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Unequal entry to motherhood and unequal child cognitive and behavioural outcomes: evidence from the UK Millennium Cohort

Unequal entry to motherhood and unequal child cognitive and behavioural outcomes: evidence from the UK Millennium Cohort

Hawkes, Denise and Joshi, Heather (2010) Unequal entry to motherhood and unequal child cognitive and behavioural outcomes: evidence from the UK Millennium Cohort. In: European Society for Population Economics, 10-12 Jun 2010, Essen, Germany.

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Abstract

The timing of motherhood in the UK has become increasingly socially polarised over time. Early motherhood often occurs among those who have been raised in disadvantaged circumstances whilst later motherhood is associated with having had better upbringings and having taken advantage of the education system. This paper considers the potential impact on her children of the divergence in the family life marked by the age at which a woman becomes a mother for the first time. Using the UK Millennium Cohort Study, we present evidence on the impact of the timing of a mothers’ first birth on cognitive and behavioural outcomes of the cohort child. These outcomes are measured in the third sweep of the MCS when the cohort members are five years old. We control for some of the life course experience of the cohort child’s mother, and then also circumstances in the child’s first year. We demonstrate that much of the difference observed between the cognitive and behavioural outcomes of the children of young and older mothers is the consequence of either their mothers’s disadvantaged social origins, or disadvantages apparent at the time of the first survey, which may also have had earlier origins. There is only a small degree of developmental penalty left to be attributed to the mother’s age per se.

Item Type: Conference or Conference Paper (Paper)
Additional Information: [1] This paper was presented at the 24th Annual Conference of the European Society for Population Economics (ESPE 2010) held from 9-12 June 2010 in Essen, Germany. It was presented within the C4 Parallel Session entitled "Intergenerational Transmission of Education". [2] The Economic and Social Research Council funded the Study and this research (grant number RES-163-25-0002).
Uncontrolled Keywords: economic demography, UK Millennium Cohort Study
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Business > Centre for Business Network Analysis
Faculty of Business > Greenwich Political Economy Research Centre (GPERC)
Related URLs:
Last Modified: 02 Nov 2016 13:52
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/4820

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