Threshold conditions for integrated pest management models with pesticides that have residual effects
Tang, Sanyi, Liang, Juhua, Tan, Yuanshun and Cheke, Robert A. (2013) Threshold conditions for integrated pest management models with pesticides that have residual effects. Journal of Mathematical Biology, 66 (1-2). pp. 1-35. ISSN 0303-6812 (Print), 1432-1416 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s00285-011-0501-x)Full text not available from this repository.
Impulsive differential equations (hybrid dynamical systems) can provide a natural description of pulse-like actions such as when a pesticide kills a pest instantly. However, pesticides may have long-term residual effects, with some remaining active against pests for several weeks, months or years. Therefore, a more realistic method for modelling chemical control in such cases is to use continuous or piecewise-continuous periodic functions which affect growth rates. How to evaluate the effects of the duration of the pesticide residual effectiveness on successful pest control is key to the implementation of integrated pest management (IPM) in practice. To address these questions in detail, we have modelled IPM including residual effects of pesticides in terms of fixed pulse-type actions. The stability threshold conditions for pest eradication are given. Moreover, effects of the killing efficiency rate and the decay rate of the pesticide on the pest and on its natural enemies, the duration of residual effectiveness, the number of pesticide applications and the number of natural enemy releases on the threshold conditions are investigated with regard to the extent of depression or resurgence resulting from pulses of pesticide applications and predator releases.
Latin Hypercube Sampling/Partial Rank Correlation uncertainty and sensitivity analysis techniques are employed to investigate the key control parameters which are most significantly related to threshold values. The findings combined with Volterra’s principle confirm that when the pesticide has a strong effect on the natural enemies, repeated use of the same pesticide can result in target pest resurgence. The results also indicate that there exists an optimal number of pesticide applications which can suppress the pest most effectively, and this may help in the design of an optimal control strategy.
|Additional Information:|| Published online December 29, 2011.  Published in print: January 2013.  Published as: Journal of Mathematical Biology, (2013), 66, (1-2), pp. 1–35.|
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||residual effects of pesticides, pest control, IPM, Volterra’s principle, pest-natural enemy system|
|Subjects:||S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)|
|School / Department / Research Groups:||Natural Resources Institute|
Natural Resources Institute > Agriculture, Health & Environment
|Last Modified:||06 Jun 2013 17:08|
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