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Emotion-focused coping and distraction: Sex differences in the influence of anxiety sensitivity during noxious heat stimulation

Emotion-focused coping and distraction: Sex differences in the influence of anxiety sensitivity during noxious heat stimulation

Thompson, T. ORCID: 0000-0001-9880-782X, Keogh, E., Chen, M.J.-L. and French, C.C. (2011) Emotion-focused coping and distraction: Sex differences in the influence of anxiety sensitivity during noxious heat stimulation. European Journal of Pain, 16 (3). pp. 410-420. ISSN 1090-3801 (Print), 1532-2149 (Online) (doi:10.1002/j.1532-2149.2011.00028.x)

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Abstract

While previous research has indicated that the relative efficacy of attentional strategies on pain may be influenced by anxiety sensitivity (AS) and sex, no study appears to have examined this within the context of an emotion-focus versus distraction paradigm. The present study compared the effect of attentional emotion-focus and distraction instructions on pain response with noxious heat stimulation in 114 healthy adults (62 women and 52 men) varying in levels of AS. Results indicated that men reported a significantly higher mean tolerance time than women. Moderated regression analysis also revealed a significant strategy × anxiety sensitivity × sex interaction on pain tolerance. For those low in AS, relative efficacy was dependent upon sex, with distraction superior to emotion-focusing in women, but with strategies equivalent in men. For those high in AS, however, distraction resulted in uniformly greater pain tolerance than attentional emotion-focusing. These results indicate that AS and sex may be influential in determining the relative effectiveness of distraction and emotion-based attentional strategies for pain management.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: [1] Article first published online: 19 DEC 2011. Issue published online: 6 FEB 2012. Published in European Journal of Pain, Volume 16, Issue 3, March 2012. [2] European Journal of Pain is the Official Journal of the European Federation of IASP® Chapters.
Uncontrolled Keywords: emotion-focusing, distraction, pain, anxiety sensitivity, sex
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
R Medicine > RT Nursing
Pre-2014 Departments: School of Health & Social Care
School of Health & Social Care > Department of Psychology & Counselling
Related URLs:
Last Modified: 14 Oct 2016 09:22
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/8938

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