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VP22-mediated intercellular transport for suicide gene therapy under oxic and hypoxic conditions

VP22-mediated intercellular transport for suicide gene therapy under oxic and hypoxic conditions

Greco, O., Joiner, M.C., Doleh, A. and Scott, S.D. (2005) VP22-mediated intercellular transport for suicide gene therapy under oxic and hypoxic conditions. Gene Therapy, 12 (12). pp. 974-979. ISSN 0969-7128 (Print), 1476-5462 (Online) (doi:10.1038/sj.gt.3302482)

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Abstract

During herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV 1) infection, the tegument protein VP22 is exported from infected cells to the nuclei of surrounding uninfected cells. These intercellular transport characteristics have prompted the exploitation of VP22 fusion proteins for cancer gene therapy, with the goal of maximizing the bystander effect. Since solid tumors contain hypoxic cell populations that are often refractive to therapy, for efficient targeting, it would be optimal if VP22 functioned even at reduced oxygen concentrations. In the present work, VP22 activity under hypoxic conditions was examined for the first time. Plasmid-transfected human glioma U87-MG and U373-MG cells expressing VP22 fused to the green fluorescent protein (GFP) showed protein export to untransfected cells under tumor oxygenation conditions (0–5% O2). For suicide gene therapy, VP22 activity was demonstrated under hypoxia by coupling VP22 to the HSV thymidine kinase (HSVtk). In the presence of the prodrug ganciclovir, cell cultures expressing VP22-HSVtk showed a significant increase in toxicity compared with cells transfected with a construct containing HSVtk only, under all tested conditions. To allow effective suicide gene therapy and simultaneous visualization of therapeutic enzyme localization, a triple fusion protein GFP-HSVtk-VP22 was engineered. Functionality of all components was demonstrated under oxia and hypoxia.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: [1] Acknowledgements (funding): This work is supported by The Susan G Komen Breast Cancer Foundation, Wayne State University, Academic Radiation Oncologists and Radiation Oncology Research & Development Center, Detroit, MI, USA.
Uncontrolled Keywords: bystander effect, GFP, HSVtk, GCV, glioma, fusion proteins
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0254 Neoplasms. Tumors. Oncology (including Cancer)
T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Engineering & Science > Medway School of Pharmacy
Faculty of Engineering & Science
Related URLs:
Last Modified: 27 Jul 2015 12:15
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/8442

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