# Buoyancy driven flow and its stability in a horizontal rectangular channel with an arbitrary oriented transversal magnetic field

Bojarevics, Valdis
(1996)
*Buoyancy driven flow and its stability in a horizontal rectangular channel with an arbitrary oriented transversal magnetic field.*
Magnetohydrodynamics, 31 (3).
pp. 245-253.
ISSN 0024-998X

## Abstract

An MHD flow is considered which is relevant to horizontal Bridgman technique for crystal growth from a melt. In the unidirectional parallel flow approximation an analytical solution is found accounting for the finite rectangular cross section of the channel in the case of a vertical magnetic field. Numerical pseudo-spectral solutions are used in the cases of arbitrary magnetic field and gravity vector orientations. The vertical magnetic field (parallel to the gravity) is found to be he most effective to damp the flow, however, complicated flow profiles with "overvelocities" in the comers are typical in the case of a finite cross-section channel. The temperature distribution is shown to be dependent on the flow profile. The linear stability of the flow is investigated by use of the Chebyshev pseudospectral method. For the case of an infinite width channel the transversal rolls instability is investigated, and for the finite cross-section channel the longitudinal rolls instability is considered. The critical Gr number values are computed in the dependence of the Ha number and the wave number or the aspect ratio in the case of finite section.

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