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Preparation and optimization of PMAA–chitosan–PEG nanoparticles for oral drug delivery

Preparation and optimization of PMAA–chitosan–PEG nanoparticles for oral drug delivery

Pawar, Harshavardhan, Douroumis, Dionysios and Boateng, Joshua S. ORCID: 0000-0002-6310-729X (2012) Preparation and optimization of PMAA–chitosan–PEG nanoparticles for oral drug delivery. Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces, 90. pp. 102-108. ISSN 0927-7765 (doi:10.1016/j.colsurfb.2011.10.005)

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Abstract

The objective of this study was to develop pH sensitive polymethacrylic acid–chitosan–polyethylene glycol (PCP) nanoparticles. This was achieved by dispersion polymerization of methacrylic acid (MAA), polyethylene glycol (PEG) and different chitosan (CS) grades in the presence of cross linking agent ethylene dimethacrylate (EDMA) and polymer initiator potassium persulphate. Method development was carried out by varying formulation parameters such as type of CS, ratio of PEG to CS, quantity of solvent and polymer initiator. Metoprolol (MTP) tartrate was incorporated into the nanoparticles (NPs) as a model drug. Laser diffraction, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) studies revealed that the NPs were spherical with smooth surfaces ranging in size from 190 to 450 nm. X-ray diffraction (XRD) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) findings showed the presence of amorphous MTP in PCP NPs. The MTP loading of PCP and glycol chitosan (GC) NPs varied from 10 to 45% depending on the CS grade while both types of NPs showed excellent binding efficiency on mucin from porcine stomach. The in vitro dissolution study showed pH dependent release profiles suggesting that the PCP NPs system have great potential for oral controlled drug delivery as an alternative to conventional dosage forms.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: bioadhesion, chitosan, copolymerization, drug release, pH sensitive nanoparticles, polymethacrylic acid
Subjects: R Medicine > RS Pharmacy and materia medica
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Engineering & Science > Department of Pharmaceutical, Chemical & Environmental Sciences
Related URLs:
Last Modified: 06 Dec 2016 15:49
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/7177

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