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Diagenetic clinoptilolite and opal-CT from the middle Eocene Wittering Formation, Isle of Wight, U.K.

Diagenetic clinoptilolite and opal-CT from the middle Eocene Wittering Formation, Isle of Wight, U.K.

Huggett, J.M., Gale, A.S. and Wray, D.S. ORCID: 0000-0002-0799-2730 (2005) Diagenetic clinoptilolite and opal-CT from the middle Eocene Wittering Formation, Isle of Wight, U.K. Journal of Sedimentary Research, 75 (4). pp. 585-595. ISSN 1527-1404 (doi:10.2110/jsr.2005.048)

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Abstract

Thinly interbedded estuarine sandstones and mudstones in
the middle Eocene Wittering Formation (Bracklesham Group), Isle of Wight, contain authigenic clinoptilolite, opal-CT, and possibly authigenic smectite over a thickness of 8.5 m. The clinoptilolite and opal-CT cements have resulted in these beds being the only ones tightly cemented in the Wittering Formation, the rest being soft sands and
muds. The unit contains abundant siliceous sponge spicules, many of which are preserved as voids and were the likely source of the opal-CT. The presence of an organic-rich, rooted paleosol (histosol) immediately overlying the unit is believed to have contributed significantly to the early diagenetic history of the estuarine sediments, in particular
the formation of zeolite. Although the pH and dissolved silica of unmodified seawater are too low for zeolite formation, high concentrations of dissolved silica are believed to have resulted from dissolution of siliceous sponge spicules (opal-A) and formation of silica-organic
acid complexes. Organic-acid dissolution of feldspars (absent from the zeolite-bearing interval) is the most probable source of alumina and cations for zeolite formation. REE data show that volcanic ash was
never present and cannot therefore have been the source of the zeolite. This investigation therefore demonstrates a novel route by which the pore-fluid chemistry required for zeolite formation can be achieved.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: clinoptilolite, opal-CT, Eocene, Isle of Wight
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Q Science > QE Geology
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Engineering & Science
Related URLs:
Last Modified: 14 Oct 2016 09:10
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/4128

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