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Improving the cost-effectiveness of artificial visual baits for controlling the tsetse fly Glossina fuscipes fuscipes

Improving the cost-effectiveness of artificial visual baits for controlling the tsetse fly Glossina fuscipes fuscipes

Lindh, Jenny M., Torr, Steve J., Vale, Glyn A. and Lehane, Mike J. (2009) Improving the cost-effectiveness of artificial visual baits for controlling the tsetse fly Glossina fuscipes fuscipes. PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases, 3 (7). e474. ISSN 1935-2735 (doi:10.1371/journal.pntd.0000474)

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Abstract

Tsetse flies, which transmit sleeping sickness to humans and nagana to cattle, are commonly controlled by stationary
artificial baits consisting of traps or insecticide-treated screens known as targets. In Kenya the use of electrocuting sampling devices showed that the numbers of Glossina fuscipes fuscipes (Newstead) visiting a biconical trap were nearly double those visiting a black target of 100 cm6100 cm. However, only 40% of the males and 21% of the females entered the trap, whereas 71% and 34%, respectively, alighted on the target. The greater number visiting the trap appeared to be due to its being largely blue, rather than being three-dimensional or raised above the ground. Through a series of variations of target design we show that a blue-and-black panel of cloth (0.06 m2) flanked by a panel (0.06 m2) of fine black netting, placed at ground level, would be about ten times more cost-effective than traps or large targets in control campaigns. This finding
has important implications for controlling all subspecies of G. fuscipes, which are currently responsible for more than 90% of sleeping sickness cases.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: [1] Published: July 7, 2009. [2] eISSN 1935-2735. [3] Citation: Lindh JM, Torr SJ, Vale GA, Lehane MJ (2009) Improving the Cost-Effectiveness of Artificial Visual Baits for Controlling the Tsetse Fly Glossina fuscipes fuscipes. PLoS Negl Trop Dis 3(7): e474. doi:10.1371/journal.pntd.0000474. [4] Copyright: (c) 2009 Lindh et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Tsetse flies, sleeping sickness, nagana to cattle, Glossina fuscipes fuscipes (Newstead), biconical trap
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine
R Medicine > RZ Other systems of medicine
S Agriculture > SF Animal culture
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Engineering & Science > Natural Resources Institute
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Natural Resources Institute > Agriculture, Health & Environment Department
Related URLs:
Last Modified: 18 Nov 2016 11:31
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/7958

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