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The UK 9/11 evacuation study: Analysis of survivors’ recognition and response phase in WTC1

The UK 9/11 evacuation study: Analysis of survivors’ recognition and response phase in WTC1

McConnell, N.C., Boyce, K.E., Shields, J., Galea, E.R., Day, R.C. and Hulse, L.M. (2009) The UK 9/11 evacuation study: Analysis of survivors’ recognition and response phase in WTC1. Fire Safety Journal, 45 (1). pp. 21-34. ISSN 0379-7112 (doi:10.1016/j.firesaf.2009.09.001)

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Abstract

The September 11th 2001 impact on the World Trade Centre (WTC) resulted in one of the most significant evacuations of a high-rise building in modern times. The UK High-rise Evacuation Evaluation Database (HEED) study aimed to capture and collate the experiences and behaviours of WTC evacuees in a database, which would facilitate and encourage future research, which in turn would influence the design construction and use of safer built environments. A data elicitation tool designed for the purpose comprised a pre-interview questionnaire followed by a one-to-one interview protocol consisting of free-flow narratives and semi-structured interviews of WTC evacuees. This paper, which is one in a series dealing with issues relating to the successful evacuations of towers 1 and 2, focuses on cue recognition and response patterns within WTC1. Results are presented by vertical floor clusters and include information regarding cues experienced, activities prior and subsequent to occupants first becoming aware that something was wrong, perceived personal risk, time taken to respond and the inter-relationships between them. The results indicate differences in occupant activities across the floor clusters and suggest that these differences can be explained in terms of the perception of risk and the nature and extent of cues received by the participants.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: World Trade Centre, survivors, 9/11, recognition phase, response phase, risk perception, terrorism, fire, evacuation
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Q Science > QA Mathematics
T Technology > TH Building construction
Pre-2014 Departments: School of Computing & Mathematical Sciences
School of Computing & Mathematical Sciences > Centre for Numerical Modelling & Process Analysis
School of Computing & Mathematical Sciences > Centre for Numerical Modelling & Process Analysis > Fire Safety Engineering Group
School of Computing & Mathematical Sciences > Department of Mathematical Sciences
Related URLs:
Last Modified: 14 Oct 2016 09:05
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/1808

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