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Costs and benefits of erosion control measures in the UK

Costs and benefits of erosion control measures in the UK

Posthumus, H., Deeks, L.K., Rickson, R.J. and Quinton, J.N. (2015) Costs and benefits of erosion control measures in the UK. Soil Use and Management (Special Issue: Soil System Science for Sustainability and Policy), 31 (S1). pp. 16-33. ISSN 0266-0032 (Print), 1475-2743 (Online) (doi:10.1111/sum.12057)

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Abstract

Soil erosion is a key threat to ecosystem services. This study assesses the cost-effectiveness of erosion control measures based on an ecosystem services approach. The economic appraisal consists of an assessment (i.e. quantification and valuation) of the on-site and off-site impacts of soil erosion, and its mitigation, on ecosystem services. Many erosion control measures result in negative financial and economic returns. This explains why farmers are generally reluctant to implement erosion control measures without compensation. Based on the assessment described in this study, tramline management, mulching, buffer strips, high-density planting and sediment traps are the most cost-effective erosion control measures for agriculture in the UK. Contour ploughing also appears to be cost-effective, but this measure is not appropriate in all circumstances and therefore cannot be widely promoted. However, actual cost-effectiveness of erosion control measures will differ for local circumstances, and it is therefore advised that individual assessments are made at farm level or field level before recommendations are made to farmers.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: cost-benefit analysis, erosion, soil conservation, ecosystem services
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > G Geography (General)
Q Science > Q Science (General)
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Engineering & Science > Natural Resources Institute
Last Modified: 11 Oct 2016 12:47
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/9930

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