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Fluoridation for dental public health

Fluoridation for dental public health

Nicholson, John W. and Czarnecka, Beata (2007) Fluoridation for dental public health. Dental Forum, 35 (2). pp. 35-40. ISSN 1732-0801

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Abstract

This article reviews the means by which fluoride is supplied to populations. Many public health authorities provide fluoridated drinking water, with typical concentrations of fluoride of between 0.5 and 1.0 ppm. This has been found to be safe and effective, though differences in caries incidence between fluoridated and non-fluoridated regions are less than they were 50 years ago, because of the wider availability of fluoridated products to the whole population. Concerns about the effect of fluoride on bone density and associated conditions are reviewed and the general conclusion from considering the literature on fluoride is that there is almost no cause for concern.
Alternatives to water as a means of delivering fluoride to the general public that are being used in a number of countries are salt and milk. These alternatives are also reviewed and have been shown to give satisfactory levels of protection against caries, though milk is shown to be less satisfactory than water as a vehicle for fluoride delivery. Milk is also less effective in providing fluoride to individuals in the population, and is less likely to be consumed by people in lower socio-economic groups, precisely those who suffer most from dental caries.
This study concludes that mass water fluoridation remains an important contribution to good oral health throughout the community.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: fluoride, fluoridation, drinking water, salt, milk
Subjects: R Medicine > RK Dentistry
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Engineering & Science > Department of Pharmaceutical, Chemical & Environmental Sciences
Related URLs:
Last Modified: 09 Dec 2016 15:57
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/2525

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