Wolbachia in a major African crop pest increases susceptibility to viral disease rather than protects
Graham , Robert I., Grzywacz, David, Mushobozi, Wilfred L. and Wilson, Kenneth (2012) Wolbachia in a major African crop pest increases susceptibility to viral disease rather than protects. Ecology Letters, 15 (9). pp. 993-1000. ISSN 1461-023X (Print), 1461-0248 (Online) (doi:10.1111/j.1461-0248.2012.01820.x)Full text not available from this repository.
Wolbachia are common vertically transmitted endosymbiotic bacteria found in < 70% of insect species. They have generated considerable recent interest due to the capacity of some strains to protect their insect hosts against viruses and the potential for this to reduce vector competence of a range of human diseases, including dengue. In contrast, here we provide data from field populations of a major crop pest, African armyworm (Spodoptera exempta), which show that the prevalence and intensity of infection with a nucleopolydrovirus (SpexNPV) is positively associated with infection with three strains of Wolbachia. We also use laboratory bioassays to demonstrate that infection with one of these strains, a male-killer, increases host mortality due to SpexNPV by 6–14 times. These findings suggest that rather than protecting their lepidopteran host from viral infection, Wolbachia instead make them more susceptible. This finding potentially has implications for the biological control of other insect crop pests.
|Additional Information:|| Article first published online: 26 JUN 2012.  Issue published online: 17 JUL 2012.  Published in print: September 2012.  SUPPORTING INFORMATION: Additional Supporting Information may be downloaded via the online version of this article at Wiley Online Library (www.ecologyletters.com).  Ecology Letters is published on behalf of Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique.|
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||African armyworm, arthropod, baculovirus, insect outbreak, male-killing, nucleopolyhedrovirus, parasite, Spodoptera, symbiosis, Wolbachia|
|Subjects:||S Agriculture > SB Plant culture|
|Last Modified:||03 Jul 2013 14:37|
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