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Taxonomies of psychological individual differences: biological perspectives on millennia-long challenges

Taxonomies of psychological individual differences: biological perspectives on millennia-long challenges

Trofimova, I., Robbins, T. W., Sulis, W. H. and Uher, J. ORCID: 0000-0003-2450-4943 (2018) Taxonomies of psychological individual differences: biological perspectives on millennia-long challenges. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 373 (1744). ISSN 0962-8436 (Print), 1471-2970 (Online) (doi:10.1098/rstb.2017.0152)

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Abstract

This Editorial highlights a unique focus of this theme issue on the biological perspectives in deriving psychological taxonomies coming from neurochemistry, neuroanatomy, neurophysiology, genetics, psychiatry, developmental and comparative psychology—as contrasted to more common discussions of socio-cultural concepts (personality) and methods (lexical approach). It points out the importance of the distinction between temperament and personality for studies in human and animal differential psychophysiology, psychiatry and psycho-pharmacology, sport and animal practices during the past century. It also highlights the inability of common statistical methods to handle nonlinear, feedback, contingent, dynamical and multi-level relationships between psychophysiological systems of consistent psychological traits discussed in this theme issue.

This article is part of the theme issue ‘Diverse perspectives on diversity: multi-disciplinary approaches to taxonomies of individual differences'.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: taxonomic models; temperament; personality; individual differences;; factor analysis; physiology; behaviour; morphology; statistical methods; mental health; mental disorders; complexity research; non-linear models
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Education & Health
Faculty of Education & Health > Department of Psychology, Social Work & Counselling
Related URLs:
Last Modified: 16 Apr 2018 13:40
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: GREAT e
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/19330

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