Chinese seafarers and Filipino seafarers: race to the top or race to the bottom?
Zhao, Minghua and Amante, Maragtas S.V. (2005) Chinese seafarers and Filipino seafarers: race to the top or race to the bottom? Modern Asian Studies, 39 (3). pp. 535-557. ISSN 0026-749X (Print) 1469-8099 (eISSN) (doi:10.1017/S0026749X04001660)Full text not available from this repository.
All countries with significant coastlines and groups of islands inevitably produce seafarers at some time or other in the course of their economic development, and the two countries which are the subject of this paper are no exceptions. Chinese ships and seafarers were famously exploring the Indian Ocean more than a century before the arrival of the Portuguese and once the Spanish Pacific empire was established in the sixteenth century, the ships linking Mexico to Manila were mainly crewed by Filipinos. And it need hardly be said that Chinese and Filipinos have both been employed by foreign ship-owners throughout the twentieth century. What is unquestionably new is the magnitude of Filipino seafarers' employment in the world's merchant ships and the extraordinary growth of China as a nation with a major stake in the shipping industry, both as ship-owner and as a source of seafarers.
|Additional Information:||This paper was presented to Seafarers International Researcher Centre's Symposium 2003 when both authors were with the Centre at Cardiff University. Dr. Minghua Zhao is now with Greenwich Maritime Institute, University of Greenwich in London; Prof. Maragtus S. V. Amante is with School of Labour and Industrial Relations, University of the Philippines in Manila.|
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||Chinese, Filipino, seafarers, employment, merchant ships, China, shipping industry|
|Subjects:||H Social Sciences > HC Economic History and Conditions|
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GN Anthropology
|School / Department / Research Groups:||Greenwich Maritime Institute|
|Last Modified:||28 Jul 2010 16:54|
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