Exploring seasonal poverty traps: the 'six-week window' in Southern Malawi
Orr, Alastair, Mwale, Blessings and Saiti-Chitsonga, Donata (2009) Exploring seasonal poverty traps: the 'six-week window' in Southern Malawi. The Journal of Development Studies, 45 (2). pp. 227-255. ISSN 0022-0388 (Print), 1743-9140 (Online) (doi:10.1080/00220380802265330)Full text not available from this repository.
Conventional wisdom in Malawi holds that seasonal food deficits force smallholders to hire out their labour to buy food during the critical first six weeks after planting, thereby reducing maize yields on their own fields and reinforcing poverty. This model was tested empirically for the Blantyre Shire Highlands using evidence from a panel survey and household case studies. Results showed no significant relationship between the supply of hired labour (ganyu) and the timeliness of weeding for maize, and that timely weeding was not a significant determinant of household maize deficits. This puzzle is explained by the diversification of the rural economy that has allowed households to develop alternative livelihood strategies to cope with maize deficits. Livelihood diversity helped poor households avoid the seasonal poverty trap and also helps explain the paradox of why the poorest region in Malawi escaped the 2001–2002 famine.
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||seasonal poverty traps, seasonal food deficits, Malawi|
|Subjects:||S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)|
S Agriculture > SB Plant culture
|School / Department / Research Groups:||Natural Resources Institute|
Natural Resources Institute > Agriculture, Health & Environment
|Last Modified:||11 Oct 2012 11:05|
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