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Development of an annular wall friction tester and test procedure, suitable for equipment design and powder characterisation

Development of an annular wall friction tester and test procedure, suitable for equipment design and powder characterisation

Bradley, Michael S.A., Berry, Rob, Reed, Alan R., Farnish, Richard J. and Angulo Pinzon, O.A. (2007) Development of an annular wall friction tester and test procedure, suitable for equipment design and powder characterisation. In: 9th International Conference on Bulk Materials Storage, Handling and Transportation, 9-11 October 2007, The University of Newcastle, N.S.W, Australia.. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Annular, ring or torsional shear testers are commonly used in bulk solids handling research for the purpose of
powder characterisation or equipment design. This paper reports from a DEFRA sponsored project which aims
to develop an industrial powder flow-ability tester (based on an automated annular shear tester) that is economic
to buy and quick and easy to use in trained but unskilled hands.
A necessary part of the development of the annular shear tester was to design a wall friction cell so that a
complete ‘flow’ characterisation of a powder could be undertaken. Whilst the Jenike type linear wall friction
tester is the accepted standard tester, a review of the literature turned up several different designs for torsional
type wall friction testers. However, from the literature review it was apparent that what appears to be a simple
test gives very varied results and that there is a need to standardise the wall friction test procedure to get
reproducible results.
This paper reports the effects on the measured wall failure loci, and effective wall friction angle of changes in
the testing procedure such as:
• the technique used to prepare the wall sample prior to testing, to produce a dirty surface
representative of the material in service in a hopper or chute,
• consolidating the powder over an increasing versus a decreasing stress range,
• assumption of a family of over-consolidated failure loci versus a single critically consolidated
locus,
• and shearing the powder over the wall versus shearing the wall over the powder

Item Type: Conference or Conference Paper (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords: annular wall friction tester, bulk solids handling
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
T Technology > TS Manufactures
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Engineering & Science > Wolfson Centre for Bulk Solids Handling Technology
Related URLs:
Last Modified: 17 Oct 2016 10:03
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/2910

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