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Reproductive incompatibility and cytochrome oxidase I gene sequence variability amongst host-adapted and geographically separate Bemisia tabaci populations (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae)

Reproductive incompatibility and cytochrome oxidase I gene sequence variability amongst host-adapted and geographically separate Bemisia tabaci populations (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae)

Maruthi, M.N., Colvin, John, Gibson, Gabriella, Thwaites, Richard M., Banks, Gina K. and Seal, Susan E. ORCID: 0000-0002-3952-1562 (2004) Reproductive incompatibility and cytochrome oxidase I gene sequence variability amongst host-adapted and geographically separate Bemisia tabaci populations (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae). Systematic Entomology, 29 (4). pp. 560-568. ISSN 0307-6970 (doi:10.1111/j.0307-6970.2004.00272.x)

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Abstract

Reciprocal-crossing experiments were carried out and mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase I gene (mtCOI) sequences were compared for allopatric and sympatric Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) populations collected
from Africa and India, and from the host-plants cassava, sweet-potato and a common weed, Euphorbia geniculata. Three incompatible mating groups were discovered, which involved the cassava B. tabaci colonies from Africa and India, the cassava and sweet-potato B. tabaci populations from Uganda, and the cassava and E. geniculata B. tabaci from India. Successful reciprocal mating occurred between cassava-specific B. tabaci from Uganda, Tanzania and Ghana, and
between two Indian cassava B. tabaci populations. Thep arsimony and neighbourjoining analyses of 699 bp mtCOI gene sequences divided the colonies primarily into those originating from Africa and India. Further subgrouping corresponded to host-plant specialization. Cassava-specific Ugandan, Tanzanian and Ghanaian colonies formed a single group and the sympatric sweet-potato colony from Uganda grouped separately from them. The two geographically distant Indian cassava B. tabaci populations were similar and formed a single group, whereas the sympatric E. geniculata colony formed a sister clade. The clades generated by the phylogenetic analyses were maintained, with highly supported bootstrap values, when other published mtCOI gene sequences were included in the tree-building process and the divisions matched those revealed by the reciprocal-crossing experiments. These data suggest that biologically discrete populations exist within B. tabaci (sensu Russell, 1957).

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase I gene, Bemisia tabaci, cassava, sweet potato, weed
Subjects: S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
S Agriculture > SB Plant culture
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Engineering & Science > Natural Resources Institute
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Natural Resources Institute > Agriculture, Health & Environment Department
Related URLs:
Last Modified: 16 May 2016 11:58
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/3416

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