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Policy entrepreneurship, policy opportunism, and EU conditionality: The AKP and TÜSİAD experience in Turkey

Policy entrepreneurship, policy opportunism, and EU conditionality: The AKP and TÜSİAD experience in Turkey

Ugur, Mehmet ORCID: 0000-0003-3891-3641 and Yankaya, Dilek (2008) Policy entrepreneurship, policy opportunism, and EU conditionality: The AKP and TÜSİAD experience in Turkey. Governance: An International Journal of Policy, Administration, and Institutions, 21 (4). pp. 581-601. ISSN 0952-1895 (Print), 1468-0491 (Online) (doi:10.1111/j.1468-0491.2008.00414.x)

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Abstract

This article examines the relationship between European Union (EU) conditionality for membership and policy entrepreneurship in a candidate country. In Turkey, EU conditionality opened a window of opportunity for policy reform by lowering the political costs of controversial reforms. The study demonstrates that the Justice and Development Party (AKP) and the Turkish Industrialists' and Businessmen's Association (TUSIAD) responded to a window of opportunity by advocating a series of reforms that represented a bold challenge to the traditionally reform-averse and Euro-skeptic political culture in Turkey. The study finds a difference in the duration of both actors' commitment to reforms. To explain this difference, we distinguish between policy entrepreneurs, who are actors with a long time horizon, and policy opportunists, who are actors with a short time horizon. The policy implication of this finding is that the European Commission's expectations of the AKP government to deliver the necessary reforms may be too optimistic.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: [1] First published online: 22 September 2008. [2] Issue published online: 22 September 2008. [3] Published in print: October 2008. [4] Published as: Governance, (2008), Vol. 21, (4), pp. 581–601.
Uncontrolled Keywords: EU membership, Turkey, European Union, policy entrepreneurship, EU conditionality, credible commitments, democratization reforms
Subjects: J Political Science > JN Political institutions (Europe)
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Business > Greenwich Political Economy Research Centre (GPERC)
Faculty of Business > Department of International Business & Economics
Related URLs:
Last Modified: 02 Nov 2016 13:52
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/3976

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