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Probabilistic modeling of structural deterioration of reinforced concrete beams under saline environment corrosion

Probabilistic modeling of structural deterioration of reinforced concrete beams under saline environment corrosion

Melchers, Robert E., Li, Chun-Qing and Lawanwisut, Wimon (2008) Probabilistic modeling of structural deterioration of reinforced concrete beams under saline environment corrosion. Structural Safety, 30 (5). pp. 447-460. ISSN 0167-4730 (doi:10.1016/j.strusafe.2007.02.002)

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Abstract

For existing reinforced concrete structures exposed to saline or marine conditions, there is an increasing engineering interest in their remaining safety and serviceability. A significant factor is the corrosion of steel reinforcement. At present there is little field experience and other data available. This limits the possibility for developing purely empirical models for
strength and performance deterioration for use in structural safety and serviceability assessment. An alternative approach using theoretical concepts and probabilistic modeling is proposed herein. It is based on the evidence that the rate of diffusion
of chlorides is influenced by internal damage to the concrete surrounding the reinforcement. This may be due to
localized stresses resulting from external loading or through concrete shrinkage. Usually, the net effect is that the time to initiation of active corrosion is shortened, leading to greater localized corrosion and earlier reduction of ultimate capacity and structural stiffness. The proposed procedure is applied to an example beam and compared to experimental observations,including estimates of uncertainty in the remaining ultimate moment capacity and beam stiffness. Reasonably good agreement between the results of the proposed procedure and the experiment was found

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: probability, reinforcement, concrete, beams, corrosion, capacity, salinity
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
T Technology > TH Building construction
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Pre-2014 Departments: School of Engineering > Department of Civil Engineering
School of Engineering
Related URLs:
Last Modified: 14 Oct 2016 09:07
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/2672

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