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Performance of eleven winter wheat varieties in a long term experiment on mineral nitrogen and organic fertilisation

Performance of eleven winter wheat varieties in a long term experiment on mineral nitrogen and organic fertilisation

Büchi, Lucie ORCID: 0000-0002-1935-6176, Charles, Raphaël, Schneider, David, Sinaj, Sokrat, Maltas, Alexandra, Fossati, Dario and Mascher, Fabio (2016) Performance of eleven winter wheat varieties in a long term experiment on mineral nitrogen and organic fertilisation. Field Crops Research, 191. pp. 111-122. ISSN 0378-4290 (Print), 1872-6852 (Online) (doi:10.1016/j.fcr.2016.02.022)

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Abstract

There is an increasing awareness about the need for improving nitrogen use efficiency in crop production in order to meet economic and ecological standards. The present work provides insight into the varietal factors of wheat that determine nitrogen use in the plant. The performance of eleven winter wheat varieties in terms of grain yield and nitrogen uptake and use efficiency was tested within the framework of a 40-year long term field experiment of organic enrichment and mineral nitrogen fertilisation treatments. Globally, organic enrichment had a beneficial effect on the yield and grain nitrogen concentration and showed a strong interaction with the amount of applied mineral nitrogen fertiliser. Manure application generally had positive effects on varietal performances mainly due to indirect longterm effects on the soil properties. Varieties showed a broad range of responses to the treatments of the long term experiment, revealing significant genotype × environment interactions. Nevertheless, the varieties which performed well at high input levels were also the best at low input levels, suggesting that the genotype × environment interactions were not strong enough to inverse the performance ranking.Similarly, the varietal traits associated with high yielding or grain nitrogen concentration in high input conditions were the same as those identified under low input conditions. To conclude, these results suggest that the selection of wheat for nitrogen efficiency is possible under any nitrogen fertilisation regime.However, to be adapted to low input or organic agriculture, varieties also need traits other than nutrientuse efficiency, for example, disease resistance, resilience to abiotic stresses and competitiveness against weeds.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Nitrogen use efficiency; Low input production; Genotype × environment interactions; Grain protein concentration; Nitrogen depleted environment
Subjects: S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Engineering & Science
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Natural Resources Institute
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Natural Resources Institute > Agriculture, Health & Environment Department
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Natural Resources Institute > Ecosystem Services Research Group
Last Modified: 07 Mar 2018 15:30
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/19198

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