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A new cycle of jökulhlaups at Russell Glacier, Kangerlussuaq, West Greenland

A new cycle of jökulhlaups at Russell Glacier, Kangerlussuaq, West Greenland

Russell, Andrew J., Carrivick, Jonathan L., Ingeman-Nielsen, Thomas, Yde, Jacob C. and Williams, Meredith (2011) A new cycle of jökulhlaups at Russell Glacier, Kangerlussuaq, West Greenland. Journal of Glaciology, 57 (202). pp. 238-246. ISSN 0022-1430 (Print), 1727-5652 (Online) (doi:10.3189/002214311796405997)

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Abstract

Jökulhlaups in 2007 and 2008 from an ice-dammed lake at the northern margin of Russell Glacier, West Greenland, marked the onset of a renewed jökulhlaup cycle after 20 years of stability. We present a record of successive ice-dammed lake drainage events and associated ice-margin dynamics spanning 25 years. Robust calculations of lake volumes and peak discharges are made, based on intensive field surveys and utilizing high-spatial-resolution orthophotographs of the lake basin and ice margin. These data enable identification of controls on the behaviour of the ice-dammed lake and provide the first field-based examination of controls on jökulhlaup magnitude and frequency for this system. We find that Russell Glacier jökulhlaups have a much higher peak discharge than predicted by the Clague-Mathews relationship, which we attribute to an unusually short englacial/subglacial routeway and the presence of a thin ice dam that permits incomplete sealing of jökulhlaup conduits between lake drainage events. Additionally, we demonstrate that the passage of jökulhlaups through an interlinked system of proglacial bedrock basins produces significant attenuation of peak discharge downstream. We highlight that improved understanding of jökulhlaup dynamics requires accurate information about ice-dammed lake volume and ice-proximal jökulhlaup discharge.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: jökulhlaup, Russell Glacier, glacier surge, ice cap, outburst flood, Greenland
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GB Physical geography
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Engineering & Science
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Department of Pharmaceutical, Chemical & Environmental Sciences
Related URLs:
Last Modified: 07 Dec 2016 14:37
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/7129

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