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Isothermal microcalorimetry as a tool to study solid-vapour interactions: design and testing of a novel hydration apparatus

Isothermal microcalorimetry as a tool to study solid-vapour interactions: design and testing of a novel hydration apparatus

Hills, Andrew K., Gaisford, Simon, Beezer, Anthony E., Mitchell, John C. ORCID: 0000-0003-2945-3292, Connor, Joseph A. and Theophilus, Andrew L. (2003) Isothermal microcalorimetry as a tool to study solid-vapour interactions: design and testing of a novel hydration apparatus. Thermochimica Acta, 399 (1-2). pp. 91-98. ISSN 0040-6031 (doi:10.1016/S0040-6031(02)00449-5)

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Abstract

This paper details the development and application of a novel hydration apparatus, used to initiate water-mediated reactions in an isothermal microcalorimeter. Conventionally, the relative humidity (RH) in a sample ampoule is maintained using one of two methods; an amount of a saturated salt solution is held in a small glass tube (Durham tube or mini-hydrostat) sealed within the ampoule or a carrier gas of known RH is flowed over the sample at a constant rate. The Durham tube method is often used on the basis of simplicity and cost, but has several disadvantages; the system may be rate-limited by the small
surface area available for water evaporation, the internal surfaces of the ampoule are wetted and the system cannot reach equilibrium before the reaction is initiated. In this work, we show how by switching the placement of the sample and water reservoir (sample in a sealed hydrostat and water reservoir in the ampoule) many of these drawbacks are overcome. The use of the system is demonstrated by studying the hydration of anhydrous ceftazidime. © 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: isothermal microcalorimetry, hydration, Durham tube, RH perfusion, Ceftazidime
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Pre-2014 Departments: School of Science
School of Science > Medway Sciences Research Group
Related URLs:
Last Modified: 14 Oct 2016 09:10
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/4167

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