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Physicochemical properties of poly(N-isopropylacrylamide-co-4-vinylpyridine) cationic polyelectrolyte colloidal microgels

Physicochemical properties of poly(N-isopropylacrylamide-co-4-vinylpyridine) cationic polyelectrolyte colloidal microgels

Pinkrah, V.T., Snowden, M.J., Mitchell, J.C., Seidel, J., Chowdhry, B.Z. and Fern, G.R. (2003) Physicochemical properties of poly(N-isopropylacrylamide-co-4-vinylpyridine) cationic polyelectrolyte colloidal microgels. Langmuir, 19 (3). pp. 585-590. ISSN 0743-7463 (Print), 1520-5827 (Online) (doi:10.1021/la026283l)

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Abstract

Aqueous colloidal poly(N-isopropylacrylamide-co-4-vinylpyridine) [poly(NIPAM-co-4-VP)] copolymer microgels have been synthesized using different percentages of 4-vinylpyridine (4-VP). A surfactant-free emulsion polymerization reaction using N-isopropylacrylamide (NIPAM) and 4-vinylpyridine comonomers cross-linked with N,N‘-methylenebisacrylamide was utilized. The reaction was initiated using the cationic initiator 2,2‘-azobis(2-amidinopropane) dihydrochloride. Transmission electron micrograph data show the copolymer microgels to be monodisperse spheres. The pH and electrolyte sensitivity of the copolymer microgels have been studied, as well as temperature sensitivity, since microgels undergo a reversible volume phase transition in response to heating and cooling. Changes in the hydrodynamic diameters in the system were monitored as a function of temperature (25−60 °C), pH (3−8), and ionic strength (10-3−10-1 mol dm-3 NaCl or NaClO4) using photon correlation spectroscopy. The hydrodynamic diameter of poly(NIPAM-co-4-VP) microgels increases with decreasing pH, as the vinylpyridine units become more protonated. However, the hydrodynamic diameter decreases with increasing ionic strength (over the pH range 3−8) and with increasing temperature (at pH 3 and pH 6). UV−visible spectrophotometry measurements showed a good correlation between the molar absorption and the percentage of vinylpyridine incorporated. Potentiometric titrations were used to determine the pKa values of the copolymer microgels.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: polyelectrolyte, colloidal microgels
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Engineering & Science
Related URLs:
Last Modified: 14 Oct 2016 09:11
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/4190

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