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Assessment of the origin and stability of Nifedipine polymorph IV by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC)

Assessment of the origin and stability of Nifedipine polymorph IV by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC)

Andres-Tome, I. and Antonijevic, Milan D. (2009) Assessment of the origin and stability of Nifedipine polymorph IV by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The AAPS Journal, 11 (Suppl.). ISSN 1550-7416

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Abstract

Purpose. To examine the thermal transition(s) between different polymorphic forms of Nifedipine and to define experimental conditions that lead to the generation of polymorph IV. Methods. Experiments were performed using a DSC 823e (Mettler Toledo). Nifedipine exists in four polymorphic forms, as well as an amorphous state. Examination of Nifedipine was conducted using the following method(s): cycle 1: 25ºC to 190ºC, 190ºC to 25ºC (formation of amorphous Nifedipine); cycle 2: 25ºC to X (60,70,80...150ºC), X to 25ºC; cycle 3: 25ºC to 190ºC and holding isothermally for 5 min between cycles (heating/cooling rate of 10ºC/min). Results. The amorphous state Nifedipine can sustain heating up to 90ºC without significant changes in its composition. Cycle 2 of amorphous material heated up to 90ºC shows only the glass transition at ~44ºC. In cycle 3 of the same material, a glass transition has been recorded at ~44ºC, followed by two exotherms (~100 and ~115ºC (crystallisation of polymorph III and II, respectively) and an endotherm (169ºC (melting of polymorphs I/II)). Samples that have been heated to temperatures between 100ºC and 120ºC in the second cycle showed a glass transition at ~44ºC and an additional exotherm at ~95ºC (crystallisation of polymorph III) on cooling a exotherm was observed at ~40ºC (crystallisation of polymorph IV). The same material showed no glass transition in cycle 3 but an endotherm at around 62ºC (melting of polymorph IV) an exotherm (~98ºC) and an endotherm (169ºC) melting of polymorph I/II. Heating the sample to a temperatures greater than 130ºC in cycle two results in a glass transition at ~44ºC, and two exotherms at ~102 and 125ºC (crystallisation of polymorphs III and I, respectively). Conclusions. DSC data suggests that polymorph IV can only be produced from amorphous or polymorph III samples. The presence of polymorph I or II drives the conversion of the less stable polymorphic form IV into the most stable form, I. Although form IV of Nifedipine can easily be created, following defined experimental conditions, it may only coexist with amorphous or polymorph III states. When polymorphs I and II are present in the sample polymorph IV cannot be etected.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: 2009 AAPS Annual Meeting. 8-12 November 2009. Los Angeles, California.
Uncontrolled Keywords: thermal transition, Nifedipine
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
R Medicine > RS Pharmacy and materia medica
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Engineering & Science > Department of Pharmaceutical, Chemical & Environmental Sciences
Related URLs:
Last Modified: 17 Oct 2016 09:09
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/1990

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