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The role of evacuation modelling in the development of safer air travel

The role of evacuation modelling in the development of safer air travel

Galea, E.R., Owen, M. and Lawrence, P. (1997) The role of evacuation modelling in the development of safer air travel. In: Aircraft Fire Safety. AGARD Conference Proceedings, CP-587 . North Atlantic Treaty Organization. Advisory Group for Aerospace Research and Development, London, UK, pp. 36-1. ISBN 9283600460 ISSN 0549-7191

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Abstract

Computer based mathematical models describing the aircraft evacuation process have a vital role to play in the design and development of safer aircraft, in the implementation of safer and more rigorous certification criteria and in post mortuuum accident investigation. As the risk of personal injury and costs involved in performing large-scale evacuation experiments for the next generation 'Ultra High Capacity Aircraft' (UHCA) are expected to be high, the development and use of these evacuation modelling tools may become essential if these aircraft are to prove a viable reality. In this paper the capabilities and limitation of the air-EXODUS evacuation model are described. Its successful application to the prediction of a recent certificaiton trial, prior to the actual trial taking place, is described. Also described is a newly defined parameter known as OPS which can be used as a measure of evacuation trial optimality. Finally, the data requirements of aircraft evacuation models is discussed along with several projects currently underway at the University of Greenwich designed to obtain this data. Included in this discussion is a description of the AASK - Aircraft Accident Statistics and Knowledge - data base which contains detailed information from aircraft accident survivors.

Item Type: Conference Proceedings
Title of Proceedings: Aircraft Fire Safety
Additional Information: [1] This paper was first presented at the AGARD Propulsion and Energetics Panel (PEP) 88th Symposium on Aircraft Fire Safety held from 14-17 October 1996 in Dresden, Germany.
Uncontrolled Keywords: evacuation modelling, aircraft, fire modelling, computer models, EXODUS
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA76 Computer software
T Technology > TL Motor vehicles. Aeronautics. Astronautics
Pre-2014 Departments: School of Computing & Mathematical Sciences
School of Computing & Mathematical Sciences > Centre for Numerical Modelling & Process Analysis
School of Computing & Mathematical Sciences > Centre for Numerical Modelling & Process Analysis > Fire Safety Engineering Group
School of Computing & Mathematical Sciences > Department of Mathematical Sciences
Related URLs:
Last Modified: 14 Oct 2016 08:59
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/184

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