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Seasonal variation in the migration strategies of the green lacewing Chrysoperla carnea species complex

Seasonal variation in the migration strategies of the green lacewing Chrysoperla carnea species complex

Chapman, Jason W., Reynolds, Don R., Brooks, Stephen J., Smith, Alan D. and Woiwod, Ian P. (2006) Seasonal variation in the migration strategies of the green lacewing Chrysoperla carnea species complex. Ecological Entomology, 31 (4). pp. 378-388. ISSN 0307-6946 (doi:10.1111/j.1365-2311.2006.00797.x)

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Abstract

1. Insect migration strategies are generally poorly understood due to the propensity for high-altitude flight of many insect species, and the technical difficulties
associated with observing these movements. While some progress has been made in the study of the migration of important insect pests, the migration strategies of insect natural enemies are often unknown.
2. Suction trapping, radar monitoring, and high-altitude aerial netting were used to characterise the seasonal migrations in the U.K. of an assemblage of aphid predators:
three green lacewings in the Chrysoperla carnea species complex.
3. Chrysoperla carnea sens. str . was found to be very abundant at high altitudes during their summer migration, and some individuals were capable of migrating distances of
≈ 300 km during their pre-ovipositional period. In contrast, high-altitude flights were absent in the autumn migration period, probably due to a behavioural adaptation that increases the probability that migrants will encounter their over-wintering sites. The other two species in the complex, C. lucasina and C. pallida , were much rarer, making up ≈ 3% of the total airborne populations throughout the study period.
4. The summer migration of C. carnea sens. str . was not directly temporally associated with the summer migration of its cereal aphid prey, but lagged behind by about 4 weeks.
There was also no evidence of spatial association between aphid and lacewing populations.
5. The results show that to understand the population ecology of highly mobile insect species, it is necessary to characterise fully all aspects of their migration behaviour,
including the role of high-altitude flights.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: cereal aphids, Chrysoperla carnea, entomological radar, green lacewings, predator – prey dynamics
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QL Zoology
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Engineering & Science > Natural Resources Institute
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Natural Resources Institute > Agriculture, Health & Environment Department
Faculty of Engineering & Science
Related URLs:
Last Modified: 10 Jun 2015 14:05
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/3236

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