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Development, implementation and evaluation of a diabetes patient education toolkit (DPET) for self-management of type 2 diabetes mellitus in Doha, Qatar

Development, implementation and evaluation of a diabetes patient education toolkit (DPET) for self-management of type 2 diabetes mellitus in Doha, Qatar

Al-Lenjawi, Badriya (2010) Development, implementation and evaluation of a diabetes patient education toolkit (DPET) for self-management of type 2 diabetes mellitus in Doha, Qatar. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.

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Abstract

The randomised controlled education intervention study recruited 430 adults aged 25-65 years with established diagnosis of T2DM (M = 130, F = 309) via a multi-stage double-blind stratified sampling procedure from 22 hospitals and health centres in Doha, Qatar. The intervention group (n = 215) were assigned to a six-week, 2-hourly structured educational class based on the specifically designed DPET, plus their usual one-to-one routine clinical care; the control group (n = 215) used the DPET for home self-study, plus their usual one-to-one routine clinical care.

Adherence to the programme in the intervention group (n = 109; M = 40, F = 69) was 50.7% compared to 84% among controls (n = 181; M = 50, F = 131); an overall non-adherence rate of 32.6%. Repeated measures ANOVA showed a highly significant change in each of diabetes knowledge, attitudes and practice among intervention compared to controls at 12 month follow-up (p<0.0001).

The intervention had no significant overall impact on systolic blood pressure (p = 0.632) nor diastolic BP (p = 0.421) but improvements in BMI among the intervention group (p = 0.001). Repeated measures ANOVA also showed differences in overall change in HbA1c (p = 0.012), fasting blood glucose (p = 0.022), HDL-cholesterol (p<0.0001) and albumin-creatinine ratio (p<0.0001) in the intervention group but not total cholesterol (p=0.204), LDL-cholesterol (p = 0.203) and total triaclyglycerol (p = 0.200) from baseline values after 12 months follow-up. Post-sessional self-assessment tests of knowledge, attitudes, practices and goal-setting used as a proxy measurement of empowerment showed a significant improvement in the empowerment scores from baseline in the intervention group (p<0.0001).

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Additional Information: uk.bl.ethos.516844
Uncontrolled Keywords: diabetes, clinical care, Middle East, toolkit
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Engineering & Science > Department of Pharmaceutical, Chemical & Environmental Sciences
Last Modified: 17 Oct 2016 09:11
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/5714

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