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CFD fire simulation of the Swissair flight 111 in-flight fire - part II: fire spread analysis

CFD fire simulation of the Swissair flight 111 in-flight fire - part II: fire spread analysis

Jia, F., Patel, M.K., Galea, E.R., Grandison, A. and Ewer, J. (2006) CFD fire simulation of the Swissair flight 111 in-flight fire - part II: fire spread analysis. The Aeronautical Journal of the Royal Aeronautical Society, 110 (1107):3069. pp. 303-314. ISSN 0001-9240

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Abstract

In 1998, Swissair Flight I I I (SR111) developed an in-flight fire shortly after take-off which resulted in the loss of the aircraft, a McDonnell Douglas MD-I 1, and all passengers and crew. The Transportation Safety Board (TSB) of Canada, Fire and Explosion Group launched a four year investigation into the incident in an attempt to understand the cause and subsequent mechanisms which lead to the rapid spread of the in-flight fire. As part of this investigation, the SMARTFIRE Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) software was used to predict the 'possible' development of the fire and associated smoke movement. In this paper the CFD fire simulations are presented and model predictions compared with key findings from the investigation. The model predictions are shown to be consistent with a number of the investigation findings associated with the early stages of the fire development. The analysis makes use of simulated pre-fire airflow conditions within the MD-11 cockpit and above ceiling region presented in an earlier publication (Part 1) which was published in The Aeronautical Journal in January 2006(4).

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: [1] This article won the Hodgson Prize of the Royal Aeronautical Society for best paper.
Uncontrolled Keywords: CFD fire simulation, Swissair
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Pre-2014 Departments: School of Computing & Mathematical Sciences
School of Computing & Mathematical Sciences > Centre for Numerical Modelling & Process Analysis
School of Computing & Mathematical Sciences > Centre for Numerical Modelling & Process Analysis > Computational Mechanics & Reliability Group
School of Computing & Mathematical Sciences > Centre for Numerical Modelling & Process Analysis > Computational Science & Engineering Group
School of Computing & Mathematical Sciences > Centre for Numerical Modelling & Process Analysis > Fire Safety Engineering Group
School of Computing & Mathematical Sciences > Department of Mathematical Sciences
Related URLs:
Last Modified: 14 Oct 2016 09:02
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/964

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