Improving the cost-effectiveness of visual devices for the control of Riverine tsetse flies, the major vectors of Human African Trypanosomiasis
Esterhuizen, Johan, Rayaisse, Jean Baptiste, Tirados, Inaki, Mpiana, Serge, Solano, Philippe, Vale, Glyn A., Lehane, Michael J. and Torr, Stephen J. (2011) Improving the cost-effectiveness of visual devices for the control of Riverine tsetse flies, the major vectors of Human African Trypanosomiasis. PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases, 5 (8). e1257. ISSN 1935-2735
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Control of the Riverine (Palpalis) group of tsetse flies is normally achieved with stationary artificial devices such as traps or insecticide-treated targets. The efficiency of biconical traps (the standard control device), 161 m black targets and small 25625 cm targets with flanking nets was compared using electrocuting sampling methods. The work was done on Glossina tachinoides and G. palpalis gambiensis (Burkina Faso), G. fuscipes quanzensis (Democratic Republic of Congo), G. f. martinii (Tanzania) and G. f. fuscipes (Kenya). The killing effectiveness (measured as the catch per m2 of cloth) for small targets plus flanking nets is 5.5–15X greater than for 1 m2 targets and 8.6–37.5X greater than for biconical traps. This has important implications for the costs of control of the Riverine group of tsetse vectors of sleeping sickness.
|Additional Information:|| Published on August 2, 2011.  ISSN 1935-2735 (Online).  Copyright: (c) 2011 Esterhuizen et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.  The definitive version can be accessed at PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases - http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0001257.|
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||tsetse, behaviour, Glossina, trypanosomiasis, sleeping sickness|
|Subjects:||R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine|
S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
|School / Department / Research Groups:||Natural Resources Institute|
Natural Resources Institute > Agriculture, Health & Environment
Natural Resources Institute > Pest Behaviour Research Group
|Last Modified:||21 Dec 2012 14:05|
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