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Mitochondrial DNA analysis of field populations of Helicoverpa armigera (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) and of its relationship to H. zea

Mitochondrial DNA analysis of field populations of Helicoverpa armigera (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) and of its relationship to H. zea

Behere, Gajanan T., Tay, Wee Tek, Russell, Derek A., Heckel, David G., Appleton, Belinda R., Kranthi, Keshav R. and Batterham, Philip (2007) Mitochondrial DNA analysis of field populations of Helicoverpa armigera (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) and of its relationship to H. zea. BMC Evolutionary Biology, 7 (117). pp. 1-10. ISSN 1471-2148 (doi:10.1186/1471-2148-7-117)

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Abstract

Background: Helicoverpa armigera and H. zea are amongst the most significant polyphagous pest lepidopteran species in the Old and New Worlds respectively. Separation of H. armigera and H. zea is difficult and is usually only achieved through morphological differences in the genitalia. They are capable of interbreeding to produce fertile offspring. The single species status of H. armigera has been doubted, due to its wide distribution and plant host range across the Old World. This study
explores the global genetic diversity of H. armigera and its evolutionary relationship to H zea.
Results: We obtained partial (511 bp) mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) Cytochrome Oxidase-I(COI) sequences for 249 individuals of H. armigera sampled from Australia, Burkina Faso, Uganda,
China, India and Pakistan which were associated with various host plants. Single nucleotide
polymorphisms (SNPs) within the partial COI gene differentiated H. armigera populations into 33
mtDNA haplotypes. Shared haplotypes between continents, low F-statistic values and low nucleotide diversity between countries (0.0017 – 0.0038) suggests high mobility in this pest. Phylogenetic analysis of four major Helicoverpa pest species indicates that H. punctigera is basal to
H. assulta, which is in turn basal to H. armigera and H. zea. Samples from North and South America
suggest that H. zea is also a single species across its distribution. Our data reveal short genetic
distances between H. armigera and H. zea which seem to have been established via a founder event from H. armigera stock at around 1.5 million years ago.Conclusion: Our mitochondrial DNA sequence data supports the single species status of H. armigera across Africa, Asia and Australia. The evidence for inter-continental gene flow observed
in this study is consistent with published evidence of the capacity of this species to migrate over long distances. The finding of high genetic similarity between Old World H. armigera and New World H. zea emphasises the need to consider work on both pests when building pest management strategies for either.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: methods and techniques, population genetics (population studies), molecular genetics (Biochemistry and Molecular Biophysics), evolution and adaptation
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QL Zoology
Q Science > QH Natural history > QH426 Genetics
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Engineering & Science > Natural Resources Institute
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Natural Resources Institute > Agriculture, Health & Environment Department
Related URLs:
Last Modified: 18 Nov 2016 15:49
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/2360

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