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Potential non-chemical methods for use against thrips (Thrips tabaci) in green asparagus

Potential non-chemical methods for use against thrips (Thrips tabaci) in green asparagus

Simantara, P., Rees, D. and Westby, A. (2010) Potential non-chemical methods for use against thrips (Thrips tabaci) in green asparagus. In: Herppich, W.B., (ed.) Proceedings of the Third International Conference Postharvest Unlimited 2008. Acta Horticulturae (858). International Society for Horticultural Science, Leuven, Belgium, pp. 325-328. ISBN 978-90-66052-06-2 ISSN 0567-7572

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Abstract

Alternative methods for disinfestation of asparagus against thrips (Thrips tabaci) need to be developed for the Thai export trade, ensuring efficient thrips’ mortality, while maintaining quality and environmental safety. Hot air/water using temperatures of 40-60°C and high CO2 treatments were studied at laboratory level. An appropriate treatment involving hot water at 45°C for 15 min, with or without high CO2 treatment, followed by hydro-cooling with water at ambient temperature (~20°C) was identified. Methods to assess quality, such as objective tests (% mass loss, force measurement, colour measurement) and subjective tests (appearance, decay, off-odour, snap-test for texture) gave no indication of significant quality deterioration. Chlorophyll fluorescence and ion leakage measurements were used to assess physiological stress. The Fv/Fm ratio which indicates the intactness of photosystem II was shown to decrease immediately after all heat treatments tested, but recovered over 24h for non-damaging heat treatments (42.5 and 45°C). A rise in % K+ leakage was observed that increased with treatment temperature but recovered over 24h following treatment at 45°C. High CO2 showed neither significant detrimental effect nor indication of physiological stress, and could kill thrips although not at a sufficiently high rate. Confirmatory trials to demonstrate the efficacy of these treatments in Thailand using naturally infested asparagus were carried out. The mortality rate of thrips was as high as when this method was tested in the UK. Adoption of the selected disinfestation method into existing process lines in Thailand would not be too complicated.

Item Type: Book Section
Additional Information: [1] This paper was first presented at the (3rd) III International Conference Postharvest Unlimited 2008, organized by the International Society for Horticultural Science (ISHS), and held from 5-7 November 2008 in Berlin, Germany. [2] Paper published in ISHS Acta Horticulturae 858: III International Conference Postharvest Unlimited 2008. [3] This title is available both in print and ActaHort CD-rom format.
Uncontrolled Keywords: asparagus, thrips (Thrips tabaci), heat treatments, high CO2
Subjects: S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
S Agriculture > SB Plant culture
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Engineering & Science > Natural Resources Institute
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Natural Resources Institute > Food & Markets Department
Related URLs:
Last Modified: 20 Dec 2012 09:56
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/7723

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