Spatial and temporal analysis of heavy metals in surface waters, bed sediments and suspended sediments of the River Stour, East Kent, U.K.
Chatter-Singh, Davene Naomi (2008) Spatial and temporal analysis of heavy metals in surface waters, bed sediments and suspended sediments of the River Stour, East Kent, U.K. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.Full text not available from this repository.
A baseline study has been undertaken to assess the environmental impact of heavy metals within the fluvial environment of the River Stour, E. Kent, U.K.
The occurrence of metal enrichment in surface waters and bed sediments coincides mainly with areas of urbanisation and high density traffic in addition to point source discharges including STW and industrial effluent outlets. Non-tidal surface water samples exhibiting Pb, Co, Cu, Fe and Zn concentrations intermittently elevated above EQS List I and II values largely correspond with bed sediment samples exhibiting metal concentrations above background values and commonly partitioned to the mobile exchangeable/acid soluble and reducible fractions. In the tidal reaches surface water samples exhibiting As, Cd, Co, Cu, Cr, Ni, Pb, V and Zn concentrations above EQS List I and II values are generally associated with bed sediment samples exhibiting partitioning to the immobile oxidisable fraction, suggesting that estuarine processes effectively promote the liberation of elements from the sediment compartment to surface waters. Total catchment annual suspended sediment yield, (190 t/km2/yr), is consistent with previous research work detailing the annual yield of U.K. rivers which in conjunction with suspended sediment concentration data highlights the importance of the transport and distribution of associated elements throughout the river system.
Research highlights a requirement to improve point source management measures and control non-point sources and dredging activities and provides an index in which to assess the future impact of anthropogenic sources of metals to the fluvial environment of the River Stour.
|Item Type:||Thesis (PhD)|
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||fluvial processes, fluvial environment, rivers, sedimentation|
|Subjects:||G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GB Physical geography
Q Science > QD Chemistry
Q Science > QE Geology
|Faculty / Department / Research Groups:||Faculty of Engineering & Science > Department of Pharmaceutical, Chemical & Environmental Sciences|
|Last Modified:||17 Oct 2016 09:12|
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