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Testing for forced-choice precognition using a hidden task: two replications

Testing for forced-choice precognition using a hidden task: two replications

Luke, David P. ORCID: 0000-0003-2141-2453, Roe, Chris A. and Davison, Jamie (2008) Testing for forced-choice precognition using a hidden task: two replications. In: Proceedings of presented papers - 4th Psi Meeting: Parapsychology & Psychology - IV Encontro Psi: Parapsicologia & Psicologia. Faculdades Integradas Espírita, Curitiba, Brasil, p. 106.

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Abstract

Introduction: This paper describes two studies that were intended to replicate and extend the findings of Luke, Delanoy and Sherwood (2008), who were able to demonstrate a precognition effect using a covert task with contingent reward or punishment. Performance in their study was related to measures of belief in luck that could be considered to be related to experience of PMIR ‘in the field’.

Subjects and methods: In Study 1, 25 participants completed the short-form Questionnaire of Beliefs about Luck
(QBL: Luke, Delanoy & Sherwood, 2003) and a 10-trial preliminary preferences task that required them to select which of four fractal images they found most pleasant. In fact this was a precognition task and based on performance participants in the contingent condition subsequently either completed a pleasant task, involving rating cartoons for humorousness, or an unpleasant task, monitoring sequences of digits. Participants in the no-contingent condition completed neither.

Main outcome measure:
Overall, participants selected significantly more target images then mean chance expectation (t[24] = 2.60, p = .02), but there was no difference between the contingent and no-contingent conditions (t[23] = .73, p = .47).

Results: Performance was positively correlated with the Chance and Providence subscales of the QBL (r = .48, p = .02, and r =.39, p = .05 respectively)

Purpose: In Study 2, we added measures of openness to experience and creativity that we hypothesized to be related to PMIR performance as correlates of latent inhibition (LI) and lability respectively. Subjects and methods: 32 participants completed Goldberg’s (1999)
measure of Openness to Experience, Holt’s (2002) Creative Cognition Inventory and Luke, et al.’s (2003) long-form QBL. All then completed the contingent version of the covert precognition task used in Study 1.

Main outcome measure: Overall, participants
again selected significantly more target images then mean chance expectation (t[31] = 2.01, p = .03), but there was no difference between the contingent and no-contingent conditions (t[23] = .73, p = .47).

Results: We did not replicate the correlations between performance and the Chance and Providence subscales of the QBL, nor with creativity measures, but there was a significant positive correlation with openness to experience, as predicted (r = .46, p = .01).

Discussion and conclusion: Suggestions are given for further research utilizing this task, particularly in testing the assumption that the psi element need be covert.

Item Type: Conference Proceedings
Title of Proceedings: Proceedings of presented papers - 4th Psi Meeting: Parapsychology & Psychology - IV Encontro Psi: Parapsicologia & Psicologia
Additional Information: [1] This was a paper, presented at the 4th Psi Meeting: Parapsychology & Psychology, held 10-13 July 2008, Curitiba, Brazil.
Uncontrolled Keywords: luck, precognition, belief, lability, creativity
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Pre-2014 Departments: School of Health & Social Care
School of Health & Social Care > Department of Psychology & Counselling
Related URLs:
Last Modified: 14 Oct 2016 09:20
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/8221

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