001) Simulating occupant interaction with smoke using buildingEXODUS. In: 2nd International Symposium on Human Behaviour in Fires [Conference Proceedings]. Interscience Communications Ltd., Greenwich, London, UK. ISBN 0953231267

G.S. Goodman

Hulse, Lynn and Memon, Amina (2003) [Book review] "Memory and Suggestibility in the Forensic Interview". The Clinical Psychologist, 56 (3). pp. 25-26. ISSN 0009-9244

gaseous combustion

Zhang, Jianwen, Jia, F., Galea, E. and Ewer, J. (2004) A new approach to the simulation of gaseous combustion and its application to several test fire scenarios. In: Conference Proceedings: Interflam 2004: 10th International Fire Science and Engineering Conference. Interscience Communications Ltd., Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 1293-1304. ISBN 0954121643

gaseous combustion model

Jia, F., Galea, E.R, and Patel, M.K. (2000) The numerical simulation of compartment fires using an integrated gas and solid phase combustion model. In: ACME '2000 The 8th Annual Conference of the Association for Computational Mechanics in Engineering. Extended Abstracts. University of Greenwich, Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 50-53. ISBN 1861661509

Jia, F., Galea, E.R. and Patel, M.K. (1999) The numerical simulation of fire spread within a compartment using an integrated gas and solid phase combustion model. Journal of Applied Fire Science, 8 (4). pp. 327-352. ISSN 1044-4300 (Print), 1541-4183 (Online) (doi:10.2190/UY41-W38Q-X6KK-TXYV)

gases

Galea, Ed, Gwynne, S., Lawrence, P. and Wang, Z. (2004) The representation of occupant sensitivity to irritant fire gases within evacuation analysis. In: Conference Proceedings: Interflam 2004: 10th International Fire Science and Engineering Conference. Interscience Communications Ltd., Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 353-364. ISBN 0954121643

Geographical Information Systems

McCready, M., Patel, S. and Rennolls, K. (1997) An investigation of the effect of road traffic pollution on asthma, using Geographical Information Systems. In: Barnett, Vic and Feridun Turkman, K., (eds.) Statistics for the Environment 3. Pollution Assessment and Control. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., Chichester, UK, pp. 287-300. ISBN 978-0-471-96435-3

Gothenburg disco fire

Jiang, H., Gwynne, S., Galea, E.R., Lawrence, P., Jia, F. and Ingason, H. (2003) Predicting the past. Fire Prevention & Fire Engineers Journal, 2003 (August). pp. 18-20. ISSN 1478-3576

granular flow

Cross, Mark, Croft, Nick, Slone, Avril, Williams, Alison, Christakis, Nicholas, Patel, Mayur, Bailey, Christopher and Pericleous, Koulis A. (2007) Computational modelling of multi-physics and multi-scale processes in parallel. International Journal for Computational Methods and Engineering Science and Mechanics, 8 (2). pp. 63-74. ISSN 1550-2287 (doi:10.1080/15502280601149510)

granular flows

Christakis, N., Chapelle, P. and Patel, M.K. (2006) A computational study of segregation in granular material during heaping. In: 2006 Spring Meeting & 2nd Global Congress on Process Safety. American Institute of Chemical Engineers, New York, USA. ISBN 9780816910755

Christakis, N., Patel, M.K., Cross, M., Baxter, J., Abou-Chakra, H. and Tüzün, U. (2001) Continuum modelling of granular flows using PHYSICA, a 3-D unstructured, finite-volume code. In: Computational Modeling of Materials, Minerals and Metals Processing [Conference Proceedings]. The Mineral, Metals and Materials Society (TMS), Warrendale, PA, USA, pp. 129-138. ISBN 0873395131

granular material

Christakis, Nicholas, Chapelle, Pierre, Patel, Mayur, Cross, Mark, Bridle, Ian, Abou-Chakra, Hadi and Baxter, John (2002) Utilising computational fluid dynamics (CFD) for the modelling of granular material in large-scale engineering processes. In: Computational Science - ICCS 2002: International Conference Amsterdam, The Netherlands, April 21–24, 2002 Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Part 1 (2329). Springer Berlin Heidelberg, Berlin, Heidelberg, Germany, pp. 743-752. ISBN 9783540435914 ISSN 0302-9743 (Print), 1611-3349 (Online) (doi:10.1007/3-540-46043-8_75)

Christakis, Nicholas, Chapelle, Pierre, Patel, Mayur K. and Cross, Mark (2006) On the continuum modelling of segregation of granular mixtures during hopper emptying in core flow mode. In: European Conference on Computational Fluid Dynamics ECCOMAS CFD 2006 Proceedings. TU Delft, The Netherlands, The Netherlands. ISBN 9090209700

Christakis, Nicholas, Chapelle, Pierre, Patel, Mayur K., Wang, Junye, Cross, Mark, Baxter, John, Gröger, Torsten, Abou-Chakra, Hadi, Tüzün, Ugur, Bridle, Ian and Leaper, Mark C. (2002) Mathematical modelling of the behaviour of granular material in a computational fluid dynamics framework using micro-mechanical models. In: 5th World Congress on Computational Mechanics (WCCM V), 7-12 Jul 2002, Vienna, Austria.

Christakis, Nicholas, Patel, Mayur and Cross, Mark (2001) Predictions of Segregation of Granular Material with the Aid of PHYSICA, a 3-D Unstructured Finite-Volume Modelling Framework. In: ICFD Conference on Numerical Methods for Fluid Dynamics, 26-29 March 2001, Oxford, UK.

Christakis, Nicholas, Patel, Mayur K., Cross, Mark, Baxter, John, Abou-Chakra, Hadi and Tuzun, Ugur (2002) Predictions of segregation of granular material with the aid of PHYSICA, a 3-D unstructured finite-volume modelling framework. In: International Journal for Numerical Methods in Fluids. Special Issue: ICFD Conference on Numerical Methods for Fluid Dynamics. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., pp. 281-291. ISSN 0271-2091 (Print), 1097-0363 (Online) (doi:10.1002/fld.319)

granular materials

Chapelle, P., Christakis, N., Wang, J., Strusevich, N., Patel, M.K., Cross, M., Abou-Chakra, H., Baxter, J. and Tuzun, U. (2005) Application of simulation technologies in the analysis of granular material behaviour during transport and storage. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part E: Journal of Process Mechanical Engineering, 219 (1). pp. 43-52. ISSN 0954-4089 (Print), 2041-3009 (Online) (doi:10.1243/095440805X7044)

granular mixtures

Christakis, N., Chapelle, Pierre and Patel, M. K. (2006) Analysis and modeling of heaping behavior of granular mixtures within a computational mechanics framework. Advanced Powder Technology, 17 (4). pp. 383-398. ISSN 0921-8831 (doi:10.1163/156855206777866173)

grid computing

Venters, Will and Kyriakidou-Zacharoudiou, Avgousta (2012) Interventionist grid development projects: a research framework based on three frames. Information Technology & People, 25 (3). pp. 300-326. ISSN 0959-3845 (doi:10.1108/09593841211254349)

group bonding

Owen, M., Galea, E.R. and Lawrence, P. (1997) Advanced occupant behavioural features of the building-EXODUS evacuation model. In: Fire Safety Science: Proceedings of the Fifth International Symposium. IAFSS Symposiums (5). International Association for Fire Safety Science, Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 795-806. ISBN 4990062555 (doi:10.3801/IAFSS.FSS.5-795)

group dynamics

Gwynne, S., Galea, E.R. and Lawrence, P.J. (2005) The introduction of social adaptation within evacuation modelling. Fire and Materials, 30 (4). pp. 285-309. ISSN 0308-0501 (Print), 1099-1018 (Online) (doi:10.1002/fam.913)

guidance

Gwynne, S.M.V. (2013) Improving the collection and use of human egress data. Fire Technology, 49 (1). pp. 83-99. ISSN 0015-2684 (doi:10.1007/s10694-010-0210-9)

Hajj

Gwynne, S.M.V. and Siddiqui, A.A. (2013) Understanding and simulating large crowds. In: Traffic and Granular Flow '11 [Conference Proceedings]. Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, Berlin Heidelberg, Germany, pp. 217-239. ISBN 9783642396687 (doi:10.1007/978-3-642-39669-4_22)

Siddiqui, A.A. and Gwynne, S.M.V. (2011) Employing pedestrian observations in engineering analysis. Safety Science, 50 (3). pp. 478-493. ISSN 0925-7535 (doi:10.1016/j.ssci.2011.10.011)

hazard

Grimm, Anna, Hulse, Lynn, Preiss, Marek and Schmidt, Silke (2012) Post- and peritraumatic stress in disaster survivors: An explorative study about the influence of individual and event characteristics across different types of disasters. European Journal of Psychotraumatology, 3. pp. 7382-7390. ISSN 2000-8066 (doi:10.3402/ejpt.v3i0.7382)

hazard evaluation

Galea, Edwin R., Wang, Zhaozhi, Veeraswamy, Anand, Jia, Fuchen, Lawrence, Peter J. and Ewer, John (2008) Coupled fire/evacuation analysis of the Station Nightclub fire. In: Fire Safety Science - Proceedings of the Ninth International Symposium. IAFSS Symposiums (9). International Association for Fire Safety Science, Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 465-476. ISSN 1817-4299 (doi:10.3801/IAFSS.FSS.9-465)

hdrogen cyanide

Wang, Zhaozhi, Jia, Fuchen and Galea, Edwin R. (2010) Predicting concentrations of hydrogen cyanide in full scale enclosure fires. Interflam 2010: 12th International Fire Science & Engineering Conference. Interscience Communications, Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 1769-1774. ISBN 978-0-9541216-6-2 (volume 2) 978-0-9556548-7-9 (set)

health anxiety

Thorpe, S.J., Patel, S.P. and Simonds, L.M. (2003) The relationship between disgust sensitivity, anxiety and obsessions. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 41 (12). pp. 1397-1409. ISSN 0005-7967 (doi:10.1016/S0005-7967(03)00058-5)

health information systems

Venters, Will and Kyriakidou-Zacharoudiou, Avgousta (2012) Interventionist grid development projects: a research framework based on three frames. Information Technology & People, 25 (3). pp. 300-326. ISSN 0959-3845 (doi:10.1108/09593841211254349)

health services

Venters, Will and Kyriakidou-Zacharoudiou, Avgousta (2012) Interventionist grid development projects: a research framework based on three frames. Information Technology & People, 25 (3). pp. 300-326. ISSN 0959-3845 (doi:10.1108/09593841211254349)

heaping

Christakis, N., Chapelle, P. and Patel, M.K. (2006) A computational study of segregation in granular material during heaping. In: 2006 Spring Meeting & 2nd Global Congress on Process Safety. American Institute of Chemical Engineers, New York, USA. ISBN 9780816910755

Christakis, N., Chapelle, Pierre and Patel, M. K. (2006) Analysis and modeling of heaping behavior of granular mixtures within a computational mechanics framework. Advanced Powder Technology, 17 (4). pp. 383-398. ISSN 0921-8831 (doi:10.1163/156855206777866173)

heat

Mahalingam, Arun, Patel, Mayur K. and Galea, Edwin R. (2010) Simulation of the flow induced by positive pressure ventilation fan under wind driven conditions. In: Proceedings of the 12th International Fire Science & Engineering Conference, Interflam 2010. Interscience Communications Ltd, Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 913-924. ISBN 978-0-9556548-7-9 (set)

heat exchangers

Yao, Jun, Yao, Yufeng, Patel, Mayur and Mason, Peter J. (2007) On Reynolds number and scaling effects in microchannel flows. The European Physical Journal Applied Physics, 37 (2). pp. 229-235. ISSN 1286-0042 (doi:10.1051/epjap:2007010)

heat sinks

Yao, Jun, Yao, Yufeng, Patel, Mayur and Mason, Peter J. (2007) On Reynolds number and scaling effects in microchannel flows. The European Physical Journal Applied Physics, 37 (2). pp. 229-235. ISSN 1286-0042 (doi:10.1051/epjap:2007010)

heat transfer

Alessandri, E., Mawhinney, R.N., Patel, Mayur and Galea, Edwin R. (1996) Revisiting the carrier-phase source-term formulation in mixed Lagrangian-Eulerian particle models. Numerical Heat Transfer, Part B: Fundamentals, 30 (1). pp. 111-116. ISSN 1521-0626 (electronic) 1040-7790 (paper) (doi:10.1080/10407799608915074)

Yao, Jun, Yao, Yufeng, Patel, Mayur and Mason, Peter J. (2007) On Reynolds number and scaling effects in microchannel flows. The European Physical Journal Applied Physics, 37 (2). pp. 229-235. ISSN 1286-0042 (doi:10.1051/epjap:2007010)

HEED database

Galea, E.R., Shields, J., Canter, D., Boyce, K., Day, R., Hulse, L., Siddiqui, A., Summerfield, L., Marselle, M. and Greenall, P. (2006) Methodologies employed in the collection, retrieval and storage of human factors information derived from first hand accounts of survivors of the WTC disaster of 11 September 2001. Journal of Applied Fire Science, 15 (4). pp. 253-276. ISSN 1044-4300 (Print), 1541-4183 (Online) (doi:10.2190/AF.15.4.b)

heuristic search

Janes, Dominik Sebastian (2003) Intelligent control system for CFD modelling software. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

high rise building

Galea, E.R., Sharp, G. and Lawrence, P.J. (2008) Investigating the representation of merging behavior at the floor–stair interface in computer simulations of multi-floor building evacuations. Journal of Fire Protection Engineering, 18 (4). pp. 291-316. ISSN 1042-3915 (Print), 1532-172X (Online) (doi:10.1177/1042391508095092)

high rise buildings

Galea, E., Lawrence, P., Blake, S., Dixon, A. and Westeng, H. (2007) The 2001 World Trade Centre evacuation. In: Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics 2005. Springer, Berlin / Heidelberg, pp. 225-238. ISBN 9783540470625 (doi:10.1007/978-3-540-47064-9_20)

high-rise building

Choi, Jun-Ho, Galea, Edwin and Hong, Won-Hwa (2013) Individual stair ascent and descent walk speeds measured in a Korean high-rise building. Journal of Fire Protection Engineering (00). pp. 1-29. ISSN 1042-3915 (Print), 1532-172X (Online) (doi:10.1177/1042391513492738)

Galea, E.R., Sharp, G., Lawrence, P.J. and Holden, R. (2008) Approximating the evacuation of the World Trade Center North Tower using computer simulation. Journal of Fire Protection Engineering, 18 (2). pp. 85-115. ISSN 1042-3915 (Print), 1532-172X (Online) (doi:10.1177/1042391507079343)

Grandison, Angus, Muthu, Yasmina, Lawrence, Peter and Galea, Edwin R. (2007) Simulating the evacuation of very large populations in large domains using a parallel implementation of the buildingEXODUS evacuation model. Interflam 2007 11th International Fire Science and Engineering Conference. Interscience Communications, Greenwich, pp. 259-270. ISBN 9780954121686

Kinsey, Michael J., Galea, Edwin R. and Lawrence, Peter J. (2011) Investigating evacuation lift dispatch strategies using computer modelling. Fire and Materials, 36 (5-6). pp. 399-415. ISSN 0308-0501 (Print), 1099-1018 (Online) (doi:10.1002/fam.1086)

high-rise building evacuation

Kinsey, Michael J., Galea, Edwin R. and Lawrence, Peter (2009) Investigating the use of elevators for high-rise building evacuation through computer simulation. 4th International Symposium on Human Behaviour in Fire 2009: Conference Proceedings. Interscience Communications Ltd., London, UK, pp. 85-96. ISBN 978-0-9556548-3-1

high-rise buildings

Galea, E.R., Shields, J., Canter, D., Boyce, K., Day, R., Hulse, L., Siddiqui, A., Summerfield, L., Marselle, M. and Greenall, P. V. (2007) The UK WTC 9/11 evacuation study: methodologies used in the elicitation and storage of human factors data. In: Interflam 2007 11th International Fire Science and Engineering Conference. Interscience Communications, Greenwich, UK, pp. 169-181. ISBN 9780954121686

Galea, Edwin R., Sharp, Gary, Lawrence, Peter and Dixon, Andrew J. (2007) Investigating the impact of occupant response time on computer simulations of the WTC North Tower evacuation. Interflam 2007 11th International Fire Science and Engineering Conference. Interscience Communications Ltd, Greenwich, pp. 1435-1442. ISBN 9780954121693

high-rise evacuation

Galea, Edwin, Kinsey, Michael and Lawrence, Peter (2011) Stairs or lifts? - a study of human factors associated with lift/elevator usage during evacuations using an online survey. In: Peacock, Richard D., Kuligowski, Erica D. and Averill, Jason D., (eds.) Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics. Springer, New York / Dordrecht / Heidelberg / London, pp. 627-636. ISBN 978-1-4419-9724-1, (e-ISBN) 978-1-4419-9725-8 (doi:10.1007/978-1-4419-9725-8_56)

High-rise Evacuation Evaluation Database (HEED)

Galea, E.R., Shields, J., Canter, D., Boyce, K., Day, R., Hulse, L., Siddiqui, A., Summerfield, L., Marselle, M. and Greenall, P. V. (2007) The UK WTC 9/11 evacuation study: methodologies used in the elicitation and storage of human factors data. In: Interflam 2007 11th International Fire Science and Engineering Conference. Interscience Communications, Greenwich, UK, pp. 169-181. ISBN 9780954121686

Galea, Edwin R., Hulse, Lynn, Day, Rachel, Siddiqui, Asim, Sharp, Gary, Boyce, Karen, Summerfield, Louise, Canter, David, Marselle, Melisa and Greenall, Paul V. (2010) The UK WTC9/11 evacuation study: an overview of the methodologies employed and some preliminary analysis. In: Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics 2008. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, Berlin / Heidelberg, Germany, pp. 3-24. ISBN 978-3-642-04503-5 (print), 978-3-642-04504-2 (eISBN) (doi:10.1007/978-3-642-04504-2_1)

High-rise Evaculation Evaluation Database (HEED)

Galea, Edwin, Hulse, Lynn, Day, Rachel, Siddiqui, Asim and Sharp, Gary (2009) The UK WTC 9/11 evacuation study: an overview of the methodologies employed and some analysis relating to fatigue, stair travel speeds and occupant response times. In: 4th International Symposium on Human Behaviour in Fire: Conference Proceedings. Interscience Communications Ltd., Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 27-40. ISBN 9780955654831

highrise building evacuation

Kinsey, M.J., Galea, E.R. and Lawrence, P.J. (2010) Human factors associated with the selection of lifts/elevators or stairs in emergency and normal usage conditions. Fire Technology, 48 (1). pp. 3-26. ISSN 0015-2684 (Print), 1572-8099 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10694-010-0176-7)

Hopper configuration

Xia, Y., Häuser, J., Patel, M.K. and Cross, M. (2001) Feature-oriented grid topology design for aerospace configurations. In: Deutscher Luft- und Raumfahrtkongress 2001, 17-20 Sep 2001, Hamburg, Germany.

hospital premises

Gwynne, S., Galea, E.R., Parke, J. and Hickson, J. (2003) The collection and analysis of pre-evacuation times derived from evacuation trials and their application to evacuation modelling. Fire Technology, 39 (2). pp. 173-195. ISSN 0015-2684 (Print), 1572-8099 (Online) (doi:10.1023/A:1024212214120)

hospitals

Galea, E.R., Lawrence, P.J. and Filippidis, L. (1999) Extending the capabilities of the buildingEXODUS evacuation model to cater for hospital evacuations. In: Proceedings: Third International Conference on Fire Research and Engineering. CRC Press/Guilford Press, London, UK, pp. 39-50. ISBN 9781566768887

Galea, E.R., Lawrence, P.J., Owen, M. and Filippidis, L. (1999) Adapting the buildingEXODUS evacuation model for hospital specific evacuation scenarios. In: Conference Proceedings: Interflam 1999: 8th International Fire Science and Engineering Conference. Interscience Communications Ltd., Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 1247-1252. ISBN 0953231232

human behavior

Gwynne, S.M.V. (2013) Improving the collection and use of human egress data. Fire Technology, 49 (1). pp. 83-99. ISSN 0015-2684 (doi:10.1007/s10694-010-0210-9)

Gwynne, Steve (2008) Developing inclusive emergency procedures. In: Fire Safety Science - Proceedings of the Ninth International Symposium. IAFSS Symposiums (9). International Association for Fire Safety Science, Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 377-388. ISSN 1817-4299 (doi:10.3801/IAFSS.FSS.9-377)

Kuligowski, Erica.D. and Gwynne, Steve M.V. (2010) The need for behavioral theory in evacuation modeling. In: Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics 2008. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, Berlin, Heidelberg Germany, pp. 721-732. ISBN 9783642045035 (doi:10.1007/978-3-642-04504-2_70)

Owen, M., Galea, E.R. and Lawrence, P. (1997) Advanced occupant behavioural features of the building-EXODUS evacuation model. In: Fire Safety Science: Proceedings of the Fifth International Symposium. IAFSS Symposiums (5). International Association for Fire Safety Science, Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 795-806. ISBN 4990062555 (doi:10.3801/IAFSS.FSS.5-795)

human behaviour

Blake, S., Galea, E., Westang, H. and Dixon, A. (2004) An analysis of human behaviour during the WTC disaster of 9/11 based on published survivor accounts. In: 3rd International Symposium on Human Behaviour in Fire: Conference Proceedings. Interscience Communications Ltd., Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 181-192. ISBN 095412166X

Day, Rachel C., Hulse, Lynn M. and Galea, Edwin R. (2013) Response phase behaviours and response time predictors of the 9/11 World Trade Center evacuation. Fire Technology, 49 (3). pp. 657-678. ISSN 0015-2684 (Print), 1572-8099 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10694-012-0282-9)

Filippidis, Lazaros, Lawrence, Peter, Galea, Edwin and Blackshields, Darren (2008) Simulating the interaction of occupants with signage systems. In: Fire Safety Science - Proceedings of the Ninth International Symposium. IAFSS Symposiums (9). International Association for Fire Safety Science, London, UK, pp. 389-400. ISSN 1817-4299 (doi:10.3801/IAFSS.FSS.9-389)

Galea, E., Filippidis, L., Gwynne, S., Lawrence, P., Sharp, G, Blackshields, D. and Glen, Ian (2002) The development of an advanced ship evacuation simulation software product and associated large scale testing facility for the collection of human shipboard behaviour data. In: RINA. International Conference. Human Factors in Ship Design and Operation, 2-3 October 2002. Papers. The Royal Institution of Naval Architects, London, UK, pp. 37-50. ISBN 9780903055819

Galea, Edwin (2003) SFPE Engineering Guide to Human Behavior in Fire. Society of Fire Protection Engineers, Bethesda, Maryland, USA.

Galea, Edwin R. (2006) Modelling human behaviour in underground emergency situations. Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium on Tunnel Safety and Security. Intevia, Madrid, Spain, pp. 149-151.

Galea, Edwin R., Hulse, Lynn, Day, Rachel, Siddiqui, Asim and Sharp, Gary (2011) The UK WTC 9/11 evacuation study: an overview of findings derived from first-hand interview data and computer modelling. Fire and Materials, 36 (5-6). pp. 501-521. ISSN 0308-0501 (Print), 1099-1018 (Online) (doi:10.1002/fam.1070)

Gwynne, S., Galea, E., Lawrence, P. and Filippidis, L. (2001) Simulating occupant interaction with smoke using buildingEXODUS. In: 2nd International Symposium on Human Behaviour in Fires [Conference Proceedings]. Interscience Communications Ltd., Greenwich, London, UK. ISBN 0953231267

Gwynne, S., Galea, E.R., Lawrence, P.J. and Filippidis, L. (2001) Modelling occupant interaction with fire conditions using the buildingEXODUS evacuation model. Fire Safety Journal, 36 (4). pp. 327-357. ISSN 0379-7112 (doi:10.1016/S0379-7112(00)00060-6)

Gwynne, Steven, Kuligowski, Erica and Nilsson, Daniel (2012) Representing evacuation behavior in engineering terms. Journal of Fire Protection Engineering, 22 (2). pp. 133-150. ISSN 1042-3915 (Print), 1532-172X (Online) (doi:10.1177/1042391512436788)

Kinsey, M.J., Galea, E.R. and Lawrence, P.J. (2010) Human factors associated with the selection of lifts/elevators or stairs in emergency and normal usage conditions. Fire Technology, 48 (1). pp. 3-26. ISSN 0015-2684 (Print), 1572-8099 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10694-010-0176-7)

Ronchi, E. and Kinsey, Michael (2011) Evacuation models of the future: insights from an online survey of user's experiences and needs. In: Advanced Research Workshop: Evacuation and Human Behavior in Emergency Situations, 21 Oct 2011, Santander, Spain. (Unpublished)

Thompson, Owain, Hulse, Lynn, Wales, David and Galea, Edwin (2013) "Get out, stay out" versus occupier independence: the results of an 18 month study of human behaviour in accidental dwelling fires in Kent. In: Conference Proceedings: Interflam 2013: 13th International Fire Science and Engineering Conference. Interscience Communications, Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 943-954. ISBN 9780955654893

Veeraswamy, Anand (2011) Computational modelling of agent based path planning and the representation of human wayfinding behaviour within egress models. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

Veeraswamy, Anand, Lawrence, Peter and Galea, Edwin (2009) Implementation of cognitive mapping, spatial representation and wayfinding behaviours of people within evacuation modelling tools. Human Behaviour in Fire 2009 - Conference Proceedings. Interscience Communications Ltd., Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 501-512. ISBN 978-0-9556548-3-1

human egress data

Gwynne, S.M.V. (2009) The standardization of human egress data. In: 4th International Symposium on Human Behaviour in Fire: Conference Proceedings. Interscience Communications Ltd., Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 481-493. ISBN 9780955654831

human experience in evacuation

Owen, M., Galea, E.R., Lawrence, P.J. and Filippidis, L. (1999) An aircraft accident database of human experience in evacuation derived from aviation accident reports. Fire and Materials, 23 (6). pp. 363-368. ISSN 0308-0501 (doi:10.1002/(SICI)1099-1018(199911/12)23:6<363::AID-FAM712>3.0.CO;2-D)

human experience of evacuation

Galea, E. R., Finney, K. M., Dixon, A. J. P., Siddiqui, A. and Cooney, D. P. (2008) CAA paper 2006/01: a database to record human experience of evacuation in aviation accidents: the aircraft accident statistics and knowledge database (AASK). Project Report. Civil Aviation Authority, London, UK.

human factors

Deere, S.J., Galea, E.R. and Lawrence, P.J. (2007) A systematic methodology to assess the impact of human factors in ship design. Applied Mathematical Modelling, 33 (2). pp. 867-883. ISSN 0307-904X (doi:10.1016/j.apm.2007.12.014)

Deere, Steven, Galea, Edwin R. and Lawrence, Peter (2008) Assessing the suitability of ship design for human factors issues associated with evacuation and normal operations. In: Bertram, Volker and Rigo, Philippe, (eds.) 7th International Conference on Computer and IT Applications in the Maritime Industries - COMPIT’08. Architecture Navale, Génie Maritime, Navigation Intérieure et Maritime, Analyse des Systèmes de Transport, Liège, Belgium, pp. 33-47. ISBN 2-9600785-0-0; 978-2-9600785-0-3 ISSN ISBN-10 2-9600785-0-0; ISBN-13 978-2-9600785-0-3

Deere, Steven J., Galea, Edwin R. and Lawrence, Peter J. (2010) Optimising vessel layout using human factors simulation. In: Klingsch, W.W.F., Rogsch, C., Schadschneider, A. and Schreckenberg, M., (eds.) Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics 2008. Springer-Verlag, Berlin / Heidelberg, Germany, pp. 597-603. ISBN 978-3-642-04503-5 (Print), 978-3-642-04504-2 (Online) (doi:10.1007/978-3-642-04504-2_54)

Galea, Edwin R. (2006) Modelling human behaviour in underground emergency situations. Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium on Tunnel Safety and Security. Intevia, Madrid, Spain, pp. 149-151.

Gwynne, Steve (2008) Developing inclusive emergency procedures. In: Fire Safety Science - Proceedings of the Ninth International Symposium. IAFSS Symposiums (9). International Association for Fire Safety Science, Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 377-388. ISSN 1817-4299 (doi:10.3801/IAFSS.FSS.9-377)

Kinsey, M.J., Galea, E.R. and Lawrence, P.J. (2010) Human factors associated with the selection of lifts/elevators or stairs in emergency and normal usage conditions. Fire Technology, 48 (1). pp. 3-26. ISSN 0015-2684 (Print), 1572-8099 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10694-010-0176-7)

Kinsey, Michael J., Galea, Edwin R., Lawrence, Peter J., Blackshields, Darren, Hulse, Lynn, Day, Rachel and Sharp, Gary (2010) Modelling pedestrian escalator behaviour. In: Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics 2008. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, Berlin / Heidelberg, Germany, pp. 689-695. ISBN 978-3-642-04503-5 (print), 978-3-642-04503-5 (eISBN) (doi:10.1007/978-3-642-04504-2_66)

human factors data

Galea, Edwin R., Hulse, Lynn, Day, Rachel, Siddiqui, Asim and Sharp, Gary (2011) The UK WTC 9/11 evacuation study: an overview of findings derived from first-hand interview data and computer modelling. Fire and Materials, 36 (5-6). pp. 501-521. ISSN 0308-0501 (Print), 1099-1018 (Online) (doi:10.1002/fam.1070)

human performance

Galea, Edwin, Lohrmann, Philipp, Brown, Robert, Deere, Steven and Filippidis, Lazaros (2012) Understanding human performance in ship evacuation. Journal of Ocean Technology, 7 (3). pp. 1-7. ISSN 1718-3200

human performance metric

Andrews, D., Casarosa, L., Deere, Steven, Galea, Edwin R., Lawrence, Peter and Pawling, R. (2007) Integrating personnel movement simulation into preliminary ship design. Human Factors in Ship Design, Safety and Operation, 21-22 March 2007, London, UK. Royal Institution of Naval Architects, London, UK, pp. 117-128. ISBN 1905040342

Andrews, D., Casarosa, L., Pawling, R., Galea, E., Deere, S. and Lawrence, P. (2008) Integrating personnel movement simulation into prelimary ship design. Transactions of The Royal Institution of Naval Architects Part A: International Journal of Maritime Engineering, 150 (1). pp. 19-34. ISSN 1479-8751 (Print), 1740-0716 (Online)

human relationships

Galea, Ed (2003) Passenger behaviour in emergency situations. In: Bor, Robert, (ed.) Passenger Behaviour. Edited by Robert Bor, published by Ashgate. Ashgate, Farnham, Surrey, UK, pp. 128-182. ISBN 9780754609360

hybrid model

Chooramun, Nitish, Lawrence, Peter and Galea, Edwin (2011) Implementing a hybrid space discretisation within an agent based evacuation model. In: Peacock, Richard D., Kuligowski, Erica D. and Averill, Jason D., (eds.) Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics. Springer, New York / Dordrecht / Heidelberg / London, pp. 449-458. ISBN 978-1-4419-9724-1, (e-ISBN) 978-1-4419-9725-8 (doi:10.1007/978-1-4419-9725-8_40)

hybrid spatial discretisation

Chooramun, Nitish (2011) Implementing a hybrid spatial discretisation within an agent based evacuation model. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

hydrogen chloride

Wang, Zhaozhi, Galea, Edwin R., Jia, Fuchen, Ewer, John and Patel, Mayur (2007) Predicting HCI concentrations in fire enclosures using a HCI decay model coupled to a CFD based fire field model. Fire and Materials, 31 (7). pp. 443-461. ISSN 0308-0501 (doi:10.1002/fam.942)

Wang, Zhaozhi, Jia, Fuchen, Galea, Edwin R., Patel, Mayur and Ewer, John (2007) Predicting HCl concentrations in fire enclosures using an HCl decay model coupled to a CFD-based fire field model. Fire and Materials, 31 (7). pp. 443-461. ISSN 0308-0501 (doi:10.1002/fam.942)

hydrogen cyanide

Wang, Zhaozhi, Jia, Fuchen and Galea, E.R. (2010) A generalized relationship between the normalized yields of carbon monoxide and hydrogen cyanide. Fire and Materials, 35 (8). pp. 577-591. ISSN 0308-0501 (Print), 1099-1018 (Online) (doi:10.1002/fam.1076)

IEC 60695-7-50

Mahalingam, A., Jia, F., Wang, Z., Patel, M.K. and Galea, E.R. (2011) Numerical investigation of tube furnace toxicity measurement method (ISO 19700). Fire and Materials, 36 (1). pp. 17-30. ISSN 0308-0501 (Print), 1099-1018 (Online) (doi:10.1002/fam.1079)

IMO

Galea, Edwin R., Deere, Steven, Sharp, Gary, Filippidis, Lazaros, Lawrence, Peter and Gwynne, Steve (2007) Recommendations on the nature of the passenger response time distribution to be used in the MSC 1033 assembly time analysis based on data derived from sea trials. International Journal of Maritime Engineering, 149 (A1). pp. 15-29. ISSN 1479-8751

IMO guidelines

Brown, R., Galea, E.R., Deere, S. and Filippidis, L. (2013) Passenger response time data-sets for large passenger ferries and cruise ships derived from sea trials. Transactions of the Royal Institution of Naval Architects, International Journal of Maritime Engineering, 155 (A1). pp. 33-48. ISSN 1479-8751

IMO regulations

Deere, S., Galea, E.R., Lawrence, P., Filippidis, L. and Gwynne, S. (2006) The impact of the passenger response time distribution on ship evacuation performance. Transactions of the Royal Institution of Naval Architects Part A: International Journal of Maritime Engineering, 148 (1). pp. 35-44. ISSN 1479-8751

impact

Chapelle, Pierre, Abou-Chakra, Hadi, Christakis, Nicholas, Patel, Mayur, Abu-Nahar, Azlina, Tüzün, Ugur and Cross, Mark (2004) Computational model for prediction of particle degradation during dilute phase pneumatic conveying: the use of a laboratory scale degradation tester for the determination of degradation propensity. Advanced Powder Technology, 15 (1). pp. 13-29. ISSN 0921-8831 (doi:10.1163/15685520460740043)

impact degradation

Chapelle, Pierre, Christakis, Nicholas, Abou-Chakra, Hadi, Bridle, Ian, Bradley, M.S.A., Patel, Mayur and Cross, Mark (2004) Computational model for prediction of particle degradation during dilute-phase pneumatic conveying: modeling of dilute-phase pneumatic conveying. Advanced Powder Technology, 15 (1). pp. 31-49. ISSN 0921-8831 (Print), 1568-5527 (Online) (doi:10.1163/15685520460740052)

impact of event scale-revised

Grimm, Anna, Hulse, Lynn, Preiss, Marek and Schmidt, Silke (2012) Post- and peritraumatic stress in disaster survivors: An explorative study about the influence of individual and event characteristics across different types of disasters. European Journal of Psychotraumatology, 3. pp. 7382-7390. ISSN 2000-8066 (doi:10.3402/ejpt.v3i0.7382)

implementation

Gwynne, Steve (2008) Developing inclusive emergency procedures. In: Fire Safety Science - Proceedings of the Ninth International Symposium. IAFSS Symposiums (9). International Association for Fire Safety Science, Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 377-388. ISSN 1817-4299 (doi:10.3801/IAFSS.FSS.9-377)

Gwynne, Steve (2008) Helping people on their own terms: developing inclusive emergency procedures. Fire Technology, 44 (4). pp. 439-461. ISSN 0015-2684 (doi:10.1007/s10694-007-0039-z)

industrial plants

Bailey, C., Patel, M. and Kumar, S. (2001) Computational modelling-a key component in materials processing. Transactions of the Institution of Mining and Metallurgy, Section C: Mineral Processing and Extractive Metallurgy, 110 (1). pp. 25-32. ISSN 0371-9553 (Print), 1743-2855 (Online) (doi:10.1179/mpm.2001.110.1.25)

inexact Newton method

Deng, Naiyang, Wang, Zhaozhi and Zhang, Jianzhong (2001) An improved inexact Newton's method for unary optimization. Optimization Methods and Software, 15 (3-4). pp. 257-282. ISSN 1055-6788 (Print), 1029-4937 (Online) (doi:10.1080/10556780108805821)

information systems

Venters, Will and Kyriakidou-Zacharoudiou, Avgousta (2012) Interventionist grid development projects: a research framework based on three frames. Information Technology & People, 25 (3). pp. 300-326. ISSN 0959-3845 (doi:10.1108/09593841211254349)

information systems development

Venters, Will and Kyriakidou-Zacharoudiou, Avgousta (2012) Interventionist grid development projects: a research framework based on three frames. Information Technology & People, 25 (3). pp. 300-326. ISSN 0959-3845 (doi:10.1108/09593841211254349)

infra-red tracking

Galea, Edwin, Brown, Robert, Filippidis, Lazaros and Deere, Steven (2011) Collection of evacuation data for large passenger vessels at sea. In: Peacock, Richard D., Kuligowski, Erica D. and Averill, Jason D., (eds.) Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics. Springer, New York / Dordrecht / Heidelberg / London, pp. 163-172. ISBN 978-1-4419-9724-1, (e-ISBN) 978-1-4419-9725-8 (doi:10.1007/978-1-4419-9725-8_15)

ingress

Gwynne, S.M.V. and Kuligowski, E.D. (2009) Simulating a building as a people movement system. Journal of Fire Sciences, 27 (4). pp. 343-368. ISSN 0734-9041 (Print), 1530-8049 (Online) (doi:10.1177/0734904109102387)

integration

Andrews, D., Casarosa, L., Deere, Steven, Galea, Edwin R., Lawrence, Peter and Pawling, R. (2007) Integrating personnel movement simulation into preliminary ship design. Human Factors in Ship Design, Safety and Operation, 21-22 March 2007, London, UK. Royal Institution of Naval Architects, London, UK, pp. 117-128. ISBN 1905040342

interfaces (computer)

Bailey, C., Patel, M. and Kumar, S. (2001) Computational modelling-a key component in materials processing. Transactions of the Institution of Mining and Metallurgy, Section C: Mineral Processing and Extractive Metallurgy, 110 (1). pp. 25-32. ISSN 0371-9553 (Print), 1743-2855 (Online) (doi:10.1179/mpm.2001.110.1.25)

interpolation

Woon, Fei Ling, Knight, Brian, Petridis, Miltos, Chapelle, Pierre and Patel, Mayur (2004) Enhancing the usability of numerical models with case-based reasoning. Journal of Expert Update, 7 (2). pp. 17-20. ISSN 1465-4091

interviews

Galea, Edwin R., Hulse, Lynn, Day, Rachel, Siddiqui, Asim, Sharp, Gary, Boyce, Karen, Summerfield, Louise, Canter, David, Marselle, Melisa and Greenall, Paul V. (2010) The UK WTC9/11 evacuation study: an overview of the methodologies employed and some preliminary analysis. In: Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics 2008. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, Berlin / Heidelberg, Germany, pp. 3-24. ISBN 978-3-642-04503-5 (print), 978-3-642-04504-2 (eISBN) (doi:10.1007/978-3-642-04504-2_1)

irritants

Galea, Ed, Gwynne, S., Lawrence, P. and Wang, Z. (2004) The representation of occupant sensitivity to irritant fire gases within evacuation analysis. In: Conference Proceedings: Interflam 2004: 10th International Fire Science and Engineering Conference. Interscience Communications Ltd., Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 353-364. ISBN 0954121643

ISO 19700

Mahalingam, A., Jia, F., Wang, Z., Patel, M.K. and Galea, E.R. (2011) Numerical investigation of tube furnace toxicity measurement method (ISO 19700). Fire and Materials, 36 (1). pp. 17-30. ISSN 0308-0501 (Print), 1099-1018 (Online) (doi:10.1002/fam.1079)

J.A. Quas

Hulse, Lynn and Memon, Amina (2003) [Book review] "Memory and Suggestibility in the Forensic Interview". The Clinical Psychologist, 56 (3). pp. 25-26. ISSN 0009-9244

knowledge database

Galea, E. R., Finney, K. M., Dixon, A. J. P., Siddiqui, A. and Cooney, D. P. (2008) CAA paper 2006/01: a database to record human experience of evacuation in aviation accidents: the aircraft accident statistics and knowledge database (AASK). Project Report. Civil Aviation Authority, London, UK.

knowledge management

Mileman, Tony, Knight, Brian, Petridis, Miltos, Cowell, Don and Ewer, J. (2002) Case-based retrieval of 3-dimensional shapes for the design of metal castings. Journal of Intelligent Manufacturing, 13 (1). pp. 39-45. ISSN 0956-5515 (Print), 1572-8145 (Online) (doi:10.1023/A:1013676928961)

knowledge-based systems

Mileman, Tony, Knight, Brian, Petridis, Miltos, Cowell, Don and Ewer, J. (2002) Case-based retrieval of 3-dimensional shapes for the design of metal castings. Journal of Intelligent Manufacturing, 13 (1). pp. 39-45. ISSN 0956-5515 (Print), 1572-8145 (Online) (doi:10.1023/A:1013676928961)

lab-on-a-chip

Kersaudy-Kerhoas, Maïwenn, Kavanagh, Deirdre, Xue, Xiangdong, Patel, Mayur, Bailey, Christopher, Dhariwal, Resham and Desmulliez, Marc P.Y. (2008) Integrated biomedical device for blood preparation. 2nd Electronics System-Integration Technology Conference, 2008. ESTC 2008. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc., Piscataway, NJ, USA, pp. 447-452. ISBN 978-1-4244-2814-4 (Print) 978-1-4244-2813-7 (Online) (doi:10.1109/ESTC.2008.4684389)

laboratories

Vince, Ivan and Patel, Mayur (2006) Explosion in fume cupboard damages several laboratories. Loss Prevention Bulletin, 187. pp. 6-8. ISSN 0260-9576

large scale testing

Galea, E., Filippidis, L., Gwynne, S., Lawrence, P., Sharp, G, Blackshields, D. and Glen, Ian (2002) The development of an advanced ship evacuation simulation software product and associated large scale testing facility for the collection of human shipboard behaviour data. In: RINA. International Conference. Human Factors in Ship Design and Operation, 2-3 October 2002. Papers. The Royal Institution of Naval Architects, London, UK, pp. 37-50. ISBN 9780903055819

large-scale aircraft evacuation

Owen, M., Galea, E.R., Lawrence, P.J. and Filippidis, L. (1998) The numerical simulation of aircraft evacuation and its application to aircraft design and certification. The Aeronautical Journal, 102 (1016). pp. 301-312. ISSN 0001-9240

large-scale enclosure fire

Hu, Xiaoqin, Wang, Zhaozhi, Jia, Fuchen, Galea, Edwin R. and Patel, Mayur K. (2011) Simulating smoke transport in large scale enclosure fires using a multi-particle-size model. In: Fire Safety Science - Proceedings of the Tenth International Symposium. IAFSS Symposiums (10). International Association for Fire Safety Science, Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 445-458. ISSN 1817-4299 (doi:10.3801/IAFSS.FSS.10-445)

large-scale engineering processes

Christakis, Nicholas, Chapelle, Pierre, Patel, Mayur, Cross, Mark, Bridle, Ian, Abou-Chakra, Hadi and Baxter, John (2002) Utilising computational fluid dynamics (CFD) for the modelling of granular material in large-scale engineering processes. In: Computational Science - ICCS 2002: International Conference Amsterdam, The Netherlands, April 21–24, 2002 Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Part 1 (2329). Springer Berlin Heidelberg, Berlin, Heidelberg, Germany, pp. 743-752. ISBN 9783540435914 ISSN 0302-9743 (Print), 1611-3349 (Online) (doi:10.1007/3-540-46043-8_75)

large-scale evacuation

Galea, E.R, Filippidis, L., Wang, Z. and Ewer, J. (2010) Fire and evacuation analysis in BWB aircraft configurations: Computer simulations and large-scale evacuation experiment. The Aeronautical Journal, 114 (1154). pp. 271-277. ISSN 0001-9240

laws and legislation

Blake, S., Galea, E.R., Gwynne, S., Lawrence, P. and Filippidis, L. (2001) Examining the effect of exit separation on aircraft evacuation performance using evacuation modelling techniques: "Is the 60 foot rule relevant?". CMS Press, Greenwich, London, UK. ISBN 1899991727

Blake, S.J., Galea, E.R., Gwynne, S., Lawrence, P.J. and Filippidis, L. (2002) Examining the effect of exit separation on aircraft evacuation performance during 90-second certification trials using evacuation modelling techniques. The Aeronautical Journal, 106 (1055). pp. 1-16. ISSN 0001-9240

lead

Djambazov, George Stefanov, Bailey, Chris, Patel, Mayur K. and Shrimpton, Jennifer (2004) Numerical simulation of vacuum dezincing of lead alloy. In: TMS 2004 133rd TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition 2004, 14-18 Mar 2004, Charlotte, North Carolina, USA. (Unpublished)

library facilities

Machado Tavares, Rodrigo, Gwynne, Steve and Galea, Edwin (2007) Collection and analysis of pre-evacuation time data collected from evacuation trials conducted in library facilities in Brazil. Journal of Applied Fire Science, 15 (1). pp. 23-40. ISSN 1044-4300 (Print), 1541-4183 (Online) (doi:10.2190/AF.15.1.b)

lifetime prediction

Hanson, R., Allsopp, D., Deng, T., Smith, D., Bradley, M.S.A., Hutchings, I.M. and Patel, M.K. (2002) A model to predict the life of pneumatic conveyor bends. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part E: Journal of Process Mechanical Engineering, 216 (3). pp. 143-149. ISSN 0954-4089 (Print), 2041-3009 (Online) (doi:10.1243/095440802320225284)

lift model

Galea, Edwin, Kinsey, Michael and Lawrence, Peter (2011) Stairs or lifts? - a study of human factors associated with lift/elevator usage during evacuations using an online survey. In: Peacock, Richard D., Kuligowski, Erica D. and Averill, Jason D., (eds.) Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics. Springer, New York / Dordrecht / Heidelberg / London, pp. 627-636. ISBN 978-1-4419-9724-1, (e-ISBN) 978-1-4419-9725-8 (doi:10.1007/978-1-4419-9725-8_56)

lifts

Kinsey, M.J., Galea, E.R. and Lawrence, P.J. (2010) Human factors associated with the selection of lifts/elevators or stairs in emergency and normal usage conditions. Fire Technology, 48 (1). pp. 3-26. ISSN 0015-2684 (Print), 1572-8099 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10694-010-0176-7)

Kinsey, Michael J., Galea, Edwin R. and Lawrence, Peter J. (2011) Investigating evacuation lift dispatch strategies using computer modelling. Fire and Materials, 36 (5-6). pp. 399-415. ISSN 0308-0501 (Print), 1099-1018 (Online) (doi:10.1002/fam.1086)

line-of-sight

Gwynne, S., Galea, E.R., Lawrence, P.J., Owen, M. and Filippidis, L. (1999) Adaptive decision-making in buildingEXODUS in response to exit congestion. In: Fire Safety Science: Proceedings of the Sixth International Symposium. IAFSS Symposiums (6). International Association for Fire Safety Science, Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 1041-1052. ISBN 0925223255 (doi:10.3801/IAFSS.FSS.6-1041)

live incidents

Grandison, Angus, Muthu, Yasmina, Lawrence, Peter and Galea, Edwin R. (2007) Simulating the evacuation of very large populations in large domains using a parallel implementation of the buildingEXODUS evacuation model. Interflam 2007 11th International Fire Science and Engineering Conference. Interscience Communications, Greenwich, pp. 259-270. ISBN 9780954121686

Local Area Networks

Grandison, A.J., Galea, E.R., Patel, M.K. and Ewer, J. (2004) The development of parallel implementation for a CFD based fire field model utilising conventional office based PCs. Journal of Applied Fire Science, 12 (2). pp. 137-157. ISSN 1044-4300 (Print), 1541-4183 (Online) (doi:10.2190/AGH5-EXUR-J110-HPHE)

local equivalence ratio

Wang, Z. (2006) The use of local equivalence ratio in field fire modelling for the prediction of carbon monoxide within Fire Enclosures. In: Workshop on Fires in Enclosures, 30-31 May 2006, University of Ulster, Northern Ireland.

Wang, Z., Jia, F., Galea, E.R. and Patel, M.K. (2010) Predicting toxic gas concentrations at locations remote from the fire source. Fire and Materials, 35 (7). pp. 505-526. ISSN 0308-0501 (Print), 1099-1018 (Online) (doi:10.1002/fam.1069)

Wang, Zhaozhi, Jia, Fuchen and Galea, Edwin R. (2007) Predicting toxic gas concentrations resulting from enclosure fires using local equivalence ratio concept linked to fire field models. Fire and Materials, 31 (1). pp. 27-51. ISSN 0308-0501 (doi:10.1002/fam.924)

local equivalence ratio (LER)

Mahalingam, A., Jia, F., Wang, Z., Patel, M.K. and Galea, E.R. (2011) Numerical investigation of tube furnace toxicity measurement method (ISO 19700). Fire and Materials, 36 (1). pp. 17-30. ISSN 0308-0501 (Print), 1099-1018 (Online) (doi:10.1002/fam.1079)

log-normal distribution

Galea, Edwin R., Deere, Steven, Sharp, Gary, Filippidis, Lazaros, Lawrence, Peter and Gwynne, Steve (2007) Recommendations on the nature of the passenger response time distribution to be used in the MSC 1033 assembly time analysis based on data derived from sea trials. International Journal of Maritime Engineering, 149 (A1). pp. 15-29. ISSN 1479-8751

logistic squashing function

Milner, J.J. and Grandison, A.J. (2008) A fast, streaming SIMD extensions 2, logistic squashing function. Neural Computation, 20 (12). pp. 2967-2972. ISSN 0899-7667 (Print), 1530-888X (Online) (doi:10.1162/neco.2008.10-06-366)

lower oesophagus sphincter

Kocher, H.M., Linklater, K., Patel, S. and Ellul, J.P.M. (2001) Epidemiological study of oesophageal and gastric cancer in south-east England. British Journal of Surgery, 88 (9). pp. 1249-1257. ISSN 0007-1323 (Print), 1365-2168 (Online) (doi:10.1046/j.0007-1323.2001.01847.x)

M.L. Eisen

Hulse, Lynn and Memon, Amina (2003) [Book review] "Memory and Suggestibility in the Forensic Interview". The Clinical Psychologist, 56 (3). pp. 25-26. ISSN 0009-9244

magnetohydrodynamics

Kao, A., Pericleous, K., Patel, M.K. and Voller, V. (2009) Effects of magnetic fields on crystal growth. International Journal of Cast Metals Research, 22 (1-4). pp. 147-150. ISSN 1364-0461 (Print), 1743-1336 (Online) (doi:10.1179/136404609X367551)

major clinical study

Kocher, H.M., Linklater, K., Patel, S. and Ellul, J.P.M. (2001) Epidemiological study of oesophageal and gastric cancer in south-east England. British Journal of Surgery, 88 (9). pp. 1249-1257. ISSN 0007-1323 (Print), 1365-2168 (Online) (doi:10.1046/j.0007-1323.2001.01847.x)

maritime

Galea, Edwin R., Brown, Rob, Filippidis, Lazaros and Deere, Steven (2010) The SAFEGUARD project: collection and preliminary analysis of assembly data for large passenger vessels at sea. Compit'10, 9th International Conference on Computer and IT Applications in the Maritime Industries. Compit'10, 9th International Conference on Computer and IT Applications in the Maritime Industries, pp. 424-433. ISBN 9783892206491

maritime safety

Galea, Ed, Grandison, A., Filippidis, L., Gwynne, S., Ewer, J. and Lawrence, P. (2004) The simulation of fire and evacuation at sea. In: Conference Proceedings: Interflam 2004: 10th International Fire Science and Engineering Conference. Interscience Communications Ltd., Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 755-760. ISBN 0954121643

Mawhinney, R.N., Grandison, A.J., Galea, E.R., Patel, M.K. and Ewer, J. (2000) The development of a CFD based simulator for water mist suppression systems: the development of the fire submodel. Journal of Applied Fire Science, 9 (4). pp. 311-345. ISSN 1044-4300 (Print), 1541-4183 (Online) (doi:10.2190/L07V-KGDD-KUPJ-D397)

maritimeEXODUS

Andrews, D., Casarosa, L., Deere, Steven, Galea, Edwin R., Lawrence, Peter and Pawling, R. (2007) Integrating personnel movement simulation into preliminary ship design. Human Factors in Ship Design, Safety and Operation, 21-22 March 2007, London, UK. Royal Institution of Naval Architects, London, UK, pp. 117-128. ISBN 1905040342

Deere, Steven J., Galea, Edwin R. and Lawrence, Peter J. (2010) Optimising vessel layout using human factors simulation. In: Klingsch, W.W.F., Rogsch, C., Schadschneider, A. and Schreckenberg, M., (eds.) Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics 2008. Springer-Verlag, Berlin / Heidelberg, Germany, pp. 597-603. ISBN 978-3-642-04503-5 (Print), 978-3-642-04504-2 (Online) (doi:10.1007/978-3-642-04504-2_54)

Galea, E.R., Gwynne, S., Lawrence, P., Blackshields, D., Ewer, J., Wang, Z., Hurst, N. and Mawhinney, R. (2003) Fire safety engineering and ship design using advanced fire and evacuation simulation. In: 1st International Conference – Fire on Ships: Prevention, Detection and Control on Ships and Offshore Structures, 11-12 Mar 2003, London, UK.

Galea, Edwin R., Gwynne, Steve, Lawrence, Peter J., Blackshields, Darren, Ewer, John, Wang, Zhaozhi, Hurst, Nathan and Mawhinney, Robert (2003) The application of fire and evacuation simulation in ship design. In: 2nd International EuroConference on Computer and IT Applications in the Maritime Industries. COMPIT '03. COMPIT, Hamburg, Germany, pp. 55-69.

Gwynne, S., Galea, E.R., Lyster, C. and Glen, I. (2003) Analysing the evacuation procedures employed on a Thames passenger boat using the maritimeEXODUS evacuation model. Fire Technology, 39 (3). pp. 225-246. ISSN 0015-268 (Print), 1572-8099 (Online) (doi:10.1023/A:1024189414319)

materials processing

Bailey, C., Patel, M. and Kumar, S. (2001) Computational modelling-a key component in materials processing. Transactions of the Institution of Mining and Metallurgy, Section C: Mineral Processing and Extractive Metallurgy, 110 (1). pp. 25-32. ISSN 0371-9553 (Print), 1743-2855 (Online) (doi:10.1179/mpm.2001.110.1.25)

materials science

Bailey, C., Patel, M. and Kumar, S. (2001) Computational modelling-a key component in materials processing. Transactions of the Institution of Mining and Metallurgy, Section C: Mineral Processing and Extractive Metallurgy, 110 (1). pp. 25-32. ISSN 0371-9553 (Print), 1743-2855 (Online) (doi:10.1179/mpm.2001.110.1.25)

mathematical logic and formal languages

Woon, Fei Ling, Knight, Brian, Petridis, Miltos and Patel, Mayur (2005) CBE-conveyor: a case-based reasoning system to assist engineers in designing conveyor systems. In: Case-Based Reasoning Research and Development: 6th International Conference on Case-Based Reasoning, ICCBR 2005, Chicago, IL, USA, August 23-26, 2005. Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science (3620). Springer Berlin Heidelberg, Berlin, Heidelberg, Germany, pp. 640-651. ISBN 9783540281740 (doi:10.1007/11536406_48)

mathematical modelling

Hanson, R., Allsopp, D., Deng, T., Smith, D., Bradley, M.S.A., Hutchings, I.M. and Patel, M.K. (2002) A model to predict the life of pneumatic conveyor bends. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part E: Journal of Process Mechanical Engineering, 216 (3). pp. 143-149. ISSN 0954-4089 (Print), 2041-3009 (Online) (doi:10.1243/095440802320225284)

Hoffmann, Nicole Andrea (1990) Computer simulation of fire-sprinkler interaction. PhD thesis, Thames Polytechnic.

Mahalingam, Arun (2007) Modelling the generation of toxic combustion products and its transport in enclosure fires. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

Wang, Zhaozhi (2007) Predicting toxic gas concentrations resulting from enclosure fires using the local equivalence ratio concept linked to fire field models. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

mathematical models

Owen, M., Galea, E.R., Lawrence, P.J. and Filippidis, L. (1998) The numerical simulation of aircraft evacuation and its application to aircraft design and certification. The Aeronautical Journal, 102 (1016). pp. 301-312. ISSN 0001-9240

mathematics

Finney, Kate (1996) Mathematical notation in formal specification: Too difficult for the masses? [Correspondence]. IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering, 22 (2). pp. 158-159. ISSN 0098-5589 (doi:10.1109/32.485225)

means of egress

Gwynne, S.M.V., Kuligowski, E.D., Kratchman, J. and Milke, J.A. (2008) Questioning the linear relationship between doorway width and achievable flow rate. Fire Safety Journal, 44 (1). pp. 80-87. ISSN 0379-7112 (doi:10.1016/j.firesaf.2008.03.010)

measured temperatures

Galea, Edwin R., Wang, Zhaozhi, Togher, Madeleine, Jia, Fuchen and Lawrence, Peter (2007) Predicting the likely impact of aircraft post crash fire on aircraft evacuation using fire and evacuation simulation. Proceedings of the 5th Triennial International Fire and Cabin Safety Research Conference, Atlantic City, 29 Oct.-1 Nov. 2007. Federal Aviation Administration, Washington DC.

measurement

Finney, Kate, Rennolls, Keith and Fedorec, Alex (1998) Measuring the comprehensibility of Z specifications. Journal of Systems and Software, 42 (1). pp. 3-15. ISSN 0164-1212 (doi:10.1016/S0164-1212(98)00003-X)

memory

Hulse, Lynn and Memon, Amina (2003) [Book review] "Memory and Suggestibility in the Forensic Interview". The Clinical Psychologist, 56 (3). pp. 25-26. ISSN 0009-9244

Hulse, Lynn and Memon, Amina (2006) Fatal impact? The effects of emotional arousal and weapon presence on police officers' memories for a simulated crime. Legal and Criminological Psychology, 11 (2). pp. 313-325. ISSN 1355-3259 (doi:10.1348/135532505X58062)

merchant vessels

Boxall, P., Gwynne, S., Filippidis, L., Galea, E.R. and Cooney, D. (2005) Advanced evacuation simulation software and its use in warships. In: Royal Institution of Naval Architects International Conference - Human Factors in Ship Design, Safety and Operation. Royal Institution of Naval Architects, London, UK, pp. 49-56. ISBN 9781905040094

mesh sensitivity

Wang, Z., Jia, F., Galea, E.R., Patel, M.K. and Ewer, J. (2001) Simulating one of the CIB W14 round robin test cases using the SMARTFIRE fire field model. Fire Safety Journal, 36 (7). pp. 661-677. ISSN 0379-7112 (doi:10.1016/S0379-7112(01)00018-2)

methodologies

Galea, Edwin R., Hulse, Lynn, Day, Rachel, Siddiqui, Asim, Sharp, Gary, Boyce, Karen, Summerfield, Louise, Canter, David, Marselle, Melisa and Greenall, Paul V. (2010) The UK WTC9/11 evacuation study: an overview of the methodologies employed and some preliminary analysis. In: Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics 2008. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, Berlin / Heidelberg, Germany, pp. 3-24. ISBN 978-3-642-04503-5 (print), 978-3-642-04504-2 (eISBN) (doi:10.1007/978-3-642-04504-2_1)

Gwynne, S., Galea, E.R., Owen, M., Lawrence, P.J. and Filippidis, L. (1999) A review of the methodologies used in the computer simulation of evacuation from the built environment. Building and Environment, 34 (6). pp. 741-749. ISSN 0360-1323 (doi:10.1016/S0360-1323(98)00057-2)

metric diagrams

Knight, Brian, Taylor, Steve, Petridis, Miltos, Ewer, John and Galea, Edwin (1999) A knowledge-based system to represent spatial reasoning for fire modelling. Engineering Applications of Artificial Intelligence, 12 (2). pp. 213-219. ISSN 0952-1976 (doi:10.1016/S0952-1976(98)00057-8)

MHD

Kao, Andrew, Pericleous, Koulis A., Patel, Mayur K. and Voller, Vaughan R. (2010) Thermoelectric effects on alloy solidification microstructure. In: Cockcroft, Steve L. and Maijer, Daan M., (eds.) Modeling of Casting, Welding, and Advanced Solidification Processes. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. / The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society, Warrendale, PA, USA, pp. 521-528. ISBN 978-0-87339-742-1 (hbk)

micro-mechanical parametrisations

Christakis, Nicholas, Chapelle, Pierre, Patel, Mayur K., Wang, Junye, Cross, Mark, Baxter, John, Gröger, Torsten, Abou-Chakra, Hadi, Tüzün, Ugur, Bridle, Ian and Leaper, Mark C. (2002) Mathematical modelling of the behaviour of granular material in a computational fluid dynamics framework using micro-mechanical models. In: 5th World Congress on Computational Mechanics (WCCM V), 7-12 Jul 2002, Vienna, Austria.

micro-mechanical parametrizations

Chapelle, P., Christakis, N., Wang, J., Strusevich, N., Patel, M.K., Cross, M., Abou-Chakra, H., Baxter, J. and Tuzun, U. (2005) Application of simulation technologies in the analysis of granular material behaviour during transport and storage. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part E: Journal of Process Mechanical Engineering, 219 (1). pp. 43-52. ISSN 0954-4089 (Print), 2041-3009 (Online) (doi:10.1243/095440805X7044)

micro-physical parametrizations

Christakis, Nicholas, Patel, Mayur and Cross, Mark (2001) Predictions of Segregation of Granular Material with the Aid of PHYSICA, a 3-D Unstructured Finite-Volume Modelling Framework. In: ICFD Conference on Numerical Methods for Fluid Dynamics, 26-29 March 2001, Oxford, UK.

Christakis, Nicholas, Patel, Mayur K., Cross, Mark, Baxter, John, Abou-Chakra, Hadi and Tuzun, Ugur (2002) Predictions of segregation of granular material with the aid of PHYSICA, a 3-D unstructured finite-volume modelling framework. In: International Journal for Numerical Methods in Fluids. Special Issue: ICFD Conference on Numerical Methods for Fluid Dynamics. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., pp. 281-291. ISSN 0271-2091 (Print), 1097-0363 (Online) (doi:10.1002/fld.319)

microchannel biochip separator

Xue, Xiangdong, Patel, Mayur, Kersaudy-Kerhoas, Maïwenn, Bailey, Christopher, Desmulliez, Marc P.Y. and Topham, David (2009) Effect of fluid dynamics and device mechanism on biofluid behaviour in microchannel systems: modelling biofluids in a microchannel biochip separator. International Conference on Electronic Packaging Technology & High Density Packaging, 2009. ICEPT-HDP '09. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc., Piscataway, NJ, USA, pp. 179-186. ISBN 978-1-4244-4659-9 (doi:10.1109/ICEPT.2009.5270767)

microchannel device

Xue, Xiangdong, Marson, Silvia, Patel, Mayur K., Bailey, Chris, O'Neill, William, Topham, David, Kay, Robert W. and Desmulliez, Marc P.Y. (2011) Progress towards the design and numerical analysis of a 3D microchannel biochip separator. International Journal for Numerical Methods in Biomedical Engineering, 27 (11). pp. 1771-1792. ISSN 2040-7939 (Print), 2040-7947 (Online) (doi:10.1002/cnm.1439)

microchannel systems

Xue, Xiangdong, Patel, Mayur, Kersaudy-Kerhoas, Maïwenn, Bailey, Christopher, Desmulliez, Marc P.Y. and Topham, David (2009) Effect of fluid dynamics and device mechanism on biofluid behaviour in microchannel systems: modelling biofluids in a microchannel biochip separator. International Conference on Electronic Packaging Technology & High Density Packaging, 2009. ICEPT-HDP '09. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc., Piscataway, NJ, USA, pp. 179-186. ISBN 978-1-4244-4659-9 (doi:10.1109/ICEPT.2009.5270767)

microchannels

Kersaudy-Kerhoas, Maïwenn, Kavanagh, Deirdre, Xue, Xiangdong, Patel, Mayur, Bailey, Christopher, Dhariwal, Resham and Desmulliez, Marc P.Y. (2008) Integrated biomedical device for blood preparation. 2nd Electronics System-Integration Technology Conference, 2008. ESTC 2008. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc., Piscataway, NJ, USA, pp. 447-452. ISBN 978-1-4244-2814-4 (Print) 978-1-4244-2813-7 (Online) (doi:10.1109/ESTC.2008.4684389)

microfluidics

Yao, Jun, Yao, Yufeng, Patel, Mayur and Mason, Peter J. (2007) On Reynolds number and scaling effects in microchannel flows. The European Physical Journal Applied Physics, 37 (2). pp. 229-235. ISSN 1286-0042 (doi:10.1051/epjap:2007010)

micromechanical parametrisations

Christakis, Nicholas, Chapelle, Pierre, Patel, Mayur K. and Cross, Mark (2006) On the continuum modelling of segregation of granular mixtures during hopper emptying in core flow mode. In: European Conference on Computational Fluid Dynamics ECCOMAS CFD 2006 Proceedings. TU Delft, The Netherlands, The Netherlands. ISBN 9090209700

mobility impaired

Adams, A.P.M. and Galea, Edwin (2011) An experimental evaluation of movement devices used to assist people with reduced mobility in high-rise building evacuations. In: Peacock, Richard D., Kuligowski, Erica D. and Averill, Jason D., (eds.) Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics. Springer, New York / Dordrecht / Heidelberg / London, pp. 129-138. ISBN 978-1-4419-9724-1, (e-ISBN) 978-1-4419-9725-8 (doi:10.1007/978-1-4419-9725-8_12)

model

Galea, Edwin R., Owen, Mathew and Lawrence, Peter J. (1996) Computer modelling of human behaviour in aircraft fire accidents. Toxicology, 115 (1-3). pp. 63-78. ISSN 0300-483X (doi:10.1016/S0300-483X(96)03495-6)

Gwynne, S.M.V. and Kuligowski, E.D. (2009) Simulating a building as a people movement system. Journal of Fire Sciences, 27 (4). pp. 343-368. ISSN 0734-9041 (Print), 1530-8049 (Online) (doi:10.1177/0734904109102387)

modelling

Christakis, Nicholas, Chapelle, Pierre, Patel, Mayur, Cross, Mark, Bridle, Ian, Abou-Chakra, Hadi and Baxter, John (2002) Utilising computational fluid dynamics (CFD) for the modelling of granular material in large-scale engineering processes. In: Computational Science - ICCS 2002: International Conference Amsterdam, The Netherlands, April 21–24, 2002 Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Part 1 (2329). Springer Berlin Heidelberg, Berlin, Heidelberg, Germany, pp. 743-752. ISBN 9783540435914 ISSN 0302-9743 (Print), 1611-3349 (Online) (doi:10.1007/3-540-46043-8_75)

Frost, Ian, Patel, Mayur, Galea, Edwin R., Rymacrzyk, P. and Mawhinney, Robert (2001) A semi-automated approach to CAD input into field based fire modelling tools. In: Conference Proceedings: Interflam 2001: 9th International Fire Science and Engineering Conference. Interscience Communications Ltd., Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 1421-1426. ISBN 1899991832

Galea, E.R., Filippidis, L., Wang, Z., Lawrence, P.J. and Ewer, J. (2011) Evacuation analysis of 1000+ seat blended wing body aircraft configuration: computer simulations and full-scale evacuation experiment. In: Peacock, Richard D., Kuligowski, Erica D. and Averill, Jason D., (eds.) Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics. Springer USA, pp. 149-151. ISBN 9781441997241 (Print), 9781441997258 (Online) (doi:10.1007/978-1-4419-9725-8_14)

Kinsey, Michael J., Galea, Edwin R., Lawrence, Peter J., Blackshields, Darren, Hulse, Lynn, Day, Rachel and Sharp, Gary (2010) Modelling pedestrian escalator behaviour. In: Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics 2008. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, Berlin / Heidelberg, Germany, pp. 689-695. ISBN 978-3-642-04503-5 (print), 978-3-642-04503-5 (eISBN) (doi:10.1007/978-3-642-04504-2_66)

Xue, Xiangdong, Patel, Mayur, Kersaudy-Kerhoas, Maïwenn, Bailey, Christopher, Desmulliez, Marc P.Y. and Topham, David (2009) Effect of fluid dynamics and device mechanism on biofluid behaviour in microchannel systems: modelling biofluids in a microchannel biochip separator. International Conference on Electronic Packaging Technology & High Density Packaging, 2009. ICEPT-HDP '09. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc., Piscataway, NJ, USA, pp. 179-186. ISBN 978-1-4244-4659-9 (doi:10.1109/ICEPT.2009.5270767)

Yao, Jun, Yao, Yufeng, Patel, Mayur and Mason, Peter J. (2007) On Reynolds number and scaling effects in microchannel flows. The European Physical Journal Applied Physics, 37 (2). pp. 229-235. ISSN 1286-0042 (doi:10.1051/epjap:2007010)

modelling and simulation

Xue, Xiangdong, Marson, Silvia, Patel, Mayur K., Bailey, Chris, O'Neill, William, Topham, David, Kay, Robert W. and Desmulliez, Marc P.Y. (2011) Progress towards the design and numerical analysis of a 3D microchannel biochip separator. International Journal for Numerical Methods in Biomedical Engineering, 27 (11). pp. 1771-1792. ISSN 2040-7939 (Print), 2040-7947 (Online) (doi:10.1002/cnm.1439)

modelling biofluids

Xue, Xiangdong, Patel, Mayur K., Bailey, Chris, Kersaudy-Kerhoas, Maïwenn and Desmulliez, Marc P.Y. (2008) Challenges in modelling biofluids in microchannels. In: 2nd Electronics System-Integration Technology Conference, 2008. ESTC 2008. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc., Piscataway, NJ, USA, pp. 287-292. ISBN 978-1-4244-2814-4 (Print) 978-1-4244-2813-7 (Online) (doi:10.1109/ESTC.2008.4684363)

modelling simulation

Kauriala, M. J. (1999) Calculation of smoke ventilation in building fires including atriums. MRes thesis, University of Greenwich.

models

Gwynne, Steve (2011) Representing egress data. Fire and Materials, 36 (5-6). pp. 441-457. ISSN 0308-0501 (Print), 1099-1018 (Online) (doi:10.1002/fam.1106)

modified EDM

Wang, Zhaozhi, Jia, Fuchen, Galea, Edwin R. and Patel, Mayur (2007) Predicting toxic species concentrations in a full-scale vitiated fire. Interflam 2007 11th International Fire Science and Engineering Conference. Interflam, 2 . Interscience Communications Ltd, London, pp. 1047-1058. ISBN 9780954121693

momentum

Shala, Mehmet, Patel, Mayur and Pericleous, Koulis A. (2006) Unstructured staggered mesh methods for fluid flow, heat transfer and phase change. WSEAS Transactions on Fluid Mechanics, 1 (5). pp. 431-438. ISSN 1790-5087

Shala, Mehmet, Pericleous, Koulis A. and Patel, Mayur (2007) Numerical simulation of incompressible flow problems using an unstructured staggered mesh method. Journal of Algorithms and Computational Technology, 1 (3). pp. 273-302. ISSN 1748-3018 (doi:10.1260/174830107782424066)

Shala, Mehmet, Pericleous, Koulis A. and Patel, Mayur (2006) A two dimensional unstructured staggered mesh method with special treatment of tangential velocity. In: 4th WSEAS International Conference on Fluid Mechanics and Aerodynamics, August 21-23, 2006, Elounda, Greece.

morbidity

Kocher, H.M., Linklater, K., Patel, S. and Ellul, J.P.M. (2001) Epidemiological study of oesophageal and gastric cancer in south-east England. British Journal of Surgery, 88 (9). pp. 1249-1257. ISSN 0007-1323 (Print), 1365-2168 (Online) (doi:10.1046/j.0007-1323.2001.01847.x)

movement of large numbers of people

Galea, E.R., Lawrence, P.J., Gwynne, S., Filippidis, L., Blackshields, D. and Cooney, D. (2013) buildingEXODUS v6.0. Manual. Fire Safety Engineering Group, School of Computing, Mathematics and Statistics, Greenwich, London.

MPI

Grandison, Angus, Galea, Edwin R., Patel, Mayur and Ewer, John (2007) Parallel CFD fire modelling on office PCs with dynamic load balancing. International Journal for Numerical Methods in Fluids, 55 (1). pp. 29-39. ISSN 0271-2091 (doi:10.1002/fld.1278)

multi-physics

Cross, Mark, Croft, Nick, Slone, Avril, Williams, Alison, Christakis, Nicholas, Patel, Mayur, Bailey, Christopher and Pericleous, Koulis A. (2007) Computational modelling of multi-physics and multi-scale processes in parallel. International Journal for Computational Methods and Engineering Science and Mechanics, 8 (2). pp. 63-74. ISSN 1550-2287 (doi:10.1080/15502280601149510)

multi-physics modelling

Cross, M., Lyster, C, Bailey, C., Croft, N., Ewer, J., Leggett, P., McManus, K., Pericleous, K.A. and Patel, M.K. (1996) PHYSICA - A software environment for the modelling of multi-physics phenomena. ZAMM - Journal of Applied Mathematics and Mechanics / Zeitschrift für Angewandte Mathematik und Mechanik, 76 (S4). pp. 105-108. ISSN 0044-2267 (Print), 1521-4001 (Online) (doi:10.1002/zamm.19960761408)

multi-scale

Cross, Mark, Croft, Nick, Slone, Avril, Williams, Alison, Christakis, Nicholas, Patel, Mayur, Bailey, Christopher and Pericleous, Koulis A. (2007) Computational modelling of multi-physics and multi-scale processes in parallel. International Journal for Computational Methods and Engineering Science and Mechanics, 8 (2). pp. 63-74. ISSN 1550-2287 (doi:10.1080/15502280601149510)

Djambazov, G.S., Lai, C.-H., Pericleous, K.A. and Wang, Z.-K. (2002) A coarse grid extraction of sound signals for computational aeroacoustics. International Journal for Numerical Methods in Fluids, 40 (12). pp. 1515-1525. ISSN 0271-2091 (Print), 1097-0363 (Online) (doi:10.1002/fld.408)

multi-scale problems

Djambazov, Georgi S., Lai, Choi-Hong, Pericleous, Koulis A. and Wang, Zong-Kang (2002) A defect correction method for multi-scale problems in computational aeroacoustics. In: Recent Developments in Domain Decomposition Methods. Lecture Notes in Computational Science and Engineering (23). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, Germany, pp. 147-156. ISBN 9783540434139 ISSN 1439-7358

multicriteria decision-making model

Machado Tavares, Rodrigo, Lopes Tavares, J.M. and Parry-Jones, S.L. (2008) The use of a mathematical multicriteria decision-making model for selecting the fire origin room. Building and Environment, 43 (12). pp. 2090-2100. ISSN 0360-1323 (doi:10.1016/j.buildenv.2007.12.010)

narrow body aircraft

Galea, Edwin R., Togher, Madeleine and Lawrence, Peter (2007) Investigating the impact of exit availability on egress time using computer based evacuation simulation. Proceedings of the 5th Triennial International Fire and Cabin Safety Research Conference, Atlantic City, 29 Oct.-1 Nov. 2007. Federal Aviation Administration, Washington DC.

naval architecture

Boxall, P., Gwynne, S., Filippidis, L., Galea, E.R. and Cooney, D. (2005) Advanced evacuation simulation software and its use in warships. In: Royal Institution of Naval Architects International Conference - Human Factors in Ship Design, Safety and Operation. Royal Institution of Naval Architects, London, UK, pp. 49-56. ISBN 9781905040094

Deere, S.J., Galea, E.R. and Lawrence, P.J. (2007) A systematic methodology to assess the impact of human factors in ship design. Applied Mathematical Modelling, 33 (2). pp. 867-883. ISSN 0307-904X (doi:10.1016/j.apm.2007.12.014)

naval personnel

Gwynne, S., Filippidis, L., Galea, E.R., Cooney, D. and Boxall, P. (2007) Data collection in support of the modelling of naval vessels. In: Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics 2005. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, Berlin Heidelberg, pp. 443-454. ISBN 9783540470625 (doi:10.1007/978-3-540-47064-9_42)

naval vessels

Boxall, P., Gwynne, S., Filippidis, L., Galea, E.R. and Cooney, D. (2005) Advanced evacuation simulation software and its use in warships. In: Royal Institution of Naval Architects International Conference - Human Factors in Ship Design, Safety and Operation. Royal Institution of Naval Architects, London, UK, pp. 49-56. ISBN 9781905040094

neural networks

Zhao, Jun, Patel, Mayur and Knight, Brian (1996) A self-organising neural network for optimal grid distribution. CMS Paper S, 9 (6). CMS Press, London. ISBN 1899991115 (doi:978-1899991112)

normalized yields

Wang, Zhaozhi, Jia, Fuchen and Galea, E.R. (2010) A generalized relationship between the normalized yields of carbon monoxide and hydrogen cyanide. Fire and Materials, 35 (8). pp. 577-591. ISSN 0308-0501 (Print), 1099-1018 (Online) (doi:10.1002/fam.1076)

North Tower

Galea, E.R., Lawrence, P.J., Blake, S.J., Gwynne, S. and Westeng, H. (2004) A preliminary investigation of the evacuation of the WTC North Tower using computer simulation. In: 3rd International Symposium on Human Behaviour in Fire: Conference Proceedings. Interscience Communications Ltd., Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 167-180. ISBN 095412166X

notification

Gwynne, S.M.V. and Boswell, D.L. (2009) Pre-evacuation data collected from a mid-rise evacuation exercise. Journal of Fire Protection Engineering, 19 (1). pp. 5-29. ISSN 1042-3915 (Print), 1532-172X (Online) (doi:10.1177/1042391508095093)

notification technology

Gwynne, S.M.V., Boswell, D.L. and Proulx, G. (2009) Understanding the effectiveness of notification technologies in assisting vulnerable populations. Journal of Fire Protection Engineering, 19 (1). pp. 31-49. ISSN 1042-3915 (Print), 1532-172X (Online) (doi:10.1177/1042391508095094)

numerical analysis

Kauriala, M. J. (1999) Calculation of smoke ventilation in building fires including atriums. MRes thesis, University of Greenwich.

numerical modelling

Djambazov, George Stefanov, Bailey, Chris, Patel, Mayur K. and Shrimpton, Jennifer (2004) Numerical simulation of vacuum dezincing of lead alloy. In: TMS 2004 133rd TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition 2004, 14-18 Mar 2004, Charlotte, North Carolina, USA. (Unpublished)

numerical models

Woon, Fei Ling, Knight, Brian, Petridis, Miltos, Chapelle, Pierre and Patel, Mayur (2004) Enhancing the usability of numerical models with case-based reasoning. Journal of Expert Update, 7 (2). pp. 17-20. ISSN 1465-4091

numerical optimisation

Alessandri, E., Buchlin, J.M. and Patel, Mayur (1996) Numerical optimisation of water curtain barriers design. Technical Report. University of Greenwich, London. (doi:1899991166)

numerical optimisation techniques

Machado Tavares, R. and Galea, E.R. (2009) Evacuation modelling analysis within the operational research context: a combined approach for improving enclosure designs. Building and Environment, 44 (5). pp. 1005-1016. ISSN 0360-1323 (doi:10.1016/j.buildenv.2008.07.019)

Machado Tavares, Rodrigo (2011) The use of numerical optimisation techniques in computational fire engineering models: a study through evacuation modelling analyses. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

Machado Tavares, Rodrigo and Galea, Edwin R. (2010) Numerical optimisation techniques applied to evacuation analysis. In: Klingsch, W.W.F., Rogsch, C., Schadschneider, A. and Schreckenberg, M., (eds.) Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics 2008. Springer-Verlag, Berlin / Heidelberg, Germany, pp. 555-561. ISBN 978-3-642-04503-5 (Print), 978-3-642-04504-2 (Online) (doi:10.1007/978-3-642-04504-2_49)

numerical schemes

Shala, Mehmet, Patel, Mayur and Pericleous, Koulis A. (2006) Unstructured staggered mesh methods for fluid flow, heat transfer and phase change. WSEAS Transactions on Fluid Mechanics, 1 (5). pp. 431-438. ISSN 1790-5087

Shala, Mehmet, Pericleous, Koulis A. and Patel, Mayur (2006) A two dimensional unstructured staggered mesh method with special treatment of tangential velocity. In: 4th WSEAS International Conference on Fluid Mechanics and Aerodynamics, August 21-23, 2006, Elounda, Greece.

numerical simulation

Aarons, Tracy (2000) Using the "Guide to safety at sports grounds" and the buildingEXODUS software. MRes thesis, University of Greenwich.

Galea, E., Lawrence, P., Blake, S., Dixon, A. and Westeng, H. (2007) The 2001 World Trade Centre evacuation. In: Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics 2005. Springer, Berlin / Heidelberg, pp. 225-238. ISBN 9783540470625 (doi:10.1007/978-3-540-47064-9_20)

Westeng, Helen (2004) Evacuation dynamics of the World Trade Center disaster. MRes thesis, University of Greenwich.

numerical simulations

Chapelle, Pierre, Christakis, Nicholas, Abou-Chakra, Hadi, Bridle, Ian, Bradley, M.S.A., Patel, Mayur and Cross, Mark (2004) Computational model for prediction of particle degradation during dilute-phase pneumatic conveying: modeling of dilute-phase pneumatic conveying. Advanced Powder Technology, 15 (1). pp. 31-49. ISSN 0921-8831 (Print), 1568-5527 (Online) (doi:10.1163/15685520460740052)

Nusselt number

Yao, Jun, Yao, Yufeng, Patel, Mayur and Mason, Peter J. (2007) On Reynolds number and scaling effects in microchannel flows. The European Physical Journal Applied Physics, 37 (2). pp. 229-235. ISSN 1286-0042 (doi:10.1051/epjap:2007010)

observation

Xie, Hui, Filippidis, Lazaros, Galea, Edwin R., Gwynne, Steve, Blackshields, Darren and Lawrence, Peter (2007) Experimental study and theoretical analysis of signage legibility distances as a function of observation angle. In: Waldau, Nathalie, Gattermann, Peter, Knoflacher, Hermann and Schreckenberg, Michael, (eds.) Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics 2005. Springer Berlin, Berlin, pp. 131-143. ISBN 9783540470625 (doi:10.1007/978-3-540-47064-9_12)

obsession

Thorpe, S.J., Patel, S.P. and Simonds, L.M. (2003) The relationship between disgust sensitivity, anxiety and obsessions. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 41 (12). pp. 1397-1409. ISSN 0005-7967 (doi:10.1016/S0005-7967(03)00058-5)

obsessive-compulsive disorder

Thorpe, S.J., Patel, S.P. and Simonds, L.M. (2003) The relationship between disgust sensitivity, anxiety and obsessions. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 41 (12). pp. 1397-1409. ISSN 0005-7967 (doi:10.1016/S0005-7967(03)00058-5)

occupant behavior

Gwynne, S., Galea, E.R., Owen, M. and Lawrence, P.J. (1998) An investigation of the aspects of occupant behavior required for evacuation modeling. Journal of Applied Fire Science, 8 (1). pp. 19-59. ISSN 1044-4300 (Print), 1541-4183 (Online) (doi:10.2190/5P9K-K46K-CCN6-00B0)

OCD

Thorpe, S.J., Patel, S.P. and Simonds, L.M. (2003) The relationship between disgust sensitivity, anxiety and obsessions. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 41 (12). pp. 1397-1409. ISSN 0005-7967 (doi:10.1016/S0005-7967(03)00058-5)

office-based PCs

Grandison, A.J., Galea, E.R., Patel, M.K. and Ewer, J. (2004) The development of parallel implementation for a CFD based fire field model utilising conventional office based PCs. Journal of Applied Fire Science, 12 (2). pp. 137-157. ISSN 1044-4300 (Print), 1541-4183 (Online) (doi:10.2190/AGH5-EXUR-J110-HPHE)

online

Gwynne, Steve (2011) Representing egress data. Fire and Materials, 36 (5-6). pp. 441-457. ISSN 0308-0501 (Print), 1099-1018 (Online) (doi:10.1002/fam.1106)

onset age

Kocher, H.M., Linklater, K., Patel, S. and Ellul, J.P.M. (2001) Epidemiological study of oesophageal and gastric cancer in south-east England. British Journal of Surgery, 88 (9). pp. 1249-1257. ISSN 0007-1323 (Print), 1365-2168 (Online) (doi:10.1046/j.0007-1323.2001.01847.x)

open architecture

Taylor, S., Galea, E.R., Ewer, J., Patel, M.K., Petridis, M. and Knight, B. (1998) SMARTFIRE: an intelligent CFD-based fire model. CMS Press, Greenwich, London, UK. ISBN 1899991301

open area

Grandison, Angus, Muthu, Yasmina, Lawrence, Peter and Galea, Edwin R. (2007) Simulating the evacuation of very large populations in large domains using a parallel implementation of the buildingEXODUS evacuation model. Interflam 2007 11th International Fire Science and Engineering Conference. Interscience Communications, Greenwich, pp. 259-270. ISBN 9780954121686

optimal location

Machado Tavares, Rodrigo and Galea, Edwin R. (2010) Numerical optimisation techniques applied to evacuation analysis. In: Klingsch, W.W.F., Rogsch, C., Schadschneider, A. and Schreckenberg, M., (eds.) Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics 2008. Springer-Verlag, Berlin / Heidelberg, Germany, pp. 555-561. ISBN 978-3-642-04503-5 (Print), 978-3-642-04504-2 (Online) (doi:10.1007/978-3-642-04504-2_49)

oscillatory flow behaviour

Kerrison, L., Galea, E.R. and Patel, M.K. (1998) A two-dimensional numerical investigation of the oscillatory flow behaviour in rectangular fire compartments with a single horizontal ceiling vent. Fire Safety Journal, 30 (4). pp. 357-382. ISSN 0379-7112 (doi:10.1016/S0379-7112(97)00042-8)

paediatrics

Patel, S. P., Järvelin, M.-R. and Little, M. P. (2002) Review of worldwide variations of asthma prevalence in children. In: 2nd Conference on Epidemiological Longitudinal Studies in Europe, 12–14 Jun 2002, Oulu, Finland.

parallel

Cross, Mark, Croft, Nick, Slone, Avril, Williams, Alison, Christakis, Nicholas, Patel, Mayur, Bailey, Christopher and Pericleous, Koulis A. (2007) Computational modelling of multi-physics and multi-scale processes in parallel. International Journal for Computational Methods and Engineering Science and Mechanics, 8 (2). pp. 63-74. ISSN 1550-2287 (doi:10.1080/15502280601149510)

parallel processing

Grandison, Angus, Galea, Edwin R., Patel, Mayur and Ewer, John (2007) Parallel CFD fire modelling on office PCs with dynamic load balancing. International Journal for Numerical Methods in Fluids, 55 (1). pp. 29-39. ISSN 0271-2091 (doi:10.1002/fld.1278)

Grandison, Angus, Muthu, Yasmina, Lawrence, Peter and Galea, Edwin R. (2007) Simulating the evacuation of very large populations in large domains using a parallel implementation of the buildingEXODUS evacuation model. Interflam 2007 11th International Fire Science and Engineering Conference. Interscience Communications, Greenwich, pp. 259-270. ISBN 9780954121686

parallel processing techniques

Grandison, A.J., Galea, E.R., Patel, M.K. and Ewer, J. (2004) The development of parallel implementation for a CFD based fire field model utilising conventional office based PCs. Journal of Applied Fire Science, 12 (2). pp. 137-157. ISSN 1044-4300 (Print), 1541-4183 (Online) (doi:10.2190/AGH5-EXUR-J110-HPHE)

PARAMARINE

Andrews, D., Casarosa, L., Deere, Steven, Galea, Edwin R., Lawrence, Peter and Pawling, R. (2007) Integrating personnel movement simulation into preliminary ship design. Human Factors in Ship Design, Safety and Operation, 21-22 March 2007, London, UK. Royal Institution of Naval Architects, London, UK, pp. 117-128. ISBN 1905040342

Andrews, D., Casarosa, L., Pawling, R., Galea, E., Deere, S. and Lawrence, P. (2008) Integrating personnel movement simulation into prelimary ship design. Transactions of The Royal Institution of Naval Architects Part A: International Journal of Maritime Engineering, 150 (1). pp. 19-34. ISSN 1479-8751 (Print), 1740-0716 (Online)

parameterisation

Baxter, John, Gröger, Torsten, Abou-Chakra, Hadi, Tüzün, Ugur, Christakis, Nicholas, Patel, Mayur K. and Cross, Mark (2002) Micro-mechanical parameterisations for continuum modelling of granular material using the discrete element method. In: Fifth World Congress on Computational Mechanics (WCCM V), 7-12 Jul 2002, Vienna, Austria.

participation

Gwynne, Steve (2008) Developing inclusive emergency procedures. In: Fire Safety Science - Proceedings of the Ninth International Symposium. IAFSS Symposiums (9). International Association for Fire Safety Science, Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 377-388. ISSN 1817-4299 (doi:10.3801/IAFSS.FSS.9-377)

Gwynne, Steve (2008) Helping people on their own terms: developing inclusive emergency procedures. Fire Technology, 44 (4). pp. 439-461. ISSN 0015-2684 (doi:10.1007/s10694-007-0039-z)

particle concentration

Deng, T., Chaudhry, A.R., Patel, M., Hutchings, I. and Bradley, M.S.A. (2004) Effect of particle concentration on erosion rate of mild steel bends in a pneumatic conveyor. Wear, 258 (1-4). pp. 480-487. ISSN 0043-1648 (doi:10.1016/j.wear.2004.08.001)

particle degradation

Chapelle, P., Christakis, N., Abou-Chakra, H., Tuzun, U., Bridle, I., Bradley, M.S.A., Patel, M.K. and Cross, M. (2003) Computational modelling of particle degradation in dilute phase pneumatic conveyors. In: Kumar, Vipin, Gavrilova, Marina L., Tan, Chih Jeng Kenneth and L’Ecuyer, Pierre, (eds.) Computational Science and Its Applications - ICCSA 2003. International Conference Montreal, Canada, May 18–21, 2003 Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Part I (2667). Springer, Berlin Heidelberg, pp. 493-502. ISBN 9783540401551 (doi:10.1007/3-540-44839-X_53)

passenger exit selection

Galea, Edwin R. and Lawrence, Peter (2009) An investigation of passenger exit selection decisions in aircraft evacuation situations. Human Behaviour in Fire 2009 - Conference Proceedings. Interscience Communications Ltd., Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 421-432. ISBN 978-0-9556548-3-1

passenger liners

Gyngell, Jenny and Galea, Ed (2004) The European Union Fire-Exit Project - improving maritime safety. Cruise Ship Interiors International, 2004 (Summer). pp. 60-65.

passenger loads

Blake, S., Galea, E.R., Gwynne, S., Lawrence, P. and Filippidis, L. (2001) Examining the effect of exit separation on aircraft evacuation performance using evacuation modelling techniques: "Is the 60 foot rule relevant?". CMS Press, Greenwich, London, UK. ISBN 1899991727

Blake, S.J., Galea, E.R., Gwynne, S., Lawrence, P.J. and Filippidis, L. (2002) Examining the effect of exit separation on aircraft evacuation performance during 90-second certification trials using evacuation modelling techniques. The Aeronautical Journal, 106 (1055). pp. 1-16. ISSN 0001-9240

passenger response time

Deere, S., Galea, E.R., Lawrence, P., Filippidis, L. and Gwynne, S. (2006) The impact of the passenger response time distribution on ship evacuation performance. Transactions of the Royal Institution of Naval Architects Part A: International Journal of Maritime Engineering, 148 (1). pp. 35-44. ISSN 1479-8751

passenger response time distributions

Galea, Edwin R., Deere, Steven, Sharp, Gary, Filippidis, Lazaros, Lawrence, Peter and Gwynne, Steve (2007) Recommendations on the nature of the passenger response time distribution to be used in the MSC 1033 assembly time analysis based on data derived from sea trials. International Journal of Maritime Engineering, 149 (A1). pp. 15-29. ISSN 1479-8751

passenger response times

Galea, Edwin R., Deere, Steven, Sharp, Gary, Filippidis, Lazaros, Lawrence, Peter and Gwynne, Steve (2007) Safety: new model for ship evacuation. The Naval Architect. pp. 8-10. ISSN 0306-0209

passenger safety

Galea, E.R., Owen, M., Lawrence, P. and Filippidis, L. (1997) The numerical simulation of aircraft evacuation and its application to aircraft design and certification. CMS Press, Greenwich, London, UK. ISBN 189999128X

Galea, Edwin R., Brown, Rob, Filippidis, Lazaros and Deere, Steven (2010) The SAFEGUARD project: collection and preliminary analysis of assembly data for large passenger vessels at sea. Compit'10, 9th International Conference on Computer and IT Applications in the Maritime Industries. Compit'10, 9th International Conference on Computer and IT Applications in the Maritime Industries, pp. 424-433. ISBN 9783892206491

passenger ships

Brown, R., Galea, E.R., Deere, S. and Filippidis, L. (2013) Passenger response time data-sets for large passenger ferries and cruise ships derived from sea trials. Transactions of the Royal Institution of Naval Architects, International Journal of Maritime Engineering, 155 (A1). pp. 33-48. ISSN 1479-8751

Galea, E., Gwynne, S., Blackshields, D., Filippidis, L. and Lawrence, P. (2001) Predicting the evacuation performance of passenger ships using computer simulation. In: Conference Proceedings: Interflam 2001: 9th International Fire Science and Engineering Conference. Interscience Communications Ltd., Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 853-864. ISBN 0953231291

PC

Grandison, Angus, Galea, Edwin R., Patel, Mayur and Ewer, John (2007) Parallel CFD fire modelling on office PCs with dynamic load balancing. International Journal for Numerical Methods in Fluids, 55 (1). pp. 29-39. ISSN 0271-2091 (doi:10.1002/fld.1278)

pedestrian behaviour

Kinsey, Michael J., Galea, Edwin R., Lawrence, Peter J., Blackshields, Darren, Hulse, Lynn, Day, Rachel and Sharp, Gary (2010) Modelling pedestrian escalator behaviour. In: Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics 2008. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, Berlin / Heidelberg, Germany, pp. 689-695. ISBN 978-3-642-04503-5 (print), 978-3-642-04503-5 (eISBN) (doi:10.1007/978-3-642-04504-2_66)

pedestrian dynamics

Deere, S.J., Galea, E.R. and Lawrence, P.J. (2007) A systematic methodology to assess the impact of human factors in ship design. Applied Mathematical Modelling, 33 (2). pp. 867-883. ISSN 0307-904X (doi:10.1016/j.apm.2007.12.014)

Galea, Ed (2003) World in motion. Fire Prevention & Fire Engineers Journal, 2003 (August). pp. 16-17. ISSN 1478-3576

Gwynne, S.M.V. and Siddiqui, A.A. (2013) Understanding and simulating large crowds. In: Traffic and Granular Flow '11 [Conference Proceedings]. Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, Berlin Heidelberg, Germany, pp. 217-239. ISBN 9783642396687 (doi:10.1007/978-3-642-39669-4_22)

Hollmann, Claudia, Lawrence, Peter and Galea, Edwin (2011) Introducing emotion modelling to agent-based pedestrian circulation simulation. In: Peacock, Richard D., Kuligowski, Erica D. and Averill, Jason D., (eds.) Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics. Springer, New York / Dordrecht / Heidelberg / London, pp. 799-803. ISBN 978-1-4419-9724-1, (e-ISBN) 978-1-4419-9725-8 (doi:10.1007/978-1-4419-9725-8_77)

Siddiqui, A.A. and Gwynne, S.M.V. (2011) Employing pedestrian observations in engineering analysis. Safety Science, 50 (3). pp. 478-493. ISSN 0925-7535 (doi:10.1016/j.ssci.2011.10.011)

pedestrian escalator behaviour

Kinsey, Michael J., Galea, Edwin R. and Lawrence, Peter (2009) Extended model of pedestrian escalator behaviour based on data collected within a Chinese underground station. 4th International Symposium on Human Behaviour in Fire 2009: Conference Proceedings. Interscience Communications Ltd, London, UK, pp. 173-182. ISBN 978-0-9556548-3-1

pedestrians

Filippidis, L., Gwynne, S., Galea, E.R. and Lawrence, P. (2003) Simulating the interaction of pedestrians with wayfinding systems. In: Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics 2003: Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference. CMS Press, Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 39-50. ISBN 1904521088

Galea, Edwin R. (ed.) (2003) Pedestrian and evacuation dynamics 2003: proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics, Greenwich, UK, 20-22 August 2003. In: Galea, Edwin R., (ed.) CMS Press/University of Greenwich, London, UK. ISBN 9781904521082

people

Galea, Ed, Gwynne, S., Lawrence, P. and Wang, Z. (2004) The representation of occupant sensitivity to irritant fire gases within evacuation analysis. In: Conference Proceedings: Interflam 2004: 10th International Fire Science and Engineering Conference. Interscience Communications Ltd., Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 353-364. ISBN 0954121643

people movement

Gwynne, S.M.V. and Kuligowski, E.D. (2009) Simulating a building as a people movement system. Journal of Fire Sciences, 27 (4). pp. 343-368. ISSN 0734-9041 (Print), 1530-8049 (Online) (doi:10.1177/0734904109102387)

Gwynne, Steve and Boswell, D.L. (2009) Using human and technological resources to manage people movement. In: Fire suppression and detection research and applications: a technical working conference (SUPDET 2009). National Fire Protection Research Foundation, Orlando, Florida.

Gwynne, Steve and Kuligowski, E.D. (2008) Application modes of egress simulation. In: Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics. Springer-Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg, pp. 397-409. ISBN 9783642045035 (doi:10.1007/978-3-642-04504-2)

performance

Blake, S., Galea, E.R., Gwynne, S., Lawrence, P. and Filippidis, L. (2001) Examining the effect of exit separation on aircraft evacuation performance using evacuation modelling techniques: "Is the 60 foot rule relevant?". CMS Press, Greenwich, London, UK. ISBN 1899991727

Blake, S.J., Galea, E.R., Gwynne, S., Lawrence, P.J. and Filippidis, L. (2002) Examining the effect of exit separation on aircraft evacuation performance during 90-second certification trials using evacuation modelling techniques. The Aeronautical Journal, 106 (1055). pp. 1-16. ISSN 0001-9240

performance measures

Andrews, D., Casarosa, L., Pawling, R., Galea, E., Deere, S. and Lawrence, P. (2008) Integrating personnel movement simulation into prelimary ship design. Transactions of The Royal Institution of Naval Architects Part A: International Journal of Maritime Engineering, 150 (1). pp. 19-34. ISSN 1479-8751 (Print), 1740-0716 (Online)

performance-based codes

Machado Tavares, Rodrigo, Lopes Tavares, J.M. and Parry-Jones, S.L. (2008) The use of a mathematical multicriteria decision-making model for selecting the fire origin room. Building and Environment, 43 (12). pp. 2090-2100. ISSN 0360-1323 (doi:10.1016/j.buildenv.2007.12.010)

performance-based design

Gwynne, Steven, Kuligowski, Erica and Nilsson, Daniel (2012) Representing evacuation behavior in engineering terms. Journal of Fire Protection Engineering, 22 (2). pp. 133-150. ISSN 1042-3915 (Print), 1532-172X (Online) (doi:10.1177/1042391512436788)

peritraumatic emotion

Grimm, Anna, Hulse, Lynn, Preiss, Marek and Schmidt, Silke (2012) Post- and peritraumatic stress in disaster survivors: An explorative study about the influence of individual and event characteristics across different types of disasters. European Journal of Psychotraumatology, 3. pp. 7382-7390. ISSN 2000-8066 (doi:10.3402/ejpt.v3i0.7382)

personnel movement

Andrews, D., Casarosa, L., Deere, Steven, Galea, Edwin R., Lawrence, Peter and Pawling, R. (2007) Integrating personnel movement simulation into preliminary ship design. Human Factors in Ship Design, Safety and Operation, 21-22 March 2007, London, UK. Royal Institution of Naval Architects, London, UK, pp. 117-128. ISBN 1905040342

Andrews, D., Casarosa, L., Pawling, R., Galea, E., Deere, S. and Lawrence, P. (2008) Integrating personnel movement simulation into prelimary ship design. Transactions of The Royal Institution of Naval Architects Part A: International Journal of Maritime Engineering, 150 (1). pp. 19-34. ISSN 1479-8751 (Print), 1740-0716 (Online)

personnel training

Boxall, P., Gwynne, S., Filippidis, L., Galea, E.R. and Cooney, D. (2005) Advanced evacuation simulation software and its use in warships. In: Royal Institution of Naval Architects International Conference - Human Factors in Ship Design, Safety and Operation. Royal Institution of Naval Architects, London, UK, pp. 49-56. ISBN 9781905040094

PHYSICA

Christakis, N., Patel, M.K., Cross, M., Baxter, J., Abou-Chakra, H. and Tüzün, U. (2001) Continuum modelling of granular flows using PHYSICA, a 3-D unstructured, finite-volume code. In: Computational Modeling of Materials, Minerals and Metals Processing [Conference Proceedings]. The Mineral, Metals and Materials Society (TMS), Warrendale, PA, USA, pp. 129-138. ISBN 0873395131

Kiani, Nageena, Patel, Mayur and Lai, Choi-Hong (2007) CFD analysis of one-dimensional infiltration in vadose zone. Journal of Algorithms & Computational Technology, 1 (4). pp. 477-493. ISSN 1748-3018 (doi:10.1260/174830107783133897)

pipe flow

Yao, Jun, Yao, Yufeng, Patel, Mayur and Mason, Peter J. (2007) On Reynolds number and scaling effects in microchannel flows. The European Physical Journal Applied Physics, 37 (2). pp. 229-235. ISSN 1286-0042 (doi:10.1051/epjap:2007010)

planes

Galea, Edwin R. (2002) Simulating evacuation and circulation in planes, trains, buildings and ships using the EXODUS software. In: Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics. Springer, pp. 203-225. ISBN 9783540426905

plasma blood separation

Xue, Xiangdong, Marson, Silvia, Patel, Mayur K., Bailey, Chris, O'Neill, William, Topham, David, Kay, Robert W. and Desmulliez, Marc P.Y. (2011) Progress towards the design and numerical analysis of a 3D microchannel biochip separator. International Journal for Numerical Methods in Biomedical Engineering, 27 (11). pp. 1771-1792. ISSN 2040-7939 (Print), 2040-7947 (Online) (doi:10.1002/cnm.1439)

platinum group metals

Benson, M., Bennett, C.R., Harry, J.E., Patel, M.K. and Cross, M. (2000) The recovery mechanism of platinum group metals from catalytic converters in spent automotive exhaust systems. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 31 (1). pp. 1-7. ISSN 0921-3449 (doi:10.1016/S0921-3449(00)00062-8)

platinum-group metals

Benson, M., Bennett, C.R., Patel, M.K., Harry, J.E. and Cross, M. (2000) Collector-metal behaviour in the recovery of platinum-group metals from catalytic converters. Transactions of the Institute of Mining and Metallurgy, Section C: Mineral Processing and Extractive Metallurgy, 109 (1). pp. 6-10. ISSN 0371-9553 (Print), 1743-2855 (Online) (doi:10.1179/mpm.2000.109.1.6)

pneumatic conveyor

Deng, T., Li, J., Chaudhry, A.R., Patel, M., Hutchings, I. and Bradley, M.S.A. (2004) Comparison between weight loss of bends in a pneumatic conveyor and erosion rate obtained in a centrifugal erosion tester for the same materials. Wear, 258 (1-4). pp. 402-411. ISSN 0043-1648 (doi:10.1016/j.wear.2004.02.012)

Deng, T., Patel, M., Hutchings, I. and Bradley, M.S.A. (2004) Effect of bend orientation on life and puncture point location due to solid particle erosion of a high concentration flow in pneumatic conveyors. Wear, 258 (1-4). pp. 426-433. ISSN 0043-1648 (doi:10.1016/j.wear.2004.02.010)

pneumatic conveyors

Chapelle, P., Christakis, N., Abou-Chakra, H., Tuzun, U., Bridle, I., Bradley, M.S.A., Patel, M.K. and Cross, M. (2003) Computational modelling of particle degradation in dilute phase pneumatic conveyors. In: Kumar, Vipin, Gavrilova, Marina L., Tan, Chih Jeng Kenneth and L’Ecuyer, Pierre, (eds.) Computational Science and Its Applications - ICCSA 2003. International Conference Montreal, Canada, May 18–21, 2003 Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Part I (2667). Springer, Berlin Heidelberg, pp. 493-502. ISBN 9783540401551 (doi:10.1007/3-540-44839-X_53)

Hanson, R., Allsopp, D., Deng, T., Smith, D., Bradley, M.S.A., Hutchings, I.M. and Patel, M.K. (2002) A model to predict the life of pneumatic conveyor bends. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part E: Journal of Process Mechanical Engineering, 216 (3). pp. 143-149. ISSN 0954-4089 (Print), 2041-3009 (Online) (doi:10.1243/095440802320225284)

pollution

Rennolls, Keith, Zhang, Yong, Ramesh, Nadarajah, Chen, Anyue and Patel, Swatee (1998) Spatial models of pollution exposure from a road network: the effect on asthma. In: Barnett, Vic, Stein, Albert and Turkman, K. Feridun, (eds.) Statistical Aspects of Health and the Environment. Statistics for the Environment (4). Wiley-Blackwell, Chichester, UK, pp. 137-150. ISBN 9780471976455

pollution exposure

Rennolls, Keith, Zhang, Yong, Ramesh, Nadarajah, Chen, Anyue and Patel, Swatee (1998) Spatial models of pollution exposure from a road network: the effect on asthma. In: Barnett, Vic, Stein, Albert and Turkman, K. Feridun, (eds.) Statistical Aspects of Health and the Environment. Statistics for the Environment (4). Wiley-Blackwell, Chichester, UK, pp. 137-150. ISBN 9780471976455

portal

Gwynne, S.M.V. (2013) Improving the collection and use of human egress data. Fire Technology, 49 (1). pp. 83-99. ISSN 0015-2684 (doi:10.1007/s10694-010-0210-9)

positive pressure ventilation (PPV)

Mahalingam, Arun, Patel, Mayur K. and Galea, Edwin R. (2010) Simulation of the flow induced by positive pressure ventilation fan under wind driven conditions. In: Proceedings of the 12th International Fire Science & Engineering Conference, Interflam 2010. Interscience Communications Ltd, Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 913-924. ISBN 978-0-9556548-7-9 (set)

post-crash cabin fire

Wang, Zhaozhi, Galea, Edwin R. and Jia, Fuchen (2007) A computational study of the characteristics of aircraft post-crash fires. Proceedings of the 5th Triennial International Fire and Cabin Safety Research Conference, Atlantic City, 29 Oct.-1 Nov. 2007. Federal Aviation Administration, Washington DC.

post-crash fire

Galea, Edwin R., Wang, Zhaozhi, Togher, Madeleine, Jia, Fuchen and Lawrence, Peter (2007) Predicting the likely impact of aircraft post crash fire on aircraft evacuation using fire and evacuation simulation. Proceedings of the 5th Triennial International Fire and Cabin Safety Research Conference, Atlantic City, 29 Oct.-1 Nov. 2007. Federal Aviation Administration, Washington DC.

post-flashover

Jia, F., Galea, E.R. and Patel, M.K. (1999) The numerical simulation of noncharring thermal degradation and its application to the prediction of compartment fire development. In: Fire Safety Science: Proceedings of the Sixth International Symposium. IAFSS Symposiums (6). International Association for Fire Safety Science, Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 953-964. ISBN 0925223255 (doi:10.3801/IAFSS.FSS.6-953)

posttraumatic stress

Grimm, Anna, Hulse, Lynn, Preiss, Marek and Schmidt, Silke (2012) Post- and peritraumatic stress in disaster survivors: An explorative study about the influence of individual and event characteristics across different types of disasters. European Journal of Psychotraumatology, 3. pp. 7382-7390. ISSN 2000-8066 (doi:10.3402/ejpt.v3i0.7382)

pre-evacuation

Gwynne, S., Galea, E.R., Parke, J. and Hickson, J. (2003) The collection and analysis of pre-evacuation times derived from evacuation trials and their application to evacuation modelling. Fire Technology, 39 (2). pp. 173-195. ISSN 0015-2684 (Print), 1572-8099 (Online) (doi:10.1023/A:1024212214120)

Gwynne, S., Galea, E.R., Parke, J. and Hickson, J. (2003) The collection of pre-evacuation times from evacuation trials involving a Hospital Outpatient area and a University Library facility. In: Fire Safety Science: Proceedings of the Seventh International Symposium. IAFSS Symposiums (7). International Association for Fire Safety Science, Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 877-888. ISBN 0954534808 (doi:10.3801/IAFSS.FSS.7-877)

pre-evacuation delay

Day, Rachel C., Hulse, Lynn M. and Galea, Edwin R. (2013) Response phase behaviours and response time predictors of the 9/11 World Trade Center evacuation. Fire Technology, 49 (3). pp. 657-678. ISSN 0015-2684 (Print), 1572-8099 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10694-012-0282-9)

pre-evacuation time

Gwynne, S.M.V. and Boswell, D.L. (2009) Pre-evacuation data collected from a mid-rise evacuation exercise. Journal of Fire Protection Engineering, 19 (1). pp. 5-29. ISSN 1042-3915 (Print), 1532-172X (Online) (doi:10.1177/1042391508095093)

Gwynne, S.M.V., Boswell, D.L. and Proulx, G. (2009) Understanding the effectiveness of notification technologies in assisting vulnerable populations. Journal of Fire Protection Engineering, 19 (1). pp. 31-49. ISSN 1042-3915 (Print), 1532-172X (Online) (doi:10.1177/1042391508095094)

pre-evacuation time data

Machado Tavares, Rodrigo, Gwynne, Steve and Galea, Edwin (2007) Collection and analysis of pre-evacuation time data collected from evacuation trials conducted in library facilities in Brazil. Journal of Applied Fire Science, 15 (1). pp. 23-40. ISSN 1044-4300 (Print), 1541-4183 (Online) (doi:10.2190/AF.15.1.b)

pre-warning

Zachary Au, S.Y., Gwynne, Steven M.V. and Purser, David (2011) Pre-warning delay - staff response in emergencies. In: International Scientific and Technical Conference “Emergency Evacuation of People from Buildings” (EMEVAC), 31 Mar - 1 Apr 2011, Warsaw, Poland.

preconditioned conjugate gradient method

Deng, Naiyang, Wang, Zhaozhi and Zhang, Jianzhong (2001) An improved inexact Newton's method for unary optimization. Optimization Methods and Software, 15 (3-4). pp. 257-282. ISSN 1055-6788 (Print), 1029-4937 (Online) (doi:10.1080/10556780108805821)

predictions

Gwynne, S., Galea, E.R., Lawrence, P.J., Owen, M. and Filippidis, L. (1998) A systematic comparison of model predictions produced by the buildingExodus evacuation model and the Tsukuba Pavilion evacuation data. Journal of Applied Fire Science, 7 (3). pp. 235-266. ISSN 1044-4300 (Print), 1541-4183 (Online) (doi:10.2190/6W20-VM9D-Y3F2-QGHE)

process engineering industry

Christakis, Nicholas, Chapelle, Pierre, Patel, Mayur, Cross, Mark, Bridle, Ian, Abou-Chakra, Hadi and Baxter, John (2002) Utilising computational fluid dynamics (CFD) for the modelling of granular material in large-scale engineering processes. In: Computational Science - ICCS 2002: International Conference Amsterdam, The Netherlands, April 21–24, 2002 Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Part 1 (2329). Springer Berlin Heidelberg, Berlin, Heidelberg, Germany, pp. 743-752. ISBN 9783540435914 ISSN 0302-9743 (Print), 1611-3349 (Online) (doi:10.1007/3-540-46043-8_75)

prototype systems

Taylor, Stephen John (1997) An investigation into automation of fire field modelling techniques. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

psychology

Galea, Ed (2003) Passenger behaviour in emergency situations. In: Bor, Robert, (ed.) Passenger Behaviour. Edited by Robert Bor, published by Ashgate. Ashgate, Farnham, Surrey, UK, pp. 128-182. ISBN 9780754609360

Gwynne, Steve (2000) The introduction of adaptive social decision-making in the mathematical modelling of egress behaviour. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

puncture point

Deng, T., Patel, M., Hutchings, I. and Bradley, M.S.A. (2004) Effect of bend orientation on life and puncture point location due to solid particle erosion of a high concentration flow in pneumatic conveyors. Wear, 258 (1-4). pp. 426-433. ISSN 0043-1648 (doi:10.1016/j.wear.2004.02.010)

pyrolysis

Jia, F., Galea, E.R. and Patel, M.K. (1999) The numerical simulation of noncharring thermal degradation and its application to the prediction of compartment fire development. In: Fire Safety Science: Proceedings of the Sixth International Symposium. IAFSS Symposiums (6). International Association for Fire Safety Science, Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 953-964. ISBN 0925223255 (doi:10.3801/IAFSS.FSS.6-953)

Jia, F., Galea, E.R. and Patel, M.K. (1999) The numerical simulation of the noncharring pyrolysis process and fire development within a compartment. Applied Mathematical Modelling, 23 (8). pp. 587-607. ISSN 0307-904X (doi:10.1016/S0307-904X(99)00003-7)

Jia, F., Galea, E.R. and Patel, M.K. (1997) The prediction of fire propagation in enclosure fires. In: Fire Safety Science: Proceedings of the fifth international symposium. International Association for Fire Safety Science, Greenwich, London, pp. 439-450. ISBN 4990062555 ISSN 1817-4299 (doi:10.3801/IAFSS.FSS.5-439)

Jia, Fuchen, Galea, Edwin and Patel, Mayur (1998) The numerical simulation of enclosure fires using a Cfd fire field model coupled with a pyrolysis based solid fuel combustion submodel—a first approximation. Journal of Fire Protection Engineering, 9 (4). pp. 1-17. ISSN 1042-3915 (Print), 1532-172X (Online) (doi:10.1177/104239159800900402)

pyrolysis model

Jia, F., Galea, E.R. and Patel, M.K. (1999) Numerical simulation of the mass loss process in pyrolizing char materials. Fire and Materials, 23 (2). pp. 71-78. ISSN 0308-0501 (Print), 1099-1018 (Online) (doi:10.1002/(SICI)1099-1018(199903/04)23:2<71::AID-FAM672>3.0.CO;2-5)

pyrolysis modelling

Jia, F., Galea, E.R, and Patel, M.K. (2000) The numerical simulation of compartment fires using an integrated gas and solid phase combustion model. In: ACME '2000 The 8th Annual Conference of the Association for Computational Mechanics in Engineering. Extended Abstracts. University of Greenwich, Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 50-53. ISBN 1861661509

Jia, F., Galea, E.R. and Patel, M.K. (1999) The numerical simulation of fire spread within a compartment using an integrated gas and solid phase combustion model. Journal of Applied Fire Science, 8 (4). pp. 327-352. ISSN 1044-4300 (Print), 1541-4183 (Online) (doi:10.2190/UY41-W38Q-X6KK-TXYV)

pyrometallurgical process

Benson, M., Bennett, C.R., Patel, M.K., Harry, J.E. and Cross, M. (2000) Collector-metal behaviour in the recovery of platinum-group metals from catalytic converters. Transactions of the Institute of Mining and Metallurgy, Section C: Mineral Processing and Extractive Metallurgy, 109 (1). pp. 6-10. ISSN 0371-9553 (Print), 1743-2855 (Online) (doi:10.1179/mpm.2000.109.1.6)

queuing

Gwynne, S., Galea, E.R., Lawrence, P.J., Owen, M. and Filippidis, L. (1999) Adaptive decision-making in buildingEXODUS in response to exit congestion. In: Fire Safety Science: Proceedings of the Sixth International Symposium. IAFSS Symposiums (6). International Association for Fire Safety Science, Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 1041-1052. ISBN 0925223255 (doi:10.3801/IAFSS.FSS.6-1041)

radiative fluxes

Robinson, J.E., Hull, T.R., Lebek, K., Stec, A.A., Galea, Edwin R., Mahalingam, Arun, Jia, Fuchen, Patel, Mayur and Persson, H. (2007) Assessment of the impact of computed and measured fire environments on building evacuation using bench and real scale test data. Interflam 2007 11th International Fire Science and Engineering Conference. Interscience Communications, Greenwich, pp. 873-884. ISBN 9780954121693

rail car evacuation

Galea, Edwin Richard, Blackshields, Darren, Lawrence, Peter J., Finney, Kate and Cooney, David (2013) The development and validation of a rail car evacuation. In: Conference Proceedings: Interflam 2013: 13th International Fire Science and Engineering Conference. Interscience Communications, Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 1023-1034. ISBN 9780955654893

railExodus

Galea, Edwin Richard, Blackshields, Darren, Lawrence, Peter J., Finney, Kate and Cooney, David (2013) The development and validation of a rail car evacuation. In: Conference Proceedings: Interflam 2013: 13th International Fire Science and Engineering Conference. Interscience Communications, Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 1023-1034. ISBN 9780955654893

railway carriages

Galea, E.R. and Gwynne, S. (2000) Estimating the flow rate capacity of an overturned rail carriage end exit in the presence of smoke. Fire and Materials, 24 (6). pp. 291-302. ISSN 0308-0501 (Print), 1099-1018 (Online) (doi:10.1002/1099-1018(200011/12)24:6<291::AID-FAM750>3.0.CO;2-6)

Gwynne, Steve and Galea, Edwin (2001) Evacuating an overturned smoke filled rail carriage. In: 2nd International Symposium on Human Behaviour in Fires [Conference Proceedings]. Interscience Communications Ltd., Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 135-146. ISBN 0953231267

reading Z

Finney, Kate (1996) Mathematical notation in formal specification: Too difficult for the masses? [Correspondence]. IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering, 22 (2). pp. 158-159. ISSN 0098-5589 (doi:10.1109/32.485225)

recognition phase

McConnell, N.C., Boyce, K.E., Shields, J., Galea, E.R., Day, R.C. and Hulse, L.M. (2009) The UK 9/11 evacuation study: Analysis of survivors’ recognition and response phase in WTC1. Fire Safety Journal, 45 (1). pp. 21-34. ISSN 0379-7112 (doi:10.1016/j.firesaf.2009.09.001)

recovery mechanism

Benson, M., Bennett, C.R., Harry, J.E., Patel, M.K. and Cross, M. (2000) The recovery mechanism of platinum group metals from catalytic converters in spent automotive exhaust systems. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 31 (1). pp. 1-7. ISSN 0921-3449 (doi:10.1016/S0921-3449(00)00062-8)

recreation centers

Galea, E.R., Blake, S.J., Gwynne, S, and Lawrence, P.J. (2003) The use of evacuation modelling techniques in the design of very large transport aircraft and blended wing body aircraft. The Aeronautical Journal, 107 (1070). pp. 207-218. ISSN 0001-9240

rectangular microchannel

Yao, Jun, Yao, Yufeng, Mason, Peter J. and Patel, Mayur (2009) Numerical simulation of heat transfer in rectangular microchannel. Advances in Applied Mathematics and Mechanics, 1 (2). pp. 231-241. ISSN 2070-0733 (Print), 2075-1354 (Online)

rectangular pipe

Yao, Jun, Yao, Yufeng, Patel, Mayur and Mason, Peter J. (2007) On Reynolds number and scaling effects in microchannel flows. The European Physical Journal Applied Physics, 37 (2). pp. 229-235. ISSN 1286-0042 (doi:10.1051/epjap:2007010)

registration of engineers

Blake, S., Galea, E.R., Gwynne, S., Lawrence, P. and Filippidis, L. (2001) Examining the effect of exit separation on aircraft evacuation performance using evacuation modelling techniques: "Is the 60 foot rule relevant?". CMS Press, Greenwich, London, UK. ISBN 1899991727

Blake, S.J., Galea, E.R., Gwynne, S., Lawrence, P.J. and Filippidis, L. (2002) Examining the effect of exit separation on aircraft evacuation performance during 90-second certification trials using evacuation modelling techniques. The Aeronautical Journal, 106 (1055). pp. 1-16. ISSN 0001-9240

regulation

Blake, Simon (2003) The development and use of aircraft evacuation modelling as a viable tool for the certification and safety analysis of passenger aircraft. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

regulatory compliance

Blake, S., Galea, E.R., Gwynne, S., Lawrence, P. and Filippidis, L. (2001) Examining the effect of exit separation on aircraft evacuation performance using evacuation modelling techniques: "Is the 60 foot rule relevant?". CMS Press, Greenwich, London, UK. ISBN 1899991727

Blake, S.J., Galea, E.R., Gwynne, S., Lawrence, P.J. and Filippidis, L. (2002) Examining the effect of exit separation on aircraft evacuation performance during 90-second certification trials using evacuation modelling techniques. The Aeronautical Journal, 106 (1055). pp. 1-16. ISSN 0001-9240

reliability

Finney, Kate and Fenton, Norman (1996) Evaluating the effectiveness of Z: The claims made about CICS and where we go from here. Journal of Systems Software, 35 (3). pp. 209-216. ISSN 0164-1212 (doi:10.1016/S0164-1212(96)00122-7)

remote location

Wang, Z., Jia, F., Galea, E.R. and Patel, M.K. (2010) Predicting toxic gas concentrations at locations remote from the fire source. Fire and Materials, 35 (7). pp. 505-526. ISSN 0308-0501 (Print), 1099-1018 (Online) (doi:10.1002/fam.1069)

required safe egress time

Gwynne, S., Kuligowski, E. and Nilsson, D. (2010) Representing egress behavior in engineering terms. In: 8th International Conference on Performance-Based Codes and Fire Safety Design Methods, 16–18 Jun 2010, Lund, Sweden.

rescue

Owen, M., Galea, E.R. and Lawrence, P. (1997) Advanced occupant behavioural features of the building-EXODUS evacuation model. In: Fire Safety Science: Proceedings of the Fifth International Symposium. IAFSS Symposiums (5). International Association for Fire Safety Science, Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 795-806. ISBN 4990062555 (doi:10.3801/IAFSS.FSS.5-795)

residual

Wang, Z.K., Djambazov, G.S., Lai, C.-H. and Pericleous, K.A. (2004) An acoustic correction method for extracting sound signals. Computers & Mathematics with Applications, 47 (1). pp. 57-69. ISSN 0898-1221 (doi:10.1016/S0898-1221(04)90005-3)

response phase

McConnell, N.C., Boyce, K.E., Shields, J., Galea, E.R., Day, R.C. and Hulse, L.M. (2009) The UK 9/11 evacuation study: Analysis of survivors’ recognition and response phase in WTC1. Fire Safety Journal, 45 (1). pp. 21-34. ISSN 0379-7112 (doi:10.1016/j.firesaf.2009.09.001)

response phase behaviour

Day, Rachel C., Hulse, Lynn M. and Galea, Edwin R. (2013) Response phase behaviours and response time predictors of the 9/11 World Trade Center evacuation. Fire Technology, 49 (3). pp. 657-678. ISSN 0015-2684 (Print), 1572-8099 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10694-012-0282-9)

Galea, Edwin, Deere, S., Sharp, G., Filippidis, L. and Hulse, L. (2010) Investigating the impact of culture on evacuation behaviour. In: Interflam 2010: 12th International Fire Science & Engineering Conference. Interscience Communications, Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 879-892. ISBN 9780954121655

response surface models

Machado Tavares, R. and Galea, E.R. (2009) Evacuation modelling analysis within the operational research context: a combined approach for improving enclosure designs. Building and Environment, 44 (5). pp. 1005-1016. ISSN 0360-1323 (doi:10.1016/j.buildenv.2008.07.019)

Response Surface Models (RSM)

Machado Tavares, Rodrigo and Galea, Edwin R. (2010) Numerical optimisation techniques applied to evacuation analysis. In: Klingsch, W.W.F., Rogsch, C., Schadschneider, A. and Schreckenberg, M., (eds.) Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics 2008. Springer-Verlag, Berlin / Heidelberg, Germany, pp. 555-561. ISBN 978-3-642-04503-5 (Print), 978-3-642-04504-2 (Online) (doi:10.1007/978-3-642-04504-2_49)

response time distributions

Brown, R., Galea, E.R., Deere, S. and Filippidis, L. (2013) Passenger response time data-sets for large passenger ferries and cruise ships derived from sea trials. Transactions of the Royal Institution of Naval Architects, International Journal of Maritime Engineering, 155 (A1). pp. 33-48. ISSN 1479-8751

Galea, Edwin R., Sharp, Gary, Lawrence, Peter and Dixon, Andrew J. (2007) Investigating the impact of occupant response time on computer simulations of the WTC North Tower evacuation. Interflam 2007 11th International Fire Science and Engineering Conference. Interscience Communications Ltd, Greenwich, pp. 1435-1442. ISBN 9780954121693

response times

Day, Rachel C., Hulse, Lynn M. and Galea, Edwin R. (2013) Response phase behaviours and response time predictors of the 9/11 World Trade Center evacuation. Fire Technology, 49 (3). pp. 657-678. ISSN 0015-2684 (Print), 1572-8099 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10694-012-0282-9)

Reynolds number

Yao, Jun, Yao, Yufeng, Patel, Mayur and Mason, Peter J. (2007) On Reynolds number and scaling effects in microchannel flows. The European Physical Journal Applied Physics, 37 (2). pp. 229-235. ISSN 1286-0042 (doi:10.1051/epjap:2007010)

Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) equations

Wang, Zong-Kang, Djambazov, Georgi, Lai, Choi-Hong and Pericleous, Koulis A. (2007) Numerical simulation of flow-induced cavity noise in self-sustained oscillations. Computing and Visualization in Science, 10 (3). pp. 123-134. ISSN 1432-9360 (doi:10.1007/s00791-006-0039-4)

Richard's equation

Kiani, Nageena, Patel, Mayur and Lai, Choi-Hong (2007) CFD analysis of one-dimensional infiltration in vadose zone. Journal of Algorithms & Computational Technology, 1 (4). pp. 477-493. ISSN 1748-3018 (doi:10.1260/174830107783133897)

risk perception

Day, Rachel C., Hulse, Lynn M. and Galea, Edwin R. (2013) Response phase behaviours and response time predictors of the 9/11 World Trade Center evacuation. Fire Technology, 49 (3). pp. 657-678. ISSN 0015-2684 (Print), 1572-8099 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10694-012-0282-9)

Grimm, Anna, Hulse, Lynn, Preiss, Marek and Schmidt, Silke (2012) Post- and peritraumatic stress in disaster survivors: An explorative study about the influence of individual and event characteristics across different types of disasters. European Journal of Psychotraumatology, 3. pp. 7382-7390. ISSN 2000-8066 (doi:10.3402/ejpt.v3i0.7382)

McConnell, N.C., Boyce, K.E., Shields, J., Galea, E.R., Day, R.C. and Hulse, L.M. (2009) The UK 9/11 evacuation study: Analysis of survivors’ recognition and response phase in WTC1. Fire Safety Journal, 45 (1). pp. 21-34. ISSN 0379-7112 (doi:10.1016/j.firesaf.2009.09.001)

Owen, M., Galea, E.R., Lawrence, P.J. and Filippidis, L. (1998) The numerical simulation of aircraft evacuation and its application to aircraft design and certification. The Aeronautical Journal, 102 (1016). pp. 301-312. ISSN 0001-9240

roads

Rennolls, Keith, Zhang, Yong, Ramesh, Nadarajah, Chen, Anyue and Patel, Swatee (1998) Spatial models of pollution exposure from a road network: the effect on asthma. In: Barnett, Vic, Stein, Albert and Turkman, K. Feridun, (eds.) Statistical Aspects of Health and the Environment. Statistics for the Environment (4). Wiley-Blackwell, Chichester, UK, pp. 137-150. ISBN 9780471976455

run time

Grandison, Angus, Muthu, Yasmina, Lawrence, Peter and Galea, Edwin R. (2007) Simulating the evacuation of very large populations in large domains using a parallel implementation of the buildingEXODUS evacuation model. Interflam 2007 11th International Fire Science and Engineering Conference. Interscience Communications, Greenwich, pp. 259-270. ISBN 9780954121686

SAFEGUARD

Brown, R., Galea, E.R., Deere, S. and Filippidis, L. (2013) Passenger response time data-sets for large passenger ferries and cruise ships derived from sea trials. Transactions of the Royal Institution of Naval Architects, International Journal of Maritime Engineering, 155 (A1). pp. 33-48. ISSN 1479-8751

SAFEGUARD project

Galea, Edwin R., Brown, Rob, Filippidis, Lazaros and Deere, Steven (2010) The SAFEGUARD project: collection and preliminary analysis of assembly data for large passenger vessels at sea. Compit'10, 9th International Conference on Computer and IT Applications in the Maritime Industries. Compit'10, 9th International Conference on Computer and IT Applications in the Maritime Industries, pp. 424-433. ISBN 9783892206491

safety case

Caldeira-Saraiva, Fernando, Gyngell, Jenny, Wheeler, Rob, Galea, Edwin, Carran, Andrew, Skjong, Rolf, Vanem, Erik, Johansson, Kaj, Rutherford, Bob and Simoes Ré, António J. (2004) Simulation of ship evacuation and passenger circulation. In: 2nd International Maritime Conference on Design for Safety [Proceedings]. Ship and Ocean Foundation, pp. 197-205.

safety engineering

Gwynne, Steve (2000) The introduction of adaptive social decision-making in the mathematical modelling of egress behaviour. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

safety standards

Blake, S., Galea, E.R., Gwynne, S., Lawrence, P. and Filippidis, L. (2001) Examining the effect of exit separation on aircraft evacuation performance using evacuation modelling techniques: "Is the 60 foot rule relevant?". CMS Press, Greenwich, London, UK. ISBN 1899991727

Blake, S.J., Galea, E.R., Gwynne, S., Lawrence, P.J. and Filippidis, L. (2002) Examining the effect of exit separation on aircraft evacuation performance during 90-second certification trials using evacuation modelling techniques. The Aeronautical Journal, 106 (1055). pp. 1-16. ISSN 0001-9240

scaling effect

Yao, Jun, Yao, Yufeng, Mason, Peter J. and Patel, Mayur (2009) Numerical simulation of heat transfer in rectangular microchannel. Advances in Applied Mathematics and Mechanics, 1 (2). pp. 231-241. ISSN 2070-0733 (Print), 2075-1354 (Online)

scaling laws

Yao, Jun, Yao, Yufeng, Patel, Mayur and Mason, Peter J. (2007) On Reynolds number and scaling effects in microchannel flows. The European Physical Journal Applied Physics, 37 (2). pp. 229-235. ISSN 1286-0042 (doi:10.1051/epjap:2007010)

Schraudolph

Milner, J.J. and Grandison, A.J. (2008) A fast, streaming SIMD extensions 2, logistic squashing function. Neural Computation, 20 (12). pp. 2967-2972. ISSN 0899-7667 (Print), 1530-888X (Online) (doi:10.1162/neco.2008.10-06-366)

Scotland

Hulse, Lynn and Memon, Amina (2003) Guidance on interviewing child witnesses in Scotland. Scottish Executive, Edinburgh, UK. ISBN 9780755909308

segregation

Chapelle, P., Christakis, N., Wang, J., Strusevich, N., Patel, M.K., Cross, M., Abou-Chakra, H., Baxter, J. and Tuzun, U. (2005) Application of simulation technologies in the analysis of granular material behaviour during transport and storage. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part E: Journal of Process Mechanical Engineering, 219 (1). pp. 43-52. ISSN 0954-4089 (Print), 2041-3009 (Online) (doi:10.1243/095440805X7044)

Christakis, N., Chapelle, P. and Patel, M.K. (2006) A computational study of segregation in granular material during heaping. In: 2006 Spring Meeting & 2nd Global Congress on Process Safety. American Institute of Chemical Engineers, New York, USA. ISBN 9780816910755

Christakis, N., Chapelle, Pierre and Patel, M. K. (2006) Analysis and modeling of heaping behavior of granular mixtures within a computational mechanics framework. Advanced Powder Technology, 17 (4). pp. 383-398. ISSN 0921-8831 (doi:10.1163/156855206777866173)

Christakis, Nicholas, Chapelle, Pierre, Patel, Mayur K. and Cross, Mark (2006) On the continuum modelling of segregation of granular mixtures during hopper emptying in core flow mode. In: European Conference on Computational Fluid Dynamics ECCOMAS CFD 2006 Proceedings. TU Delft, The Netherlands, The Netherlands. ISBN 9090209700

Christakis, Nicholas, Patel, Mayur and Cross, Mark (2001) Predictions of Segregation of Granular Material with the Aid of PHYSICA, a 3-D Unstructured Finite-Volume Modelling Framework. In: ICFD Conference on Numerical Methods for Fluid Dynamics, 26-29 March 2001, Oxford, UK.

Christakis, Nicholas, Patel, Mayur K., Cross, Mark, Baxter, John, Abou-Chakra, Hadi and Tuzun, Ugur (2002) Predictions of segregation of granular material with the aid of PHYSICA, a 3-D unstructured finite-volume modelling framework. In: International Journal for Numerical Methods in Fluids. Special Issue: ICFD Conference on Numerical Methods for Fluid Dynamics. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., pp. 281-291. ISSN 0271-2091 (Print), 1097-0363 (Online) (doi:10.1002/fld.319)

September 11 terrorist attacks

Galea, Edwin R. (2007) How has 9/11 changed the preparedness of first responders: are we ready for the next attack? In: Hall, Katie, (ed.) After shock - rethinking the future since September 11, 2001: a conference held at Pace University, NYC, September 6-8 2006. Pace University Press, New York, pp. 9-29. ISBN 0944473830

September 11th

Blake, S., Galea, E., Westang, H. and Dixon, A. (2004) An analysis of human behaviour during the WTC disaster of 9/11 based on published survivor accounts. In: 3rd International Symposium on Human Behaviour in Fire: Conference Proceedings. Interscience Communications Ltd., Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 181-192. ISBN 095412166X

Galea, E.R., Lawrence, P.J., Blake, S.J., Gwynne, S. and Westeng, H. (2004) A preliminary investigation of the evacuation of the WTC North Tower using computer simulation. In: 3rd International Symposium on Human Behaviour in Fire: Conference Proceedings. Interscience Communications Ltd., Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 167-180. ISBN 095412166X

sex difference

Kocher, H.M., Linklater, K., Patel, S. and Ellul, J.P.M. (2001) Epidemiological study of oesophageal and gastric cancer in south-east England. British Journal of Surgery, 88 (9). pp. 1249-1257. ISSN 0007-1323 (Print), 1365-2168 (Online) (doi:10.1046/j.0007-1323.2001.01847.x)

sex ratio

Kocher, H.M., Linklater, K., Patel, S. and Ellul, J.P.M. (2001) Epidemiological study of oesophageal and gastric cancer in south-east England. British Journal of Surgery, 88 (9). pp. 1249-1257. ISSN 0007-1323 (Print), 1365-2168 (Online) (doi:10.1046/j.0007-1323.2001.01847.x)

shielding effect

Deng, T., Chaudhry, A.R., Patel, M., Hutchings, I. and Bradley, M.S.A. (2004) Effect of particle concentration on erosion rate of mild steel bends in a pneumatic conveyor. Wear, 258 (1-4). pp. 480-487. ISSN 0043-1648 (doi:10.1016/j.wear.2004.08.001)

ship

Gwynne, S., Galea, E.R., Lyster, C. and Glen, I. (2003) Analysing the evacuation procedures employed on a Thames passenger boat using the maritimeEXODUS evacuation model. Fire Technology, 39 (3). pp. 225-246. ISSN 0015-268 (Print), 1572-8099 (Online) (doi:10.1023/A:1024189414319)

ship design

Andrews, D., Casarosa, L., Deere, Steven, Galea, Edwin R., Lawrence, Peter and Pawling, R. (2007) Integrating personnel movement simulation into preliminary ship design. Human Factors in Ship Design, Safety and Operation, 21-22 March 2007, London, UK. Royal Institution of Naval Architects, London, UK, pp. 117-128. ISBN 1905040342

Andrews, D., Casarosa, L., Pawling, R., Galea, E., Deere, S. and Lawrence, P. (2008) Integrating personnel movement simulation into prelimary ship design. Transactions of The Royal Institution of Naval Architects Part A: International Journal of Maritime Engineering, 150 (1). pp. 19-34. ISSN 1479-8751 (Print), 1740-0716 (Online)

Deere, S.J., Galea, E.R. and Lawrence, P.J. (2007) A systematic methodology to assess the impact of human factors in ship design. Applied Mathematical Modelling, 33 (2). pp. 867-883. ISSN 0307-904X (doi:10.1016/j.apm.2007.12.014)

Deere, Steven, Galea, Edwin R. and Lawrence, Peter (2008) Assessing the suitability of ship design for human factors issues associated with evacuation and normal operations. In: Bertram, Volker and Rigo, Philippe, (eds.) 7th International Conference on Computer and IT Applications in the Maritime Industries - COMPIT’08. Architecture Navale, Génie Maritime, Navigation Intérieure et Maritime, Analyse des Systèmes de Transport, Liège, Belgium, pp. 33-47. ISBN 2-9600785-0-0; 978-2-9600785-0-3 ISSN ISBN-10 2-9600785-0-0; ISBN-13 978-2-9600785-0-3

Deere, Steven J., Galea, Edwin R. and Lawrence, Peter J. (2010) Optimising vessel layout using human factors simulation. In: Klingsch, W.W.F., Rogsch, C., Schadschneider, A. and Schreckenberg, M., (eds.) Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics 2008. Springer-Verlag, Berlin / Heidelberg, Germany, pp. 597-603. ISBN 978-3-642-04503-5 (Print), 978-3-642-04504-2 (Online) (doi:10.1007/978-3-642-04504-2_54)

Galea, Edwin R., Gwynne, Steve, Lawrence, Peter J., Blackshields, Darren, Ewer, John, Wang, Zhaozhi, Hurst, Nathan and Mawhinney, Robert (2003) The application of fire and evacuation simulation in ship design. In: 2nd International EuroConference on Computer and IT Applications in the Maritime Industries. COMPIT '03. COMPIT, Hamburg, Germany, pp. 55-69.

ship evacuation

Deere, S., Galea, E.R., Lawrence, P., Filippidis, L. and Gwynne, S. (2006) The impact of the passenger response time distribution on ship evacuation performance. Transactions of the Royal Institution of Naval Architects Part A: International Journal of Maritime Engineering, 148 (1). pp. 35-44. ISSN 1479-8751

Galea, E., Filippidis, L., Gwynne, S., Lawrence, P., Sharp, G, Blackshields, D. and Glen, Ian (2002) The development of an advanced ship evacuation simulation software product and associated large scale testing facility for the collection of human shipboard behaviour data. In: RINA. International Conference. Human Factors in Ship Design and Operation, 2-3 October 2002. Papers. The Royal Institution of Naval Architects, London, UK, pp. 37-50. ISBN 9780903055819

Galea, E., Gwynne, S., Blackshields, D., Filippidis, L. and Lawrence, P. (2001) Predicting the evacuation performance of passenger ships using computer simulation. In: Conference Proceedings: Interflam 2001: 9th International Fire Science and Engineering Conference. Interscience Communications Ltd., Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 853-864. ISBN 0953231291

Galea, E.R, Grandison, A., Filippidis, L., Gwynne, S., Ewer, J. and Lawrence, P.J. (2004) Safer by design: simulating fire and escape at sea. In: The 1st International Conference Escape, Evacuation and Recovery, Survival from Ships and Offshore Structures, Lloyds List Events, 10-11 Mar 2004, London, UK.

Galea, E.R., Blake, S. and Dixon, A. (2004) An analysis of passenger performance on stairs and upper deck slides during evacuation trials: a report from the VERRES project. In: Fourth Triennial International Fire and Cabin Safety Research Conference, 15–19 Nov 2004, Lisbon, Portugal.

Galea, E.R., Gwynne, S., Lawrence, P., Blackshields, D., Ewer, J., Wang, Z., Hurst, N. and Mawhinney, R. (2003) Fire safety engineering and ship design using advanced fire and evacuation simulation. In: 1st International Conference – Fire on Ships: Prevention, Detection and Control on Ships and Offshore Structures, 11-12 Mar 2003, London, UK.

Galea, E.R., Lawrence, P., Gwynne, S., Filippidis, L., Blackshields, D., Sharp, G., Hurst, N., Wang, Z. and Ewer, J. (2003) Simulating ship evacuation under fire conditions. In: Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics 2003: Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference. CMS Press, Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 159-171. ISBN 1904521088

Galea, E.R., Lawrence, P., Gwynne, S., Filippidis, L., Blackshields, D., Sharp, G., Hurst, N., Wang, Z. and Ewer, J. (2004) The simulation of ship evacuation under fire conditions. In: Fire and Safety at Sea International Conference 2004. Fire and Safety at Sea International Conference, 1/14-14/14.

Galea, E.R., Lawrence, P., Gwynne, S., Sharp, G., Hurst, N., Wang, Z. and Ewer, J. (2004) Integrated fire and evacuation in maritime environments. In: 2nd International Maritime Conference on Design for Safety [Proceedings]. Ship and Ocean Foundation, pp. 161-170.

Galea, Edwin, Brown, Robert, Filippidis, Lazaros and Deere, Steven (2011) Collection of evacuation data for large passenger vessels at sea. In: Peacock, Richard D., Kuligowski, Erica D. and Averill, Jason D., (eds.) Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics. Springer, New York / Dordrecht / Heidelberg / London, pp. 163-172. ISBN 978-1-4419-9724-1, (e-ISBN) 978-1-4419-9725-8 (doi:10.1007/978-1-4419-9725-8_15)

Galea, Edwin, Lohrmann, Philipp, Brown, Robert, Deere, Steven and Filippidis, Lazaros (2012) Understanding human performance in ship evacuation. Journal of Ocean Technology, 7 (3). pp. 1-7. ISSN 1718-3200

Galea, Edwin R., Deere, Steven, Sharp, Gary, Filippidis, Lazaros, Lawrence, Peter and Gwynne, Steve (2007) Safety: new model for ship evacuation. The Naval Architect. pp. 8-10. ISSN 0306-0209

Galea, Edwin R., Gwynne, Steve, Lawrence, Peter J., Blackshields, Darren, Ewer, John, Wang, Zhaozhi, Hurst, Nathan and Mawhinney, Robert (2003) The application of fire and evacuation simulation in ship design. In: 2nd International EuroConference on Computer and IT Applications in the Maritime Industries. COMPIT '03. COMPIT, Hamburg, Germany, pp. 55-69.

Galea, Edwin Richard, Deere, Steven, Brown, Robert and Filippidis, Lazaros (2013) An experimental validation of an evacuation model using data sets generated from two large passenger ships. Journal of Ship Research, 13 (3). pp. 155-170. ISSN 0022-4502 (Print), 1542-0604 (Online) (doi:10.5957/JOSR.57.3.120037)

ship evacuation model

Galea, Edwin Richard, Deere, Steven, Brown, Robert and Filippidis, Lazaros (2013) An experimental validation of an evacuation model using data sets generated from two large passenger ships. Journal of Ship Research, 13 (3). pp. 155-170. ISSN 0022-4502 (Print), 1542-0604 (Online) (doi:10.5957/JOSR.57.3.120037)

ship safety

Galea, E.R. (2000) Safer by design: using computer simulation to predict the evacuation performance of passenger ships. In: Safety of Large Passenger Ships - Looking to the Future. Conference Proceedings. IMarE Conference, 112 (2). The Institute of Marine Engineers, London, UK, pp. 7-16. ISBN 1902536304

ships

Galea, E., Filippidis, L., Lawrence, P. and Gwynne, S. (2001) Visibility catchment area of exits and signs. In: Conference Proceedings: Interflam 2001: 9th International Fire Science and Engineering Conference. Interscience Communications Ltd., Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 1529-1534. ISBN 0953231291

Galea, Edwin R. (2002) Simulating evacuation and circulation in planes, trains, buildings and ships using the EXODUS software. In: Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics. Springer, pp. 203-225. ISBN 9783540426905

signage

Filippidis, Lazaros, Galea, Edwin R., Gwynne, Steve and Lawrence, Peter (2006) Representing the influence of signage on evacuation behavior within an evacuation model. Journal of Fire Protection Engineering, 16 (1). pp. 37-73. ISSN 1042-3915 (doi:10.1177/1042391506054298)

Filippidis, Lazaros, Lawrence, Peter, Galea, Edwin and Blackshields, Darren (2008) Simulating the interaction of occupants with signage systems. In: Fire Safety Science - Proceedings of the Ninth International Symposium. IAFSS Symposiums (9). International Association for Fire Safety Science, London, UK, pp. 389-400. ISSN 1817-4299 (doi:10.3801/IAFSS.FSS.9-389)

Galea, E., Filippidis, L., Lawrence, P. and Gwynne, S. (2001) Visibility catchment area of exits and signs. In: Conference Proceedings: Interflam 2001: 9th International Fire Science and Engineering Conference. Interscience Communications Ltd., Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 1529-1534. ISBN 0953231291

Xie, Hui, Filippidis, Lazaros, Galea, Edwin R., Blackshields, Darren and Lawrence, Peter J. (2011) Experimental analysis of the effectiveness of emergency signage and its implementation in evacuation simulation. Fire and Materials, 36 (5-6). pp. 367-382. ISSN 0308-0501 (Print), 1099-1018 (Online) (doi:10.1002/fam.1095)

Xie, Hui, Filippidis, Lazaros, Gwynne, Steve, Galea, Edwin R., Blackshields, Darren and Lawrence, Peter (2007) Signage legibility distances as a function of observation angle. Journal of Fire Protection Engineering, 17 (1). pp. 41-64. ISSN 1042-3915 (doi:10.1177/1042391507064025)

signage systems

Xie, Hui, Filippidis, Lazaros, Galea, Edwin R., Gwynne, Steve, Blackshields, Darren and Lawrence, Peter (2007) Experimental study and theoretical analysis of signage legibility distances as a function of observation angle. In: Waldau, Nathalie, Gattermann, Peter, Knoflacher, Hermann and Schreckenberg, Michael, (eds.) Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics 2005. Springer Berlin, Berlin, pp. 131-143. ISBN 9783540470625 (doi:10.1007/978-3-540-47064-9_12)

SIMD extensions 2

Milner, J.J. and Grandison, A.J. (2008) A fast, streaming SIMD extensions 2, logistic squashing function. Neural Computation, 20 (12). pp. 2967-2972. ISSN 0899-7667 (Print), 1530-888X (Online) (doi:10.1162/neco.2008.10-06-366)

simulation

Andrews, D., Casarosa, L., Deere, Steven, Galea, Edwin R., Lawrence, Peter and Pawling, R. (2007) Integrating personnel movement simulation into preliminary ship design. Human Factors in Ship Design, Safety and Operation, 21-22 March 2007, London, UK. Royal Institution of Naval Architects, London, UK, pp. 117-128. ISBN 1905040342

Caldeira-Saraiva, Fernando, Gyngell, Jenny, Wheeler, Rob, Galea, Edwin, Carran, Andrew, Skjong, Rolf, Vanem, Erik, Johansson, Kaj, Rutherford, Bob and Simoes Ré, António J. (2004) Simulation of ship evacuation and passenger circulation. In: 2nd International Maritime Conference on Design for Safety [Proceedings]. Ship and Ocean Foundation, pp. 197-205.

Christakis, Nicholas, Chapelle, Pierre, Patel, Mayur, Cross, Mark, Bridle, Ian, Abou-Chakra, Hadi and Baxter, John (2002) Utilising computational fluid dynamics (CFD) for the modelling of granular material in large-scale engineering processes. In: Computational Science - ICCS 2002: International Conference Amsterdam, The Netherlands, April 21–24, 2002 Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Part 1 (2329). Springer Berlin Heidelberg, Berlin, Heidelberg, Germany, pp. 743-752. ISBN 9783540435914 ISSN 0302-9743 (Print), 1611-3349 (Online) (doi:10.1007/3-540-46043-8_75)

Deere, Steven, Galea, Edwin R. and Lawrence, Peter (2008) Assessing the suitability of ship design for human factors issues associated with evacuation and normal operations. In: Bertram, Volker and Rigo, Philippe, (eds.) 7th International Conference on Computer and IT Applications in the Maritime Industries - COMPIT’08. Architecture Navale, Génie Maritime, Navigation Intérieure et Maritime, Analyse des Systèmes de Transport, Liège, Belgium, pp. 33-47. ISBN 2-9600785-0-0; 978-2-9600785-0-3 ISSN ISBN-10 2-9600785-0-0; ISBN-13 978-2-9600785-0-3

Galea, Edwin R., Owen, Mathew and Lawrence, Peter J. (1996) Computer modelling of human behaviour in aircraft fire accidents. Toxicology, 115 (1-3). pp. 63-78. ISSN 0300-483X (doi:10.1016/S0300-483X(96)03495-6)

Gwynne, S., Galea, E.R., Lyster, C. and Glen, I. (2003) Analysing the evacuation procedures employed on a Thames passenger boat using the maritimeEXODUS evacuation model. Fire Technology, 39 (3). pp. 225-246. ISSN 0015-268 (Print), 1572-8099 (Online) (doi:10.1023/A:1024189414319)

Gwynne, S.M.V. and Kuligowski, E.D. (2009) Simulating a building as a people movement system. Journal of Fire Sciences, 27 (4). pp. 343-368. ISSN 0734-9041 (Print), 1530-8049 (Online) (doi:10.1177/0734904109102387)

Gwynne, S.M.V. and Siddiqui, A.A. (2013) Understanding and simulating large crowds. In: Traffic and Granular Flow '11 [Conference Proceedings]. Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, Berlin Heidelberg, Germany, pp. 217-239. ISBN 9783642396687 (doi:10.1007/978-3-642-39669-4_22)

Kinsey, Michael J., Galea, Edwin R. and Lawrence, Peter J. (2011) Investigating evacuation lift dispatch strategies using computer modelling. Fire and Materials, 36 (5-6). pp. 399-415. ISSN 0308-0501 (Print), 1099-1018 (Online) (doi:10.1002/fam.1086)

Siddiqui, A.A. and Gwynne, S.M.V. (2011) Employing pedestrian observations in engineering analysis. Safety Science, 50 (3). pp. 478-493. ISSN 0925-7535 (doi:10.1016/j.ssci.2011.10.011)

simulation software

Andrews, D., Casarosa, L., Pawling, R., Galea, E., Deere, S. and Lawrence, P. (2008) Integrating personnel movement simulation into prelimary ship design. Transactions of The Royal Institution of Naval Architects Part A: International Journal of Maritime Engineering, 150 (1). pp. 19-34. ISSN 1479-8751 (Print), 1740-0716 (Online)

Deere, Steven J., Galea, Edwin R. and Lawrence, Peter J. (2010) Optimising vessel layout using human factors simulation. In: Klingsch, W.W.F., Rogsch, C., Schadschneider, A. and Schreckenberg, M., (eds.) Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics 2008. Springer-Verlag, Berlin / Heidelberg, Germany, pp. 597-603. ISBN 978-3-642-04503-5 (Print), 978-3-642-04504-2 (Online) (doi:10.1007/978-3-642-04504-2_54)

simulations

Galea, E. (2006) CFD fire simulation of the Swissair flight 111 in-flight fire – Part 1: Prediction of the pre-fire air flow within the cockpit and surrounding areas. The Aeronautical Journal, 110 (1103). ISSN 0001-9240

SMARTFIRE

Ewer, J., Galea, E.R., Knight, B., Patel, M., Janes, D. and Petridis, M. (1998) Fire field modelling using the SMARTFIRE automated dynamic solution control environment. CMS Press, Greenwich, London, UK. ISBN 1899991387

Ewer, J., Galea, E.R., Patel, M.K., Taylor, S., Knight, B. and Petridis, M. (1999) SMARTFIRE: an intelligent CFD based fire model. Journal of Fire Protection Engineering, 10 (1). pp. 13-27. ISSN 1042-3915 (Print), 1532-172X (Online) (doi:10.1177/104239159901000102)

Ewer, J.A.C., Galea, E.R., Patel, M.K. and Knight, B. (1999) The development and application of group solvers in the SMARTFIRE fire field model. In: Conference Proceedings: Interflam 1999: 8th International Fire Science and Engineering Conference. Interscience Communications Ltd., Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 939-950. ISBN 0953231232

Ewer, J.A.C., Galea, E.R., Patel, M.K. and Knight, B. (2000) The development of group solvers in the SMARTFIRE fire field model. In: ACME '2000 The 8th Annual Conference of the Association for Computational Mechanics in Engineering. Extended Abstracts. University of Greenwich, Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 54-57. ISBN 1861661509

Ewer, John, Galea, Edwin R., Patel, Mayur, Jia, Fuchen, Grandison, Angus and Wang, Zhaozhi (2010) SMARTFIRE - the fire field modelling environment. In: Pereira, J.C.F., Sequeira, A. and Pereira, J.M.C., (eds.) Proceedings of the V European Conference on Computational Fluid Dynamics ECCOMAS CFD 2010. European Community of Computational Methods in Applied Sciences (ECCOMAS), Barcelona, Spain. ISBN 978-989-96778-1-4

Galea, E.R., Gwynne, S., Lawrence, P., Blackshields, D., Ewer, J., Wang, Z., Hurst, N. and Mawhinney, R. (2003) Fire safety engineering and ship design using advanced fire and evacuation simulation. In: 1st International Conference – Fire on Ships: Prevention, Detection and Control on Ships and Offshore Structures, 11-12 Mar 2003, London, UK.

Galea, Edwin R., Gwynne, Steve, Lawrence, Peter J., Blackshields, Darren, Ewer, John, Wang, Zhaozhi, Hurst, Nathan and Mawhinney, Robert (2003) The application of fire and evacuation simulation in ship design. In: 2nd International EuroConference on Computer and IT Applications in the Maritime Industries. COMPIT '03. COMPIT, Hamburg, Germany, pp. 55-69.

Galea, Edwin R., Wang, Zhaozhi, Togher, Madeleine, Jia, Fuchen and Lawrence, Peter (2007) Predicting the likely impact of aircraft post crash fire on aircraft evacuation using fire and evacuation simulation. Proceedings of the 5th Triennial International Fire and Cabin Safety Research Conference, Atlantic City, 29 Oct.-1 Nov. 2007. Federal Aviation Administration, Washington DC.

Grandison, Angus Joseph (2003) Improving the regulatory acceptance and numerical performance of CFD based fire-modelling software. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

Jia, F., Patel, M.K. and Galea, E.R. (2004) Simulating the Swissair flight 111 in-flight fire using the CFD fire simulation software SMARTFIRE. In: Fourth Triennial International Fire and Cabin Safety Research Conference, 15–19 Nov 2004, Lisbon, Portugal.

Jia, Fuchen, Patel, Mayur and Galea, Edwin (2003) Flight simulation. Fire Prevention & Fire Engineers Journal, 2003 (Sept.). pp. 27-29. ISSN 1478-3576

Taylor, S., Galea, E., Patel, M. and Petridis, M. (1996) SMARTFIRE: an intelligent fire field model. In: Conference Proceedings: Interflam '96: Seventh International Fire Science and Engineering Conference. Interscience Communications Ltd., Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 671-680. ISBN 0951632094

Taylor, S., Galea, E.R., Ewer, J., Patel, M.K., Petridis, M. and Knight, B. (1998) SMARTFIRE: an intelligent CFD-based fire model. CMS Press, Greenwich, London, UK. ISBN 1899991301

Wang, Zhaozhi, Galea, Edwin R. and Jia, Fuchen (2007) A computational study of the characteristics of aircraft post-crash fires. Proceedings of the 5th Triennial International Fire and Cabin Safety Research Conference, Atlantic City, 29 Oct.-1 Nov. 2007. Federal Aviation Administration, Washington DC.

SMARTFIRE V4.2

Ewer, J., Jia, F., Grandison, A., Galea, E. and Patel, M. (2013) SMARTFIRE v4.2: SMARTFIRE technical reference manual, user guide and release notes. Manual. University of Greenwich, Greenwich, London, UK.

SMARTFIRE V4.3

Ewer, J., Jia, F., Grandison, A., Frost, I., Galea, E. and Patel, M. (2013) SMARTFIRE v4.3: SMARTFIRE technical reference manual, user guide and release notes. Manual. University of Greenwich, Greenwich, London, UK.

smoke

Gwynne, S., Galea, E.R., Lawrence, P.J. and Filippidis, L. (2001) Modelling occupant interaction with fire conditions using the buildingEXODUS evacuation model. Fire Safety Journal, 36 (4). pp. 327-357. ISSN 0379-7112 (doi:10.1016/S0379-7112(00)00060-6)

Mahalingam, Arun, Patel, Mayur K. and Galea, Edwin R. (2010) Simulation of the flow induced by positive pressure ventilation fan under wind driven conditions. In: Proceedings of the 12th International Fire Science & Engineering Conference, Interflam 2010. Interscience Communications Ltd, Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 913-924. ISBN 978-0-9556548-7-9 (set)

smoke particle

Hu, Xiaoqin, Wang, Zhaozhi, Jia, Fuchen, Galea, Edwin R. and Patel, Mayur K. (2011) Simulating smoke transport in large scale enclosure fires using a multi-particle-size model. In: Fire Safety Science - Proceedings of the Tenth International Symposium. IAFSS Symposiums (10). International Association for Fire Safety Science, Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 445-458. ISSN 1817-4299 (doi:10.3801/IAFSS.FSS.10-445)

smoke transport

Hu, Xiaoqin, Wang, Zhaozhi, Jia, Fuchen, Galea, Edwin R. and Patel, Mayur K. (2011) Simulating smoke transport in large scale enclosure fires using a multi-particle-size model. In: Fire Safety Science - Proceedings of the Tenth International Symposium. IAFSS Symposiums (10). International Association for Fire Safety Science, Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 445-458. ISSN 1817-4299 (doi:10.3801/IAFSS.FSS.10-445)

smoke ventilation

Kauriala, M. J. (1999) Calculation of smoke ventilation in building fires including atriums. MRes thesis, University of Greenwich.

social adaptation

Gwynne, S., Galea, E.R. and Lawrence, P.J. (2005) The introduction of social adaptation within evacuation modelling. Fire and Materials, 30 (4). pp. 285-309. ISSN 0308-0501 (Print), 1099-1018 (Online) (doi:10.1002/fam.913)

software engineering

Finney, Kate and Fenton, Norman (1996) Evaluating the effectiveness of Z: The claims made about CICS and where we go from here. Journal of Systems Software, 35 (3). pp. 209-216. ISSN 0164-1212 (doi:10.1016/S0164-1212(96)00122-7)

Siddiqui, Asim A. (2000) An interactive web based query engine for AASK database. MRes thesis, University of Greenwich.

software package airEXODUS

Owen, M., Galea, E.R., Lawrence, P.J. and Filippidis, L. (1998) The numerical simulation of aircraft evacuation and its application to aircraft design and certification. The Aeronautical Journal, 102 (1016). pp. 301-312. ISSN 0001-9240

software package Z

Finney, Kate and Fenton, Norman (1996) Evaluating the effectiveness of Z: The claims made about CICS and where we go from here. Journal of Systems Software, 35 (3). pp. 209-216. ISSN 0164-1212 (doi:10.1016/S0164-1212(96)00122-7)

software quality

Finney, K., Fenton, N. and Fedorec, A. (1999) Effects of structure on the comprehensibility of formal specifications. IEE Proceedings Software, 146 (4). pp. 193-202. ISSN 1462-5970 (doi:10.1049/ip-sen:19990600)

software tools

Galea, E.R., Lawrence, P.J., Gwynne, S., Filippidis, L., Blackshields, D. and Cooney, D. (2013) buildingEXODUS v6.0. Manual. Fire Safety Engineering Group, School of Computing, Mathematics and Statistics, Greenwich, London.

Gwynne, S., Galea, E.R., Lawrence, P., Owen, M. and Filippidis, L. (1998) Adaptive decision-making in buildingEXODUS. CMS Press, Greenwich, London, UK. ISBN 1899991395

Gwynne, S., Galea, E.R., Lawrence, P.J., Owen, M. and Filippidis, L. (1998) Further validation of the buildingEXODUS evacuation model using the Tsukuba dataset. CMS Press, Greenwich, London, UK. ISBN 189999131X

Gwynne, S., Galea, E.R., Owen, M., Lawrence, P. and Filippidis, L. (1998) Validation of the buildingEXODUS Evacuation Model. CMS Press, Greenwich, London, UK. ISBN 1899991298

solid fuel combustion

Jia, F., Galea, E.R. and Patel, M.K. (1999) The numerical simulation of noncharring thermal degradation and its application to the prediction of compartment fire development. In: Fire Safety Science: Proceedings of the Sixth International Symposium. IAFSS Symposiums (6). International Association for Fire Safety Science, Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 953-964. ISBN 0925223255 (doi:10.3801/IAFSS.FSS.6-953)

Jia, F., Galea, E.R. and Patel, M.K. (1999) The numerical simulation of the noncharring pyrolysis process and fire development within a compartment. Applied Mathematical Modelling, 23 (8). pp. 587-607. ISSN 0307-904X (doi:10.1016/S0307-904X(99)00003-7)

Jia, F., Galea, E.R. and Patel, M.K. (1997) The prediction of fire propagation in enclosure fires. In: Fire Safety Science: Proceedings of the fifth international symposium. International Association for Fire Safety Science, Greenwich, London, pp. 439-450. ISBN 4990062555 ISSN 1817-4299 (doi:10.3801/IAFSS.FSS.5-439)

Jia, Fuchen, Galea, Edwin and Patel, Mayur (1998) The numerical simulation of enclosure fires using a Cfd fire field model coupled with a pyrolysis based solid fuel combustion submodel—a first approximation. Journal of Fire Protection Engineering, 9 (4). pp. 1-17. ISSN 1042-3915 (Print), 1532-172X (Online) (doi:10.1177/104239159800900402)

sound source extraction

Wang, Z.-K., Djambazov, G.S., Lai, C.-H. and Pericleous, K.A.. (2007) Numerical investigation of a source extraction technique based on an acoustic correction method. Computers & Mathematics with Applications, 55 (3). pp. 441-458. ISSN 0898-1221 (doi:10.1016/j.camwa.2004.08.017)

spatial discretisation

Chooramun, Nitish, Lawrence, Peter J. and Galea, Edwin R. (2012) An agent based evacuation model utilising hybrid space discretisation. Safety Science, 50 (8). pp. 1685-1694. ISSN 0925-7535 (doi:10.1016/j.ssci.2011.12.022)

spatial reasoning

Knight, Brian, Taylor, Steve, Petridis, Miltos, Ewer, John and Galea, Edwin (1999) A knowledge-based system to represent spatial reasoning for fire modelling. Engineering Applications of Artificial Intelligence, 12 (2). pp. 213-219. ISSN 0952-1976 (doi:10.1016/S0952-1976(98)00057-8)

Mileman, Tony, Knight, Brian, Petridis, Miltos, Cowell, Don and Ewer, J. (2002) Case-based retrieval of 3-dimensional shapes for the design of metal castings. Journal of Intelligent Manufacturing, 13 (1). pp. 39-45. ISSN 0956-5515 (Print), 1572-8145 (Online) (doi:10.1023/A:1013676928961)

Taylor, Stephen John (1997) An investigation into automation of fire field modelling techniques. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

spatial representation

Veeraswamy, Anand, Lawrence, Peter and Galea, Edwin (2009) Implementation of cognitive mapping, spatial representation and wayfinding behaviours of people within evacuation modelling tools. Human Behaviour in Fire 2009 - Conference Proceedings. Interscience Communications Ltd., Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 501-512. ISBN 978-0-9556548-3-1

species calculation

Wang, Zhaozhi, Jia, Fuchen, Galea, Edwin R. and Patel, Mayur (2007) Predicting toxic species concentrations in a full-scale vitiated fire. Interflam 2007 11th International Fire Science and Engineering Conference. Interflam, 2 . Interscience Communications Ltd, London, pp. 1047-1058. ISBN 9780954121693

species concentrations

Galea, Edwin R., Wang, Zhaozhi, Togher, Madeleine, Jia, Fuchen and Lawrence, Peter (2007) Predicting the likely impact of aircraft post crash fire on aircraft evacuation using fire and evacuation simulation. Proceedings of the 5th Triennial International Fire and Cabin Safety Research Conference, Atlantic City, 29 Oct.-1 Nov. 2007. Federal Aviation Administration, Washington DC.

specification languages

Finney, K., Fenton, N. and Fedorec, A. (1999) Effects of structure on the comprehensibility of formal specifications. IEE Proceedings Software, 146 (4). pp. 193-202. ISSN 1462-5970 (doi:10.1049/ip-sen:19990600)

specification readability

Finney, Kate M. and Fedorec, Alex M. (1996) An empirical study of specification readability. In: Dean, C. Neville and Hinchey, Michael G., (eds.) Teaching and Learning Formal Methods. Academic Press International Series in Formal Methods . Academic Press, pp. 117-130. ISBN 9780123490407

sprinkler systems

Mawhinney, R.N., Galea, E.R. and Patel, M.K. (1996) Fire-sprinkler spray interaction modelling using an Euler-Lagrange approach. In: Conference Proceedings: Interflam '96: Seventh International Fire Science and Engineering Conference. Interscience Communications Ltd., Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 841-845. ISBN 0951632094

square room

Machado Tavares, Rodrigo and Galea, Edwin R. (2010) Numerical optimisation techniques applied to evacuation analysis. In: Klingsch, W.W.F., Rogsch, C., Schadschneider, A. and Schreckenberg, M., (eds.) Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics 2008. Springer-Verlag, Berlin / Heidelberg, Germany, pp. 555-561. ISBN 978-3-642-04503-5 (Print), 978-3-642-04504-2 (Online) (doi:10.1007/978-3-642-04504-2_49)

staff response

Zachary Au, S.Y., Gwynne, Steven M.V. and Purser, David (2011) Pre-warning delay - staff response in emergencies. In: International Scientific and Technical Conference “Emergency Evacuation of People from Buildings” (EMEVAC), 31 Mar - 1 Apr 2011, Warsaw, Poland.

staggered mesh

Shala, Mehmet, Patel, Mayur and Pericleous, Koulis A. (2006) Unstructured staggered mesh methods for fluid flow, heat transfer and phase change. WSEAS Transactions on Fluid Mechanics, 1 (5). pp. 431-438. ISSN 1790-5087

staggered mess

Shala, Mehmet, Pericleous, Koulis A. and Patel, Mayur (2006) A two dimensional unstructured staggered mesh method with special treatment of tangential velocity. In: 4th WSEAS International Conference on Fluid Mechanics and Aerodynamics, August 21-23, 2006, Elounda, Greece.

staggered methods

Shala, Mehmet, Pericleous, Koulis A. and Patel, Mayur (2007) Numerical simulation of incompressible flow problems using an unstructured staggered mesh method. Journal of Algorithms and Computational Technology, 1 (3). pp. 273-302. ISSN 1748-3018 (doi:10.1260/174830107782424066)

stair

Choi, Jun-Ho, Galea, Edwin and Hong, Won-Hwa (2013) Individual stair ascent and descent walk speeds measured in a Korean high-rise building. Journal of Fire Protection Engineering (00). pp. 1-29. ISSN 1042-3915 (Print), 1532-172X (Online) (doi:10.1177/1042391513492738)

stair merging behavior

Galea, E.R., Sharp, G. and Lawrence, P.J. (2008) Investigating the representation of merging behavior at the floor–stair interface in computer simulations of multi-floor building evacuations. Journal of Fire Protection Engineering, 18 (4). pp. 291-316. ISSN 1042-3915 (Print), 1532-172X (Online) (doi:10.1177/1042391508095092)

standards

Blake, S., Galea, E.R., Gwynne, S., Lawrence, P. and Filippidis, L. (2001) Examining the effect of exit separation on aircraft evacuation performance using evacuation modelling techniques: "Is the 60 foot rule relevant?". CMS Press, Greenwich, London, UK. ISBN 1899991727

Blake, S.J., Galea, E.R., Gwynne, S., Lawrence, P.J. and Filippidis, L. (2002) Examining the effect of exit separation on aircraft evacuation performance during 90-second certification trials using evacuation modelling techniques. The Aeronautical Journal, 106 (1055). pp. 1-16. ISSN 0001-9240

stoichiometric oxygen to fuel mass ratio

Wang, Zhaozhi, Jia, Fuchen and Galea, E.R. (2010) A generalized relationship between the normalized yields of carbon monoxide and hydrogen cyanide. Fire and Materials, 35 (8). pp. 577-591. ISSN 0308-0501 (Print), 1099-1018 (Online) (doi:10.1002/fam.1076)

stomach carcinoma

Kocher, H.M., Linklater, K., Patel, S. and Ellul, J.P.M. (2001) Epidemiological study of oesophageal and gastric cancer in south-east England. British Journal of Surgery, 88 (9). pp. 1249-1257. ISSN 0007-1323 (Print), 1365-2168 (Online) (doi:10.1046/j.0007-1323.2001.01847.x)

storage

Galea, Edwin R., Hulse, Lynn, Day, Rachel, Siddiqui, Asim, Sharp, Gary, Boyce, Karen, Summerfield, Louise, Canter, David, Marselle, Melisa and Greenall, Paul V. (2010) The UK WTC9/11 evacuation study: an overview of the methodologies employed and some preliminary analysis. In: Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics 2008. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, Berlin / Heidelberg, Germany, pp. 3-24. ISBN 978-3-642-04503-5 (print), 978-3-642-04504-2 (eISBN) (doi:10.1007/978-3-642-04504-2_1)

stress

Hulse, Lynn and Memon, Amina (2006) Fatal impact? The effects of emotional arousal and weapon presence on police officers' memories for a simulated crime. Legal and Criminological Psychology, 11 (2). pp. 313-325. ISSN 1355-3259 (doi:10.1348/135532505X58062)

structural design

Blake, S., Galea, E.R., Gwynne, S., Lawrence, P. and Filippidis, L. (2001) Examining the effect of exit separation on aircraft evacuation performance using evacuation modelling techniques: "Is the 60 foot rule relevant?". CMS Press, Greenwich, London, UK. ISBN 1899991727

Blake, S.J., Galea, E.R., Gwynne, S., Lawrence, P.J. and Filippidis, L. (2002) Examining the effect of exit separation on aircraft evacuation performance during 90-second certification trials using evacuation modelling techniques. The Aeronautical Journal, 106 (1055). pp. 1-16. ISSN 0001-9240

SURFCON

Andrews, D., Casarosa, L., Deere, Steven, Galea, Edwin R., Lawrence, Peter and Pawling, R. (2007) Integrating personnel movement simulation into preliminary ship design. Human Factors in Ship Design, Safety and Operation, 21-22 March 2007, London, UK. Royal Institution of Naval Architects, London, UK, pp. 117-128. ISBN 1905040342

Andrews, D., Casarosa, L., Pawling, R., Galea, E., Deere, S. and Lawrence, P. (2008) Integrating personnel movement simulation into prelimary ship design. Transactions of The Royal Institution of Naval Architects Part A: International Journal of Maritime Engineering, 150 (1). pp. 19-34. ISSN 1479-8751 (Print), 1740-0716 (Online)

survey

Kinsey, M.J., Galea, E.R. and Lawrence, P.J. (2010) Human factors associated with the selection of lifts/elevators or stairs in emergency and normal usage conditions. Fire Technology, 48 (1). pp. 3-26. ISSN 0015-2684 (Print), 1572-8099 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10694-010-0176-7)

survivability

Robinson, J.E., Hull, T.R., Lebek, K., Stec, A.A., Galea, Edwin R., Mahalingam, Arun, Jia, Fuchen, Patel, Mayur and Persson, H. (2007) Assessment of the impact of computed and measured fire environments on building evacuation using bench and real scale test data. Interflam 2007 11th International Fire Science and Engineering Conference. Interscience Communications, Greenwich, pp. 873-884. ISBN 9780954121693

survivable aviation accidents

Galea, Edwin R., Finney, Kate M., Dixon, Andrew J., Siddiqui, Asim and Cooney, David P. (2006) Aircraft accident statistics and knowledge database: analyzing passenger behavior in aviation accidents. Journal of Aircraft, 43 (5). pp. 1272-1281. ISSN 0021-8669 (Print), 1533-3868 (Online) (doi:10.2514/1.19388)

survivor accounts

Galea, E.R., Finney, K.M., Dixon, A.J.P, Siddiqui, A. and Cooney, D.P. (2004) The AASK database V4.0: aircraft accident statistics and knowledge. A database to record human experience of evacuation in aviation accidents. In: Fourth Triennial International Fire and Cabin Safety Research Conference, 15–19 Nov 2004, Lisbon, Portugal.

survivor experiences

Galea, E., Lawrence, P., Blake, S., Dixon, A. and Westeng, H. (2007) The 2001 World Trade Centre evacuation. In: Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics 2005. Springer, Berlin / Heidelberg, pp. 225-238. ISBN 9783540470625 (doi:10.1007/978-3-540-47064-9_20)

survivors

Blake, S., Galea, E., Westang, H. and Dixon, A. (2004) An analysis of human behaviour during the WTC disaster of 9/11 based on published survivor accounts. In: 3rd International Symposium on Human Behaviour in Fire: Conference Proceedings. Interscience Communications Ltd., Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 181-192. ISBN 095412166X

McConnell, N.C., Boyce, K.E., Shields, J., Galea, E.R., Day, R.C. and Hulse, L.M. (2009) The UK 9/11 evacuation study: Analysis of survivors’ recognition and response phase in WTC1. Fire Safety Journal, 45 (1). pp. 21-34. ISSN 0379-7112 (doi:10.1016/j.firesaf.2009.09.001)

Swissair

Jia, F., Patel, M.K., Galea, E.R., Grandison, A. and Ewer, J. (2006) CFD fire simulation of the Swissair flight 111 in-flight fire - part II: fire spread analysis. The Aeronautical Journal of the Royal Aeronautical Society, 110 (1107):3069. pp. 303-314. ISSN 0001-9240

Swissair flight 111

Galea, E. (2006) CFD fire simulation of the Swissair flight 111 in-flight fire – Part 1: Prediction of the pre-fire air flow within the cockpit and surrounding areas. The Aeronautical Journal, 110 (1103). ISSN 0001-9240

Jia, F., Patel, M.K. and Galea, E.R. (2004) Simulating the Swissair flight 111 in-flight fire using the CFD fire simulation software SMARTFIRE. In: Fourth Triennial International Fire and Cabin Safety Research Conference, 15–19 Nov 2004, Lisbon, Portugal.

Jia, Fuchen, Patel, Mayur and Galea, Edwin (2003) Flight simulation. Fire Prevention & Fire Engineers Journal, 2003 (Sept.). pp. 27-29. ISSN 1478-3576

systematic partitioning

Grandison, Angus, Muthu, Yasmina, Lawrence, Peter and Galea, Edwin R. (2007) Simulating the evacuation of very large populations in large domains using a parallel implementation of the buildingEXODUS evacuation model. Interflam 2007 11th International Fire Science and Engineering Conference. Interscience Communications, Greenwich, pp. 259-270. ISBN 9780954121686

T-microchannel device

Xue, Xiangdong, Patel, Mayur K., Bailey, Chris, Kersaudy-Kerhoas, Maïwenn and Desmulliez, Marc P.Y. (2008) Challenges in modelling biofluids in microchannels. In: 2nd Electronics System-Integration Technology Conference, 2008. ESTC 2008. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc., Piscataway, NJ, USA, pp. 287-292. ISBN 978-1-4244-2814-4 (Print) 978-1-4244-2813-7 (Online) (doi:10.1109/ESTC.2008.4684363)

template

Gwynne, Steve (2011) Representing egress data. Fire and Materials, 36 (5-6). pp. 441-457. ISSN 0308-0501 (Print), 1099-1018 (Online) (doi:10.1002/fam.1106)

terrorism

McConnell, N.C., Boyce, K.E., Shields, J., Galea, E.R., Day, R.C. and Hulse, L.M. (2009) The UK 9/11 evacuation study: Analysis of survivors’ recognition and response phase in WTC1. Fire Safety Journal, 45 (1). pp. 21-34. ISSN 0379-7112 (doi:10.1016/j.firesaf.2009.09.001)

thermal radiation modelling

Jia, F., Galea, E.R, and Patel, M.K. (2000) The numerical simulation of compartment fires using an integrated gas and solid phase combustion model. In: ACME '2000 The 8th Annual Conference of the Association for Computational Mechanics in Engineering. Extended Abstracts. University of Greenwich, Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 50-53. ISBN 1861661509

Jia, F., Galea, E.R. and Patel, M.K. (1999) The numerical simulation of fire spread within a compartment using an integrated gas and solid phase combustion model. Journal of Applied Fire Science, 8 (4). pp. 327-352. ISSN 1044-4300 (Print), 1541-4183 (Online) (doi:10.2190/UY41-W38Q-X6KK-TXYV)

thermal resistance

Yao, Jun, Yao, Yufeng, Mason, Peter J. and Patel, Mayur (2009) Numerical simulation of heat transfer in rectangular microchannel. Advances in Applied Mathematics and Mechanics, 1 (2). pp. 231-241. ISSN 2070-0733 (Print), 2075-1354 (Online)

thermoelectric MHD

Kao, Andrew, Pericleous, Koulis A., Patel, Mayur and Voller, V. (2009) Thermoelectric MHD effects on equiaxed crystal morphology. 6th International Conference on Electromagnetic Processing of Materials, EPM 2009. Forschungszentrum Dresden-Rossendorf, Dresden, Germany. ISBN Forschungszentrum Dresden-Rossendorf

thermoelectricity

Kao, A., Pericleous, K., Patel, M.K. and Voller, V. (2009) Effects of magnetic fields on crystal growth. International Journal of Cast Metals Research, 22 (1-4). pp. 147-150. ISSN 1364-0461 (Print), 1743-1336 (Online) (doi:10.1179/136404609X367551)

Kao, Andrew, Pericleous, Koulis A., Patel, Mayur K. and Voller, Vaughan R. (2010) Thermoelectric effects on alloy solidification microstructure. In: Cockcroft, Steve L. and Maijer, Daan M., (eds.) Modeling of Casting, Welding, and Advanced Solidification Processes. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. / The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society, Warrendale, PA, USA, pp. 521-528. ISBN 978-0-87339-742-1 (hbk)

time to flashover

Galea, Edwin R., Wang, Zhaozhi, Togher, Madeleine, Jia, Fuchen and Lawrence, Peter (2007) Predicting the likely impact of aircraft post crash fire on aircraft evacuation using fire and evacuation simulation. Proceedings of the 5th Triennial International Fire and Cabin Safety Research Conference, Atlantic City, 29 Oct.-1 Nov. 2007. Federal Aviation Administration, Washington DC.

toxic combustion products

Mahalingam, Arun, Jia, Fuchen, Patel, Mayur and Galea, Edwin R. (2007) Modelling generation and transport of toxic combustion products in enclosure fires using bench-scale test data. Interflam 2007 11th International Fire Science and Engineering Conference. Interscience Communications, Greenwich, pp. 1631-1636. ISBN 9780954121693

toxicity

Mahalingam, A., Jia, F., Wang, Z., Patel, M.K. and Galea, E.R. (2011) Numerical investigation of tube furnace toxicity measurement method (ISO 19700). Fire and Materials, 36 (1). pp. 17-30. ISSN 0308-0501 (Print), 1099-1018 (Online) (doi:10.1002/fam.1079)

Wang, Z., Jia, F., Galea, E.R. and Patel, M.K. (2010) Predicting toxic gas concentrations at locations remote from the fire source. Fire and Materials, 35 (7). pp. 505-526. ISSN 0308-0501 (Print), 1099-1018 (Online) (doi:10.1002/fam.1069)

Wang, Zhaozhi, Jia, Fuchen, Galea, Edwin R. and Patel, Mayur (2007) Predicting toxic species concentrations in a full-scale vitiated fire. Interflam 2007 11th International Fire Science and Engineering Conference. Interflam, 2 . Interscience Communications Ltd, London, pp. 1047-1058. ISBN 9780954121693

trains

Galea, E.R. and Gwynne, S. (2000) Estimating the flow rate capacity of an overturned rail carriage end exit in the presence of smoke. Fire and Materials, 24 (6). pp. 291-302. ISSN 0308-0501 (Print), 1099-1018 (Online) (doi:10.1002/1099-1018(200011/12)24:6<291::AID-FAM750>3.0.CO;2-6)

Galea, Edwin R. (2002) Simulating evacuation and circulation in planes, trains, buildings and ships using the EXODUS software. In: Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics. Springer, pp. 203-225. ISBN 9783540426905

Gwynne, Steve and Galea, Edwin (2001) Evacuating an overturned smoke filled rail carriage. In: 2nd International Symposium on Human Behaviour in Fires [Conference Proceedings]. Interscience Communications Ltd., Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 135-146. ISBN 0953231267

transport aircraft

Galea, E.R., Blake, S.J., Gwynne, S, and Lawrence, P.J. (2003) The use of evacuation modelling techniques in the design of very large transport aircraft and blended wing body aircraft. The Aeronautical Journal, 107 (1070). pp. 207-218. ISSN 0001-9240

Owen, M., Galea, E.R., Lawrence, P.J. and Filippidis, L. (1998) The numerical simulation of aircraft evacuation and its application to aircraft design and certification. The Aeronautical Journal, 102 (1016). pp. 301-312. ISSN 0001-9240

travel time

Galea, Edwin R., Sharp, Gary, Lawrence, Peter and Dixon, Andrew J. (2007) Investigating the impact of occupant response time on computer simulations of the WTC North Tower evacuation. Interflam 2007 11th International Fire Science and Engineering Conference. Interscience Communications Ltd, Greenwich, pp. 1435-1442. ISBN 9780954121693

trial evacuation

Parke, J., Gwynne, S., Galea, E.R. and Lawrence, P. (2003) Validating the buildingEXODUS evacuation model using data from an unannounced trial evacuation. In: Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics 2003: Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference. CMS Press, Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 295-306. ISBN 1904521088

tructural design

Owen, M., Galea, E.R., Lawrence, P.J. and Filippidis, L. (1998) The numerical simulation of aircraft evacuation and its application to aircraft design and certification. The Aeronautical Journal, 102 (1016). pp. 301-312. ISSN 0001-9240

Tsukuba Pavilion

Gwynne, S., Galea, E.R., Lawrence, P.J., Owen, M. and Filippidis, L. (1998) A systematic comparison of model predictions produced by the buildingExodus evacuation model and the Tsukuba Pavilion evacuation data. Journal of Applied Fire Science, 7 (3). pp. 235-266. ISSN 1044-4300 (Print), 1541-4183 (Online) (doi:10.2190/6W20-VM9D-Y3F2-QGHE)

tube furnace

Mahalingam, A., Jia, F., Wang, Z., Patel, M.K. and Galea, E.R. (2011) Numerical investigation of tube furnace toxicity measurement method (ISO 19700). Fire and Materials, 36 (1). pp. 17-30. ISSN 0308-0501 (Print), 1099-1018 (Online) (doi:10.1002/fam.1079)

unannounced evacuation exercise

Gwynne, S.M.V. and Boswell, D.L. (2009) Pre-evacuation data collected from a mid-rise evacuation exercise. Journal of Fire Protection Engineering, 19 (1). pp. 5-29. ISSN 1042-3915 (Print), 1532-172X (Online) (doi:10.1177/1042391508095093)

unary optimization

Deng, Naiyang, Wang, Zhaozhi and Zhang, Jianzhong (2001) An improved inexact Newton's method for unary optimization. Optimization Methods and Software, 15 (3-4). pp. 257-282. ISSN 1055-6788 (Print), 1029-4937 (Online) (doi:10.1080/10556780108805821)

undercooling

Kao, A., Pericleous, K., Patel, M.K. and Voller, V. (2009) Effects of magnetic fields on crystal growth. International Journal of Cast Metals Research, 22 (1-4). pp. 147-150. ISSN 1364-0461 (Print), 1743-1336 (Online) (doi:10.1179/136404609X367551)

Kao, Andrew, Pericleous, Koulis A., Patel, Mayur K. and Voller, Vaughan R. (2010) Thermoelectric effects on alloy solidification microstructure. In: Cockcroft, Steve L. and Maijer, Daan M., (eds.) Modeling of Casting, Welding, and Advanced Solidification Processes. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. / The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society, Warrendale, PA, USA, pp. 521-528. ISBN 978-0-87339-742-1 (hbk)

underground station

Kinsey, Michael J., Galea, Edwin R. and Lawrence, Peter (2009) Extended model of pedestrian escalator behaviour based on data collected within a Chinese underground station. 4th International Symposium on Human Behaviour in Fire 2009: Conference Proceedings. Interscience Communications Ltd, London, UK, pp. 173-182. ISBN 978-0-9556548-3-1

uniform random distribution

Galea, Edwin R., Deere, Steven, Sharp, Gary, Filippidis, Lazaros, Lawrence, Peter and Gwynne, Steve (2007) Recommendations on the nature of the passenger response time distribution to be used in the MSC 1033 assembly time analysis based on data derived from sea trials. International Journal of Maritime Engineering, 149 (A1). pp. 15-29. ISSN 1479-8751

United Kingdom

Kocher, H.M., Linklater, K., Patel, S. and Ellul, J.P.M. (2001) Epidemiological study of oesophageal and gastric cancer in south-east England. British Journal of Surgery, 88 (9). pp. 1249-1257. ISSN 0007-1323 (Print), 1365-2168 (Online) (doi:10.1046/j.0007-1323.2001.01847.x)

university premises

Gwynne, S., Galea, E.R., Parke, J. and Hickson, J. (2003) The collection and analysis of pre-evacuation times derived from evacuation trials and their application to evacuation modelling. Fire Technology, 39 (2). pp. 173-195. ISSN 0015-2684 (Print), 1572-8099 (Online) (doi:10.1023/A:1024212214120)

Unix

Grandison, Angus Joseph (2003) Improving the regulatory acceptance and numerical performance of CFD based fire-modelling software. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

unsaturated porous media

Kiani, Nageena, Patel, Mayur and Lai, Choi-Hong (2007) CFD analysis of one-dimensional infiltration in vadose zone. Journal of Algorithms & Computational Technology, 1 (4). pp. 477-493. ISSN 1748-3018 (doi:10.1260/174830107783133897)

unstructured

Shala, Mehmet, Patel, Mayur and Pericleous, Koulis A. (2006) Unstructured staggered mesh methods for fluid flow, heat transfer and phase change. WSEAS Transactions on Fluid Mechanics, 1 (5). pp. 431-438. ISSN 1790-5087

Shala, Mehmet, Pericleous, Koulis A. and Patel, Mayur (2006) A two dimensional unstructured staggered mesh method with special treatment of tangential velocity. In: 4th WSEAS International Conference on Fluid Mechanics and Aerodynamics, August 21-23, 2006, Elounda, Greece.

unstructured mesh

Shala, Mehmet, Pericleous, Koulis A. and Patel, Mayur (2007) Numerical simulation of incompressible flow problems using an unstructured staggered mesh method. Journal of Algorithms and Computational Technology, 1 (3). pp. 273-302. ISSN 1748-3018 (doi:10.1260/174830107782424066)

validation

Galea, Edwin R. (1998) A general approach to validating evacuation models with an application to EXODUS. Journal of Fire Sciences, 16 (6). pp. 414-436. ISSN 0734-9041 (Print), 1530-8049 (Online) (doi:10.1177/073490419801600603)

Galea, Edwin Richard, Deere, Steven, Brown, Robert and Filippidis, Lazaros (2013) An experimental validation of an evacuation model using data sets generated from two large passenger ships. Journal of Ship Research, 13 (3). pp. 155-170. ISSN 0022-4502 (Print), 1542-0604 (Online) (doi:10.5957/JOSR.57.3.120037)

Gwynne, S., Galea, E.R., Lyster, C. and Glen, I. (2003) Analysing the evacuation procedures employed on a Thames passenger boat using the maritimeEXODUS evacuation model. Fire Technology, 39 (3). pp. 225-246. ISSN 0015-268 (Print), 1572-8099 (Online) (doi:10.1023/A:1024189414319)

Muhdi, Rani, Gwynne, Steve and Davis, Jerry (2009) The incorporation and validation of empirical crawling data into the buildingEXODUS model. Safety Science, 47 (1). pp. 97-104. ISSN 0925-7535 (doi:10.1016/j.ssci.2007.12.003)

Wang, Z., Jia, F., Galea, E.R., Patel, M.K. and Ewer, J. (2001) Simulating one of the CIB W14 round robin test cases using the SMARTFIRE fire field model. Fire Safety Journal, 36 (7). pp. 661-677. ISSN 0379-7112 (doi:10.1016/S0379-7112(01)00018-2)

validation data

Galea, Edwin, Brown, Robert, Filippidis, Lazaros and Deere, Steven (2011) Collection of evacuation data for large passenger vessels at sea. In: Peacock, Richard D., Kuligowski, Erica D. and Averill, Jason D., (eds.) Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics. Springer, New York / Dordrecht / Heidelberg / London, pp. 163-172. ISBN 978-1-4419-9724-1, (e-ISBN) 978-1-4419-9725-8 (doi:10.1007/978-1-4419-9725-8_15)

validation methodology

Galea, Edwin Richard, Deere, Steven, Brown, Robert and Filippidis, Lazaros (2013) An experimental validation of an evacuation model using data sets generated from two large passenger ships. Journal of Ship Research, 13 (3). pp. 155-170. ISSN 0022-4502 (Print), 1542-0604 (Online) (doi:10.5957/JOSR.57.3.120037)

various exiting combinations

Galea, Edwin R., Wang, Zhaozhi, Togher, Madeleine, Jia, Fuchen and Lawrence, Peter (2007) Predicting the likely impact of aircraft post crash fire on aircraft evacuation using fire and evacuation simulation. Proceedings of the 5th Triennial International Fire and Cabin Safety Research Conference, Atlantic City, 29 Oct.-1 Nov. 2007. Federal Aviation Administration, Washington DC.

VCA

Xie, Hui, Filippidis, Lazaros, Galea, Edwin R., Gwynne, Steve, Blackshields, Darren and Lawrence, Peter (2007) Experimental study and theoretical analysis of signage legibility distances as a function of observation angle. In: Waldau, Nathalie, Gattermann, Peter, Knoflacher, Hermann and Schreckenberg, Michael, (eds.) Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics 2005. Springer Berlin, Berlin, pp. 131-143. ISBN 9783540470625 (doi:10.1007/978-3-540-47064-9_12)

verification

Wang, Z., Jia, F., Galea, E.R., Patel, M.K. and Ewer, J. (2001) Simulating one of the CIB W14 round robin test cases using the SMARTFIRE fire field model. Fire Safety Journal, 36 (7). pp. 661-677. ISSN 0379-7112 (doi:10.1016/S0379-7112(01)00018-2)

VERRES

Galea, E.R., Blake, S. and Lawrence, P. (2004) Computer simulation of VLTA evacuation performance: a report from the VERRES project. In: Fourth Triennial International Fire and Cabin Safety Research Conference, 15–19 Nov 2004, Lisbon, Portugal.

vertical transport devices

Kinsey, Michael Jon. (2011) Vertical transport evacuation modelling. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

Very Large Transport Aircraft (VLTA) Emergency Requirements Research Evacuation Study (VERRES)

Galea, E.R. (2004) The use of computer simulation for aircraft evacuation certification: a report from the VERRES project. In: Fourth Triennial International Fire and Cabin Safety Research Conference, 15–19 Nov 2004, Lisbon, Portugal.

Galea, E.R., Blake, S. and Dixon, A. (2004) An analysis of passenger performance on stairs and upper deck slides during evacuation trials: a report from the VERRES project. In: Fourth Triennial International Fire and Cabin Safety Research Conference, 15–19 Nov 2004, Lisbon, Portugal.

vessels

Galea, Edwin R., Brown, Rob, Filippidis, Lazaros and Deere, Steven (2010) The SAFEGUARD project: collection and preliminary analysis of assembly data for large passenger vessels at sea. Compit'10, 9th International Conference on Computer and IT Applications in the Maritime Industries. Compit'10, 9th International Conference on Computer and IT Applications in the Maritime Industries, pp. 424-433. ISBN 9783892206491

virtual reality interface

Cooney, David Paul (2000) The application of virtual reality environments to evacuation modelling. MRes thesis, University of Greenwich.

viscoplastic model

Christakis, N., Chapelle, Pierre and Patel, M. K. (2006) Analysis and modeling of heaping behavior of granular mixtures within a computational mechanics framework. Advanced Powder Technology, 17 (4). pp. 383-398. ISSN 0921-8831 (doi:10.1163/156855206777866173)

visibility

Filippidis, Lazaros, Galea, Edwin R., Gwynne, Steve and Lawrence, Peter (2006) Representing the influence of signage on evacuation behavior within an evacuation model. Journal of Fire Protection Engineering, 16 (1). pp. 37-73. ISSN 1042-3915 (doi:10.1177/1042391506054298)

Xie, Hui, Filippidis, Lazaros, Gwynne, Steve, Galea, Edwin R., Blackshields, Darren and Lawrence, Peter (2007) Signage legibility distances as a function of observation angle. Journal of Fire Protection Engineering, 17 (1). pp. 41-64. ISSN 1042-3915 (doi:10.1177/1042391507064025)

visibility catchment area

Xie, Hui, Filippidis, Lazaros, Galea, Edwin R., Gwynne, Steve, Blackshields, Darren and Lawrence, Peter (2007) Experimental study and theoretical analysis of signage legibility distances as a function of observation angle. In: Waldau, Nathalie, Gattermann, Peter, Knoflacher, Hermann and Schreckenberg, Michael, (eds.) Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics 2005. Springer Berlin, Berlin, pp. 131-143. ISBN 9783540470625 (doi:10.1007/978-3-540-47064-9_12)

vitiated fires

Wang, Zhaozhi, Jia, Fuchen, Galea, Edwin R. and Patel, Mayur (2007) Predicting toxic species concentrations in a full-scale vitiated fire. Interflam 2007 11th International Fire Science and Engineering Conference. Interflam, 2 . Interscience Communications Ltd, London, pp. 1047-1058. ISBN 9780954121693

vulnerable groups

Gwynne, S.M.V., Boswell, D.L. and Proulx, G. (2009) Understanding the effectiveness of notification technologies in assisting vulnerable populations. Journal of Fire Protection Engineering, 19 (1). pp. 31-49. ISSN 1042-3915 (Print), 1532-172X (Online) (doi:10.1177/1042391508095094)

walk speed

Choi, Jun-Ho, Galea, Edwin and Hong, Won-Hwa (2013) Individual stair ascent and descent walk speeds measured in a Korean high-rise building. Journal of Fire Protection Engineering (00). pp. 1-29. ISSN 1042-3915 (Print), 1532-172X (Online) (doi:10.1177/1042391513492738)

warships

Boxall, P., Gwynne, S., Filippidis, L., Galea, E.R. and Cooney, D. (2005) Advanced evacuation simulation software and its use in warships. In: Royal Institution of Naval Architects International Conference - Human Factors in Ship Design, Safety and Operation. Royal Institution of Naval Architects, London, UK, pp. 49-56. ISBN 9781905040094

Gwynne, S., Filippidis, L., Galea, E.R., Cooney, D. and Boxall, P. (2007) Data collection in support of the modelling of naval vessels. In: Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics 2005. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, Berlin Heidelberg, pp. 443-454. ISBN 9783540470625 (doi:10.1007/978-3-540-47064-9_42)

washing compulsions

Thorpe, S.J., Patel, S.P. and Simonds, L.M. (2003) The relationship between disgust sensitivity, anxiety and obsessions. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 41 (12). pp. 1397-1409. ISSN 0005-7967 (doi:10.1016/S0005-7967(03)00058-5)

water

Alessandri, E., Buchlin, J.M. and Patel, Mayur (1996) Numerical optimisation of water curtain barriers design. Technical Report. University of Greenwich, London. (doi:1899991166)

water curtain barrier

Alessandri, E., Buchlin, J., Cavallini, A., Patel, Mayur and Galea, Edwin R. (1996) On the modelling of the thermal interactions between a spray curtain and an impinging cold gas cloud. Technical Report. University of Greenwich, London. (doi:1899991107)

water mist

Galea, E.R., Lawrence, P., Gwynne, S., Sharp, G., Hurst, N., Wang, Z. and Ewer, J. (2004) Integrated fire and evacuation in maritime environments. In: 2nd International Maritime Conference on Design for Safety [Proceedings]. Ship and Ocean Foundation, pp. 161-170.

water misting systems

Mawhinney, R.N., Grandison, A.J., Galea, E.R., Patel, M.K. and Ewer, J. (2000) The development of a CFD based simulator for water mist suppression systems: the development of the fire submodel. Journal of Applied Fire Science, 9 (4). pp. 311-345. ISSN 1044-4300 (Print), 1541-4183 (Online) (doi:10.2190/L07V-KGDD-KUPJ-D397)

water movement

Kiani, Nageena, Patel, Mayur and Lai, Choi-Hong (2007) CFD analysis of one-dimensional infiltration in vadose zone. Journal of Algorithms & Computational Technology, 1 (4). pp. 477-493. ISSN 1748-3018 (doi:10.1260/174830107783133897)

wayfinding

Filippidis, Lazaros, Galea, Edwin R., Blackshields, Darren and Lawrence, Peter (2009) Experimental study of the effectiveness of emergency signage. Human Behaviour in Fire 2009 - Conference Proceedings. Interscience Communications Ltd., Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 289-300. ISBN 978-0-9556548-3-1

Filippidis, Lazaros, Lawrence, Peter, Galea, Edwin and Blackshields, Darren (2008) Simulating the interaction of occupants with signage systems. In: Fire Safety Science - Proceedings of the Ninth International Symposium. IAFSS Symposiums (9). International Association for Fire Safety Science, London, UK, pp. 389-400. ISSN 1817-4299 (doi:10.3801/IAFSS.FSS.9-389)

Veeraswamy, Anand (2011) Computational modelling of agent based path planning and the representation of human wayfinding behaviour within egress models. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

Veeraswamy, Anand, Lawrence, Peter and Galea, Edwin (2009) Implementation of cognitive mapping, spatial representation and wayfinding behaviours of people within evacuation modelling tools. Human Behaviour in Fire 2009 - Conference Proceedings. Interscience Communications Ltd., Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 501-512. ISBN 978-0-9556548-3-1

Xie, Hui (2011) Investigation into the interaction of people with signage systems and its implementation within evacuation models. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

Xie, Hui, Filippidis, Lazaros, Galea, Edwin R., Blackshields, Darren and Lawrence, Peter J. (2011) Experimental analysis of the effectiveness of emergency signage and its implementation in evacuation simulation. Fire and Materials, 36 (5-6). pp. 367-382. ISSN 0308-0501 (Print), 1099-1018 (Online) (doi:10.1002/fam.1095)

Xie, Hui, Filippidis, Lazaros, Galea, Edwin R., Gwynne, Steve, Blackshields, Darren and Lawrence, Peter (2007) Experimental study and theoretical analysis of signage legibility distances as a function of observation angle. In: Waldau, Nathalie, Gattermann, Peter, Knoflacher, Hermann and Schreckenberg, Michael, (eds.) Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics 2005. Springer Berlin, Berlin, pp. 131-143. ISBN 9783540470625 (doi:10.1007/978-3-540-47064-9_12)

Xie, Hui, Filippidis, Lazaros, Gwynne, Steve, Galea, Edwin R., Blackshields, Darren and Lawrence, Peter (2007) Signage legibility distances as a function of observation angle. Journal of Fire Protection Engineering, 17 (1). pp. 41-64. ISSN 1042-3915 (doi:10.1177/1042391507064025)

Xie, Hui, Galea, Edwin and Lawrence, Peter (2013) Experimental study of the effectiveness of dynamic signage system. In: Conference Proceedings: Interflam 2013: 13th International Fire Science and Engineering Conference. Interscience Communications, Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 967-978. ISBN 9780955654893

wayfinding experiment

Xie, Hui, Filippidis, Lazaros, Galea, Edwin R., Blackshields, Darren and Lawrence, Peter J. (2011) Experimental analysis of the effectiveness of emergency signage and its implementation in evacuation simulation. Fire and Materials, 36 (5-6). pp. 367-382. ISSN 0308-0501 (Print), 1099-1018 (Online) (doi:10.1002/fam.1095)

wayfinding models

Veeraswamy, Anand (2011) Computational modelling of agent based path planning and the representation of human wayfinding behaviour within egress models. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

wayfinding systems

Filippidis, L., Gwynne, S., Galea, E.R. and Lawrence, P. (2003) Simulating the interaction of pedestrians with wayfinding systems. In: Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics 2003: Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference. CMS Press, Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 39-50. ISBN 1904521088

web search query

Siddiqui, Asim A. (2000) An interactive web based query engine for AASK database. MRes thesis, University of Greenwich.

wings

Blake, S., Galea, E.R., Gwynne, S., Lawrence, P. and Filippidis, L. (2001) Examining the effect of exit separation on aircraft evacuation performance using evacuation modelling techniques: "Is the 60 foot rule relevant?". CMS Press, Greenwich, London, UK. ISBN 1899991727

Blake, S.J., Galea, E.R., Gwynne, S., Lawrence, P.J. and Filippidis, L. (2002) Examining the effect of exit separation on aircraft evacuation performance during 90-second certification trials using evacuation modelling techniques. The Aeronautical Journal, 106 (1055). pp. 1-16. ISSN 0001-9240

Galea, E.R., Blake, S.J., Gwynne, S, and Lawrence, P.J. (2003) The use of evacuation modelling techniques in the design of very large transport aircraft and blended wing body aircraft. The Aeronautical Journal, 107 (1070). pp. 207-218. ISSN 0001-9240

World Trade Center

Day, Rachel C., Hulse, Lynn M. and Galea, Edwin R. (2013) Response phase behaviours and response time predictors of the 9/11 World Trade Center evacuation. Fire Technology, 49 (3). pp. 657-678. ISSN 0015-2684 (Print), 1572-8099 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s10694-012-0282-9)

Galea, E.R., Sharp, G., Lawrence, P.J. and Holden, R. (2008) Approximating the evacuation of the World Trade Center North Tower using computer simulation. Journal of Fire Protection Engineering, 18 (2). pp. 85-115. ISSN 1042-3915 (Print), 1532-172X (Online) (doi:10.1177/1042391507079343)

Galea, E.R., Shields, J., Canter, D., Boyce, K., Day, R., Hulse, L., Siddiqui, A., Summerfield, L., Marselle, M. and Greenall, P. (2006) Methodologies employed in the collection, retrieval and storage of human factors information derived from first hand accounts of survivors of the WTC disaster of 11 September 2001. Journal of Applied Fire Science, 15 (4). pp. 253-276. ISSN 1044-4300 (Print), 1541-4183 (Online) (doi:10.2190/AF.15.4.b)

Westeng, Helen (2004) Evacuation dynamics of the World Trade Center disaster. MRes thesis, University of Greenwich.

World Trade Center (WTC)

Galea, Edwin R., Hulse, Lynn, Day, Rachel, Siddiqui, Asim, Sharp, Gary, Boyce, Karen, Summerfield, Louise, Canter, David, Marselle, Melisa and Greenall, Paul V. (2010) The UK WTC9/11 evacuation study: an overview of the methodologies employed and some preliminary analysis. In: Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics 2008. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, Berlin / Heidelberg, Germany, pp. 3-24. ISBN 978-3-642-04503-5 (print), 978-3-642-04504-2 (eISBN) (doi:10.1007/978-3-642-04504-2_1)

World Trade Center (WTC) Twin Towers

Galea, Edwin, Hulse, Lynn, Day, Rachel, Siddiqui, Asim and Sharp, Gary (2009) The UK WTC 9/11 evacuation study: an overview of the methodologies employed and some analysis relating to fatigue, stair travel speeds and occupant response times. In: 4th International Symposium on Human Behaviour in Fire: Conference Proceedings. Interscience Communications Ltd., Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 27-40. ISBN 9780955654831

World Trade Centre

Blake, S., Galea, E., Westang, H. and Dixon, A. (2004) An analysis of human behaviour during the WTC disaster of 9/11 based on published survivor accounts. In: 3rd International Symposium on Human Behaviour in Fire: Conference Proceedings. Interscience Communications Ltd., Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 181-192. ISBN 095412166X

Galea, E., Lawrence, P., Blake, S., Dixon, A. and Westeng, H. (2007) The 2001 World Trade Centre evacuation. In: Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics 2005. Springer, Berlin / Heidelberg, pp. 225-238. ISBN 9783540470625 (doi:10.1007/978-3-540-47064-9_20)

Galea, E.R. and Galea, C. (2005) An Analysis of Human Behavior during Evacuation. Fire Protection Engineering, 28. pp. 22-29. ISSN 1524-900X (Print), 1524-900X (Online)

Galea, E.R., Lawrence, P.J., Blake, S.J., Gwynne, S. and Westeng, H. (2004) A preliminary investigation of the evacuation of the WTC North Tower using computer simulation. In: 3rd International Symposium on Human Behaviour in Fire: Conference Proceedings. Interscience Communications Ltd., Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 167-180. ISBN 095412166X

Galea, E.R., Shields, J., Canter, D., Boyce, K., Day, R., Hulse, L., Siddiqui, A., Summerfield, L., Marselle, M. and Greenall, P. V. (2007) The UK WTC 9/11 evacuation study: methodologies used in the elicitation and storage of human factors data. In: Interflam 2007 11th International Fire Science and Engineering Conference. Interscience Communications, Greenwich, UK, pp. 169-181. ISBN 9780954121686

Galea, Edwin R., Hulse, Lynn, Day, Rachel, Siddiqui, Asim and Sharp, Gary (2011) The UK WTC 9/11 evacuation study: an overview of findings derived from first-hand interview data and computer modelling. Fire and Materials, 36 (5-6). pp. 501-521. ISSN 0308-0501 (Print), 1099-1018 (Online) (doi:10.1002/fam.1070)

Galea, Edwin R., Sharp, Gary, Lawrence, Peter and Dixon, Andrew J. (2007) Investigating the impact of occupant response time on computer simulations of the WTC North Tower evacuation. Interflam 2007 11th International Fire Science and Engineering Conference. Interscience Communications Ltd, Greenwich, pp. 1435-1442. ISBN 9780954121693

McConnell, N.C., Boyce, K.E., Shields, J., Galea, E.R., Day, R.C. and Hulse, L.M. (2009) The UK 9/11 evacuation study: Analysis of survivors’ recognition and response phase in WTC1. Fire Safety Journal, 45 (1). pp. 21-34. ISSN 0379-7112 (doi:10.1016/j.firesaf.2009.09.001)

WTC

Galea, E.R., Sharp, G., Lawrence, P.J. and Holden, R. (2008) Approximating the evacuation of the World Trade Center North Tower using computer simulation. Journal of Fire Protection Engineering, 18 (2). pp. 85-115. ISSN 1042-3915 (Print), 1532-172X (Online) (doi:10.1177/1042391507079343)

Z specifications

Finney, Kate, Rennolls, Keith and Fedorec, Alex (1998) Measuring the comprehensibility of Z specifications. Journal of Systems and Software, 42 (1). pp. 3-15. ISSN 0164-1212 (doi:10.1016/S0164-1212(98)00003-X)

zinc

Djambazov, George Stefanov, Bailey, Chris, Patel, Mayur K. and Shrimpton, Jennifer (2004) Numerical simulation of vacuum dezincing of lead alloy. In: TMS 2004 133rd TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition 2004, 14-18 Mar 2004, Charlotte, North Carolina, USA. (Unpublished)

This list was generated on Wed Oct 12 16:18:17 2016 BST.