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The effect of process parameters on the size and morphology of poly(D,L-lactide-co-glycolide) micro/nanoparticles prepared by an oil in oil emulsion/solvent evaporation technique

The effect of process parameters on the size and morphology of poly(D,L-lactide-co-glycolide) micro/nanoparticles prepared by an oil in oil emulsion/solvent evaporation technique

Mahdavi, Hamid, Mirzadeh, Hamid, Hamishehkar, Hamed, Jamshidi, Ahmad, Fakhari, Amir, Emami, Jaber, Najafabadi, Abdolhossien Rouholamini, Gilani, Kambiz, Minaiyan, Mohsen, Najafi, Mahnaz, Tajarod, Maryam and Nokhodchi, Ali (2010) The effect of process parameters on the size and morphology of poly(D,L-lactide-co-glycolide) micro/nanoparticles prepared by an oil in oil emulsion/solvent evaporation technique. Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 116 (1). pp. 528-534. ISSN 0021-8995 (doi:10.1002/app.31595)

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Abstract

For the past few decades, there has been a considerable research interest in the area of biodegradable polymeric micro- and nanoparticles for tissue engineering, regenerative medicine, implants, stents, medical devices, and drug delivery systems. Poly(D,L-lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA) is well-known by its safety in biomedical preparations which has been approved for human use by the FDA. The goal of this study was to evaluate the influence of process parameters on size characteristics of PLGA microparticles prepared by oil in oil (o/o) solvent evaporation technique. This method has been introduced as one of the most appropriate methods for hydrophilic agents. Scanning electron microscopy showed that prepared particles were spherical with smooth surface without aggregation. Particle size varied from 570 nm to 29 mu m in different experimental conditions. Stirring speed, polymer concentration, impeller type, and dropping size had a significant effect on the particle size. The polydispersity index of particles showed a strong relationship with the surfactant concentration, impeller type, and dropping size. It was concluded that increasing in temperature up to 50 degrees C or changing in dropping rate has a little effect on reducing the size of PLGA particles. The residual solvent content in the final suspension was less than 0.1 ppm that is in appropriate range for biomedical application

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: PLGA, nanoparticles, microparticles, O/O emulsion/solvent evaporation
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Q Science > QD Chemistry
R Medicine > RS Pharmacy and materia medica
Pre-2014 Departments: School of Science
School of Science > Department of Medway Sciences
Related URLs:
Last Modified: 14 Oct 2016 09:09
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/3522

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