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Emergency response simulation using wireless sensor networks

Emergency response simulation using wireless sensor networks

Filippoupolitis, Avgoustinos, Hey, Laurence, Loukas, George, Gelenbe, Erol and Timotheou, Stelios (2008) Emergency response simulation using wireless sensor networks. In: Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Ambient Media and Systems (ICST Ambi-Sys '08). ICST (Institute for Computer Sciences, Social-Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering), Brussels, Belgium. ISBN 9789639799165

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Abstract

During emergency response situations, decisions have to be made in a timely manner. Multiple entities have to be optimally coordinated and numerous resources must be allocated efficiently, creating a very interesting and challenging technical problem. In this paper we present a simulation system that models the evacuation of a multi-storey building. Autonomous intelligent agents are used to represent various types of actors that interact inside a virtual physical world. We also model virtual hazards, such as fire, that spread inside the building evacuation simulator. A real wireless sensor network is used to monitor the spread of the hazards while an external event generator provides input to the sensors. We study the effect of different disaster scenarios and agent behaviours, such as human behaviour during an emergency, on the result of the evacuation procedure. Our initial results indicate that the safety of the evacuees and the evacuation time depend on local interactions between the participants and are affected by the actors’ decisions. The integration with the wireless sensor network gives us the opportunity to investigate the effect of sensed information on resource allocation and allows us to study the impact of network issues on the decision making process.

Item Type: Conference Proceedings
Title of Proceedings: Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Ambient Media and Systems (ICST Ambi-Sys '08)
Additional Information: [1] First published: 2008. [2] Published as: Filippoupolitis, Avgoustinos, Hey, Laurence, Loukas, Georgios, Gelenbe, Erol and Timotheou, Stelios (2008) Emergency response simulation using wireless sensor networks. In: Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Ambient Media and Systems (ICST Ambi-Sys '08). ICST (Institute for Computer Sciences, Social-Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering), Brussels, Belgium. [3] This is Article No. 21 in the Conference Proceedings. [4] This paper was presented at the 1st International Conference on Ambient Media and Systems (ICST Ambi-Sys '08), held 11-14 February 2008 in Quebec City, Canada. [5] This research was undertaken as part of the Autonomous Learning Agents for Decentralised Data and Information Systems (ALADDIN) project and is jointly funded by a BAE Systems and Engineering and Physical Research Council (EPSRC) strategic partnership (EP/C548051/1).
Uncontrolled Keywords: emergency response, wireless sensor networks
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science
Pre-2014 Departments: School of Computing & Mathematical Sciences
Related URLs:
Last Modified: 14 Oct 2016 09:23
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/9245

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