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Cassava whitefly, Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae), in sub-Saharan African farming landscapes: a review of the factors determining abundance

Cassava whitefly, Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae), in sub-Saharan African farming landscapes: a review of the factors determining abundance

Macfadyen, Sarina, Paull, Cate, Boykin, Laura M., De Barro, Paul, Maruthi, M. N., Ghosh, Saptarshi, Otim, Michael, Kalyebi, Andrew, Vassão, Daniel G., Sseruwagi, Peter, Tay, Wee Tek, Delatte, Helen, Seguni, Zuberi, Colvin, John and Omongo, Christopher Abu (2018) Cassava whitefly, Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae), in sub-Saharan African farming landscapes: a review of the factors determining abundance. Bulletin of Entomological Research. ISSN 0007-4853 (Print), 1475-2670 (Online) (In Press) (doi:10.1017/S0007485318000032)

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Abstract

Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) is a pest species complex that causes widespread damage to cassava, a staple food crop for millions of smallholder households in Sub-Saharan Africa. Species in the complex cause direct feeding damage to cassava and are the vectors of multiple plant viruses. Whilst significant work has gone into developing virus-resistant cassava cultivars, there has been little research effort aimed at understanding the ecology of these insect vectors. In this review we critically assess the knowledge base relating to factors that may lead to high population densities of Sub-Saharan African (SSA) Bemisia tabaci species in cassava production landscapes of East Africa. We focus first on empirical studies that have examined biotic or abiotic factors that may lead to high populations. We then identify knowledge gaps that need to be filled to deliver long-term sustainable solutions to manage both the vectors and the viruses that they transmit. We found that whilst many hypotheses have been put forward to explain the increases in abundance witnessed since the early 1990s, there are little available published data and these tend to have been collected in a piecemeal manner. The most critical knowledge gaps identified were: (i) understanding how cassava cultivars and alternative host plants impact B. tabaci population dynamics and its natural enemies; (ii) the impact of natural enemies in terms of reducing the frequency of outbreaks and (iii) the use and management of insecticides to delay or avoid the development of resistance. In addition, there are several fundamental methodologies that need to be developed and deployed in East Africa to address some of the more challenging knowledge gaps.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: cassava, ecology, natural enemies, climate change, cultivars
Subjects: S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Engineering & Science
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Natural Resources Institute
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Natural Resources Institute > Agriculture, Health & Environment Department
Last Modified: 13 Aug 2018 00:38
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/18495

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