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Peptide polarity and the position of arginine as sources of selectivity during positive electrospray ionisation mass spectrometry

Peptide polarity and the position of arginine as sources of selectivity during positive electrospray ionisation mass spectrometry

Abaye, Daniel A., Pullen, Frank S. and Nielsen, Birthe V. (2011) Peptide polarity and the position of arginine as sources of selectivity during positive electrospray ionisation mass spectrometry. Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry, 25 (23). pp. 3597-3608. ISSN 0951-4198 (Print), 1097-0231 (Online) (doi:10.1002/rcm.5270)

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Abstract

Electrospray ionisation (ESI) is a selective process and, for similar sized analytes, the intrinsic properties of the molecules affect the ionisation process and their response. This research sets out to determine the effect of some of these properties in peptides: peptide polarity and the presence of arginine at positions 1 and 4 in the amino acid sequence on the ESI response. Six peptides; molecular mass ranges 1.3–1.6 kDa; substance P (SP) and glutamate fibrinopeptide (GFP) and 3.2–3.7 kDa; calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP), glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP1) and defensin human neutropeptide 2 (DHNP2), were investigated. We have demonstrated that in positive ESI, for similar sized peptides and the same charge state, the responsiveness is in the order: Peptides with N or C terminal arginine > most non-polar peptides > least non-polar peptides. Therefore, arginine at the terminal position is a source of selectivity. Data from matrix-assisted laser desorption ionisation (MALDI) analysis supports that of the ESI experiments: Peptides with a terminal arginine residue generated higher signal intensities. Our observations extend our understanding of the ESI process and provide a rational approach to optimising sensitivity of electrospray conditions where a narrow mass range of peptides are poorly chromatographically resolved. This information will provide for a more effective method development process, especially during label-free quantitative determination of peptides extracted in solution.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: electrospray ionisation (ESI), peptide polarity, mass spectrometry
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
R Medicine > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Engineering & Science > Department of Pharmaceutical, Chemical & Environmental Sciences
Related URLs:
Last Modified: 07 Dec 2016 09:33
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/7049

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