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Refeeding syndrome: Treatment considerations based on collective analysis of literature case reports

Refeeding syndrome: Treatment considerations based on collective analysis of literature case reports

Boateng, Akwasi Afriyie, Sriram, Krishnan, Meguid, Michael and Crook, Martin (2010) Refeeding syndrome: Treatment considerations based on collective analysis of literature case reports. Nutrition, 26 (2). pp. 156-167. ISSN 0899-9007 (doi:10.1016/j.nut.2009.11.017)

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Abstract

REVIEW ARTICLE
Refeeding syndrome (RFS) represents a group of clinical findings that occur in severely malnourished individuals undergoing nutritional support. Cardiac arrhythmias, multisystem organ dysfunction, and death are the most severe symptoms observed. As the cachectic body attempts to reverse its adaptation to the starved state in response to the nutritional load, symptoms result from fluid and electrolyte imbalances, with hypophosphatemia playing a central role. Because guidelines for feeding the malnourished patient at risk for refeeding syndrome is scarce, we have provided management recommendations based on the knowledge derived from a collection of reported English literature cases of the RFS. A MEDLINE search using keywords including “refeeding syndrome,” “RFS,” and “refeeding hypophosphatemia” was performed. References from initial cases were utilized for more literature on the subject. We have emphasized the continued importance of managing patients at risk for RFS, compared how management of the severely malnourished patients have evolved over time, and provided comprehensive clinical guidelines based on the sum of experience documented in the case reports for the purpose of supplementing the guidelines available. Based on our review, the most effective means of preventing or treating RFS were the following: recognizing the patients at risk; providing adequate electrolyte, vitamin, and micronutrient supplementation; careful fluid resuscitation; cautious and gradual energy restoration; and monitoring of critical laboratory indices.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Available online 9th January 2010
Uncontrolled Keywords: refeeding syndrome, nutritional support, micronutrient supplementation, parenteral nutrition, anorexia nervosa, refeeding in anorexia nervosa, refeeding complications, hypophosphatemia; arrhythmia, nutritional support
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology
R Medicine > RZ Other systems of medicine
Pre-2014 Departments: School of Science
Related URLs:
Last Modified: 14 Oct 2016 09:19
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/7763

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