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Investigating the impact of aircraft exit availability on egress time using computer simulation

Investigating the impact of aircraft exit availability on egress time using computer simulation

Galea, Edwin R. ORCID: 0000-0002-0001-6665, Togher, Madelein and Lawrence, Peter ORCID: 0000-0002-0269-0231 (2010) Investigating the impact of aircraft exit availability on egress time using computer simulation. In: Klingsch, W.W.F., Rogsch, C., Schadschneider, A. and Schreckenberg, M., (eds.) Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics 2008. Springer-Verlag, Berlin / Heidelberg, Germany, pp. 411-423. ISBN 978-3-642-04503-5 (Print), 978-3-642-04504-2 (Online) (doi:10.1007/978-3-642-04504-2_35)

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Abstract

This paper examines the influence of exit availability on evacuation time for narrow body aircraft under certification trial conditions using computer simulation. A narrow body aircraft which has previously passed the certification trial is used as the test configuration. While maintaining the certification requirement of 50% of the available exits, six different configurations are examined. These include the standard certification and five other exit configurations based on commonly occurring exit combinations found in accidents. These configurations are based on data derived from the AASK database and the evacuation simulations are performed using the airEXODUS evacuation software. The results show that the certification practise of using half of the available exits predominately down one side of the aircraft is neither statistically relevant nor challenging. For the aircraft cabin layout examined, the exit configuration used in certification trial produces the shortest egress times. Furthermore, three of the six exit combinations investigated result in predicted egress times in excess of 90 seconds, suggesting that the aircraft would not satisfy the certification requirement under these conditions.

Item Type: Book Section
Additional Information: [1] This paper forms part of the proceedings of the 4th international conference on "Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics", held 27-29 February 2008 at Wuppertal University, Wuppertal, Germany. [2] The topics presented were published in Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics 2008. [3] This paper also forms part of the published proceedings of The 5th Triennial International Aircraft Fire and Cabin Safety Research Conference October 29-November 1, 2007, Atlantic City, New Jersey - see record 1191 in the repository
Uncontrolled Keywords: exit availability, aircraft, evacuation time, computer simulation, airEXODUS evacuation software, exit configuration
Subjects: T Technology > TL Motor vehicles. Aeronautics. Astronautics
Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA76 Computer software
Pre-2014 Departments: School of Computing & Mathematical Sciences
School of Computing & Mathematical Sciences > Centre for Numerical Modelling & Process Analysis
School of Computing & Mathematical Sciences > Centre for Numerical Modelling & Process Analysis > Fire Safety Engineering Group
School of Computing & Mathematical Sciences > Department of Mathematical Sciences
Related URLs:
Last Modified: 14 Oct 2016 09:05
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/1806

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