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Inhibition of repair of radiation-induced DNA damage enhances gene expression from replication-defective adenoviral vectors

Inhibition of repair of radiation-induced DNA damage enhances gene expression from replication-defective adenoviral vectors

Hingorani, Mohan, White, Christine L., Merron, Andrew, Peerlinck, Inge, Gore, Martin E., Slade, Andrew, Scott, Simon D., Nutting, Christopher M., Pandha, Hardev S., Melcher, Alan A., Vile, Richard G., Vassaux, Georges and Harrington, Kevin J. (2008) Inhibition of repair of radiation-induced DNA damage enhances gene expression from replication-defective adenoviral vectors. Cancer Research, 68. pp. 9771-9778. ISSN 0008-5472 (Print), 1538-7445 (Online) (doi:10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-08-1911)

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Abstract

Radiation has been shown to up-regulate gene expression from adenoviral vectors in previous studies. In the current study, we show that radiation-induced dsDNA breaks and subsequent signaling through the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway are responsible, at least in part, for this enhancement of transgene expression both in vitro and in vivo. Inhibitors of ataxia-telangiectasia–mutated, poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase–mutated, and DNA-dependent protein kinase (DNA-PK)–mediated DNA repair were shown to maintain dsDNA breaks (γH2AX foci) by fluorescence-activated cell sorting and microscopy. Inhibition of DNA repair was associated with increased green fluorescent protein (GFP) expression from a replication-defective adenoviral vector (Ad-CMV-GFP). Radiation-induced up-regulation of gene expression was abrogated by inhibitors of MAPK (PD980059 and U0126) and phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (LY294002) but not by p38 MAPK inhibition. A reporter plasmid assay in which GFP was under the transcriptional control of artificial Egr-1 or cytomegalovirus promoters showed that the DNA repair inhibitors increased GFP expression only in the context of the Egr-1 promoter. In vivo administration of a water-soluble DNA-PK inhibitor (KU0060648) was shown to maintain luciferase expression in HCT116 xenografts after intratumoral delivery of Ad-RSV-Luc. These data have important implications for therapeutic strategies involving multimodality use of radiation, targeted drugs, and adenoviral gene delivery and provide a framework for evaluating potential advantageous combinatorial effects.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: [1] Note: Supplementary data for this article are available at Cancer Research Online: http://cancerres.aacrjournals.org/content/68/23/9771/suppl/DC1. (http://cancerres.aacrjournals.org/).
Uncontrolled Keywords: adenovirus, DNA repair, double-strand breaks, gene expression, MAP kinase
Subjects: R Medicine > RS Pharmacy and materia medica
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Engineering & Science > Medway School of Pharmacy
Faculty of Engineering & Science
Related URLs:
Last Modified: 27 Jul 2015 11:49
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/8419

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