# Numerical optimisation techniques applied to evacuation analysis

Machado Tavares, Rodrigo and Galea, Edwin R.
(2010)
*Numerical optimisation techniques applied to evacuation analysis.*
In: Klingsch, W.W.F., Rogsch, C., Schadschneider, A. and Schreckenberg, M., (eds.)
Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics 2008.
Springer-Verlag, Berlin / Heidelberg, Germany, pp. 555-561.
ISBN 978-3-642-04503-5 (Print), 978-3-642-04504-2 (Online)
(doi:10.1007/978-3-642-04504-2_49)

## Abstract

A common problem faced by fire safety engineers in the field of evacuation analysis concerns the optimal design of an arbitrarily complex structure in order to minimise evacuation times. How does the engineer determine the best solution? In this study we introduce the concept of numerical optimisation techniques to address this problem. The study makes user of the buildingEXODUS evacuation model coupled with classical optimisation theory including Design of Experiments (DoE) and Response Surface Models (RSM). We demonstrate the technique using a relatively simple problem of determining the optimal location for a single exit in a square room.

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