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The migration of insect vectors of plant and animal viruses

The migration of insect vectors of plant and animal viruses

Reynolds, D.R., Chapman, J.W. and Harrington, R. (2006) The migration of insect vectors of plant and animal viruses. In: Maramorosch, Karl, Shatkin, Aaron J. and Thresh, J.M., (eds.) Plant Virus Epidemiology. Advances in Virus Research (67). Academic Press / Elsevier, Waltham, MA, USA, pp. 453-517. ISBN 978-0-12-039866-9 ISSN 0065-3527 (doi:10.1016/S0065-3527(06)67012-7)

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Abstract

Many plant viruses are transmitted by insect vectors, and the pattern of spread of a particular virus will depend critically on the characteristic flight activity of its vector. In most cases flight is over short distances, but in this chapter the focus is on plant virus vectors (particularly some species of Homoptera), which can migrate tens or hundreds of kilometres and cause disease outbreaks far from the source of infection. Parallels are drawn with the atmospheric transport of vectors of animal and human diseases, particularly small blood-feeding Diptera such as blackflies, biting midges and mosquitoes. The chapter first summarizes the conceptual framework that distinguishes migration from other types of movement, and then briefly outlines some of the methodologies used to study long-range migration of insect vectors.
Several case studies of vector migration, particularly ones illustrating recent progress, are then presented. Emphasis is given to the interactions between migratory flight behaviour and atmospheric processes,which together control the ascent, horizontal movement, aerial concentration or dispersion, and the eventual landing of the vectors. Attention is also given to aspects of local post-migratory host-seeking flights that result in the inoculation of the virus into new hosts. Finally, we suggest priorities for further research on insect vectors, which is needed for the
formulation or improvement of disease control strategies.

Item Type: Book Section
Additional Information: [1] ISBN: 978-0-12-039866-9 for the whole volume [2] Plant Virus Epidemiology edited by: Karl Maramorosch, Aaron J. Shatkin and J. M. Thresh
Uncontrolled Keywords: nilaparvata-lugens stal, white-backed planthopper, corn-rootworm coleoptera, aphid sitobion-avenae, yellow dwarf virus, black bean aphid, onchocerciasis control program, sogatella-furcifera hemiptera, population genetic-structure, japanese encephalitis-virus
Subjects: S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
S Agriculture > SB Plant culture
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Engineering & Science > Natural Resources Institute
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Natural Resources Institute > Agriculture, Health & Environment Department
Faculty of Engineering & Science
Related URLs:
Last Modified: 10 Jun 2015 14:04
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/3195

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